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REMAINS 
HISTORICAL & LITERARY 

CONNECTED WITH THE PALATINE COUNTIES OF 

LANCASTER AND CHESTER 

PUBLISHED BY 

THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 



VOL. XIV. 



PRINTED FOR THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.XLVin. 



th: 



** > 



YORK 



ASTCH, L . oX AND 

TILDLN FCf OPTIONS. 

1897. 




Manchester. 
Printed by Charles Simms & Co. 




CounttL 

EDWARD HOLME, ESQ., MJ>., Peesidbnt. 

REV. RICHARD PARKINSON, B.D., CANON OF Manchkster, Vice-Pebsidbnt. 

THE HON. ft VERY REV. WILLIAM HERBERT, Dban OF Manchester. 

GEOR0E ORMEROD, ESQ,, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.G.S., Sedbury Park. 

SAMUEL HIBBERT WARE, ESQ., M.D., F.RS.E., Edinburgh. 

REV. THOMAS CORSER, M.A. 

REV. GEORGE DUGARD, M.A. 

REV. C. G. HULTON, M.A. 

REV. J. PICCOPE, M.A. 

REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A., F.S.A., Milnrow Parsonage, near Rochdale. 

JAMES CROSSLET, Esq. 

JAMES HEYWOOD, ESQ., F.R.S. 

WILLIAM LANGTON, ESQ., TEEisuRER. 

WILLIAM FLEMING, EsQ^, M.D., Hon. Secretary. 




THE JOURNAL 

OF 

NICHOLAS ASSHETON 

OF DOWNHAM, 
IN THE COUNTY OF LANCASTER, ESQ. 



PART OF THE YEAR 1617, AND PART OF THE 
YEAR FOLLOWING. 



INTERflPERSED WITH NOTES FROM THE LIFE OF HIS CONTEMPORARY, JOHN BRUEN OF 
BRUEN STAPELFORD, IN THE OOUNTY OF CHESTER, ESQ. 



EDITED BT 

THE REV. F. R. RAINES, M.A. F.S.A. 

RURAL DEAN OP ROCHDALE, AND INCUMBENT 
OF MILNROW. 



PRINTED FOR THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.XLVIH. 



^y^r ' TTW YORK! 



TILOtU ;-w'J'.0ATK)N8. 
1897. 



Manchester; 
Printed "by Chairles Siiams and Co. 



INTRODUCTION. 



CORRiaENDA. 

Paife xix. line 6, for " ambnsador " road amJbastador. 
Ift^e zzly. line last, for ** debateable'* read debaiabU, 
Page 15, line 40, for " Henry " read Edward. 
Page S3, line SO, for " RomaniBh" read BonuaHtts. 

Page 76, line Ifi, for *' only** read ddest. 

Page 78, line 16, for *' 1842" read 1822. 

Page 80, line 16, add, " He died at Worden June 6th 1848, »t S5." 

Page lOS, last line bat one, after " by** add ** my." 



15arton of Kyaaie, and ot ner uncles Jiicnara ana itapue 
Barton of Middleton, which lands had descended from their 
ancestors John de Barton and his wife Matilda, daughter 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Asshetons derived their surname from the town of 
Ashton-under-Lyne, where, according to the Heralds of 
former times, they were seated shortly after the Norman 
Conquest. The first of the family on record is said to have 
been Orme, the son of Eward or Ailward, to whom Albert 
de Gredley the elder gave in marriage with his daughter 
Emma, a canicate of land in Eston, or Eshton, being a sub- 
infeudation of the manor of Manchester. Thomas de Ashton 
and Orme his father gave lands in Ashton to Robert de 
Buron; and Roger, another son of Orme, gave lands in Nut- 
hurst to the abbey of Cockersand.— jT^^te de Nevtt. Their 
descendant. Sir John Assheton of Assheton was Knight of the 
shire of Lancaster in the year 1413 (1 Hen. Y.) and his 
second son. Sir Raphe, obtained the manor and advowson of 
Middleton, with large estates at Rydale in the county of 
York, on his marriage (covenants dated 15th April 1438) 
with Margery Barton, the wealthy heiress of her father John 
Barton of Rydale, and of her uncles Richard and Raphe 
Barton of Middleton, which lands had descended from their 
ancestors John de Barton and his wife Matilda, daughter 



IV INTRODUCTION. 

and coheiress of Roger de Middleton, living in the reign of 
Edward 11. 

Raphe Assheton, a younger son and one of the thirteen 
children of Sir Raphe Assheton the first of Middleton, be- 
came possessed of a considerable estate at Great Lever, near 
Bolton-en-le-Moors, in right of his wife Margaret, the daugh- 
ter and heiress of Adam de Lever, about the year 1465. 

His grandson, Richard Assheton, appears to have followed 
the profession of the law, and married the rich widow of a 
London merchant. He also fortunately attracted the notice 
of that acute and profound statesman, William, Lord Bur- 
leigh, and was appointed by him Receiver General of 
the Duchy of Lancaster for Queen Elizabeth. In this office 
he acquired great wealth, which he wisely expended in 
the purchase of estates in Lancashire, Yorkshire, and the 
county palatine of Durham. — Hist of WhaUey^ p. 244. 
Hopkinson has preserved a lengthened catalogue of the 
lands thus acquired, and they appear to have been chiefly 
the confiscated property of religious houses, having been 
obtained conjointly with his kinsman, John Braddyll of 
Brockholes Esq. and with his nephew Thomas Crompton of 
Hounslow Priory Esq. Auditor of Revenue to Queen Eliza- 
beth, son of John Crompton of Prestolee and of London 
( Visit 1567) and father of Sir Thomas Crompton M. P. 
(See p. 113.) 

Downham, however, had always been a lay fee, and was 
acquired by John de Dyneley in marriage with the heiress 
of Downham in the year 1308. The manor was sold by 
his descendant, Henry Dyneley Esq. in 1545 to Richard 



INTRODUCTION. V 

Greenacres and Nicholas Hancock, and it was sold again by 
Ralph Greenacres on the 2d August 1558 to Richard 
Assheton the protegi of Lord Burleigh. 

Richard Assheton haying no issue, and 'dying in January 
1578, appears to have devised it to his great nephew, 
Richard Assheton, second son of Raphe Assheton of Lever 
Esq. who made Downham his residence, and is frequently 
mentioned in this Journal. He had issue by his wife, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Adam Hulton of Hulton Esq. six children, 
(1) Richard, who married Isabel daughter and heiress of Mr. 
Hancock of Pendleton Hall, near Clitheroe (p. 54;) and on 
his death about the year 1597 s.p. his next brother, (2) Nicho- 
las, became the heir apparent of his &.ther. (3) Alexander 
was a linen draper, in St. Paul's Church Yard, London, and 
living there in 1618, but died without issue. (4) George was 
also living in London at the same time, and pursuing some 
business. He probably died young, (p. 124.) (5) Dorothy 
married Mr. Richard Sherborne of Dunnow, near Sladebome, 
a natural son of Sir Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst, and 
appears to have been on very friendly terms with her brother 
Nicholas. 

Nicholas Assheton, the author of the Journal, was bom 
about the year 1590, and probably received the rudiments 
of his education in the neighbouring Grammar School of 
Clitheroe. His remaining career is soon told. He married 
Frances, daughter of Richard Greenacres of Worston, near 
Downham, Esq. and died on the 16th April 1625, so that 
his sun had set quickly. He had issue five children, (1) 
Richard, who died an infant. (2) Richard his heir. (3) 



VI INTRODUCTION, 

Raphe, who was admitted a member of the honourable so- 
ciety of Gray's Inn, London, 10th December 1637, appointed 
by the Parliament in 1641 a Deputy Lieutenant for the 
County Palatine of Lancaster, and afterwards a Sequestrator 
of Delinquents' Estates. He died unmarried in 1643. (4) 
Margaret, married Richard son and heir of Mr. John 
Johnson of Worston, and died 3 Charles IL 1660, leaving 
no surviving issue, her two daughters having died in early 
life. Dr. Whitaker, in his pedigree of the Greenacres of 
Worston, (Hist, of WhaUey, p. 295,^ makes this Margaret 
to be the daughter of Richard Greenacres, and the sister of 
Mrs. Nicholas Assheton, an error which is corrected in the 
pedigree of the first line of the Asshetons of Downham, 
(Hist of WhaUeyy p. 299,^ where her proper parentage is 
assigned. That she was the daughter of Nicholas Assheton 
is evident fi*om the Assheton pedigrees, (conoanonly called 
Lord Suffield's,) compiled about the year 1672, and also 
fi*om an old volume of Lancashire pedigrees by Mr. Thomas 
Wilson F.S.A. of Leeds, copies of which are in my possession. 
(5) Christiana, the younger daughter, died issueless, and 
probably unmarried. 

Richard the son and heir of Nicholas Assheton became 
heir to the estate on the death of his father, but appears to 
have been a minor, and probably a ward of his kinsman Sir 
Raphe Assheton of Whalley. 

He was a layman of the third Lancashire Classis, and 
therefore a Presbyterian, but although surrounded by the 
Lancashire chiefs of the popular party, constantly living in 
their atmosphere, and closely connected by family ties with 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

them, he does not appear to have been a very active par- 
tisan. We know nothing of his tastes and habits, except 
that he lived unmarried at Downham, and dying on the 8th 
October 1657, devised his manor and estates by will to his 
second cousin, Sir Raphe Assheton of Whalley, the second 
baronet. At this time his mother was living, having sur- 
vived her husband, the author of the Journal, and remained ' 
his widow for the long period of thirty-five years. She died 
at Worston in April 1659, and although she had inherited 
the estate of her father and brothers, appears to have 
exercised no disposable power over it, and it was afterwards 
possessed and enjoyed by a very remote relative.(^) Thus 
terminated the first line of the Asshetons of Downham. 

(}) By reference to the Court Rolls of the manor of Chathum, Worston, 
and Pendleton, it appears hy an inquisition made on the 20th Maj 1661, that 
Frances Assheton, then late of Worston, widow, died seized of one water 
com mill, called Worston mill, with all its toll, soccage, and appurtenances, 
held of the King, and that Katherine Lister, daughter of Thomas Lister late 
of Amoldshiggin Esq. deceased, was her kinswoman (consanguinea) and 
next heir, (heing of the age of six months or thereabouts,) and ought to be 
admitted. Thereupon came the said Katherine Lister, by John Assheton 
Esq. and Katherine his wife, her attorneys and guardians, and desired to be 
admitted, and the said premises were granted to her and her heirs, by the 
pledge of Richard Johnson, according to the custom of the manor. 

By another inquisition dated 11th October 1661, the jurors presented that 
Frances Assheton, late of Worston, died seized of one mansion house, cot- 
tages, &c. in Worston, and that the above named Katherine, daughter of 
Thomas Lister Esq. deceased, was her next of kin, and about the age of 
one year, and ought to be admitted to the same ; and thereupon she came 
by John Assheton Esq. her guardian, and desired to be admitted ; then came 
Sir Raphe Assheton Bart, and forbade the fine, as to part of the premises. 



Vlll INTRODUCTION. 

It may be named here that Sir Raphe Assheton held 
Downham for a few years only, and dying without surviving 
issue, was buried there in 1680, having two years previously 
settled the estate by deed upon his cousin, Richard Assheton 
of Guerdale Esq. grandson of Radclifie Assheton Esq. second 
son of Raphe Assheton of Lever, and nephew of Richard 
Assheton the first of Downham; a settlement which Sir 

and by consent of the parties (the said John Assheton consenting for the 
said Katherine) the said heir was admitted to the residue of the premises. 

The relationship between Frances Assheton, the widow of Mr. Nicholas 
Assheton, and Ejitherine Lister, her next heir, appears to have been as 
follows : 

John Greenacres of Worston := 



Jane Greenacres = Thomas Lister Richard Greenacres == 

ofWestbyEsq. ob. 1619. 

ob. 1607. I 



ob. 1608. 



I Frances Greenacres = Nicholas 

Thomas Lister = Jane, daughter of ^y^^ 1^59, Assheton. 



Esq. ob. 1619. 



Thomas Heber of 
Marton Esq. 



Thomas Lister Esq. == Katherine, daughter of Sir = John Assheton Esq. 

ob. 1642. Richard Fletcher. afterwards Sir John 

I Assheton Bart 

Thomas Lister Esq. = Maria, daughter of 

ob. 1660. Richard Deane. 



Katherine Lister, sole daughter and = Thomas, son and heir of Sir John 
heiress, bom 30th October, 1660, Yorke of Richmond, M.P. 

married 9th November 1680, ob. 
24th April 1731. 

Issue. 



INTEODUCTION. IX 

Edmund Assheton his brother attempted in vain to shake. — 
Hist, of WhaUejf, p. 298. From this Richard Assheton of 
Cuerdale and Downham the manor and demesne have 
descended to William Assheton Esq. his lineal representa- 
tive in the fifth generation, and the sole known representar 
tive in the male line of Orme de Eshton, living shortly after 
the Norman Conquest. It is also deserving of remark that 
Mr. Assheton is a descendant of John Bruen of Bruen 
Stapelford, his ancestor Raphe Assheton of Downham Esq. 
having married about the year 1696 Sarah, daughter of 
Jonathan Bruen Esq. The Worston estate remained in the 
&mily of Mr. Yorke until the year 1813, when it was pur- 
chased by the late Mr. Assheton of Downham from the late 
John Yorke of Bewerley Hall and Richmond Esq. uncle of 
the present Mr. Yorke of the same, and the representative of 
the Greenacres of Worston. 

Two contemporaries in the same station of life have sel- 
dom been found more entirely opposed to each other in all 
the leading features of character and opinion than the two 
individuals whose lives are the subject of the following 
pages. Nicholas Assheton speaks for himself and may be 
considered his own biographer, although it will be admitted 
that he has not been careful to adopt the general practice of 
autobiographers, and write cautiously for posterity. His 
Journal is evidently a hasty and extemporaneous record of 
the events of his dmly life, committed to paper without the 
remotest thought of ever being committed to the press. It 
'* shews our ancestors of the parish of WhaUey, not merely 
in the universal circumstances of birth, marriage, and death, 

b 



X INTRODUCTION. 

but acting and suffering in their individual characters ; their 
businesses, sports, bickerings, carousings, and, such as it was, 
teligionr—irist. of Wkdley, p. 300. The utility of such 
a Journal to the writer is somewhat doubtful, although 
its interest to posterity is unquestionable. Why he should 
hare recorded, without deploring, so many violent deviar 
tions from propriety, and have condemned himself for so 
much flagrant dissipation, without any expression of regret 
lor the past or intention of amendment for the future, is 
one of those curious mental phenomena which admits of 
no explanation. That the writer was not altogether in- 
sensible of his failings, nor a stranger to generous and 
benevolent feelings, nor yet unmindfiil of the blessings of 
Divine Providence, may be discovered in some passages of 
his Journal, but to conclude that he was habitually under 
such influences would be an unwarrantable assumption. 
Incessant amusements, or to adopt the phrase of a contem- 
porary, " huntings and such like jomies," occupied so large 
and extravagant a proportion of his time that more impor- 
tant matters would almost inevitably glide out of his mind, 
and render him essentially and habitually a mere man of the 
world, living within a circle of foxhunters and rejoicing in 
the possession of ^^ leathern lungs and nerves of iron." Had 
his lot been cast in times when Newmarket and Ascot were 
places of fashionable resort, and the St. Leger and Dee 
Stakes popular objects of ambition, it is tolerably clear that 
the Turf would have ranked him amongst its brightest oma- 
ments. His indisputable skill in hunting, shooting, racing, 
coursing, hawking, fishing, and other kindred pursuits, (in 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

all of which he was clearly ipse agmen^) must have been 
acquired by laboriously converting the amusements into the 
business of his every day life. 

It must be admitted that Mr. Assheton labours under the 
disadvantage of not having had a contemporary biographer. 
Had his character been delineated by his friend the Rectc^ 
of Sladebume, I doubt not that many redeeming features and 
agreeable qualities would have been discovered, and might 
have appeared in favourable contrast with the ceaseless dis- 
sipation in which he lived. The absence of such information 
and the nature of his general pursuits, lead to a conclusion 
un&vourable to Mr. Assheton, but he probably ought not to 
be harshly regarded as altogether a gamester, a drunkard, a 
sportsman, and a man of fashion. 

If the milder virtues and domestic charities do not shine 
conspicuously in his autobiography, it does not necessarily 
follow that he was impenetrable to their influence, but 
rather that he has neglected to fortify himself against the 
suq>icions which are almost inseparably connected with a 
life so restless and with habits so uncongenial to the de^ 
velopment of home rule and self-discipline. If Mr. Assheton 
was not a domestic man, it is a &vourable trait in his social 
character that he was on good terms with so many of his 
relatives and connections, and appears to have been a 
general favourite with them all. He possessed the art of 
rendering himself agreeable, which is a proof that his na- 
tural disposition was kind and benevolent, and a still 
stronger evidence of his good nature may be found in his 
r^ard for the welfare of private &milies and the interests 
of individuals. 



Xll INTRODUCTION. 

There are few of his relatives who are not mentioned in 
this Journal, with the exception of the Hultons, and that an 
amicable understanding existed between the two families 
may be inferred from the circumstance that William Hulton 
of Hulton Esq. by will dated August 18th 22 James, (1624,) 
appoints as his executors, '' Nicholas Assheton of Downham, 
my sister's sonne in law^^ (?) and " my well-loving sonne in 
law, Robert Dalton of Thiumham," and the testator gives a 
legacy of ten shillings to his sister, Margaret Assheton of 
Downham. 

Dr. Whitaker considers that Mr. Assheton was strongly 
inclined to Puritanism, and that the Journal is the more 
valuable because it shews how consistent a zeal for sermons, 
exercises, &c. was then accounted with a lax and dissipated 
course of life. — Hist of WhoXley, p. 300. If the Puritans had 
any desire to claim him as a convert or to exhibit him as a 
disciple, there would have been perhaps but little contention 
on the part of more regular and devout Churchmen to retain 
him in their ranks. The presumption, however, appears to be 
that he was less of a Puritan and more of an accomplished 
Courtier, than has been supposed. We find him entering into 
all the fashionable frivolities of the day, associating with the 
highly educated, and connected in a variety of ways with the 
aristocratic and accomplished classes of the county, and thus 
necessarily participating more in the lax views of the Court 
than in the stem and ascetic notions of the Puritans. Like 
the Court party he was an ardent supporter of the popular 
amusements and recreations which were so peculiarly dis- 
tasteful to the more sedate part of the nation ; but had he 



INTEODUCTTION. Xlll 

been a strict Puritan he would scarcely have adopted this 
unusual method of displaying his attachment to the opinions 
and prejudices of his party. The Greenacres were Puritans, 
and the Rector of Sladeburne was a Puritan, albeit he was a 
foxhunter, and found time for the indulgence of simdry 
other rural sports, whilst the Sherbomes of Dunnow were 
inclined to favour Popery, which, after all, may only signify 
that they were not adherents of Puritanism, but preferred 
the ancient ceremonies and accustomed usages of the 
English Church. 

It is true that "the Exercise" was established at Down- 
ham, but at this time that service of the Puritans found 
favour in the sight of the Prelates, and had not encountered 
the hostility of Neile and Laud. It was probably restrained 
within the bounds of moderation, or at least had not been 
found prejudicial to the views of those who afterwards urged 
its irregularity and denounced its sectarian tendency. 

Nor is it at all clear that Mr. Assheton was an advocate 
of this mode of ecclesiastical discipline and divine worship ; 
although apparently aware when the Exercise was held he 
was not always present at the service, nor exactly the sort of 
man to interfere about theological questions. It will also 
be observed that there is in the Journal an absence of Scrip- 
ture phraseology as applied to the ordinary events of life, 
which was generally adopted by the Puritans and as gene- 
rally avoided by those who opposed their views. 

There was an opinion amongst the Ancients that the indi- 
vidual who could not manage his own affairs was not the 
most suitable person to be trusted with the affairs of others, 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

and yet this vulgar error was not universally adopted in the 
time of James the First. Notwithstanding his convivial 
habits and incompetency as a financier, we find Mr. Assheton 
employed by his neighbours on important matters of busi- 
ness. He had doubtless possessed an acute and intelligent 
mind, and had he followed solid and useful pursuits might 
have succeeded in various opposite lines of intellectual ex- 
ertion, and achieved for himself a reputation not confined to 
his own time. We may conclude that, notwithstanding his 
intemperance, he was not unax^customed to business, and 
that his friends reposed confidence in his integrity and 
entertained a &vourable opinion of his sagacity.(^) 

(>) Nicbolas Assheton has had the hoDOur of being introduced, as a pro- 
minent actor, in a work now passing through the press, and which displays 
no ordinary skill, whether we regard its striking delineations of individual 
character, or its accurate descriptions of Lancashire scenery. It may be 
presumed that Mr. W. Harrison Ainsworth has formed his opinion of the dark 
shades and fierce sunshine of the diversified life of his vivacious countrjrman 
from this little Journal ; and he thus ingeniously speculates upon the style 
and order of his mmd and character : 

" A very different person from Sir Ralph was his cousin Nicholas Asshe- 
ton of Downham, who, except as regards his Puritanism, might be consi- 
dered a type of the Lancashire squire of the day. A precision in religious 
notions, and constant in attendance at Church and Lecture, he put no sort of 
restraint upon himself, but mixed up fox hunting, otter himting, shooting at 
the mark, and perhaps shooting with the longbow, foot-racing, horse-racing, 
and in fact every other kind of country diversion, not forgetting tippling, 
dicing, and singing, with daily devotion, discourses and psalm singing, in the 
oddest way imaginable. A thorough sportsman was squire Nicholas Asshe- 
ton, well versed in all the arts and mysteries of hawking and hunting. Not 
a man in the county could ride harder, hunt deer, unkennel fox, unearth 
badger, or spear otter better than he. And then as to tippling, he would 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

A very different person from Nicholas Assheton was John 
Bruen of Bruen Stapelford in Cheshire, the leading events 
of whose life have been thrown into the following notes. 
In point of ancestral honours and ample possessions, he was 
not inferior to Mr. Assheton. It appears from a pedigree 
of his family in Ormerod's " History of Cheshire,'* (vol. ii. 
p. 173,) that he was the twelfth in lineal descent from 
Robert le Brun of Stapelford, who was living in the year 
1280. He was the son and heir of John Bruen Esq. and his 
second wife, Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Holford of Holford 
Esq. and born in the year 1660. He became a Grentleman 
Commoner of St. Alban Hall, Oxford, in 1574, and pursued 
his academical studies until the year 1579, when he returned 
home. The year following he married Elizabeth, daughter 

■it jou a whole afteraoon at the alehouse and he the merrieet man there, 
and drink a hout with every fanner present. And, if the parson chanced to 
he out of hearing, he would never make a mouth of a round oath, nor 
choose a second expression when the first would serve his turn. Then who 
80 constant at Church or Lecture as Squire Nicholas ? though he did some- 
times snore at the long sermons of his cousin, the rector of Middleton. A 
great man was he at all weddings, christenings, churchings, and funerals, 
and never neglected his hottle at these ceremonies, nor any sport in doors 
or out of doors meanwhile. In short, such a roystering Puritan was never 
known. A good looking young man was the squire of Downham, possessed 
of a very adiletic form, and a most vigorous constitution, which helped him, 
together with the prodigious exercise he took, through any excess. He had 
a sanguine complexion, with a hroad, good-natured visage, which he could 
lengthen at will in a surprising manner. His hair was cropped close to his 
head, and the razor did daily duty over his cheek and chin, giving him the 
Roundhead look, some years later characteristic of the Puritanical party." — 
The Laneoihire WHehee^ Book ii. chap. iii. 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

of Henry Hardware of Chester Esq. and widow of Mr. John 
Cowper, alderman of that city. This lady was bom in the 
year 1552, and was buried at Tarvin January 18th 1596, 
leaving behind her eight young children to the care of their 
surviving parent. Before this severe trial arrived, Mr. Bruen 
had become seriously impressed with the importance of a re- 
ligious life, and had renounced those harmless amusements 
and allowable recreations in which he had indulged, as a 
young man of rank and wealth, apparently with great mode- 
ration. In the year 1587 he lost his &ther, and the care of 
twelve brothers and sisters, their education and fortunes, de- 
volved upon him, and he felt with deep solicitude the re- 
sponsibility of his altered position. In order to discharge 
his increased duties with fidelity, he immediately disparked 
his park, relinquished hunting and hawking, dog-kennels, 
and cock-pits, and having abridged all other unnecessary 
expenses, formed his plans and regulated his household 
according to the strict rules of religion. 

His self-denial and energy of character, were worthy of 
primitive times, although it must be admitted that some 
of his proceedings were singularly &natical, and are calcu- 
lated rather to excite a smile than to admit of imitation. 
Such was his misguided zeal in destroying the deer in his 
park, because he considered that hunting was inconsistent 
with a profession of religion; such was his ingenious *' mar- 
ring'' of the cards by burning the four knaves, and such, too, 
his relentless martyrdom of the backgammon table ; nor can 
any excuse be admitted in palliation of his unadvisedly ^ pul- 
ling down the painted puppets and superstitious images'' in 



INTRODUCTION. XVII 

the glorious old windows of his family chapel within Tarvin 
Church, placed there by the taste, piety, and munificence of 
his ancestors, because they "darkened the light of the church 
and obscured the brightness of the Gospel," reasons which 
would have been considered both logical and legitimate by 
Lawyer Sherfield, but which appear to have been over- 
looked by Mr. Locke and other writers on the science of 
reasoning. 

A microscopic aye might discover other kindred follies, in- 
dicating more zeal than discretion, and other inconsistencies 
proving the absence of a sound judgment, but at the same 
time there will be discovered the existence of a genuine sim- 
plicity of character, which led him to discharge what he 
unaffectedly considered to be conscientious duties. He was 
not only by birth and education, but also firom conviction, 
a member of the English Church, holding her creeds» sub- 
mitting to her discipline, constantly using her formularies in 
his &mily, and vindicating them when they were assailed. A 
moderate Episcopalian, he is to be classed amongst the doc^ 
trinal Puritans of his day, who had imbibed their opinions 
from the writings, and some of them from the lips of the 
martyred Reformers of the preceding generation, and who 
only differed from the Church in what an old writer terms 
" the trivialities of religion." 

It would be an act of injustice to his memory not to name 
his regard for the institutions of his country, and especially 
his unvarying principle of loyalty to his sovereign. His 
usefulness was not impaired, nor his disinterested labours 
rendered abortive, by a turbulent opposition of the secular 



XVlll INTHODUCTION. 

authority, in which many of his pious clerical friends en- 
gaged, forgetful of the apostolic injunction of being subject 
to " the powers that be/' and thus unhappily involved them- 
selves and their followers, shortly after his death, in all the 
misery and degradation of unhallowed strife, and the wildest 
atrocities of rebellion. 

His private life was most exemplary. The social and do- 
mestic virtues were unostentatiously exemplified by him, and 
he possessed many rare attributes to counterbalance his 
defects. Error is common to humanity, but his errors were 
mitigated and softened by his humility, meekness, and ex- 
pansive charity. 

He appears to have taken great delight in attending the 
Public Exercise, which was held in the latter years of the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, in the Collegiate Church of Man- 
chester, being probably induced to visit that town as well 
from the circumstance of his aunt, Anne Bruen, having mar- 
ried John Chetham of Nuthurst Esq. as from the popularity 
of Mr. Bourne, and others of the Collegiate clergy, whose 
fervid style of preaching was peculiarly acceptable to him. 
Here he met with his second wife, Anne, daughter of Mr. 
John Foxe of Rhodes, near Prestwich, to whom he was mar- 
ried about the year 1599. In this family he found kindred 
spirits, and resided at Rhodes, from religious motives, for at 
least a year after his marriage. Here he seems to have 
become acquainted with his future biographer, the Rev. 
William Hinde,(^) Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, and 

Q) The foUowiug is the title of Mr. Hiude s Life of Bruen : '' A Faathfull 



INTRODUCTION. XIX 

minister of Bunbury in Cheshire, who married another 
daughter of Mr. Foxe. His wife's father was well connected 
^' with antient and worshipfull &milies," had been comptroller 
of the household, and one of the council of, Henry, Earl of 
Derby, and had attended that nobleman as ambsasador to 
the Court of France in 1584-5. 

On his return to Bruen Stapelford he continued his eccen- 
tric though unaffected career of piety, ruling his house well, 
and rendering it a pattern of Christian morality. His re- 
ligious character had now become known far and wide, and 
he was regarded throughout Cheshire with sentiments ap- 

Remonstrance of the Holy Life and Happy Death of John Bruen of Bnien 
Stapelford, in the County of Chester, Esquire. By the late Reverend 
Diyine, William Hinde, sometimes Fellow of Queene's College in Oxon, and 
Preacher of God's Word at Bunb.[ury] in Cheshire." It was published in 
12mo in the year 1641, by his son, who concludes "The Epistle to the 
Reader" thus — "So prayes the subject's kinsman, the author's sonne, 
and thy servant in Christ, Samuel Hinde." It is dated " From Prescot, this 
20th of May 1641," and dedicated to James, Lord Strange, afterwards Earl 
of Derby, to whom the Editor was chaplain. 

William Hinde was born at Kendal, in the county of Westmoreland, in 
1569, and entered of Queen's College, Oxford, in 1586. He became a 
Scholar, afterwards M.A. and was elected perpetual Fellow of his College. 
He was appointed minister of Bunbury about the year 1603, and died there 
in June 1629, set sixty years. He had several contests with Bishop Moreton 
<( concerning matters of indifferency," and was considered *^the ringleader 
of the Nonconformists" in Cheshire. His son, Samuel Hinde, became 
chaplain to Charles II. and incumbent of St. Mary's, Dover; and his grand- 
son, Thomas Hinde D.D. Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford, and chaplain 
to James, Duke of Ormond, died Dean of Limerick in November 1689. — 
See Wood's Athen. Oxon. vol. i. pp. 456-7, 1691 ; Life of Bishop MoretoHy 
p. 132, 4to, 1660 ; Brook's Lives of the Puritans^ vol. ii. p. 364, 1813. 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

proaching to veneration. Several fiunilies of distinction 
became inmates of his house, in order that they might profit 
by his religious counsels, and others eagerly obtained admit- 
tance, as into a sanctuary, for their children, whom they 
wished to be trained under his vigilant superintendence. 
Nor can it be denied that some of the best individuals in the 
county, in after times, reflected credit on the singular system 
which he had adopted. 

His serene life was, however, again clouded by a domestic 
affliction. His second marriage, which had produced nine 
children, and appears to have been in all respects propitious, 
was, like every earthly happiness, of short duration. He was 
suddenly deprived of his fidthful and prudent wife by the 
hand of death, and his large family of their stay and orna- 
ment. 

At this time there were twenty-one boarders in his house, 
whose residence with him was more agreeable than lucrative, 
besides his numerous children and domestic servants. His 
liberality to his dependants, and his munificence to the poor, 
kept equal pace with the expenditure of this large house- 
hold, and proved to be greater than his income would allow, 
the management of his worldly affairs not being distinguished 
by that exact prudence which conjugal and parental obliga- 
tions alike demanded. It therefore became necessary that 
the society should be dispersed, and that a more rigid system 
of economy should be adopted. Mr. Bruen has left a very 
touching account of the breaking up of this Protestant frsr 
temity, on the death of his wife, and Mr. Hinde says that 
many persons could never read the narrative without tears. 



INTRODUCTION. XXI 

The bereaved husband, with apostolic fortitude, quitted the 
scenes of his youth, and retired, about the year 1617, to 
Chester, where he remaned five years and a half, living in 
retirement, and practising a wise and judicious economy. 
But even under these circumstances he was constantly 
relieving the wants of the poor, and sympathising with the 
afflicted and distressed. 

On returning to his paternal seat, having recovered from 
his temporary embarrassment, he married a third wife, whose 
name has not been recorded, by whom he had a son and a 
daughter, who died young. Again his charity manifested 
itself in good works, and, like a fertilizing river, quietly 
flowed on. Every week the poor of Chester flocked to the 
gates of Stapelford Hall, and partook of his bounty. Not 
some of the indigent of his own parish, but all, were main- 
tained at his sole expense, and the fleeces of his flocks were 
entirely consumed in their clothing. In seasons of scarcity 
he relieved them as well as the distressed of adjoining par 
rishes, with com out of his garners, cheerfully distributing it 
with his own hands. His hospitality was so well known, 
that strangers from a distance visited him, and made his 
house their inn, '' that they might rejoice their hearts in see- 
ing his face, hearing his voice, and conferring and advising' 
with him." Nor did Mr. Bruen shine in private life alone ; 
but he was distinguished, as a public man, for his high prin- 
ciple and incorruptible conduct. On one occasion a com- 
plaint was made that some injury had been done to the 
adjoining lands, by the water-course belonging to his com 
mills at Tarvin, when the judge, in open court, interfered. 



XXll INTRODUCTION. 

and desired that the proceedings might be stayed, adding, '' I 
cannot but think that you wrong Mr. Bruen : I will under- 
take for him, make him but sensible of any wrong that he 
hath done, and he shall willingly acknowledge it, and make 
double amends for it." 

Such a man could not &il to be reverenced, and although, 
as Bishop Jeremy Taylor says, he was " quick and prompt at 
the singularities and extraordinaries of religion," many in- 
stances of which will be found enumerated in the following 
notes, he was never slow at performing the common and 
ordinary duties of his station, but sometimes made rather 
too small an allowance for the material part of man, and 
treated him, unwisely, as altogether a spiritual being. His 
religion was not, however, like that of Nicholas Assheton, of 
a spasmodic kind, called forth by great trials, and soon again 
relaxed and lost in the mazes of the world, but he lived 
daily under its influence, and considered it to be the highest 
wisdom of man to honour God, and a proof of the imbe- 
cility of human nature to live and act without recognizing 
His Divine Providence. The great act of his life was the 
love of his Redeemer, and in the most solemn moments of 
his existence he felt the consolations and realised the blesi&- 
ings of Christianity. As might have been expected, his 
death was, in all respects, conformable to his life. He died 
in January 1625 in the 65th year of his age, and Mr. 
Hinde's narrative of the closing scene is too interesting and, 
I trust, too profitable to be omitted. It will be found in 
the last note of this volume. His family, firiends, depend- 
ants, and even the clergy, old Mr. Langley the rector of 



INTRODUCTION. XXUl 

Prestwich included, would visit his death-bed as a study, 
and would see the matured Christian and dying saint bear- 
ing ample testimony to the power of divine truth, and 
leaving behind him the impression of virtues which nothing 
could efface, and an example both public and private, which 
has lost none of its force after the lapse of centuries. 

We know nothing of the closing scenes of Nicholas 
Assheton's active life, but it is quite certain that John 
Bruen did not die, like a famous Journalist mentioned by 
Addison, {Spectator^ No. 317,) "neither wanted by the poor, 
regretted by the rich, nor celebrated by the learned;" and it 
may be said with truth of Bruen's death, as the old butler 
said of Sir Roger de Coverley's, that "it was the melan- 
choliest day for the poor people that ever happened in" — 
Cheshire. 

A portrait of Bruen is preserved in Clarke's Marrow of 
Ecclesiastical History^ together with that of his saint-like 
sister, Mrs^ Eatherine Brettergh of Bretteigh. Mr. Bruen 
is represented in a close dress, with a pointed beard, musta- 
ches and ruff; his sister in a large ruff and close cap, with 
a high-crowned, broad-brimmed hat. Bruen's portrait has 
been re-engraved by Richardson. 

On the death of John Bruen in 1625 his estates descended 
to his son, John Bruen, who died in 1647, leaving a son 
and successor, Jonathan Bruen Esq. on the death of whose 
grandson, John Bruen Esq. on the 12th January 1696, 
without surviving issue, the estate reverted to his uncle, 
Jonathan Bruen, at whose death on the 17th June 1715 
the fiunily ceased in the male line, but the representation of 



XXIV INTRODUCTION. 

it devolved on Margaret, sole daughter and heiress of the 
last male owner, who married at Tarvin August 10th 1714 
John White Esq, and had one daughter who survived to 
maturity. After the death of this lady, the manor was sold 
by a decree of chancery, in the middle of the last century, 
to Handle Wilbraham Esq. and is now vested in his des- 
cendant, Handle Wilbraham of Rode Esq. The hall is 
destroyed, and no court is held or claimed for the manor. 
— Ormerod's HisL of Cheshire. 

The faults of Assheton and Bruen were, in a great mea- 
sure, those of the age in which they lived, although the 
former far exceeded the bounds of temperance which dis* 
tinguished the King and his immediate attendants. It has 
lately been the fashion, with a party, to decry the character 
of James and to asperse the general morality of his Court ; 
and it must be admitted that there was an improper licence 
given to levity and profaneness, under the agreeable names 
of relaxations and amusements, but there is no sufficient 
evidence to conclude that all virtue was banished from the 
higher circles, and that nothing but perfection existed 
amongst the Puritans. A favourable estimate of the reign 
of James has, however, been taken by an eloquent writer in 
the Quarterli/ Review^ (vol. xli. 1829,) and a candid con- 
struction has been placed upon the doubtful actions of an 
amiable and good-natured Sovereign; whilst the private 
character of the King and his whole Court has been strongly 
denounced by a writer in the British Quarterly Review for 
February 1848. Without entering further upon this de- 
bateable ground, the question, which has its difficulties^ may 



INTRODUCTION. XXV 

be here dismissed by a single line from the vigorous pen of 
Mr. Justice Hardinge — 

" No kingly virtues mark'd weak James's reign.^^ 

It may be mentioned that the writer of the article in the 
British Quarterly Heview states that he never felt much in- 
terested in the accounts of " Robert Bruen Esq. of Stapel- 
ford," who brought " the light of the Gospel into the most 
obscure parts of Cheshire," until he " took up the original 
memoir." By this individual is undoubtedly meant John 
Bruen, and by the original memoir probably the published 
Life by Mr. Uinde; but whether Stapelford and Tarvin, 
seven miles distant from Chester, are ''the most obscure 
parts of Cheshire," and whether John Bruen, in the seven- 
teenth century, " brought the light of the Gospel" so near a 
cathedral city, where it had not shone before, are at least 
subjects for the investigation of the curious in such matters. 

The following is Dr. Whitaker's analysis of the contents of 
the Journal of Nicholas Assheton, so far as they illustrate the 
habits and character of the writer. The observations with 
which this summary concludes remain exactly applicable to 
the localities and families, with one exception, after a lapse 
of thirty years. 

''Thus ends the Journal of Nicholas Assheton, then a 
young and active man, engaged in all the business, and en- 
joying all the amusements of the country. What he might, 
in a rainy day and a serious mood, have done for himself I 
will now do for him, or rather for his readers — analyze this 
curious fragment, and assign every portion of time accounted 

d 



XXVI INTRODUCTION. 

for, to its proper oceupation : premising, however, that there 
are great chasms in the Journal, one of three months at least ; 
and that the days which are marked ' home,' &c. are passed 
over as blanks^ though, perhaps, better spent than many 
which are more strongly characterized. In this period then, 
he accounts for the hearing of forty sermons, three of them 
by as many Bishops, and for one communion. On the other 
hand, he records sixteen fox chases, ten stag hunts, two of 
the buck, as many of the otter and hare, one of the badger, 
four days of grouse shooting, the same of fishing in Ribble 
and Hodder, and two of hawking. Shooting with the long 
and cross-bow, horse-matches and foot-races, were other 
means of consuming time VRthout doors; and dancing, 
masking, shovegroat (once all night long,) and dice, within 
doors. Stage-plays and cards are never mentioned. As a 
scale by which the writer measured the degrees of his own 
intemperance, and a catalogue of his excesses, let the Reader 
attend to the following : * merrie' eleven times, * verie merrie' 
once, * more than merrie' once, * merrie as Robin Hood' once, 
'plaid the bacchanalian' once, 'somewhat too busie with 
drink' once, 'sicke with drinke' once, 'foolish' once, and 
lastly, ' fooled this day worse' once. With all these confes- 
sions we hear of neither resolutions nor attempts at amend- 
ment. 

" In this short period he saw four deaths of the Asshetons; 
he attended the King at Hoghton Tower ; assisted in quell- 
ing a private war in Wensleydale ; attended the king's com- 
missioners in the great cause of the copyholds of Blackburn 
Hundred; and took two journeys to London on business 



INTRODUCTION. XXVll 

with the Court of Wards and Star Chamber. A man more 
largely connected, or extensively acquainted in his country, 
there probably never was. In South Lancashire we find him 
familiarly conversing with the Earl of Derby, Sir Cuthbert 
Halsal, Mr. Standish, &c. On the side of Craven, with the 
Pudsays, Tempests, Listers, Westbys, and Lamberts. Within 
the Honor of Clitheroe itself, the dramatis personce in this 
lively scene are, among the clergy, the rectors of Bury, Mid- 
dleton, Sladebum, and the vicars of Whalley, Blackburn, 
and Rochdale ; and among the laity, no fewer than twenty- 
seven of the principal families, which constitute the genealo- 
gical part of the History of Whalley. All these were then 
resident and keeping hospitality on their own estates. What 
a revolution have two centuries produced ! Of ten of these. 
Holt of Castleton, Assheton of Chatterton, Nowell of Read, 
Greenhalgh, Bercrofib, Braddyll, Talbot of Bashal, Sherburne, 
Radcliffe, and Greenacres, the ancient mansions are sold : of 
the rest, five, namely, Rawsthorne, Hoghton, Parker of Ex- 
twistle, Shuttleworth, Starkie of Twiston, still exist in pos- 
session of their old estates, but are not resident. Eight more, 
namely, Townley of Royle and Carr, Holden, Assheton of 
Whalley and Middleton, Walmsley, Barcroft, Talbot of Sales- 
bury, have merged in heirs female : while four only, that is 
to say, Towneley of Towneley, Parker of Browsholme, the 
successor of the Author of this Diary in the estate of Down- 
ham, and his Annotator at Holme, represent, without change 
of name or habitation, the individuals with whom it brings 
us acquainted, in the beginning of the seventeenth century. 
Let those of the same rank in life make the comparison, and 



XXVlll INTEODUCTION. 

draw the conclusion for themselves ; but, in my apprehen- 
sion, the balance is strongly in fitvour of our own times. At 
all events the picture is lively and curious. 

OION AHOIXOMENXIN ANAPHN AIAITAN MANTEL 

PnfDAR."(») 

It remains to be observed, that the Journal is now re- 
printed from the third edition of Dr. Whitaker's History of 
Whalley, published in the year 1818. The shrewd and 
pleasant though too scanty notes of the Doctor are also 
added, and distinguished by a '' W^' as it would be an almost 
criminal act to suppress one relic of his genius in connection 
with this Journal. 

The Council of the Chetham Society were wishful that 
the original manuscript of Mr. Assheton should, if possible, 
be obtained, and such portions of it printed, if such there 
were, as might have been omitted by the historian of Whal- 
ley; but all the probable sources have been investigated 

Q) This beautiful and apposite quotation is from die first Pythian Ode, 
and the whole passage (with Gilbert West's translation) is as follows : 

OiriBoitfipvrov ov 

Oiov agwoixoitJfvwf oar 

Kcu Aoyioif, KOI ooiSocf . 
'^Post mortem sequens gloriatio laudis, sola defunctonim vironimTite 
rationem indicat, tarn per oratores, quam per poetas." 

" When in the mouldering urn the monarch lies, 
His fame in lively characters remains, 
Or grav'd in monumental histories, 

Or deck'd and painted in Aonian strains." 

West's Pindar-— Pythian Odes, p. 93. 



INTRODUCTION. XXIX 

ungucoessfully. The libraries of Mr. Assheton of Downham, 
Lord Howe, and the Honourable Robert Curzon, of Mr. 
Towneley and Miss Currer, as well as our national reposito- 
ries, have been examined in vain ; nor is the &te of the MS. 
known to the family of Dr. Whitaker, or to those surviving 
friends who were best acquainted with the channels through 
which he derived his literary information. It is said to have 
consisted of a few diminutive, loose, and disarranged leaves, 
which the Doctor intended to have had bound together, but 
whether this judicious care was extended to the manuscript 
appears to be no less doubtful than its present existence. 

If I have made any contributions, however small, to the 
general stock of information illustrative of the habits, cus- 
toms, or modes of life of individuals connected with the two 
palatine counties of Lancaster and Chester, or if I have 
succeeded in rescuing from what Horace calls the ^^ chartaa 
silentes," any of our worthies who have rendered services to 
mankind, however humble their pretensions to fisime, my 
object in the following notes has been fully attained. 

My grateful thanks are due, and with alacrity offered, to 
several individuals who have kindly favoured me with various 
and valuable literary contributions, of which I have gladly 
availed myself in the notes. Amongst these I cannot omit 
naming Miss Richardson Currer of Eshton Hall, and her 
courteous and liberal permission to explore the inexhaustible 
mines of information contained in the Hopkinson MSS.; the 
Rev. S. W. King B.A. of Whalley Abbey, who has given me 
much intelligent and interesting information connected with 
his parish ; James Dearden Esq. F.S.A. ; George Ormerod 



XXX INTRODUCTION. 

Esq. D.C.L. &c.; Thokas Jones Esq. B.A. Librarian of Chet- 
ham's Library, Manchester; Dixon Robinson of Clitheroe 
Castle Esq. ; and James Crossley Esq. the President of the 
Chetham Society. My acknowledgments come in one in- 
stance, unhappily, too late. Whilst these pages were passing 
through the press, I was favoured by Sir Samuel Mbybick 
with the note on p. 74, and it possesses a melancholy interest 
as being his last Uterary effort. It was written with all that 
warmth of heart, accuracy of criticism, and profound know- 
ledge of history and archaeology for which he was distin- 
guished, a few days only before his deeply regretted and 
almost sudden death. How many attached friends will sor- 
rowfully exclaim : 

*' Quo desiderio veteres revocamus amores 
Atque olim amissas flemus amicitias l'^ 

F. R. R. 



THE JOURNAL 

OP 

NICHOLAS ASSHETON 

OP DOWNHAM, 

For part of the year 1617 and part of 
the year following. 



THE JOURNAL 



OP 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON, ESQ. 



1617. — May 2d. Hunting the otter :(i) killed one: taken 
another, quick, at Salley. Sp.(2) virf. 

May 12th. Father Greenacres, mother, aunt Besse, John, wyffe, 
self, at ale. (3) Sp. i\d. 

(^) Within the last few years the Otters both in the Kibble and Hodder have 
mnch decreased in numbers ; but otter hunting is still a favourite sport in the 
neighbourhood, and a fine and well known pack of otter hounds (one of the few in 
England) is kept by James Lomax of Allsprings Esq. 

C) *.«. spent.— TT. 

(') AUy in old English, is the alehouse ; atten als, at the ale-house. The first sin- 
gularity in the habits of the gentry at this period is, that males and females alike 
frequented the public-houses ; and that, after dining at home, it was the practice 
to adjourn thither with their company. Father Greenacres is Richard Greenacres, 
esq. of Worston, whose daughter, Dorothy, Mr. N. Assheton had married. — W. 

Richard Greenacres of Worston was descended from Richard Greenacres, 
who died seized of the manor of Worston 46 Edward III., and whose des- 
cendant in the fifth generation was John Greenacres "Esq., who married, 8 Henry 
VIII., Jane, daughter of John Hoghton of Pendleton, by whom he had three sons : 
Richard, his successor, (will dated 20 Eliz<ibethy) Thomas, and Raphe. This 
Richard Greenacres and Nicholas Hancock bought the manor of Downham on the 
13th August 1546, and appear to have shortly afterwards alienated it to Raphe 
Greenacres of Clitheroe Grent., (buried there 25th March 1581,) who in his turn sold 
it on the 2d August 1658 to Richard Assheton Esq. the purchaser of Whalley 
Abbey. Richard Greenacres, M.P. for Clitheroe in 1571, made his will in 1578, 
naming John his heir, who, however, died before him, at Salley Abbey, and was 

B 



2 THE JOURNAL OF 

Do. 13th. Went to Whytewell(^) to Mr. Steward keipping the 
swainemote ; sp. Yid. then away. 

buried at Clitheroe on the 22d September 1578, Richard Greenacres the father 
being buried at the same place three days afterwards. The heir of his grandfather, 
then of the age of twenty-six years, was Richard Greenacres here mentioned, who 
married first, Jane, daughter of Raphe Sherbum of Little Mitton, in the county of 
York, Esq., but who died s.p. ; and secondly, he married Christiana, widow of 
Thomas Girlington of Hackforth Esq. and daughter of Sir William Babthorpe of 
Babthorpe, near Selby, by his second wife, Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Dawney of Sessay Knt. He died 26th September 1619. By this wife he had issue 
a son, John Greenacres Esq., who married Mary, daughter of Mr. John Dyneley 
of Swillington, in the county of York, but he had no issue, and at his death, 7th 
April 1622, the estate passed to his only brother, Ralph, who dying January 21st 
1643, s.p., the family became extinct in the direct male line. The estates then 
passed to his sister, and at length heiress, Frances (and not Dorothy) Greenacres, 
the widow of Nicholas Assheton, second son but eventually heir of Richard 
Assheton of Downham Esq. whose uncle had purchased the manor. Nicholas 
Assheton is the author of the Journal. " Aunt Besse" was probably Elizabeth 
Greenacres, bom 26 Elizabeth, and appears to have died unmarried. She was sister 
of Richard Greenacres, and aunt of Mrs. Assheton. '^John" was the brother of 
Mrs. Assheton. From an inquisition taken in 21 Elizabeth, on the death of 
Richard Greenacres Esq. it appears that he held the capital messuage called 
Worston Hall of the Queen, as of the duchy of Lancaster, in soccage, paying an 
annual rent to the crown of seven shillings and eightpence ; but his territorial 
possessions in the county of Lancaster do not appear to have been large. The hall, 
having fallen to decay, was long since almost entirely pulled down, and a small 
house built with the materials on its site. The front and a side waU of what must 
have been a small quadrangle, with two narrow moulded doorways, and the horse- 
steps, are the only remains of the old building in their original position. Three 
large shields, bearing the following charges, carved in stone, are built into the 
modem porch, above the doorway, viz. — 1. Lact, a lion rampant. 2. Whallet 
Abbey, three saknon hauriant. 3. Quarterly, France (/our flours de lis) and 
England. These have doubtless been brought from Whalley, the first being the 
coat of Henry de Lacy, the founder, and the last the insignia of John of Gaunt, 
the patron, of the abbey. Whilst Christopher Nowell enriched Little Mearley 
Hall with the architectural spoils of Salley abbey, the Greenacres or Asshetons 
appear to have been equally careful to adorn their house at Worston with 
some of the consecrated stones of Whalley. On the very handsomely moulded 
head of a narrow gateway in front of the house, stiU remaining, are these initials, 
on shields, and the date : -~ 1577. 

R.G. 
B. B. 

(1) This beautiful place had long been the court-house of the forest of Bowland. 



NICHOLAS ASSHBTON. 3 

Do. 18th(>) (Sunday), to cliurcli. PSon preached. Text, 1st Ps. 3. 

In 1461, one of the inquisitions after the death of John lord Clifford, killed at 
Towton, was held at Whitewell.— IV. 

The whole tract of oountiy Yulgarly called Bowland, and consisting of t^e 
parishes of Sladebume and Mitton, together vnth the forest, is a member of the 
Honor of Clitheroe, and was comprehended within the original parish of Whalley. 
At Domesday Survey the two former were taken as portions of the manor of Grin- 
dleton, as they have since been of Sladebume. The forest, however, in its civil 
relation, was included, from its first acquirement by the Lacies, in the demesnes of 
Clitheroe castle, and subject to the court of Woodmote alone. — Whitaker's Hist, 
of WhalUy. 

(^) Mr. Assheton at this time principally resided at Dunnoe, near Sladebume. 
The rector was Abdias Assheton, son of Abdias, son of John, both rectors of Mid- 
dleton, as the last was son of Sir Rich. Assheton, of that place. After evening- 
service the Journalist took his bottle alone, at the inn. — W, 

This statement does not accurately identify the rector. Abdias Assheton B.D. 
iras the son of John Assheton M.A. rector of Middleton, a younger son of 
Sir Richard Assheton Knt. Sse noUy June 2Sth 1618. The views of this Lan- 
cashire layman on the proper observance of Sunday were widely opposed to 
those of his simple minded and saintly Cheshire contemporaiy, John Braen of 
Bruen Stapelford, a man bom for all ages, and one who cast a halo around 
his own. Both these individuals had been trained in puritanical principles, and 
both of them associated with the higher and educated classes of the day ; and 
yet it will be seen that the same principles produced various characters, but 
neither uniformity of opinion nor the same practical morality. Mr. Assheton 
would have thought it an unpardonable omission of duty not to have attefi^od 
church twice on the Sunday ; but he considered it compatible with his views of 
religion to spend his Sunday evening at an alehouse. Mr. Bruen's house, we Are 
told by his biographer, " was distant about a myle from the church, the way faire 
and huge, so that hee usually went afoot, calling all his family about him, leaving 
neither cooke nor butler behinde him, nor any of his servants, but two or three to 
make the doores, and tend the house, untill their retume. And then taking his 
tenants and neighbours, as they lay in the way, along with him, hee marched on with 
a joyfull and cheerefull heart, as a leader of the Lord's host, towards the house of 
Grod, according to that of the Psalmist, I went with the multitude to the house of 
God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday. And 
so it was indeed his ordinary manner, to call his company neare about him, and to 
joyne together with one heart and voice, to sing psalmes as they went along, and 
that psalme especially, How plecuant ig thy dwelling plaee, [the 84th,] which 
they performed with such a melodious harmony, that the like may be said of them, 
as was of the Jewes ; God made them to rejoyce with great joy, the wives also and the 

children rejoyced, so that the joy of lerusalem was heard even afarre off. 

His comming to the church with all his family, attendants and followers, was 



4 THE JOURNAL OF 

Alsoe Id aft. pr. Ist Ps. 5^ 6. Sp. Wyne, all alone^ xiirf. so home. 
First tyme I wore my asslie-cuUord close.* 

conBtantly before the beginning of prayers, or any part of divine serrice, that so bee 
might more comfortably joyne with God's minister and people, in confession of sins, 
in prayer, and praise, reading and hearing of the word, singing of psalmes, and par- 
taking of the sacraments ; all which bee did peiforme with such a reverent atten- 
tion and gracious affection, with so holy a carriage, and so good conscience, that 
as hereby hee did much increase his owne comfort, so was his godly example (no 
doubt) a great encouragement to many others, yea, a very spurre and goade unto 
them, to bee more religious and conscionable in Crod*s worship and service. After 
prayers and sermon were ended, hee seldome went to dinner, but abode in the 
church to bestow himselfe and this interim in Crod's service, with such good peo- 
ple as were willing to stay with him. And this hee did by repeating the sermon, 
which hee had taken very exactly (as usually hee did) with his own hand, and by sing- 
ing of psalmes, and by holy and wholesome conference in and about good things. 
And so waiting for the evening sacrifice, after hee had with like care and con- 
science performed the publique duties of the sabbath in the same ; hee returned 
homeward with his company, with much comfort and joy in their hearts, endea- 
vouring as they went along to increase their knowledge, £uth, and obedience, by 
repeating, and conferring of the evening sermon, and to inlarge their hearts in Grod's 
praises, by singing of psalmes a fresh, considering what great things hee had done for 
them. And if any amongst them were afflicted, they would be ready to counsell him, 
comfort him, and pray for him. And he himselfe especially, if he heard of any 
such as were troubled in conscience, upon the hearing of the word, would be ever 
most ready and willing, like the good Samaritane, to powre wine, and oyle into that 
wounded spirit ; wine that he might search and secure it, and oyle that he might 
supple and heale it. After this manner did he frequent the house of Grod, sanc- 
tifie the Lord's day, rejoyce in the assembly of the saints, and refresh his own 
soule with heavenly manna, and other spirituaU repast, so long as hee could either 
goe, or ride unto it." 

(1) This reign was celebrated for its splendid dresses, in which the King took special 
delight. It was part of the advice of the Earl of Suffolk to Sir John Harrington 
of Kelston, in 1611, in order to gain James's esteem at court, ^'I would wish you 
to be well trimmed ; get a new jerkin well bordered, and not too short ; the Idng 
saith, he liketh a flowing garment ; be sure it be not all of one sort, but diversely 
colourd, the collar falling somewhat down, and your ruff well stiffend and brisky. 
We have lately had many gallants who failed in their suits for want of due obser- 
vance of these matters. The King is nicely heedfuU of such points, and dwelleth on 
good looks and handsome accoutrements. Eighteen servants were lately dischai^ed, 
and many more will be discarded who are not to his liking in these matters." Well 
does the old courtier add, " strange devices oft come into man's conceit ; some 
regardeth the endowments of the inward soul," of which number was John Bruen, 
''and another hath, perchance, special affection towards outward things, cloaks. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 5 

Do. 19. Wee all to Brandlesome ; Mr. Greeiilialgli(^) and his 
wyffe at Middleton. Sir Ric. Assheton had beene verie danger- 
deportment and good countenance." — Harrington's JTu^or Antiguof, by T. Park, 
Tol. ii. 8yo. 1804. Another piece of advice given to Harrington by the Earl of 
SuflPolk was — ** In your discourse touch but lightly on religion ;" and when men- 
tioning moral accomplishments and virtues, he tartly observes, ^ these are not the 
thinges men live by now-a-days," — a painful fact, which reconciles us to many of 
the erratic and extravagant notions of g^ood John Bruen, and which tends to prove 
that Nicholas Assheton was an admirer of the Court rather than of the Puritanical 
proceedings, and illustrated the prevalent fashions in his daily practice. Mr. Bruen, 
as might reasonably have been expected, had smaU sympathy with ''asshe-cuUord 
close ;" for ^ as he held a holy sympathy with the godly, so had he a great anti- 
pathy against the profane, both persons and fiishions, customes and courses of the 
world. He knew well, that the fashion of this world passeth away, and the lust 
thereof, but he that doth the will of God abideth for ever. He knew well also, that 
not onoly he himselfe, but all true Christians are forbid by the holy apostle, to 
fashion or conforme themselves to this world, and injoyned to be transformed in 
the spirit of their minde, that they may prove what is that good, that acceptable 
and perfect will of Grod. And therefore he could never be brought into any love 
or liking of the garish, foolish, vaine and new-fangle fashions of the world in attire 
or other ridiculous gestures, and formall complements of the profane of this world, 
but did in his heart abhorre them, and in his life utterly shun and avoid them." 

(1) These were the Greenhalghs of Brandlesome, near Bury. The name became 
extinct about 80 years ago ; but the estate was sold by the present Earl of Landaff, 
about the year 1770, for 25,0002. The large old family-house is, I believe, yet re- 
maining. Mr. Watmough was Rector of Bury, and seems to have incuned the 
displeasure of Mr. G. by some want of attention at the funeral of his child. — W, 

This was John Greenhalgh Esq. who had succeeded his grandfather, John 
Greenhalgh Esq. in 13 Jae, although his estates were then vested in the Holtes 
of Ashworth, in the parish of Middleton, as his grandfather had married Alice, 
daughter of Robert Holte and his wife Joanna, daughter of Sir Robert Langley 
of Agecroft, before the 6th November, 1559. His father, Thomas Greenhalgh, 
died a young man, vitft patris, 41 Eliz. leaving this son an infant of the age of two 
years ; and his widow, Mary, daughter of another Robert Holte of Ashworth HaU 
Esq. had married Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton, by whom she had two sur- 
viving children, whilst a third Robert Holte of Ashworth, in his very interesting 
will dated 19th December 1608, and proved at Chester 20th September 1609, by 
his father-in-law. Sir Richard Assheton, and others, says, " I only devise to my 
nephew John Greenhalgh the third part of Brandlesholme, held in soccage under 
the Earls of Derby, as my son and heir apparent Richard Holte may be made 
grievouslie charged in this costlie age, and yeti my younger children may not 
(must not) be incompetentlie provided for." John Greenhalgh had three wives ; 
the lady who accompanied him to Middleton at this time was his first wife, being 



6 THE JOURNAL OF 

ously sicke^ but somewhat better. Some little unkyndeness twixt 
Mr. Watmougb (*) and Mr. Greenhalgh^ cause Mr. Watmoughe nor 
his curate went meete ye dead corps of Mr. Green : child at ye 
church Steele, (2) or some such matter. 

Alice, daughter of the Rot. William Massey, rector of Wilmslow in the coonty 
of Chester. He was governor of the Isle of Man from 1640 to his death in 1651. 
On the 24th of October 1641, Captain Greenhalgh was discharged, by order of 
parliament, from the commission of the peace, being a '^ notorious malignant." 
He was with the great Earl of Derby at the battles of Wigan Lane and Wor- 
cester, and died of the wounds he received, after having secured the retreat of 
Charles the Second with the Earl of Derby and some others, who escaped to 
Boscobel. His character has been vividly sketched by his patron, the Earl of 
Derby, in a letter to his son, the Lord Strange, who assigned as reasons for appoint- 
ing him governor of Man, ^ First, that he was a gentleman weU bom, and such 
usually scorn a base action ; secondly, that he has a good estate of his own, and 
therefore need not borrow of another, which hath been a fault in this country ; for 
when governors have wanted, and been forced to be beholden to those who may be 
the greatest oifenders against the Lord and country, in such case the borrower be- 
comes servant to the lender, to the stoppage if not perversion of justice : next, he 
was a deputy lieutenant and justice of peace for his own county ; he governed his 
own aifairs weU, and therefore was the more likely to do mine so ; he hath been 
approved prudent and valiant, and as such fitted to be trusted ; in fine he is such 
that I thank God for him, and charge you to love him as a friend." — Hist, of the 
Howe of Stanley, p. 83, 4to, 1783. There is a fine portrait of him lithographed 
and coloured, from the original painting, and published in 1841. Brandlesome HaU 
was conveyed in marriage by Mary, (not Catherine, as stated in Debrett) coheiress 
of Sir John Gage Bart, and ividow of Sir John Shelley the third baronet, to 
George Mathew the younger of Thurles, in Ireland, Esq. and was sold by his 
son, George Mathew of Thurles, afterwards of Thomastown, Esq. who died in 
1759, to Richard Powell of Heaton Norris, in the county of Lancaster, merchant, 
in whose grandson it is now vested. The earldom of Llandaff was created in 
November 1797, and expired on the death of Francis James, the second earl, in 
1833, s.p. 

(>) Hugh Watmough B.D., of a respectable family in the parish of Winwick, insti- 
tuted to the rectory of Thornton, in Craven, 30th August 1599, on the presentation 
of Queen Elizabeth, by lapse, chaplain to William, earl of Derby, and recommended 
to that nobleman by the celebrated John Favour LL.D. vicar of Halifax, who 
obtained for him the rectory of Bury, to which he was instituted July 6, 1608. 
He was interred at Bury August 21st, 1623, having held the rectory of Thornton 
in cotnmendam, 

(') The church style has ceased to exist, and its loe<Ue is almost forgotten, but in 
1775 it was well known. This ''little unkyndeness" had been of some months* 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 7 

1st June (Sunday). Mr. C. P.(*) moved my brother Sherborne {^) 
fipom Sir Bichard Houghton^ p) to do him such fav', countenance, 

duration, m ^ Susan, daughter of John Grenhalh of Brandl." was buried January 
27th 1616-17. In this viobition of the rubric on the part of the rector and his 
curate we probably trace incipient puritanism, which was offensive to Mr. Green- 
halgh and discountenanced by him. The rector's son, Robert Watmough of Win- 
wick Grent. afterwards became a minor leader of the popular movement, and in 1646 
was a Layman in one of the Presbyterian Classes, for the government of what was 
then caUed the Church. 

(0 Mr. C. P. was probably Mr. Christopher Parkinson afterwards mentioned. 

(s) Brother Bherbome is Richard Sherborne of Dunnow, near Sladebum, Esq. 
(second son of Sir Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst,) who married Dorothy 
Assheton, the writer's sister. The King was now expected at Hoghton Tower ; 
and Sir Richard Hoghton was naturally desirous to make a splendid display of his 
IHends and connexions. — W. 

Richard Sherborne, the first of Dunnow, was the natural son of Sir Richard 
Sherburne by Isabel Wood. Sir Richard accompanied Henry earl of Derby as the 
queen's ambassador to Henry III. king of France, in January 1684-5, and died 
July 26th 1594. He provided liberally for this son and his three natural daughters, 
and also left a large estate to Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst Esq. his son and 
heir by hia wife Matilda, daughter of Sir Richard Bold of Bold Knt. Dunnow 
became the property of Roger Parker, fifth son of Edward Parker of Browsholme 
Esq. probably by marriage with the heiress of Sherborne. He was baptised at 
Waddington 20th January 1638, and his kinsman Edward Parker of Browsholme 
Esq. (bom 1730, ob. 1794,) has recorded, ^ The Parkers of Dunnow and of Lickhurst 
are grandsons to Roger, brother of Thomas, my great grandfather. This Roger 
was a Roman Catholic, and the Parkers of Lickhurst still continue so." — Brows- 
holme MSS, Dunnow Hall was standing in 1811, in which year it was sold by the 
Parkers, who had resided at it, to Mr. Wilkinson of Sladebume. Since this time 
the house has been pulled down, the fine natural woods which surrounded it have 
disappeared, and a modem farm house has been built on the old site. 

(3) Sir Richard Hoghton, descended from Adam de Hocton who held lands in 
Hocton in the time of Henry II. was a minor at his father's premature death on the 
21st November 1589, and became a ward of Sir Gilbert Gerard. He was sheriff of 
Lancashire in 1598, and was knighted by the Eari of Essex in Ireland in 1599. Sir 
Richard Hoghton appears to have been the first Protestant of his fomily, as his 
fiither, on the 10th September 1586, was returned in a list of names of those ^ iU 
affected to j* State," and harbourers of priests and recusants. — Harl.MSS.eod, 360. 
In 1605-^ Sir Richard was one of the combatants on the side of ^ Opinion" in Ben 
Jonson's Masque of " Hymen with the Barriers," performed at court on the mar^ 
riage of Robert earl of Essex. In 1611 he was created a baronet, and served the 
county of Lancaster in several parliaments. He was a personal fovourite of King 
James. He married Katherine, daughter of Sir Gilbert Gerard Knt. attorney- 



8 THE JOURNAL OF 

grace^ ciirtesie^ as to weare his clothe^ (^) and attend him at Hough- 
ton^ at ye kings comming in August^ as divers other gentlemen 
were moved and would. He likewise moved mee. I answered I 
would bee willing and redie to doe S' Ric. anie Svice. 
June 2d. Tryed for a fox, but found none. (2) 

general and master of the rolls in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, (she died 17th 
November 1617, set. 48,) by whom he had five sons and eight daughters. After the 
death of his wife, Sir Richard had issue two sons, Joscelyn and Richard, by Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Spencer, (a tenant of Sir Thomas Hesketh of Rufford,) who 

married first Harsnape, and during the life of her husband had three children 

by Robert Hesketh Esq. son and heir of Sir Thomas. Mr. Hesketh afterwards 
married her, although, like Mrs. Quickly, she '* lay under an ill name," haying had 
two children bom before the marriage, and one after. She was the third wife of 
Robert Hesketh Esq., and being his widow, probably married Sir Richard Hoghton. 
Sir Richard died 12th November 1630, set. 60. — Lane. MSS. vol.xx. p. 59, penes me. 
Sir Richard Hoghton was the eighth baronet created by King James on the 22d 
May 1611, and his descendant, the present Sir Henry Bold Hoghton, is the eighth 
baronet of the family, and the second in the order of precedence. According to the 
original institution, the baronets were required to have a clear income in land of 
£1000 per annum, and to be descended at least from a paternal grandfather who had 
borne coat-armour. It is worthy of observation, that one of the conditions on 
which the title was conferred was, that the individual accepting it, ^ with his wealth 
should be aiding towards the building of Churches — whereby God is feared, the 
King obeyed, and the land tilled and manured.'* — Wotton's Baronetage, vol. v. pp 
280 et seq. 1741. 

(^) ** Wearing his cloth" signifies that they should submit to wear the peculiar 
livery of Sir Richard Hoghton, as his followers or retainers. The livery was 
commonly given to these foUowers by the lord, and was considered a badge of feudal 
servitude. In a trial in the Consistory Court of Chester in 1549, John Wolsten- 
holme of Wolstenholme in the parish of Rochdale Gent, says, ** that he hym selfe 
doth go w^ Syr Thom. holzt of Grizzlehurste knight to serve y* kynge yn hys warrs 
or els doth fynd hym a man, and for v. or vj. zeros he hath had a lyvery cote of 
y* sayd Syr Thorns, holzt." — Lane. MSS. vol. xxx. 

(') According to Aubrey, in the reign of James I. " hunting was at its greatest 
height that ever was in this nation," and ^ the glory of English hunting breath'd 
its last," not with Nicholas Assheton, but with Philip, first earl of Pembroke. — Nat, 
Hist, of Wills, ed. by Britton. Hunting and hawking occupied no inconsiderable 
portion of Mr. Assheton's time, and were fashionable recreations for countiy 
gentlemen even of the puritanical school ; but it often happened, as old Burton 
quaintly observes, tliat their wealth ran away with their hounds, and their fortunes 
flew away with their hawks, a fact well known to the young Cheshire patrician, Mr. 
Bruen. When this gentleman was first married, which was in the year 1580, in the 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 9 

June 4tli. Thi8(i) evening came Sir Tho. Medcalfe w**» 40 menn, 
or thereabouts^ at sunsett, or after, to RaydaU House, in Wensla- 

prime of his strength and the flower of his age, being ''about the age of one and 
twenty yeeres, he was much addicted to the customary and ordinary exercises and 
recreations of hunting and hawking, following the courses, and affecting the company 
of such gentlemen, as being of note and quality, took pleasure in such things. Inso- 
much that joyning with Ralph Done Esquire (grandfather to that worthy knight, Sir 
John Done, late high sheriffe of the county) for maintaining their game, and satis- 
fying their humour and pleasure in these sports, they kept betwixt them foureteene 
couple of great mouthed dogges, M. Done eight, and himselfe six. I have not 
much to commend him for, in these matters, but rather thinke him blameworthy 
for roispending so much precious time in such camall pleasures, and wasting his 
estate upon base and brutish creatures to serre his lust, which might have been 
much better bestowed on his owne family, or on the poore members of Christ to do 
them good. For if we must give an account at the day of judgment (as the Judge 
himselfe hath told us) of every idle word ; how much more accountable shall we be 
of every idle houre, and of every idle worko f And if when we have plenty of food, 
we are carefully to gather up the broken meat, that nothing be lost ; how much 
more carefull ought we to be, that we be not guilty of such wilfuU and wicked 
wast, as to give the children's bread unto dogs, and that by breaking whole loaves, 
and powring out many bushels to maintaine our wide mouthed dogs, when the poore 
open their mouthes wide for want, calling and ciying out for scraps and crummes, 
and cannot have reliefe, cannot be heard crying, for the cry of dogs } A matter so 
much the more lamentable, because many are less sensible of the gprievousnesse of 
their sin in this kinde. Dogs are devouring creatures (and so are hawkes too). 1. 
They swallow up a man's best desires and delights. 2. They eat up the best of his 
dayes. 3. Devoure the most of his substance. 4. Spoile a man of his fairest and 
fittest opportunities either to be servicable unto €rod, or profitable unto men. 5. 
Rob wife and children of their meanes and maintenance, and oftentimes tyre upon 
the earkasses, and suck the blood of poore tenants, being charged upon them, to ease 

their good masters of all charge in keeping of them But what is your 

meaning (will some man say) in all this ! Will you be so strict, as to condemn 
all hunting and hawking as sinful! and unlawfull } Because you ask mee the 

question, I will tell you my opinion in few words This then is my opinion 

(which yet I submit to the censure of sounder judgement) I think it utterly unlaw- 
full for any man, to take pleasure in the paine and torture of any creature, or 
delight himselfe in the tyranny, which the creatures exercise one over another, 
or to make a recreation of their brutish cruelty which they practise one upon 
another." 

(1) This is a most extraordinary story. The origin of this petfy war is not ex- 
plained. Sir Thomas Metcalfe, who seems to have been a man brutal and ferocious, 
was of Nappay, in Wensleydale, and might probably have some colour of right to 
the house and estate of Raydale, which he chose to assert by force. Raydale is an 

c 



10 THE JOURNAL OF 

dale, w*^ gunns, ab* half a score bills, picks, swords, and other 
warlike p'vision, and besett the house, where was my aunt Robin- 
estate and manor of more than three thousand acres, abounding with game 
on the banks of the beaatiful little lake of Semerwater, in a remote yalley, which 
forks off from the upper part of Wensleydale, at Bainbridge. A primitive simpli- 
city of manners still prevails among the inhabitants ; though changed, in some 
degree, within the last half century. For on the demise of the late king, [Greorge 
II. 1760,] so little had newspapers, or other yehicles of modem information, found 
their way into these retirements, that the people really belieyed the crown of 
England to be elective ; and that the Lord of Raydale, from his wealth and con- 
sequence, was likely to be put in nomination. — W. 

The Lancashire reader will be startled by meeting with the following remarks from 
the vigorous pen of the learned and acute historian of Richmondshire, who observes: 
^'In my progress through this district (Wensleydale) I beheld many ruins with 
pleasure, but none, perhaps, with equal satisfaction to that which I experienced in the 
sight of a ruined cotton mill, which had once intruded itself upon this beautiful and 
sequestered scene. I beheld it not only as the removal of a single nuisance, but as 
a fortunate presage that the tide was receding, and that an evil (the greatest which 
ever befel this country) is gradually declining. Richmondshire, however, though 
abounding in &lls of water, has been fortunate on the whole, as in a tour of nearly 
three hundred miles, I saw only two other defilements of the same sort." — Vol. i. p. 
393, note, fol. 1823. The ^ primitive simplicity of manners" alluded to here, must 
have been peculiarly agreeable to this admirable writer ; but I venture to assert that 
the quick perception and keen good sense of the Lancashire mechanics would never 
have allowed them to recognise their friture sovereign in any of their ^ cotton lords." 
Sir Thomas Metcalf of Nappa, in the county of York, knighted at Theobalds by 
James I. in May 1603, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby of Scriven, 
in the same county, and dying 26th July 1650, according to Hopkinson, and not in 
1665, according to the pedigree in Whitaker's history of Richmondshire, was buried 
at Askrigg. His grandson, Thomas Metcalf Esq. died 25th April 1756, et. 69, s.p. 
when the family became extinct in the male line, and little remained of their nume- 
rous estates but the original demesne, which was described by Leland as of the value 
of four pounds per annum, being a ^ veri goodly howse, caullid Nappa, in Wenesdale." 
— Itin, vol. iii. p. 112. It is now the property of E^rl de Grey, whose ancestor. Sir 
William Robinson of Newby Park, in the county of York, married Frances, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Metcalf, above mentioned, and aunt of Thomas Metcalf Esq. the last 
male owner. The lower tower of Nappa has been converted into a farm house. Dr. 
Whitaker, in his History of Bichmondshirs, vol.i. p. 412, in alluding to this outrage- 
ous affiray, observes that ''no violence appears to have been offered or intended to the 
female part of the family," (the journalist, however, states that his aunt was ^ unmer- 
cifully used,'*) ''and what was the origin of the quarrel does not appear. But the 
siege continued several days, until the Udy*s nephew, Mr. Assheton, had time to 
march with a few stout men to the relief of the family, at least fifty miles. This is 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 11 

son and 8 of her little children^ w*** went forth shutting ye dore. 
My aunt left ye children^ and went to Sir Tho. desyring to know 
the meaning of that force ; if for possession of the house and land, 
and by what authoritie ; and if better than her husband's^ whoe 
was now at London^ she would avoyde w^ all hers quietlie. Hee 
answered, that hee would not soe much satisfie her : his will was 
his law, or authoritie for that tyme : soe they would not suffer her 
to goe into the house for her stockings and head-dressing and 
shoes, w^ shee wanted, but shee was forced to goe a long myle, 
w^ her little children, to a towne called Buske, and thence a foote 
to Morton,(^) two miles thence. — This nyght was the house shott at 
manie tymes and entered, but rescued. 

perhaps the latest instance of priyate war which ever took place in Great Britain south 
of the Tweed." Raydale house is situated in a lonely and beautifully sequestered dale, 
but is now a ruin, whilst another house bearing the same name has been built on another 
site, a mile from the former, and is the property of Thomas Philip, Earl de Grey, de- 
scended from William Robinson of York, merchant, and twice lord mayor of that city, 
who bought large estates in Wensleydale, and died about the year 1610, »t. 82 years. 
His son died '^ about 1618," and the affray here recorded appears to have taken place 
upon that event. The connection of the families of Assheton and Robinson is not 
recorded in any of their pedigrees in the College of Arms, which generally omitted 
the collateral branches before Dugdale's last general Tisitation. The Metcalfs had 
seyeral disputes with the Crown respecting the tenure of their lands ; and it is 
not improbable that the Robinsons, who were tenants of Raydale under lease 
granted by the Lord President of the North, had obtained possession of an 
estate to which the Metcalfs preferred a prior claim, either from the Crown, 
or from Jerrauz Abbey. It is also probable that the right was established by Sir 
Thomas, as the Robinsons were obliged to quit their residence. One of the sons 
settled at Downham, and afterwards bought lands at Chatbum in Lancashire, and 
lanton in Craven, as appears from a pedigree of the Robinsons of Chatbum, deduced 
from family evidences by the Ute Rev. Josias Robinson M.A. Fellow of Brasenose 
College, Oxford, and rector of Alresford in Essex, obligingly communicated to me 
by his widow, Mrs. Nowell of Netherude Hall, in Craven. 

(1) There is no such place as Morton in Wensleydale. It is evidently a typo- 
graphical error for Worton, which is about two miles from Busk, (Stalling-Busk is 
the proper name,) and Busk is one mile from Raydale House. Worton Hall, for- 
merly a chantry under the Abbey of Jervaux, with a considerable estate in the 
neighbourhood, appears to have been conveyed to the Robinsons by the Crown, 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth, and is now vested in Earl de Grey. Raydale is 
disafforested, although Richard III. granted the office of Master Forester of Wens- 



12 THE JOURNAL OF 

June 6. To Mr. Midlom'8(i) and S' Arthur Daykins ? 2 justices, 
sliee could get no reamedie ; but went to York, duble-liorsed, to 
ye Councell. Shee left in Raydall House 3 of her sonnes, Jo., 
Wm., & Rob. Robinson, and 7 servants and retaynors ; one Thorn. 
Yorke, of Knaresbor', a boy newly come w*^ a 1", and 2 Sving 
maydes. These, w*^ great currage, mayntayned ye possession, in 
great danger, against a lawless, rude, and unrulie companie, des- 
prate and graceless in their actions and intents. 

A mess^^ came to me with let"* from Morton: found me at 
Downham ; and my aunt desired mee to come to assist her in that 
accon ; soe we resolv. to goe ye next Moh. 

Jime 6. To Gisbume, Newsham, Hellifield, Swinden, Otter- 
bume, Kirkby Malghdale; ther we drunk. Kettle well, then 

leydale and Raydale to James Metcalf Esq. and the greater part of the digtriet 
called Raydale Side afterwards belonged to the family. ' There is a tradition still 
current in the neighbourhood, that King James the First hunted at Raydale with 
Sir Thomas Metcalf, commonly called the Black Knight of Nappa, with whom his 
majesty stayed a day or two in one of his progresses from Scotland to London. — 
Inform, of Mr, G. Winn of Aakrigg, 

(^) The Middlehams of High Gill, near Aysgarth in Wensleydale, were an old 
and re&pectable family, descended from the parent house of Middleham Castle. In 
161&-19 Sir Timothy Hutton, Sir Talbot Bowes, Adam Middlome Esq. and two 
others, were appointed commissioners on behalf of the Crown, in an inquisition 
respecting the manors of Richmond and Middleham, in the county of York. The 
family sold High Gill at the beginning of the last century to Thomas Metcalf of 
Nappa Esq. and it now belongs to Earl de Grey. Sir Arthur Dakyns was the 
son of Greneral Arthur Dakyns, who represented Scarborough in parliament in 1663. — 
See Hinderwell's Hist, of Searboroughy p. 141, 1832. In a list of Yorkshire 
gently preserved in Hopkinson's MSS. at Eshton HaU, occurs in East Gilling, 
•♦Arthur Dakyns Esq. of Cowton f and on the 7th October 1694, «* Arthur Dakyns 
Esq. Justice of peace" gives a permit to three soldiers who had been wounded at 
Ostend under Captain Sir John Conway, to pass from Haokness to Carlisle. In the 
same collection occurs, in 1619, ''Sir Arthur Dakynes of Long Colton Knt." He 
was knighted by the king at Theobalds on the 6th August 1604. He appears to hare 
lived at Linton in the county of York, six miles below Kettlewell, and about four- 
teen from Raydale, and descended from the Dakyns' of Bonsol and Stubbing Edge 
Hall, in the parish of Ashover, in the county of Derby. For some further account 
of the family of Dakyns, who have no pedigree in the College of Aims, see Nichols's 
Topographer and Gensal, part ii. pp. 178, 193. June 1843. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 13 

dyned; sotoTarbotte (Sharbotton),(*) BuckdenBake; first house 
in Morion: ther light and enquired^ and resolved to goe to S' 
Tho. to Buske, to move him forbeare further violence. Soe to 
Buske : my ladie ther, but not hee : gone to Marrett.(2) Found 
him drunk ; and some half a score, or therabouts, of his followers 
likewise. Ther met us one George Scarr, his mann, w*^ divers 
well furnished with weepons. This fellow being in drinke, gave 
us manie insolent respectless speeches ; such as, if hee or his com- 
panie had been sober, or we anie whit equall in numbers and 
pvision, we had not with such patience. 

Neither colde we be suffered to goe to ye house to spake w**» 
them; therfore we went back to Morton, quickening, to see S' 
Tho. in the morning. 

This evenJSy ab* sunsett or after, was shooting at ye house, and 
one Ja" Hodgson, one of the rash barbarians of Sir Tho. coming 
upon ye house, was shott and slayne. 

June 7. Noe speche to be had w^ Sir Tho.; but my aunt 
came. Shee gave very few speeches to us ; but onl. that the Sar- 
geaunt of Mace and Pursuivant were coming from Yorke, and 
shee went to BaydaU House ; but in ye waye shee was stayed, and 
unmercifully used. Presently the Serj. and Purs, and Mr. Mid- 
lome, the justice of peace, came to BaydaU ; and ther thos officers 
took Sir Tho. w*^ some five or six of his companie ; the rest dis- 
persed, evy one a sundry waye, and went to the house and sett 
them at lifetie. 

Whitsunday, 8. We four to Kettlewell, to Kirkby Malghdale ; 
dyned — to Gisbume; drunk wyne. Sp. in this journey, vi«. 

June 11th. Tryed for a fox, found none ; rayne; wet thorough. 
Home agayne. 

June 15. Sunday Trin. PSon preached; to church. Afl. ser- 
mon ; sp. virf. Home. To church ; pSon preached. 

(1) Sharbotton, a miaprint for Starbottom. 

(') Prolwbly Manede, a viUage in the neighbourhood. — W, Marset is a town- 
ship in the parish of Aysgarth. 



14 THE JOURNAL OF 

June 16. Foxhunting. (1) 

Do. 17. I and brother Greenacre8(2) to Portfield (rayne), then to 

Q) Foxhunting appears to have been pursued, at this time, in some measure for 
the purpose of destroying a noxious animal as vermin. In the churchwardens' 
accounts at Whalley, and in many other Lancashire parishes, are curious entries on 
this subject: 

^1636, paid to Mr. Crombock for killing 3 Foxes 00 . 03 . 00 

paid to Wm. Baldwin for killing a Foxe 00 . 01 . 00 

Paid to Blackbome Huntsman for killing 2 Foxes... 00 . 02 . 00" 

The heads of foxes thus paid for were nailed on the church-porch door, and old 
persons still liying remember to have seen them in that unbecoming position. 
Thomas Pott, master of James the First's hunt, received ''for his fee 4b. per 
diem ; for three yeoman prickers, to each 2s. per diem ; for one gproom 12d. per 
diem ; and for keeping 12 cupple of dogs £60 per annum ; in all per ann. £250 
15s.*' — Nichols' Proff, James I., anno 1610-11, vol. ii. p. 411, note. 

(^) John Greenacres, who died s. p. five years after this time. Portfield, near 
Whalley, was then the residence of the wealthy family of the Braddylls. — W. 

There was a close family connection between the Braddylls and Asshetons. 
Edward Braddyll of Brockholes Esq. married at Whalley, August 6th 1554, Anne, 
daughter of Raphe Assheton Esq. of Lever, aunt of the journalist. She was buried 
December 29th 1586. Her son, John Braddyll, was now living at Portfield, and had 
a son, John, baptized at Whalley 19th September 1599, who was his heir, and a 
minor at this time. He married, whilst a minor, Millicent, daughter of John Talbot 
of Bashall, in the county of York, Esq., who did not long survive her marriage, as 
she was buried at Whalley 23d May 1620. ^ At Hellifield Peel are two portraits on 
boards, of John Talbot of Bashall, »t. 46 anno 1604^ accompanied by a boy ; and of 
Ursula Hamerton, his wife, let. 40, together with a daughter (Millicent) »t. 9, of the 
same date. He is represented as a large, stem, bluff-looking man ; but I have heard 
a very good judge of painting and physiognomy observe, that the boy has the fea< 
tures of an idiot. The lady does not seem likely, from the expression of her coun- 
tenance, to redeem the Talbots from that failure of intellect to which they are 
reported to have been subject every second generation (after the capture of Henry 
YI.) These portraits are authenticated by the arms of their respective fami- 
lies, and though veiy indifferently painted, cannot but afford some pleasure to 
an antiquary, as the only existing remains of that ancient family." —Whitaker's 
Hist, of Craven, p. 118. Whitaker states that this John Braddyll j un. was ^ the first 
of Portfield," {Hist, of Whalley, p. 244^ which is not supported by another state. 
roent on p. 252 of the same histoiy^) and that John Braddyll the father died in 1615. 
The house at Braddyll has long since been destroyed, and scarcely a trace of it 
remains. A modem farm house stands on or near the site, which must have been 
very picturesque, but retired and lonely. The estate called Brockhole and Braddyll 
belongs to John Taylor of More ton Esq. Nothing remains of the old hall at Port- 
field but part of the garden walls, and the bams. After the family ceased to reside 



NICHOLAS ASflHKTOK. 15 

Whalley; foxhunting. To the pond: a duck and dogg. To the 
abbey : drunk there. Home. 

June 20. At home. A. W. and young Mr. B.(i) shot at Bodkin, («) 
at Sladebom ; and, at 22 roodes, A. W. wone. 

Sunday, 22. PSon preached, mom. and aft. Rad. Assheton(3) 

it fell into decay, and when the property of Portfield and Whalley was sold to Sir 
James Whalley Gardiner, the materials were used by his steward in building the 
present inn known as the Whalley Arms, and other houses. Portfield was situated 
close to an angle of the road on the north-east side of the Roman encampment. 

(1) « Young Mr. B." was probably Mr. John Braddyll, then about eighteen, and 
the minor referred to above. 

(') The same mark, I suppose, as pricks. — W, 

C) This was the baptism of Ralph, son of Sir Ralph Assheton, of Whalley Abbey, 
bart. and afterwards the second baronet of that name. As ** young Mr. Sherborne" 
was a sponsor on that occasion, the family must then have been Protestants. Of 
the two sons of Richard Sherborne, Esq. Henry and Richard, the first is said to 
have died in 1612 ; the second in 1667, aged 55. — In this account there is eyidently 
some mistake, as neither a dead man nor an infant could have been sponsor. Mrs. 
Braddyll was MUlicent, daughter of John Talbot, of Bashall, Esq. Mr. Talbot, of 
Salesbury, was John Talbot, bom 1582, and probably knighted after this time, as 
in the pedigree he is styled Sir John Talbot. — W, 

llie father of the infant was Raphe Assheton Esq. bom in 1579, created a 
baronet 28th June 1620, sold his paternal estate at Great Lever shortly afterwards^ 
married Dorothy, daughter of Sir James Bellingham of Leyens, in the county of 
Westmoreland, Knt. and dying at Whalley 18th October 1644, »t. 65, was succeeded 
by Raphe Assheton, one of his ten sons, the second baronet, and the infant whose 
baptism is here recorded. On the death of Sir John Assheton, brother of the second 
baronet, on 9th June 1697, the title became extinct ; but his sister and heir having 
married a distant cousin, Sir Raphe Assheton of Middleton, the representative of 
an elder branch of the family, who was created a baronet August 17th 1660, the 
estate continued in the same name. It is quite true that neither Henry nor Richard, 
the two sons of Richard Sherbome Esq. could be the individual here mentioned ; 
but Whitaker's dislike of genealogical investigation would not aUow him to explore 
the intricacy in which he found himself involved, otherwise he would have discovered 
that Henry and Richard were the cousins of the journalist, and the sons of Richard 
Sherbome of Dunnow, whose mother, in some of the pedigrees, is said to have been 
the wife, and clearly nothing but the blessing of the church was required to make her 
the wife, of Sir Richard Sherbome of Stonyhurst. That knight, however, had a lawful 
son and successor, Richard Sherbome Esq. who married first, in the year 1577, 
Eatherine, daughter of Charles Lord Stourton, and grand-daughter of Heniy earl of 
Derby. By this lady he liad a son, Richard, aged thirty-seven in 1628, according to 
a pedigree in the College of Arms, but who is erroneously stated to have died Febr. 



16 THE JOURNAL OP 

christened; young Mr. Sherborne, of Stonyhurst, Mr. Talbot, 
Salesbury, godf^ : cooz. Braddyll, Portfield, godmother. 

June 23. Downham. Ther one came to ns in the strete, and 
asked if we heare nothing of a bay gelding, stolen from Mr. 
Holte'8,(*) Castleton, by the miUer ther, and one silver bowle and 
18 silver spoones. I took him to thalehouse, and spent xiid. on 
him. I lent him us. Hee was a cheate. 

June 24. To Worston Woode. Tryed for ye foxe; found no- 
thing. Towler lay at a rabbitt, and wee stayed and wrought and 
took her. Home to Downham. A foote-race.(^) 

1 1 th 1667 '^ set. 55," in the Sherborne pedigiee in the HisL of WhaiUy, p. 463. This 
would bo the ''young Mr. Sherborne" of the text, as his father was then living, 
had serred the office of sheriff of Lancashire in 1614, and died in 1628. If Mrs. 
Millicent Braddyll was the godmother now, she was soon afterwards called upon 
again to fiU a similar office ; but why might not the sponsor be old Mrs. Elizabeth 
Braddyll, daughter of Thomas Brockholes of Claughton Esq. and the wife of John 
Braddyll, the elder, Esq. cousin of the journalist ! She survived her husband (by 
whom she was the mother of sixteen children) twenty-four years, and was buried in 
the church at Whalley 7th May 1639. John, son of John Talbot and his wife 
Mary, daughter of Sir John Southworth of Samlesbury Knt. was bom in 1582, 
knighted at Lathom House Aug. 20th 1617, and married, about 1607, Maiy, daughter 
of Sir Alexander Barlow of Barlow, near Manchester, Knt. (sister of William 
Barlow D.D. bishop of Lincoln,) by whom he had a son, John Talbot, bom 13th 
September 1608, whose daughter and heir, Dorothy Talbot, bom 15th February 
1650, married Edward Warren of Poynton Esq. and conveyed the estate to that 
family. 

(1) John, son and heir of Charles Ilolte of Stubley and Castleton Esq. bom in 
1575, married first, Winifred, daughter of Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton Knt. 
34 Eliz. 1591 ; but she dying issueless, he married secondly, on the 13th March 1601, 
Dorothy, daughter of Nicholas Banastre of Altham Esq. He was sheriff of Lanca- 
shire in 1619. His will is dated August 24th 1622, and he appoints his nephew, 
Edmund Hopwood of Hopwood Esq. and his uterine brother. Sir Greorge Tonge, 
(knighted at Durham 23d April 1617,) supervisors. Marland Mill belonged to the 
Abbey of Whalley, and was purchased at the Dissolution by the RadclilFes of Lang- 
ley, to whom it belonged at this time, though under mortgage to Mr. Holte, by 
whose son it was afterwards foreclosed and obtained. This ''cheate" was well 
skilled in the art of strategy, and is a good specimen of a bad class. In one respect, 
at least, I fear Master Nicholas must be regarded as a sort of particeps criminis, 
and his quiet description of his boozing companion is so epigrammatic that he pro- 
bably felt this. The intervention of a third party was certainly required, but uirfor- 
tunately is not recorded. 

(^) Mr. Assheton, unlike good Mr. Bmen, renounced none of his pleasures or 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 17 

June 25. To the foxhunting. Found in the warren. I hounded 

recreationB, probably no necessity requiring the sacrifice. Of the latter gentleman 
we are told that ''some of the first, though not the fairest fruits of his change and 
conyersion, began then to appeare, when first of an heire he became an inheritor of 
hiii fikther's state, and took possession of his house and lands. For being of himselfe 
unfit (as many young heires are) either to undertake such a chaige or manage 
such an estate, as by the fall of their parents is fallen unto them: he notwithstand- 
^fS (^7 the mercy and grace of Grod) at his first entrance, began to cut ofi; and 
cast out all lets and impediments which might hinder him, and to use and 
embrace all helpes that might further him, in running the race which the Lord 
had now set before him: for whereas there were two speciall matters of importance 
that might now perplex him, first, how upon so small beginnings he might suffi- 
ciently provide for his owne fiunily: and secondly, how (his father having charged 
him and the land, with the portions of twelve children, sonnes and daughters, which 
hee left behind him) he might faithfully discharge that trust, which his father 
reposed in him: hee both wisely and conscionably first of all, laid away hawkes and 
hounds, and cast off for ever his wide mouth'd dogs, and utterly ceased any longer 
to follow them, or their followers. And which is yet more, to cut off aU occasions 
of wastefull and riotoua expence both of time and other things, having a goodly 
parke left him on the backeside of his house, well stored and furnished with fallow 
deere, hee presently killed up the game, and disparked the parke, and drawing him- 
aelfe to as narrow a compasse as well hee could, lived so frugally and contentedly 
(and yet for his place very competently and orderly) that he provided sufficiently 
for his owne family, and faithfully discharged himselfe of his Other's chaige, paying 
hi« brethren and sisters all their portions, and placing them in marriage, and other- 
wise very comfortably, as his ovme words will beare me testimony. ' This charge 
through God's assistance (saith he) I well discharged. And married well all my 
sisters, and preferred all my brothers, and none of them offended.' A rare example 
I confesse, considering the young heires, that come to their lands in our time ; for as 
commonly, they are sick of the father (as Esau was, before his day, looking for his 
death) so when they come on a sadden, to so greate an estate, their wealth nuuiy 
timee overgrowes their wit, and being now masters over their owne meanes, they are 
90 farre from quenching the heat of their former lusts, that now they adde fewell 
unto the fire, and cast oyle into the flame, and turning their liberty into licenoious- 
nesse, and the grace of God into wantonnesse, they become and grow like infidels 
and Tnrkes, neither providing for their owne families, nor regarding their brethren 
nor sisters, being yet their own flesh and blood, and their owne father's issue and off- 
spring as themselves are. A faire check and rebuke also, may hence be taken for 
such and so many of our gentlemen of riper age, as having beene a long time 
ensnared in the lusts of youth, and £ut bound with the cords of their pleasing sins, 
have not yet (for all the meanes of grace) after twenty, thirty, forty, or fifty yeares, 
obtained so much grace and strength from the Lord, as this gentleman, to breake 
firom the power, and cease from the practice of their old sins, but are still as child- 

D 



18 THE JOURNAL OF 

and killed a bitch-fox. Wee to Salthill; ther we had a bowson(>): 
wee wrought him out and killed him. 

June 26. Tryed for fox in Worston Wood; found none. I to 
Bolton, in Bowland. Ther p5on,(^) patron, &c. To Sladebome. 

iflh and yaine in their sports, and parsuit of their pleasures, as if all this while they 
had hat only sipped and tasted of Circe's cap, hat now are resolved to take yet a 
deep and fall draught of it, even untill they he dead drunlce with their sensuall 
delights, and drop downe in a moment into hell, from the hight of their jolly vani- 
ties. O that the voice of Christ in his word might rouse them and raise them up 
out of this sensuality and security ! Awake thou that slespest, and stand up from 
the dead, and Christ shall give thee light. ^* ** A foote race" would have found, I fear, 
little favour from Mr. Bruen, or his rigidly strict hiographer, the Rev. Mr. Hinde, the 
latter of whom regarded it as ^ an exercise of profaneness,*' and willingly commended 
the example of his virtuous and pious lay friend, ** to hee duely considered, and dili- 
gently followed, unto many of our gentlemen, and to many of inferiour ranck also, 
that they would make an exchange of their vaino and profane exercises of May-games, 
and summer-greenes, of their foot-races, and horse-races, of their weekely and almost 
daily meetings, and matches on their howling greenes, of their lavish hotting of 
great wagers in such sorry trifles, and of their stout and strong ahetting of so 
sillie vanities amongst hundreds, and sometimes thousands, of rude and vile persons, 
to whom they should give hotter, and not so had example and encouragement, as to 
he idle in neglecting their callings ; wastefull, in gameing and spending their 
meanes ; wicked in cursing and swearing ; and dangerously profane, in their hrawl- 
ing and quarrelling. O how great is the difference hetwixt those holy exercises 
of religion in God's house, and these profane exercises of corruption and lust, in the 
forrest, or in the field ! How great is the opposition hetwixt that assembly and this 
company !" Mr. Assheton must have been considered a very indevont Puritan, and 
an acquaintance with such a holy and circumspect person as John Bruen could 
never have ripened into friendship. Assheton, however, only followed the Court 
amusements. When James I. was at Lincoln, in April 1617, amongst the royal sports 
was a foot race by three Irishmen and an Englishman, which his majesty did behold 
with infinite satisfaction. The Englishman won the race. — Nichols' Boyal Prog. vol. 
iii. p. 265. And on the 10th April in the following year, the King, and apparently 
his whole Court, and an extraordinary concourse of people, witnessed a foot race 
from St. Alhan's to Clerkenwell, between an Englishman and a young Irishman, 
*^ albeit the weather was sour and foul." lArge and almost incredible sums were lost 
and won on the issue of this race. — Ihid. pp« 476-7. 

{}) A badger.— Tf^. 

(-) Parson and patron. Alexander Emott was then rector, and . . . Pudsay, Esq. 
patron of Bolton. — W, 

Alexander Emott M.A. was instituted to the rectory of Bolton juxta Bowland 
8th June 1598 by the queen, apparently by lapse, and died in 1624. He was probably 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 19 

Ther we found about the pSonage cous. J. Assheton, of Mid- 
dleton.(i) 

June 27. Cooz. J. Assheton, self, father, brother Sherborne, 
fyshed w*** two waydes up to ye bridge; sent some fysh to ye 
pSonage. Dyned at pSonage. Spent virf. 

June 28. Easinton woods, for a fox; found nothing. Jo. 
Assheton and I to Brunghill, to fynd a hare. To Sladebome ; 
ther brother Sherborne gave Jo. wyne. Sp. xiiik^. 

June 29. St. Peter. To church; pSon preached. Dyned at 
pSonage. Aft", pSon preached. 

June 30. Self, father, pSon, Jo. Assheton, cum aliis, a fox- 
hunting(2) to Harden, up to Scout Stones ; sett ye greyhounds ; 
found fox ; a fyne ; lost him in the holds. 

a son of Emott of Emott, as John Emott Esq. obtained the next presentation 

to the living by purchase from William Pudsay of Bolton Esq. This patron suc- 
ceeded his father Thomas Pudsay Esq. (whose wife was Elizabeth, daughter of 
John, Lord Scrope of Mashain) in 1567, at which time he was a minor. He married 

two wives, 1. Elizabeth, daughter of Banastre, who, dying in childbirth, was 

buried March 17th 1601. 2. Katherine, daughter of William Ramsden of Langley, 
in the county of York, Esq. about the year 1608. 

(') A younger son of Richard Assheton, of Middleton, Esq. who died s. p. — W. 

John Assheton Esq. was the second son of Richard Assheton Esq. and his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Daveuport of Bramhall, Knt., and only brother 
of Sir Richard Assheton Knt. 

(') Noscitur a sociis is an adage which must sometimes be lightly interpreted, 
otherwise ** p'son, cum aliis, a foxhunting," will leave an unfavourable, and I hope 
a false impression. Had the journalist been like-minded with good Mr. Bruen, 
he would have considered the rector of Sladebume a little out of his vocation whilst 
pursuing field sports, and would, no doubt, have sharply used ^ the rod of correction 
to cure this corruption." It was the very joy of Mr. Bruen's heart ^ to bring in 
such godly and able ministers amongst them (as he could provide) almost every 
Lord's day into the publike assembly. Such as did feed the people (like faithfull 
pastors) with knowledge and understanding. Such as did sowe and plant (as God's 
husbandmen) the seeds and roots of grace and truth amongst them. Such as were 
ambassadors of peace, both preaching unto them the glad tydings of the gospell, by 
the word of reconciliation; and beseechiug them also in Christ's stead to be reconciled 
unto God: and heralds at armes also, to lift up their voices as a trumpet, to tell the 
house of Israel their transgression, and the house of ludah their sins, and to 
denounce God's righteous judgements due unto the same. And all this he did of 
his own cost and labour, and that with a cheerful! and upright heart, honouring the 



20 THE JOURNAL OF 

July Ist. Hunting fox to Stirrop ; found none. 

July 3d. I and Ric. Sherborne to Sladebome. It rayned ; so 

Lord with his sabstanee, and giving meanes and maintenance to such aa were the 
Lord's Ubbourers in the Lord's harvest. All which his care, cost, and labour, although 
it was much slighted by many, little regarded by the vulgar sort, much opposed by 
the popish and profone, and too much undervalued by all: yet was hee never 
daunted nor discouraged in his course, nor weary of well doing, ndther Rheum the 
Chancellor, nor Shimshai the Scribe, by their letters ; nor Sanballat and Tobiah by 
their mocks, threats, and slanders, could ever divert him from his way, or cause the 
worke of God to cease in his hand." [These are doubtless indirect and caustic 
allusions to official individuals well known at the time.] '*So the word of God 
grew mightily and prevailed: and to use his own words, 'so religion began to 
enter, maugre the divell and his partakers, for I was much opposed,' &c. In this 
passage I much desire," continues the Rev. Mr. Hinde, Bruen's biographer, ''to com- 
mend unto every Christian, especially to gentlemen of good rancke and place (to 
whom the Lord hath given a large portion in the blessings of this life) such fruits 
of faith and love, and such vertues of Christ in this gentleman, as are well worthy 
both the observation, and imitation of eveiy true Christian. 1. His compassion on 
the multitude being as sheep without shepheard, when hee saw them erring from 
the wayes of God, and like to perish for want of pasture, expressing herein (in some 
measure) the holy affection of Christ lesus. 2. Secondly, his freewill offering unto 
the Lord of his ovme substance and cost, to provide his people of spirituall food 
and that with a cheerefuli and free heart and hand, like unto David, who bought the 
threshing floore of Araunah at a price, because he would not offer burnt offerings to 
the Lord, of that which cost him nothing. 3. Thirdly, his entertaining and main- 
taining God's ministers, as Obadiah did the Lord's prophets, besides his countenan- 
cing and encouraging of them, as losiah did the Levites in the Lord's service. 
4. Fourthly, the exceeding joy and comfort that he took in setting forwards the 
Lord's worke, for the foundation and building up the house of God, by his good 
example, godly presence, and holy practice, in publike places, and religions duties, 
endeavouring to bring forth the head stone, as Zerubbabell did, with shoutings, cry- 
ing, Grace, grace unto it. 6. Fifthly, his courage and constancy in maintaining all 
good exercises of religion against all oppositions of popish and profane persons, as 
did good Nehemiah, in going on with the building of the wals of Jerusalem, not- 
withstanding al the attempts and assaults of secret treacheiy, or open hostility, 
made against them. 6. Sixthly, his uprightnesse and sincerity, doing all that he 
did with an honest and good heart, not to bee scene of men, but to approve himselfe 
unto God in all things. This worthy example thus decked and adorned with these 
jewels of grace, I desire also to commend unto the due and serious consideration of 
such gentlemen and others, as being rich in this world, are yet poore, and very poore 
in such good workes, and had rather bestow an hundred pounds in building and 
beautifying their owne houses, than an hundred pence towards the laying of the 
foundation, or building up the walles or windowes of God's House amongst them. 



NICHOLAS A8SHET0N. 21 

wee stayed and tipled most of the day^ and were too foolish, 
Sp*. IIS. 

July 4. Hunting fox. — July 7. Father, mother, and coz. 
Radcliffe's wyfe, to "Whalley, a psenting my coz. Assheton's wyfe, 
that lay in.(i) Coming from Sladebome, met Mr. Talbot, of 

And to sach also as being entrusted with the lands and livings of the Chureh, for 
the maintenance of the ministiy and spirituall provision of God's people, doe not- 
withstanding tame their patronage into pillage, and their devotion into sacriledge, 
catting short the minister of his meanes, and the people of their provision, taking 
the wheat anto themselves, and leaving the straw and chaffe anto them for their 
portion onely. Neither woald I have them to passe withoat a gentle admonition 
also, who had mach rather spend mach of their estate, in maintaining idle and base 
persons to serve their owne lasts, and satisfie the hamoar of a rude and profone 
people, as many do their hors-riders, faulkeners, huntsmen, lords of misrale, pipers^ 
and minstrels, rather to lead them, and their followers (both in their publike assem- 
blies and private families) a dance about the calfe, than such a dance as David 
danced before the arke, with spirituall rejoycing in Grod's mercies, and inlarging of 
his owne and the people's hearts in God's praises. And being utterly destitute of 
all meanes of grace, both in assembly and family, and nothing sensible of the 
spirituall famine that hath brought a loathsome leannesse into their soules, they 
neither make any conscience, nor will be at any cost, to call on the Levites to bring 
in the arke of God amongst them, nor will seeke themselves, nor suffer others (that 
much desire to enter into the kingdome of God) to frequent those places and exer- 
cises of religion, where the heavenly manna, the bread of life, may be broken unto 
them." There is much good sense in this practical advice; and the admirable 
example of Mr. Bmen, in promoting Christian knowledge, is worthy of imitation at 
all times. Would that the laity of the Church in our day were more embued with 
his catholic and charitable spirit 1 

(1) The custom of making presents to women in childbed is yet called presenting 
in Craven. Mrs. Ratcliff was Dorothy Assheton, first wife of Savile Radcliffe, of 
Todmorden and Great Meerley, Esq. Mr. Talbot was soon afterwards knighted. 
—IT. 

This custom is now quite obsolete in South Lancashire, although it continued to 
be observed to the middle of the last century. In the MS. Journals of Mr. Richard 
Kay of Baldingstone and Chesham,near Buiy, written between the years 1704 and 
1731, there are numerous instances of its observance : 

*«17a6. Feb. 6. Gave Deborah the midwife 6s. John Leigh brought my wife a 
Groaning cake, gave him 6d. Cozen Neddy brought me almost half a calf 
from my grandmother, gave him 6d. Mr. Whitworth Xnd my son, g^ve 
6d. for his horse, and 6d. for itt registered. 

1707. July 17. My wife went to sport her at Blackburn, Whalley ftnd Preston ; 
she gave to uncle Oliver's wife in childbed 18d. 



22 THE JOURNAL OF 

Bashall. To Sladebome ; back again : here tipled till afkemoon : 
left them. 

„ Aug. 8. Mj wife gave James Kay's wife of Baslano in childbed 2s. 6d. and 
syrup of ginger 9d. 

1715. 1 June. Graye Cousen Barlow in childbed 38. 6d. 

1716. Oct. 2. Gave Mrs. Rothwell (the minister's wife) in childbed 58. 

1717. Sept. 26. Gave Mrs. Wareing in childbed 2 bottles of wme, Ss. 8d. her 
maid 6d. and midwife Is." — Lane, MSS. vol. xxxi. 

Savile Radcliffe of Todmorden Uall Esq. bom in 1582, a barrister at law, and in 
the commission of the peace for Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire, mar^ 
ried at Rochdale, March 3d 159d-1600, Dorothy, (baptized there 6th August 1587,) 
daughter of William Assheton of Clegg Hall, a justice of peace, and his second 
wife, Jane, daughter of Edmund Uopwood of Ilopwood Esq. Mr. Radcli£Pe was the 
kinsman of Nicholas Assheton, through his mother, Ann, daughter of Thomas 
Greenhalgh of Brandlesome. On the 13th April 1613 Mr. (afterwards Sir George) 
Radcliffe, writing to his mother from Gray's Inn, London, says, '' I have lien in the 
Inne this moneth or 6 weekes, and shall doe till towardes Witsontyde, in Mr. 
Theophilus Ashton's chamber, now in his absence. My uncle Robert married his 
aunt, and my cosin Saville Ratcliffe his sister." — Sir George Radcliffe's Carre- 
gpondenes, p. 92. It will be seen that Mr. Radcliffe was only seventeen, and his 
wife thirteen, at the time of their marriage, the united ages of the husband and 
wife amounting only to thirty years. Whitaker gives a similar instance in the case 
of a Shuttleworth of Gawthorp. 

Few persons were ever more exemplaiy in contracting matrimony, or contracted it 
more frequently, than John Bruen. On his return from Oxford in 1579, his pious 
father selected and recommended to him tho daughter of Mr. Hardware, mayor of 
Chester, whose virtues and accomplishments were of no ordinary description ; and 
being so recommended by his father, " he did entertain the motion with such respect 
and reverence as became an obedient sonne." In 1580, upon the mutual love and 
assent of the parties, and due and joint consent of the parents, they were matched 
and married together in the fear of God. And here, continues Mr. Hinde, the 
biographer, ''the father doth not marry his sonne an infant, or under yeeres, before 
he have discretion to know what he doth, and how to manage that estate. Nor 
doth the Sonne, being come to yeeres, through the rage of lust, steale himselfe from his 
father, and by wanton attempts, and rash and foolish contracts, prevent his father's 
choice, and bestow himselfe at his owne pleasure. Here the father in a seasonable 
time, without any long delayes, provides his sonne a wife out of a g^ood family, a 
godly young woman ; for quality, and equality, birth and blood, yeeres and state, 
true religion, and good disposition, well consorting to himselfe and his sonne. And 
here the sonne, in all due subjection to his father's choice, doth with his best affec- 
tion receive and take his wife from his father's hand. Here is the mutuall consent 
of the parents liking and allowing of the match. And here is the ground of the 
children's love and assent to their own marriage, even the mutuall agreement and 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 23 

July 9, To the ale all : Goffe Whitacre sent for me late to him, 
and presently back. When I laide me downe, I was sicke w*^ 
drinke. 

conaent of their parentB. A matter the more remarkable in these dayes, and well 
worthy not onely obserration, but imitation also of all parents and children in their 
matrimoniall contracts, especially of gentlemen, and such as are of the better rank 
and condition amongst us in these parts. For here we have many both gentlemen 
and others so earthly minded, and coTetously affected, that (so soone as ever their 
children peepe out of the shell) they begin to plot and provide some one match or 
other for them, little regarding where they set or sow, graffe or plant, tnodo ob rem: 
yea the thistle in Lebanon will not spare to send to the cedar in Libanon, saying. 
Give thy daughter unto my sonne to wife, though a wild beast in Libanon do tread 
downe the thistle for his pride and paines in so doing. Nay the cedar will not be 
ashamed to give his sonnes and daughters to match with the daughters and sonnes 
of the thistle, the greatest with the meanest, if the thistle be clad with thistle 
downe, if land and liring, wealth aud riches, gold and silver may be had to satisfie 
their lust after filthy lucre therewithal!. I have seene a gentleman, yea more than 
one, or two either, very carefull to have his horse of a generous race, his hawke of 
the best aiery, his hound of the best brach, his spaniell of the best litter, his cattle 
of the best breed, to serve his humour and his pleasure, when yet he hath had very 
little care or conscience, to place and plant his children in such a religious stock and 
family, as might give him any good hope of a godly issue, and off-spring, for his 
better comfort and credit afterwards. Lust and lucre made Shechem and his 
£skther Hamor so eager and earnest to marry with Dina lacob's daughter, Th4 
souU of my sonne, saith Hamor, longethfor your daughter : and to draw pn their 
people to joyne with them in giving their sonnes and daughters to them also, they 
could both say, ShctU not their cattle, and their eubstanee, and every beast of theirs • 
be ours 9 It was not any love unto that religion which they saw in lacob and his 
children, but their inordinate desire after their wealth and substance, which made 
them so earnestly to importune lacob, to match and many with them. It is not 
much otherwise, I feare, with many of us, where the father's dropsie and the Sonne's 
phrensie doe either motion or make up many of our marriages. Witnesse hereof, 
in parents such fishing for heires, such catching up of wards, such pursuing of their 
profits, such hunting after camall contentments, such aspiring of great hearts after 
great houses, such combining of cosens, in cousening and cheating practices, to 
pleasure their friends by the spoile of their neighbours, as either the Grentiles never 
heard, nor saw, either named, or practised ; or if they did, they would have beene 
very much ashamed, that such things should have beene committed without shame 
amongst them." The companions of the Molyneuzes, on their first visit to Dunken- 
halgh after the marriage of young Sir Richard, were John Bradshaw of Bradshaw 
Esq. (he died 1627) who married Isabella, daughter of James Assheton of Chadder- 
ton Hall Esq. sheriff of Lancashire in 1591, and along with him his eldest son, John 



24 THE JOURNAL OF 

10. Home. P'son, &c. fyshed with great netts; gott some 47 
fishes, and layde awa7.(i) 

Bradshaw, and his Becond wife, Anne, daughter of John Tole of the county of Notts, 
by whom he had, at this time, an infant of three years old, his future heir. 

Thomas Talbot, the last of this very ancient house in male descent, married 
in 1609, Ann, daughter of Richard Fleetwood of Penwortham, in the county of 
Lancaster, Esq. by whom he had issue two doughtenu He died February 25th 
1618-19. His only sister, Millicent, was the wife of Mr. John Braddyll. 

(^) Angling has always been an amusement of calm and contemplative minds, and 
appears to be allowable beyond all other relaxations in a country parson, being 
sanctioned, if not hallowed, by the examples of Dean Nowell and George Herbert, 
and aboTe all by honest Izaak Walton. I do not find that the prying zeal of Bruen*s 
biographer found ** the delusiye art" condemned by any of the canons of the Church; 
and it was said by St. Jerome : 

" Penitus Venatores sanctos 
Non novimuB, Piseatores noTimus.** 
But it is tolerably cTident that Mr. Hinde would have ranked Mr. Abdias Asshe- 
ton and his company, who *' fyshed with great netts," as wasps and hornets in the 
hlTo of the Church. Nor would he ever have tendered the skilful parson of Slade- 
bume the sage advice of Gray : 

*' When genial spring a living warmth bestows. 

And o'er the year her verdant mantle throws. 

No swelling inundation hides the grounds ; 

But ciystal currents glide within their bounds ; 

The finny brood their wonted haunts forsake, 

Float in the sun and skim upon the lake ; 

With frequent leap they range the shallow streams. 

Their silver coats reflect the dazzling beams : 

Now let the fisherman his toils prepare. 

And arm himself with every wat'ry snare ; 

His hooks, his lines, peruse with careful eye. 

Increase his tackle, and his rod re-tie." 
** Thus much we can say," he sorrowfully observes, ''for divers of our divines, some 
doctors, parsons, and preachers in the countrey : they are so ordinary companions 
of gamesters, sorting and suteing with some of greater, and some of meaner place in 
carding, dicing, and tabling with them, that they seeme to make no more conscience 
of breaking these canons, than children do of breaking sticks, or boyes are wont to 
do of bursting through cobweb-nets as they stand before them. O that these men 
(otherwise learned and of good parts) would seriously consider their owne wayes in 
their own hearts, and not disdaine to walke according to this rule, nor to follow this 
good example of this worthy gentleman, of whom wee write. So would they be 
more fearefull, as he ever was, to make sad the hearts of the righteous, whom the 
Lord had not made sad, and more carefuU, not to strengthen the huids of the 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 25 

July 11. Two little drafted with 8camel(^) only, above Newton. 
Crot aV 65 fish, and no 8ainon;(^) so home. 

July 12 (Sunday). To church. 

July 14th. I to Dunkenhalgh. To Blackburn, to meete old Sir 
Bic. Molyneaux(3) and Mr, Bradshaw, and wyyes and two sons : 
then we went past the Bund,{^) and mett Sir Tho. Gerrard and his 
lady; Sir Bic. Molyneaux, jun.; his lady and hee came psently 
after, with young Mr. Walni8ley,(®) whose wyfe. Sir Bic. Moly- 

vicked that he cannot retume from his wickednesse, by their example, and practice 
of these things. Consider what is said, and the Lord give yon understanding in all 
things." 

(^) Seamel, a catch-net ; from 9ean^l4, ^ catch that catch may." Cotgrare. — 
Salmon was then caught as high as Sladebum. — TT. 

Dr. Whitaker apparently mentions this as a remarkable fact ; but all obstruc- 
tions below Sladebome having been removed, salmon are now frequently taken much 
higher up than Newton, as during the high autumn and winter floods they run up 
into the numerous smaU mountain rivulets, or tributaries of the Hodder, for the 
sake of spawning ; and after the settling of the floods, many are left in the shallow 
water, though at that season almost useless as an article of food. 

(') ^ No samon" was taken on this occasion, which appears to have been a remark- 
able occurrence. On the 9th August 1617 it was observed that *^ such store of sal- 
mons hath not been seen in the Thames these forty yean."— Birch's MBS. Brit, Mus, 
4173. 

(S) Old Sir Richard Molineuz M.P. knighted by Queen Elisabeth June 24th 1586, 
being then ot. 26, was created a baronet 22d May 1611. He married Frances, 
daughter of Sir Gilbert Gerard Knt. M.P. master of the rolls, £skther of Thomas, 
created Lord Gerard in 1603. &r Thomas Gerard of Brynn Bart, (kinsman of Sir 
Gilbert) married Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneuz. The younger Sir 
Richard was his eldest son, and married twice. His first wife was Fleetwood, 
daughter and heir of Richard Barton of Barton near Preston. He was created 
Viscount Maryborough 22d December 1628, in which year he had been returned 
knight of the shire for the county palatine of Lancaster, and died in 1632. His 
descendant in the fifth generation was Charles William the ninth viscount, created 
eari of Sefton 3(Hh November 1771, and grandfather of Charies William, the present 
earl of Sefton. 

{*) ^ The Bond" was probably the boundary between the parishes of Whalley 
and Blackburn. 

(s) Thomas Walmsley, afterwards knighted^— TT. 

He was son of Thomas, and grandson of Sir Thomas Walmesley of Dunkenhalgh 
Knt. MP. justice of the Common Pleas, a man eager to make money and found a 
fiunily, in both (^ which attempts he was successful. 

B 



26 THE JOURNAL OF 

neaux's daTighter,(*) was her first tyme of coming to Dunkenhalgh. 
Supped, and so to Rio. Ry8hton's,(2) to bed. 

July 15. To Dunkenhalgli. Dyijed. Preston; musick; dan- 
cing. 

July 16. Sir Ric. with all the rest of the gen?s, to Whalley 
Abbey ; ther wee had a banquett. Sir Ric. Molyneaux, jun. coz. 
Assheton, self, cum aliis, to John Lawes ; (3) back to th^ abbey. 
All but two ould knights to Salburie; then had one course, and 
missed. East Bradford. (*) Ther Mr. Townley, Carr,(5) cum al. 
from London ; made merrie. 

(>) Juliana, daughter of Sir Richard Molyneaux, of Sephton. — W. 

Juliana was the seventh and youngest daughter of old Sir Riohard Molyneux. 

(') Richard Rishton was probably the son of Nicholas Rishton Esq. who sold 
Dunkenhalgh to Sir Thomas Walmsiey. He married Anne, daughter of John 
Talbot of Salesbury, and had many children. He styled himself "of Dunken- 
halgh" after the patrimonial estate was gone. 

(3) That is, from the Abbey the company adjourned to the inn.^TT. 

The entries of the name of Lawe in the register books of Whalley are numerous, 
and amongst others is the baptism of John Lawe, on the 11th March 1560, who was 
probably the Bardolph of the journal, and buried there Nov. 29th 1626. The family 
had been long seated at Wlialley as respectable and substantial yeomen. On the 
oak screen of St. Nicholas's chapel, in the north aisle of the Church, is carved in old 
English characters, " Orate pro animd Thome Lawe, moachi/' clearly one of the 
family, which is now extinct at WhaUey. 

{*) The manor of East Bradford, in the county of York, (near Clitheroe,) belonged 
to the Crown ; and on the 2d August 8 Jae. three water com mills then in the 
occupation of Sir Richard Tempest Knt. were granted by the King to Edward 
Ferrers and Francis Phillips Esqrs. The letters patent under the great seal con- 
veyed doubtful rights, which led to various disputes not finally settled until a 
decree was pronounced by the Duchy court 21st May 1625. This may have occa- 
sioned a lawyer's visit from London ; and Mr. Townley of Carr Hall, and Mr. 
Assheton of Downham, had probably been jurymen on the inquisition. — Lane^SS. 
vol. xxxi. penes me. 

(') Mr. Townley of Carr was Richard, eldest son of Lawrence Townley of the 
same, by his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst. 
He died in 1630 without issue by his wife, Alice, daughter of John Braddyll of 
Portfield Esq. His marriage licence is dated 9th March 1624, and was obtained 
clandestinely from the Court of Chester. This lady (bom in 1593) afterwards mar- 
ried Christopher Towneley of Moorhiles Gent, an attorney, who, in conjunction with 
Dr. Kuerden, projected, but never finished, a history of the county palatine of Lan- 
caster. He was the son of Richard Towneley of Towneley Esq. born there January 



NICHOI^AS A88HETON. 27 

July 18. Sir Bic. and Mr. Assheton made a match, dunn 
gelding agst. a dunn nagg of Sir Ric. at Lirple^ for 20 pieces a 
side; Sir Rio. and my Cooz. to ride light as they can, so as Sir 
Ric. be ten stone. (*) 

9th 1603, and buried at Burnley August 1674. His MS. collections, in about thirty 
▼olumes, are now at Towneley. He died intestate, and on the 24th September 1674 
an inventory of his goods was made by Ambrose Barcroft of Foulrig, John Hartley 
of Roughlee, George Calcheth of Towneley, and John Hargreaves of Higham. In 
*the Studdie" were found, inter alioy **One Booke Presse valued at x» Printed 
Books in a Presse standing towards the Este, valued at zvi! Books in a Presse 
standing towardes y' North, valued at xi* White Paper val. at v*. &c. In the 
Hall — Severall Manuscripts, valued at xif Administration was granted by the 
Court 10th December 1674. The labours of a life valued at xi! I Alas, for 
literary pursuits I 

Q) ''Mee thinkes these gentlemen's horses being so grosly abused should likewise 
rebuke the fiercnes and foolishnesof their masters, if not by man's voice, yet by the 
voices of their g^evous grones which they may heare from them, when being over- 
rid, past their strength and breath, their hearts are ready to breake and to burst 
under them. If our enemy's asse were lying under his burden, though we beare no 
good affection to the master, yet must we shew some compassion to the creature, 
we must (as we are able) relieve him and help him up : and is it not then both sin-r 
f uU and shamefuU, to lay such burdens on our owne beasts, or wilfully to force them 
to such labour and paines as the powers of nature and strength of their bodies 
cannot bear, nor answer, but by yeelding up their lives, togrether with their labours 
and sorrows, into our merciless and cruell hands t O that we could hearken to the 
voice of Christ, and leame of our heavenly Father to bee tnerei/ull cuheia mercifully 
whose blessed example might teach us to be mercifull both to man and beast, seeing 
in the sparing of Ninevie, his compassions were extended not onely to the many 
thousand children which were amongst them, but also to the beasts and multitude 
of cattle, which were there about them. Should I not spare Ninevie, that great 
city, wherein are more than six score thousand persons, that cannot discern 
their right hand and their left, and also much eattell. Such mercy in some mea- 
sure did lacob shew (in his journey towards mount Seir) not only to his children, 
being young and tender, but to his flocks and beards also ; that he would not over- 
drive them one day, lest the flocke should die ; / will lead on softly (saith he) as 
the cattle that goetii before me, and the children shall be able to endure, A good rule 
for our horse-racers, rank riders, and hot-spurre hunters (if they have grace to fol- 
low it) in all their recreations and pursuits of their pleasures, to measure their 
actions and moderate their passions by ; that as they may and ought to have a care 
to charge no burden upon their children but such as they may well beare, so they 
may not over-draw, nor over-drive their beasts for one day, nor put them to any 
toyle or travell, but that which they are well able to indnre." — Life of Bruen, 



28 THE JOURNAL OP 

i 

July 19. I heare^ that afl wheraa ther wag an £x6rcise(^) granted i 

to be at Downham, by ye byshopp^ it was upon contrarie Tres 1 

stayed. I 

(1) This Joamal is a strange medley. Immediately after an horse-race comes | 

an account of the stoppage of the ''Exercise/' or lecture, at Downham. Yet i 

Bishop Morton was thought to he favourable to the Puritans. — W. { 

Tliis interdict is recorded by Mr. Assheton without any expression of somw or 
dismay ; whereas it would have broken the heart of Mr. Bruen. For in those days, 
we are told, ^ it seemed good unto the Lord, having compassion on his people, to 
raise up and establish many holy exercises of religion, both in Cheshire and in Lan- 
cashire ; which were kept constantly every moneth,and maintained worthily by the 
godly labours of the faithfull ministers and messengers of God in those parts, and 
that with great and comfortable suceesse and fruit, for the edifying of the churches 
of God in knowledge, faith and obedience to the gospell. This worthy gentleman, 
taking hold of this faire opportunity, did frequent these assemblies, and partake of 
the labours of the Lord's builders with great diligence, care, and conscience, storing 
himselfe with their treasures, and lighting his candle at their torches, and so became 
both better ftimished, and more enabled to set forwards the bufldii^gr of the Lord's 
house, himselfe in his owne family, and other wheres also, as hee had calling there- 
unto Secondly, his painfulnesse in taking many long and sore joumies, 

with much toyle and travell of his body, and no small cost and ohaige of his pune, 
riding early and late, in heate and cold, short dayes, and foule waies, sometimes ten, 
sometimes twenty, and sometimes thirty miles, as the distance of the place, and 
season of the yeare, required : and all this to this end, that he might gather 
manna where he knew it would be rained downe, and gleane after the reapers in 
the Lord's harvest, and buy gold and white raiment, wine and milk, without money, 
of the Lord's merchants, upon such of the Lord's mart and market dayes. Thirdly, 
his oonscionable diligence in hearing and observing, writing and reoording, from 
the mouth of the ministers, whatsoever they taught and preached unto ediflcationf 
and that with such eagemesse of mind, and readinesse of hand and pen, that usually 
he took the whole substance and matter of their notes, observations, and sermons, 
in his booke, home With him ; which he would carefully repeate in his Journey, to 
the refreshing of the minds and hearts of such good people as went along with him: 
and when he came home, did write over againe, in a more legible hand, all that hee had 
gathered, and so made better use of it, for himself and his fomily, and set all as it were 
upon record, for the benefit of his friends and his owne posterity. This his double 
diligence he continued for the space of five or six and thirty yeares together, in 
writing, and writing over againe, all such exercises as he could come unto, and all 
lectures and sermons in city or countrey, and all publike fasts and thanksgivings, 
as hee could hear of them. Insomuch that he hath left unto the heires of his 
family so many volumes of manuscripts, under his owne hand, set up in a comely 
order in his owne study, as is scarce credible to report, being yet there to be seeoe^ 
as so many worthy monuments of his conscionable diligonee and faithfnlnesse in the 



NICHOLAS A88HBTON. 29 

July 20 (Sunday). — To church ; pson preached, 28 Matt. 18, to 
end; but handled 18 only. Afternoon, to church; Mr. Leigh 
preached of the Creed : first time he preached. 

July 22. Maudlin Day. To Broxholme(*) to dinner. Father, 
brother, pSon, to Clitheroe Fair. Cos. Assheton there ; coz. Ralph 
Assheton, of Midleton. Sp. xYiiid. To Worston to supper; so 
to Downham. Late to our beds. 

July 23. To Harrop Fell : met Mr. Parker(^), cum aliis, a fox- 
hunting. 

July 24. To Whalley, at former request of cooz. Assheton. 
Boughtp) some things fo. my apparel at Abbey. 

July 25. St. James Day.(*) At Whalley: ther a rushbearing, but 

Lord's flerriee. All which he hath so emrnestly and oarefnlly commended to the 
b«bres of his body, that hee would have them, upon his reqnesty to read over, if it 
were bat onee in all their life, the bookes that he hath thus written and committed 
to their hands. Which his charge and reqaest I wish they may oyer be so mindfull 
of that they may never faile nor faint in the faithfall discharge of it ; that so the 
blessing of the Rechabites, for obeying lonadab their father in all that hee com- 
manded them, may eome upon them also, This man shall not want a man to stand 
before mee for ever." 

(1) This appears to be the true name of Browsholme, the holme or meadow of the 
Brock. Dinner, at that time, inferred no stay afterwards, as it was nsnal to dine 
at one place and drink at another. And here are all the first people of the neigh- 
bonrhood flocking to a common fidr. — W, 

(^) Thomas Parker of Browsholme, Esq. who appears to have been the builder of 
that honse.— TT. 

The house of Browsholme was principally boilt in 1604 by Thomas Parker 
Esq. brother of Roger Parker D.D. Dean of Lineoh:^ and of William Parker D.D. 
Archdeacon of Cornwall. This veiy respectable fionily is now represented, and the 
estate enjoyed, by Thomas Gonlbom Parker Esq. 

C) Another featnie of manners veiy dissimilar to the present. — W. 

(*) This was an high festival at Whalley. In the old churchwardens* accounts 
there are annual charges for dressing and cleaning the church, church-yard, &c. for 
this occasion. It is curious, however, to observe, that even in 1617 the old festivi- 
ties were beginning to decline. — W, 

We are not surprised to find Mr. Assheton at Whalley rushbearing, a village festi- 
val, harmless in itself, but probably at no time celebrated with much solemnity. It 
was specially provided in ^the Book of Sports" that women should have leave to carry 
rushes to the Church for the decoration of the same according to their ancient cus- 
tom. The old churchwardens' accounts alluded to by Dr. Whitaker have entirely 



30 THE JOURNAL OF 

much less solemnitie then formerlie. Sp. xud. This night was 
Laun. Ward somewhat pleasant. Extreame heate. 

perished from carelessneiSy though the rest of the parbh books are in excellent 
condition. About thirty years ago twelve or fourteen leaves were in existence, but 
had become illegible from damp, and fell to pieces. After the year 1636 these 
records are very complete ; but they contain no references to the rushbearing before 
the year 1700. After that time laudable attention appears to have been paid to 
the cleansing of the church, and there are regular entries every year as follows : 

«• It. p** for Dressing y* Church against St. James' Day 06«- 00." 
The rushes were brought on the nish-cart, by the north gate, into the Church, free 
of expense. Garlands were suspended in the Church and on the top of the steeple. 
It is about seventy years since the floor of Whalley Church was strewed with 
rushes ; and after the occasion for its use ceased, the rush -cart soon disappeared, 
though the festival itself was kept up, and the morrice dancers played their part in 
it for more than twenty years afterwards. Not fifty years since, on the 5th of 
August, the village was crowded like a fair, booths were erected, and horse races 
and other rustic sports attracted numbers of people from the surrounding country. 
The late R. Grimshaw Lomax Esq. was in the habit of staying at Whalley, on the 
6th August, on his annual return from Stonyhurst " Academy Day,*' and, along 
with Mr. Adam Cottam, endeavoured to keep alive the taste for old English sports ; 
but the festival gradually declined ; and within the last two years St. James' Day, 
the rush-cart, and the festival, have altogether ceased in Whalley. It may be 
observed that St. James' Day, old style, would be on the 6th of August, and the 
rushbearing day, the 5th of August, would therefore be the Eve of St. James. Mr. 
Bruen had a great horror of wakes and rushbearings. " Now because popery and 
profannes two sisters in evill, had consented, and conspired in this parish, as in 
many other places together, to advance their idols against the arke of Grod, and to 
celebrate their solemne feasts of their popish saints, as being the IHi TtUslareSy the 
speciall patrons and protectors of their church and parish, by their wakes and 
vigils, kept in commemoration and honour of them, in all riot and excesse of eating 
and drinking, dalliance, and dancing, sporting, and gaming, and other abominable 
impieties and idolatries : this godly gentleman being stirred in his spirit, at these 
their grosse superstitions, and much gprieved in heart at their grievous misdemeanors 
and disorders, knowing well that the customes of the people were vaine, yea, and 
vile also, poysoning their mindes with errours, and corrupting their hearts and lives 
with base lusts, and the bitter fruits thereof : and fearing lest their camall joyes 
and delights in these fleshly and earthly things, might make the heavenly manna to 
seeme as light bread unto them, and the wholesome food of life more unsavoury and 
distastfuU than otherwise it would have beene. This gentleman, I say, to prevent 
these mischiefes, and procure the people's good, did usually at these times bring in, 
and set up the arke of God in g^reater pomp and power amongst them, to bring downe 
and break in peeces their Dagon, so much admired and adored by them. So hee did, 
and prevailed in so doing. * Against S. Andrew's day, which is the time of Tarum 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 31 

Sunday. PSon preached ; after dinner^ Mr. Leigh. To "Wors- 
ton. Spent xiirf. ther merrie. 

[i.e. TaiTui] wakes, and the weeke following, I observed (saith he) many yeares toge- 
ther, to invite two or three of the best affected preachers in the diocesse, that spent 
most part of three dayes in preaching and praying in the church, so as the pipers and 
fidlers, and beare- wards, and players and gamesters, had no time left them for their va- 
nities, but went away with great fretting, and yet multitudes of well affected people, 
filled the towne and the church, and that with much rejoycing, blessed be Grod.' 
O what, and how great comfort and contentment, did this godly man take in dis- 
countenancing and suppressing (so farre as hee could) all popeiy and profannesse, 
together with all the instruments, abbetters and maintainors of the same ! O how 
great was his rejoycing, and solace, when by any care, cost, or labour, hee might 
refresh the bodies, and rejoyce the soules of God's people, either by corporall or 
spirituall repast, provided and prepared for them ! To which end, as it is well 
knowne, at one of these times, besides all other provision, there was spent in his 
house a fat beife and a half, within the space of three days, upon godly and well 
affected people, as his cook did then relate unto him. Such was his desire to doe 
good, his delight in the saints, his joy in the house of God, and love to his service ; 
that all other things, in comparison of these, were but losse, and drosse, and dung, 
unto him. O, how truly might he say with David, A\Day from ms all yss toorkerg 
o/iniquitiSf I wiU keeps the commandements of my God: I hate all vaine inven- 
tions, but thy law do I love : all my delight is in the saints, and in such as exeeU 
in Virtue: 1 was ylad when they said unto me, let us goe up into the house of the 
Lord, our feet shaU stand in thy gates Jerusalem ! How well did he herein 
imitate the example of Christ, who at the feast of the dedication of the Temple 
(though it were no divine, but a humane constitution) tooke occasion notwithstand- 
ing, upon the frequent concourse of the people, to teach and preach the gospell of 
the Ejngdome unto them, and whiles they sought after camaU things, to please 
their flesh, to minister unto them spirituall, to profit and doe good unto their soules ! 
Nether doe I speake this to justifie or approve these festivall solemnities, for the 
anniversary commemoration and celebration of saints and martyrs, and dedication 
of churches, which savour raneke of the caske, and smell hugely of the vessels of 
Judaisme, Paganisme, and Papisme, whence they were first drawne and derived 
(for so I should condemne many both fathers and councels, that have condemned 
and inhibited the like wakes, and solemne* assemblies at such times, and to such 
ends, which they called their VigUias and Encania, and that for the same 
errours, abuses, enormities, and villanies that wee doe now condemne them for.) 
But I speake it to the just commendation of this worthy gentleman, and for the 
faire provocation of other gentlemen also, of like. power and place, by his example 
to doe what they can to suppresse and abolish all such wakes and festivals : and 
if they cannot doe that, yet to make the best of the worst, by standing against them, 
striving both by courage and countenance, to disgrace and disappoint them, and to 
bring in better meanes of mercy and gprace, either to water or to plant the vineyard 



32 THE JOURNAL OF 

Aug. 11th. M7 brother Sherbonie(*) his tajlor brought him a 
suit of appall^ and us two others, and a livey cloake, from Sir Bic. 
Houghton, that we should attend him at the King's coming, rather 
for his grace and reput^ shoeing his neibors love, then anie exact- 
ing of mean service. 

Aug. 12. Coz. Townle7(^) came and broke his fast at Dunnoe, 
and went away. To Mirescough. Sir Ric. gone to meet the King; 
we aft' him to Ther the King slipt into the forestp) 

of the Lord which is before them." Nine reaaons against nuhbearinga foUow from 
the amusing pen of Mr. Hinde, the rector of Bunbury, who appears to have enter- 
tained an inflexible spite against ** Boniface, the idol saint of Bunburj," in Cheshire, 
(See Notitia Cestr, vol. i. p. 216.) I know not, however, how the foUowing somewhat 
stringent objections against this once religions festival, now popular in some parts of 
Lancashire, and stiU abused, could be satisfactorily answered. ^ Such assemblies 
npon such occasions, are for the most part, a confluence of all vaine and vile persons, 
a concurrence of aU vices, a combination of the popish and prophane, a Teiy randa- 
TOUB of aU rogues, and vagabondsy and many times no better than as the prophet 
speaketh, a very assembly of rebels against the Lord. Now, wee are charged to 
depart from the tents of such wicked men, to separate our selves from sinne and 
sinners, not so much as to eate, or drinke with such persons, to hate the garment 
spotted by the flesh, and to touch no undeane thing, if ever we will have the Lord 
to receive us, and to take us for his sons and daughters.*' 

Q) Such were the gradations of society then, that the gentry of England dis^ 
dained not, on occasions like the present, to wear the livery of the rank imme- 
diately above them. Yet there is an evident anxiety in Mr. Assheton's mind to 
have it understood that his appearing in Sir Richard Houghton's liveiy was merely 
a token of good-wiU. — W. 

C) Richfldrd Towneley, of Towneley, Esq. who married Jane Assheton, of Lever. 
He, too, must have been on his way to watt upon the King. — W. 

His mother (who ob. 1606) was the sole heiress of Sir Richard Towneley, and 
having married her second cousin, John Towneley, the race was perpetuated in the 
same name. Richard Towneley was bom April S9th 1666, married Jane, daughter 
of Raphe Aisheton of Lever Esq. (she was bom hi 1573) May 2Gth 1694, and by 
will dated 1627 he leaves to his eldest son Richard ** all such armour as I have 
within the chapel work of Whalley by appointment of my brother-in-law Sir Raphe 
Assheton Bart. Deputy Lieutenant.** He died in Drury Lane on St. Andrew's 
Eve (29th November) 1628, and was buried near the chancel door in St. dement's 
Church, near Temple Bar. His wife was the first cousin of the journalist, and 
died at Hapten Tower July 1634. 

(') Myencough Forest, near Garstang, then and long after well stocked with 
deer.— fT. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 06 

another way^ and we after and overtook him^ and went past to the 
Yate ; then Sir Ric. light ; and when the king came in his coach, 

Myeneough Lodge was the seat of Edward Tjldeslej Esq. whose grandmother, 
Ann, the daughter and heiress of William Leyland Esq. had conTeyed the estate of 
Morleys to this hranch of the Tyldesleys of Tyldesley, and through his mother, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Anderton of Lostock, he had become connected 
with some of the best descended families in the county. He married Elisabeth, 
daughter of Christopher Preston of Holker Esq. and having lost his father, Thomas 
Tyldesley, in early life, he succeeded to the large estates of his grandfather, Edward 
Tyldesley of Weardley, Morleys, and Myerscough, Esq. He died in 1618, and his 
widow married first, Thomas Lathom of Parbold Esq. and afterwards Thomas 
Westby of Bume Esq. His son and successor was the brave and gallant governor 
of Lichfield, Sir Thomas Tyldesley, a major-general in the army of Charles I. and 
the friend of James, Earl of Derby. He was killed at the battle of Wigan Lane 
25th August 165L For some account of his descendants, see the CivU War Tracts 
of Lane, published by the Chetham Society, p. 306. 

Myerscough Lodge had the distinguished honour of receiving and entertaining 
two royal visitors. The visit mentioned in this journal, when James I. remained 
with Edward Tyldesley Esq. three, but, according to another authority, only two 
nights, (Cole's MSS. Brit. Mu$, vol. xlvi. p. 257,) and the other on the 13th August 
1651, when Charles I. ''lodged one night at Myerscoe, Sir Thomas Tyldesley's house,*' 
at that time, and previously, known as ''the Lodge." — See Ormerod*s Civil War 
Tracts of Lane. p. 287, note. 

There is no allusion to this visit of King James in Nichols' " Progpresses," except 
what is given in the passage from Assheton's journal ; and Mr. Nichols was unable 
to find any account of "the Lodge" but that it was " an ancient manor, the seat of 
Charles Gibson Esq." — Vol. iii. p. 396, note. It is also remarkable that Nicholas 
Assheton makes no mention of the owner of the Lodge, whose aunt, Elizabeth 
Tyldesley, was the lady abbess of Graveling in Flanders, and therefore the family, 
being Komanish, would not have much community of feeling with the Asshetons. 

In 1715 Vaux Hall, near Blackpool, another seat of the Tyldesleys, was fitted up 
by another Sir Thomas Tyldesley for the reception of Prince Charles Edward, who 
did not, however, occupy it. — See Dr. W. Hutton's Philos. Esmarks upon Black- 
pool in 1788. 

Myerscough Lodge was the manor house, and considerable portions of the old 
building are still in existence. The staircase is of spacious dimensions, and the oak 
railing very beautiful. In one of the rooms on the ground fioor, to the left of the stair- 
ease, is an admirable specimen of elaborately carved oak, filling the space above the fire 
grate. It consists of eight panels, of which the four lower compartments contain 
medallion heads, and the first and fourth of the upper ones armorial bearings of the 
Tjrldesleys, with the initials T. T. As the eagle and child and the Manx arms are 
carved above the second and third heads, there is doubtless a commemorative allusion 
to the Earl of Derby. Edward Tyldesley Esq. had arms allowed in 1664, and was 

P 



54 THE JOURNAL OF 

Sir Bic. stept to his side^ and tould him ther his Maj^ forrest be- 
gan : and went some ten roodes to the left^ and then to the lodge. 
The King hunted^ and killed a buck. 

Aug. 18. To Mirescough ; the court. Cooz. Assheton(*) came 
w*^ his gentlemanlie servants as anie was ther, and himself excel- 
lently well appointed. The King killed five bucks. The Kinges 
speeche ab* lifetie to pipeiug and honest recreation P) We that 
were in Sir Bic' livy had nothing to do but riding upp and 
downe. 

probably the individual who about this time restored this part of the "Lodge. The 
Lodge has long been a farm house. 

It is somewhat remarkable that the King did not confer knighthood upon \na 
host of Myerscough, as his estate was sufficiently ample ; but had it been otherwise, 
that would have been no impediment, as in June of this year his Majesty had dubbed 
so many gentlemen, and many who were not gentlemen, that Mr. Chamberlain 
wrote to Sir Dudley Carleton, ** there is scarce left an esquire to uphold the race." 

The deer were in existence within the memory of aged persons now living, but 
were destroyed about the year 1778. The park was not walled nor fenced, but laid 
open. 

It appears to be probable that ^ the King slipt into the forest'* at some part of 
the extreme southern boundary, a little to the west of the White Horse public 
house^ as the other gentlemen of the royal party '' went past to the yate," that is, to 
the point now known as Park-head Gate, being about seven yards within the boun- 
daiy of the forest, and close to Hankinson House. The forest, from the south, 
began at the boundary of the present Park-head farm, and there are still the 
remains of an ancient direct road leading to the Lodge, and two venerable yew trees 
are pointed out, between an avenue of which tradition reports that the road passed. 

^ The Duchy Park lands," as those embraced within the limits of the forest are 
called at the Duchy office, are held on lease from the Crown by Messrs. William and 
John Humber of Preston, merchants, and the former resides at Myerscough Hall, 
the property of James Greenhalgh Esq. 

Myerscough House, and not " the Lodge," as stated by Mr. Nichols, was formeriy 
the seat of Charles Gibson Esq. (maternal g^ndfather of Charles Jacson of Barton 
Lodge Esq.) but is now the property of John CunMe Esq. It is not situated 
within the forest. 

(0 Of Whalley Abbey. Mr. Assheton seems proud of his cousin's equipage and 
appearance. The spirit of clanship, it might have been supposed, would have led 
faim to have made part of that ^'gentlemanlie train." — W. 

(^) The King was little aware of the effects which this ill-judged licence was likely 
to produce on the common people : the relics of it are hardly worn out to this day; 
and there is scarcely a Sunday eTening, in any village of the county of Lancaster, 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 35 

Aug. 14. Us three to Preston: ther prep** made for Sir 
Gilbert Hogliton(*) and other knights. Wee were desyred to be 

which does not exhibit symptoms of obedience to this injunction of ^ honest re- 
creation." — W, 

The following very sensible observations might with great force have been 
addressed to the King and his evil counsellors at Hoghton Tower. ''There 
bee some, both in court and countrey, city and sanctuary, that pretend greater 
wisdome and moderation ; they will not bee so prophane on the left hand as Esau, 
neither will they bee so precise on the right hand with lacob, but either just of 
Gallio his humour, they care little for these things, or of the Laodicean temper, 
neither hot nor cold, yet thinke all is well, and nothing amisse among them. 
And these pretend that they have fiSfHfwcuf riis ytf6<r€«s, Koi fi6p^<ny rris ix/irefitlai, 
a forme of knowledge, and a forme of Godlinesse, but wanting the fruit of the one 
and the power of the other, they are no friends to sincerity and purity of religion 
in themselves, and shew themselves great adversaries to the holy profession and 
practice of it in others, that desire to conforme themselves to the tenour and truth 
of it. Now because I say there are some such, I would willingly demand of these 
(so great opposites to a godly and holy conversation) when they come before the 
Lord in the publike assembly, and offer up their solemne prayers unto God with 
God's minister (after confession of their sinnes) that hereafter they may live a godly, 
righteous, and sober life, and pray in another place, that the rest of their life may 
bee pure and holy ; I would demand what their meaning is thus to pray unto 
the Lord ! If they pray in sincerity for a godly, righteous, and sober life, why doe 
they reprove that in others, which they would begge of God for themselves ? Why 
are they so great adversaries to the pure and holy profession of religion, when they 
pray themselves that the rest of their owne lives may bee pure and holy ? Or if 
they pray otherwise in hypocrisie, they doe then but mocke God, and dissemble 
with him in their double hearts, and so deale wickedly and deceitfully both with 
God and men." 

(') Sir Gilbert Hoghton was the eldest son and successor of Sir Richard, and 
was bom in 1691, knighted at Whitehall 21st July 1604^ was in high favour with 
James I. and had the honour to be his mi^esty's servant at Court. Sir Gilbert was 
celebrated for his elegant accomplishments, and especially in dancing. He fre- 
quently took parts in the beautiful Masques of this reign, and is even mentioned by 
name in Ben Jonson's Antimasque, ^ For the Honour of Wales,*' presented before 
the King and his courtiers in 1618-19. He married Margaret, one of the four 
daughters and coheiresses of Sir Roger Aston of Cranford, in the county of Middle- 
sex, gentleman of the bedchamber, and master of the royal wardrobe. This lady 
was the sister of the Duchess of Buckingham, whose husband, Greorge Villiers, was 
at this time the royal favourite, and accompanied his majesty to Hoghton Tower. 
Lady Hoghton was descended from the Steuarts, and therefore a kinswoman of the 
King, to which circumstance Sir Richard was probably indebted for this visit. Sir 
Gilbert Hoghton had accompanied Lord Hay on Ids splendid and extravagant 



86 THE JOURNAL OP 

merrie,(*) and at nyght were soe. Stephen Hamerton(2) and wyfle, 
and Mrs. Doll. Lyster^ supped with us att our lodgs. All Preston 
fiill. 

Aug. 15. The King came to Preston : ther, at the crosse, Mr. 
Breares,(3) the lawyer, made a speche, and the corpor** presented 

embftsay to France in 1616. He was M.P. for Laneashire from 1614 to 1623, and in 
aeyeral other parliaments, and high sheriff in 1643. His loyalty was distingoished 
under Charles I^ and Hoghton Tower was converted into a garrison for the King. 
He died in April 1647. 

(I) « Desyred to be merrie," probably by the King, who was on good terms with 
^ The giant Folly, the enchanter Vice." 
Had the request been of a contrary description, it would haye been an intolerable 
punishment, and, I fear, lightly regarded. Surely where the disposition was so 
ready, the advice was unnecessary. ^ And at nyght were soe" — doubtless I 

(') Stephen Hammerton, of Hellyfield Peel, Esq. and Mary Lister, of Midhope, 
his wife, who was probably sister of Mrs. Doll. Lister. — W. ■ 

Stephen Hamerton was twice married. His first wife was Mary, daughter of Sir 
Malger Vavasour of Weston Knt. who had no issue. His second wife was Mary, 
(printed Margaret in one pedigree,) daughter of Laurence Lister of Thornton 
and Midhope Esq. married at Thornton in Craven October 5th 1607. She was 
sister of Sir William Lister Knt. the ancestor of Sir John Lister Lister Kajg of 
Denby Grange Bart. Mr. Hamerton died 9th November 1651, and was the proge- 
nitor of James Hamerton of Hellifield Peel Esq. M.A. barrister at law. Mrs. Doll. 
Lister does not occur in the pedigree of the Midhope family, but was grand-daughter 
of Thomas Lister of Westby Esq. by Jane, daughter of John Greenaeres of Wors- 
ton, grandfather of Mrs. Nicholas Assheton. These were the anceston of Lister, 
Lord Ribblesdale, of Gisbume Park, in the county of York, and of the LUten of 
Armitage Park, in the county of Stafford. 

(^) Mr. Henry Breares was the recorder of Preston, and probably a son of Laurence 
Breares of Walton Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Mr. Richard Molyneux 
of Hawkley. The Breares' were descended from Roger Breares of Walton, living 
in 1520, who married Blanch, daughter of Richard Cross of Liverpool. 

Hopkinson has preserved the following satirical account of the King's visit to 
Chester at this time ; and as it appean to have escaped the notice of the Cheshire 
historians, it may not inappropriately find a place here. The mayor was Mr. Wil- 
liam Button, an innkeeper. 

T?ie Maior of We$tcheMUv^$ Speech to the Kinge upon hit Retume 
out of Scotland, len. 
Great Kinge to bidd thee welcome behold I 
Doe speake, although my mouth* stand by. 
* The Recorder. 



NICHOLAS AS8HET0N. 37 

him with a bowle; and then the King went to a banquet in the town- 
lie doe my beit, bat bee can doe much better ; 
He 18 booke learned, I never knew a letter. 
When yesterday the post did tideings bringe 
That I shold see you here (our royall Kinge) 
For my part into an ague I did fall. 
And greatlie gloppened were my brethren all : 
But least your Ma*** shold thinke us slacke. 
Each one of tb did take a pinte of Sacke, 
Armour of proof, the best thinge wee cold find 
To cheare our hearts, and ease a trebled mind. 
Wee went about to muster Tpp our forces 
To meet you at Botone, but wee wanted horses : 
Our foote deaths also by ratts and mice offended, 
In see short space cold not be patchd or mended ; 
Therefore this stage that holds us here at large. 
Was wisely founded at the Cittyes chardge. 
These menu in scarlett, that you plainlie see. 
Have been in this place of ma*^ : 
The other in purple gowns that doe appeare, 
Are like to weare my stuffe another yeare. 
The streets as you doe passe on either hand 
Are sweetly flored w^ grayell and w*^ sand. 
The conduitt at y« Crosse, if you marke well. 
Is newlie painted, you may know by th' smell. 
The place against it is the place where I 
Doe sit in aU my pompe and dignitie 
While I doe justice, be itt right or wronge, 
To the rich or poore or old or younge. 
St. Peter's church, where I am often scene. 
Stands nere unto itt, its butt a leape betweene. 
Where ev'rye Sunday, to my poore power. 
Sleeping and waking, I doe stand an hower. 
Your grace may see our howses have had spunging, 
And eke your wine shalbe w^ut blundring. (!) 
Butt in this one thinge, pray by me be rul'd — 
Doe not drinke of itt, untill itt be muld ; 
But if you see itt looke blue on either side. 
Then supp itt up, yon need no other guide. 
Our Citty is not rich, yett God be thanked, 
W^ noe small chardge wee have p'cured a banquett : 
Foure pound itt cost ; besides, I am afraid 
The carriage of itt down is yett vnpaid. 



88 THE JOURNAL OF 

hall, and soe away to Houghton : ther a speche made. Hunted, 
and killed a stagg. Wee attend(i) on the Lord's [Lords^J table. 

If yoQ had come to dinner, w^ut boast, 

You shold have eate w*^ mee both sodd and roast ; 

For though I saie itt, I could have lett you loose 

Into the flanke of a fatt stubble goose. 

A cupp with gold vnto your grace lie bringe, 

In hope to ts you'le give a better thinge ; 

For lie be swome itt did goe neare our heart 

When from so manie gold angells wee did parte ; 

But much good doe itt you, wele neare repent 

Since they are gone, they might have been worse spent. 

Some say of me you meane to make a knight ; 

Rather take a halter and hange me outright I 

That itt may nere be said it came to passe 

That you bestowed itt upon Baalam's asse : 

Therefore I humbly crave I may goe free, 

And give it to the maior of Coventree. 

Thus from my speech abruptlie I will breake ; 

If yowle knowe more, heare the Recorder speake. 

Hopkinson's MS8. vol. xzziv. pp. 85, 86. 
In the churchwardens' accounts of the Holy Trinity parish, Chester, for 1617, this 
item occurs : " For rushes and sand 23 August to straw the street before the church 
against our gratious Soveraine Lord Kinge James his cominge to the Citty with 
manie of his nobles the same day in thaftemoone." — Holme's MSS. No. 2177 Harl. 
BihL 

The records of the corporation of Preston have been searched in vain for an 
account of this royal visit. The Cross was taken down a few years ago, and a tinted 
lithograph sketch of it was published ^as it appeared in the year 1274,'* — but from 
the style of the architecture it may be allowable to infer that such a structure never 
existed except in the mind of the artist. 

Q) A relic of old feodal manners, under which every rank served at the tables of 
their immediate superiors. — W. 

This appears in some measure to have been the case in the family of Mr. Bruen, 
who was connected with most of the old and opulent families of Cheshire, being 
himself inferior to none of them in good descent, equal to many in property, and 
superior to all in virtue and religion. Some servants ^ he made choice of to be 
neare about him for attendance, at home and abroad (and they such as did feare 
Grod) as did that good Cornelius, who had ever devout men about him, that waited 
on him continually. These were more happy than their other fellow servants 
because they were ever with him, to whom hee was ever ready either to impart and 
offer some wholesome words of admonition or instruction, or to eonferre, reason, 
object, and answer in points of religion for increase of knowledge, conscience and 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 39 

Aug. 16. Hougliton. The King hunting: agreatcompanie: killed 
affore dinner a brace of staggs. Yerie hott : soe hee went in to din- 
ner. Wee attend the lords' table ; and ab* 4 o'clock the King went 
downe to the Allome mynes,(*) and was ther an hower, and viewed 

obedience, and that mutually and friendly, as they did serre him at his table, or 
did walk or ride abroad with him. He never thought his table better famished, than 
when he had g^cious and godly persons to sit with him, or stand about him, nor his 
meate better seasoned, than when it was pondered with such salt of wholesome 
words and holy wisdome as might minister gprace unto the hearers that were present 
with him. NuUua enim suavior animo cibus $st, quam cognitio veritatis. LacL 
lib, 1. de falsa Reli, O how contrary unto this course, is their carriage, who like 
none so well, as a knaTO to attend them, a flatterer to humour them, and a foole to 
make them merry at their meate. It was the wisdome of Salomon to speake of 
wisdome, both in naturall and spirituall things, even at his table ; in so much that 
the Queene of Sheba admired what she saw, and heard ; and reckoned his servants 
happy, that might then stand before him and heare his wisdome. Shall I crave 
leave of our wise men of the world, to tell them that in their courses they come so 
farro short, not only of Salomon, but even of this gentleman, that they are not 
much better than Salomon's fooles, whose heads are so shallow, that they have no 
braines to speake of knowledge, nor of any divine thingrg : and their hearts so empty 
of grace and goodnesse, that they take no pleasure in such company, nor in such 
talke, and conference at their tables, where they imagine they cannot be merry if 
God stand by, nor be at any quiet in their minde, if there bee any good man there, 
that offers any occasion to speake of holy and of heavenly things. Thus dealt he 
with the better sort of his servants that were neare about him, and attended on 
him.'' 

Q) The alum-mines, at no great distance from Hoghton Tower. Webster says : 
** Sir Richard Houghton set up a very profitable mine of allum nigh unto Hoghton 
Tower, in the hundred of Blackburn, within these few years (his book was pub- 
lished in 1672, but probably written long before), where store of very good alome 
was made and sold." Sist. of Metals, p. 24. — It appears to have been held by the 
family, under a lease from the Crown. — W, 

The alum mines were held on a joint lease from the Duchy by Mr. Ramsay and 
Lady Sarah Hoghton, a little before the Restoration, and the latter lessee entered 
into certain articles of agreement with Captain James Benson, in 1658, to work her 
ladyship's portion of the mines. These terms appear to have been more advanta- 
geous for the lady than for the captain, and in the following year the works failed, 
and the lessee was ruined, his estate being seized by his creditors, and himself im- 
prisoned. He published (in twenty small quarto pages, about the year 1659) ^ A 
Relation of James Benson's undertaking the making of Allum at the Allum 
work in Lancashire, truely opening [opened ?] and the instrumental causes of his 
present condition set forth." He states that he found some sympathy in his losses 



40 THE JOURNAL OF 

them pdselie, and then went and shott at a stagg^ and missed. 
Then my Lord Compton(*) had lodged two brace. The King shott 
again^ and brake the thigh-bone. A dogg long in comings and my 
Lo. Compton shott ag«* and killed him. (2) Late in to supper. 
Aug. 17. HoTighton.(3) Wee served the lords with biskett, wyne, 

from his cousin, Mr. Justice Sharpies of Blackburn, and from Mijor John Wiggin, 
but Dr. Fjfe, Major Ashhurat, and Mr. Thomas Wilson, ^ who had been great con- 
trivers and assistants to my Lady," from " professed friends became secret and sure 
enemies." The Captain desired that Lady Koghton should make him some repa- 
ration for his losses, according to the agreement ; but she declined doing so, which 
led him to say that he receiyed " the hardest measure that ever poor man received 
from any persons professing truly to fear God," and that he ^ would never have any 
more to do with any businesse that concerned her ladyship's honour." His wish to 
refer the case to the arbitration of any two, or four, godly divines, Mr. Eaton and 
Mr. Tildesley being of the number, was disregarded, and his real or imaginary 
wrongs remained unredressed. This appears to have been the termination of the 
working of the alum mines. 

Of Captain Benson I know nothing more except that he was bailiff of the borough 
of Preston, and that after the battle of Marston Moor he was seised by Prince 
Rupert, along with William Cottam Esq. the mayor, and on the 1st September 
1644 was lodged in Skipton Castle. Here they remained imprisoned twelve weeks, 
on account of their activity in the cause of the parliament. The corporation of 
Preston was, however, loyal during the war. 

(1) This was William, Lord Compton, who as a privy counsellor of Queen Elisa- 
beth, proclaimed James I. as King of England in 1603. On the 12th November 
1617, ''in consideration of his wisdom, discretion, dexterity, fidelity, courage, and 
integrity in the executing of justice without respect of persons," the King appointed 
him president of the council within the Marches of Wales, and on the 2d August 
1618 created him Earl of Northampton, his being one of the thirty-two English 
earldoms created by James I. and one of the nine of that reign now in existence. 
He died suddenly June 24th 1630. Charles, the ninth earl, was created Marquess 
of Northampton 7th September 1812, and dying 24th May 1828, was succeeded by 
the present Marquess, who is president of the Royal Society, and a distinguished 
antiquary. 

O ** Killed him," i.e. the stag. These extremely maladroit experiments in stag 
shooting reflect little credit on the royal sportsman. 

(*) Hoghton Tower is situated upon a conical hill, half way between Preston and 
Blackburn, and is an embattled mansion surrounding two spacious courts. The 
approach from the wood, though stripped of its ancient and picturesque avenue and 
venerable timber, is still veiy interesting and imposing, leading up a steep ascent to 
a stately embattled gate tower, or rather a combination of three towers, with a 
deeply arched entrance below the centre and tallest of the three. The visitor 



NICHOLAS A88HET0N. 41 

and jellie. The Bushopp of Chester, Dr. Morton, (^) pched before 
the King. To dinner. Ab* 4 o^clock, ther was a rushbearing(2) 



emei^s from this ardied passage into the lower or base court, surrounded by 
bnildings of yarious dates, the latest being of the time of James the First, and pro- 
bably part of the improvements made prior to the reception of that sovereign at 
Hoghton. The great hall and domestic chapel occupy the intermediate range of 
buildings which divido the lower from the upper court, and though presenting a 
squalid and ruinous appearance, are full of interest. The hall is lofty and capacious, 
with mullion and transom windows, the walls are panelled, and a good oak screen 
remains at the lower end. A flight of stone steps leads from the inner court to the 
porch, and through the passage beneath the gallery, and within the hall screen, to 
the superior court, similar to the arrangement of Haddon Hall, the old house of the 
Rutland fiimily. A fine oak staircase, with very low steps, leads to the gallery, 
which is said to hare been occasionally approached by the late baronet on his pony! 
This long and spacious apartment is in the best state of ropair of any in the man- 
sion, and contains some antique specimens of oak fumituro. The rooms are almost 
innumerable, but all of them, more or less, in a ruinous condition, lai*ge masses of 
wainscoting having fallen from the walls, and still lying undisturbed on the floors. 
A small parlour, with napkin panelling, once brilliantly bespangled with gold stars, 
and ^ the King's bedroom," which is twenty feet square, indicate its former eplen- 
dour. One or two of the gamekeepers* families inhabit small portions of this 
interesting mansion, and the rest appears to be abandoned to decay. — Communi- 
cated by Geo, Shaw Esq. arehUscL 

(') For some account of Bishop Moroton see Notitia CestriemU, vol. i. p. 10, 
published by the Chetham Society. 

(^) A Lancashire specimen of ** honest recreation,*' suited, no doubt, to the 
taste of James. The whole scene, to a feeling or serious mind, is disgusting : 
a strange medley of dancing, drinking, piping, ''rushbearing," and preaching, 
heightened by the unfeeling mention of the King's maiming a noble animal for his 
sport. I cannot conceive that Bishop Morton would find himself quite at ease in 
the midst of such a scene. — W. 

On this day a petition was presented to the King principally signed by Lan- 
cashire peasants, tradesmen and servants, representing that they were debarred 
from lawful recreations upon Sunday, after evening prayers, and upon holidays, 
and praying that the restrictions imposed in 1579 by Henry, Eari of Derby, Henry, 
Earl of Huntingdon, William, Bishop of Chester, and other high commissioners, 
might be withdrawn. These restrictions the royal visitor condemned, and appears 
from the text to have publicly patronized *' the lawful recreations and honest exer- 
cises" so much valued by his ^good people within the county of Lancaster." On 
the 24th May 1618 <<The Book of Sports" was published by royal command, in 
which dancing, archery, vaulting. May-games, Whitson-ales and May-poles were 
allowed, after divine service ; and the bishops were required to order the permission 

6 



42 THE JOURNAL OF 

and pipeing afore them^ affore the King in the middle court; 
then to supp.(i) Then, ab* ten or eleven o^clock, a maske 

to be announced in all the pariBh churches of their respective dioceses by the parochial 
clergy, on pain of punishment in the High Commission Court. This arbitrary and 
indiscreet act was strongly censured by the clergy generally, and although the 
measure was aimed '' at Puritans and precise people in Lancashire," it was felt as a 
grievance by the seriously disposed of all classes, and roused the indignation of the 
virtuous part of the nation. Historians have frequently and justly condemned the 
^ Book of Sports." It has found, however, apologists in Mr. D'Israeli the elder, in 
his '' Inquiry into the Literary and Political Character of James I." 8vo, 1816, and 
also in Lord John Manners, who probably wish to establish the fact amongst the 
lower orders, that the Reformed Religion is not to be regarded as a sullen depriva- 
tion of all mirth and social amusements, and that fanatical gloom and cheerful piety 
are totally incompatible. Dr. WhitakeFs view of this subject must, however, be 
allowed to be painfully accurate, especially in its application to the manufacturing 
villages of Lajicashire. Perhaps the most unfortunate act of Charles I. always 
excepting his signing Stra£ford's death warrant, was the republication of the 
mischievous ^ Book of Sports." 

(1) The following '^ Notes of the Diet at Hoghton at the King's cominge there," 
are from a MS. in the possession of Sir Henry Bold Hoghton Bart, communicated 
by his fother to the late Mr. Nichols, and printed in his ''Progresses of King 
James I." 

Sunday's Dinner the 17th of August. 
For the Lords' Table. 

First Course, 

Pullets Goose roasted 

Boiled Capon Rabbits cold 

Mutton boiled Jiggits of Mutton boiled 

Boiled Chickens Snipe pye 

Shoulder of Mutton roast Breast of Veal boiled 

Ducks boiled Capons roast 

Loin of Veal roast Pullet 

Pullets Beef rtMist [Sir-loin f ] 

Haunch of Venison roast Tongae pye cold 

Burred Capon Sprod boiled 

Pasty of Venison hot Herons roast cold 

Roast Turkey Curlew pye cold 

Veal burred Mince pye hot 

Swan roast, one, and Custards 

one for to-morrow Pig roast 
Chicken pye hot 



NICHOLAS ASSH£TON. 



43 



of noblemen, knights, gentlemen, and courtiers, afore the King, 





Second Course, 


Hot Pheasant, one, and 


Hot herons roast, three of a dish 


one for the King. 


Lamb roast 


Quails, six for the King 


Gammon of Bacon 


Partridge 


Pigeons roast 


Poults 


Made dish 


Artichoke pye 


Chicken burred 


Chickens 


Pear tart 


Gurlevs roast 


Pullets and grease 


Peas battered 


Dryed tongues 


Rabbits 


Turkey pye 


Duck 


Pheasant pye 


Plovers 


Pheasant tart 


Red Deer pye 


Hogs' cheek dryed 


Pig burred 


Turkey chicks cold. 


Sunday Night's Supper. 




First Course, 


Pullet 


Sliced beef 


Boiled capon 


Umble pye 


Cold Mutton 


Ducks boiled 


Shoulder of Mutton roast 


Chickens baked 


Chicken boiled 


Pullet 


Cold capon 


Cold Neat's tongue pye 


Roast Veal 


Neat's tongue roast 


Rabbits boUed 


Sprod boiled 


PuUet 


Curlews baked cold 


Turkey roast 


Turkies baked cold 


Pasty of Venison hot 


Neats' feet 


Shoulder of Venison roast 


Boiled Rabbits 


Herons cold 


Rabbits fried 




Second Course. 


Quails 


Gammon of Bacon 


Poults 


Red Deer pye 


Herons 


Pigeons 


PloTers 


Wild boar pye 


Chickens 


Curlew 


Pear Tart 


Diy neats' tongue 


Rabbits 


Neat's tongue tart 


Pease buttered 


Diyed hog's cheek 


Made dish 


Red deer pye 


Ducks 





44 THE JOURNAL OF 

in the middle rounds in the garden. Some speeches :(i) of the 

Monday Morning's Breakfast, 
The 18th of August. 

Pullets Four capons roast 

Boiled capon Poults roast 

Shoulder of Mutton Pheasant 

Veal roast Herons 

Boiled chickens Mutton boiled 

Rabbits roast Wild boar pye 

Shoulder of Mutton roast Jiggits of Mutton boiled 

Chine of Beef roast Jiggits of Mutton barred 

Pasty of Venison Gammon of Bacon 

Turkey roast Chicken pye 

Pig roast Burred capon 

Venison roast Dried hog's cheek 

Ducks boiled Umble pye 

Pullet Tart 

Red deer pye cold Made dish 

''Labourers, — for the pastries : John Greene, Richard Blythe, William Aldersey, 
Alexander Cowper ; — for the ranges : John Colebume, Elias Jamos, John Rairke, 
Robert Dance;— for boiling: John Murryer, William Parkes; — for pullets: 
John Gierke, John Bibby. Chief cooks, Mr. Morris ; Mr. Miller." 

(^) '*A Spseehs made to Kings James at his eomeinge to HoffkUm Tow^r by 
two coneeaved to be ths Household Gods ; the first attyr'd in a purple 
taffata mantle, in one hand a palm-tree branch, on his head a garland 
of the same, and in the other hand a dogge : 

This day, great Kinge for government admir'd ! 
Wliich these thy subjects have so mueh desired 
Shall be kept holy in their hearts* best treasure 
And ToVd to James as is this month to Csssar. 
And now the Landlord of this ancient Tower 
Thrice fortunate to see this happy bower 
Whose trembleinge heart thy presence setts on fii« 
Unto this house (the heart of all the shire) 
Does bid thee hearty welcome, and would speake it 
In higher notes, but extreme joy doth breake it. 
Hoe makes his Guest most welcome, in whose eyes 
Love>teares do sitt, not he that shouts and cryes. 
And we the gods and guardians of this place,— 
I of this house, he of the fruitfull chace,— 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 45 

rest, dancing the Huckler, Tom Bedlo, and the Cowp Justice of 

Peace.(*) 

Sinee the Hoghtons from this hill took name 

Who with the stiffe unhridled Saxons came 

And soe have flurish't in this fairer elyme, 

Snccessiyely from that to this our tyme. 

Still offeringe upp to our Immortall Powers 

Sweet incense, wyne, and odoriferons flowers ; 

While sacred Vesta in her Tirgin tyre 

With Yowes and wishes tends the hallowed fyre. 

Now seeing that thy Majestye we see 

Greater tlum country gods, more good than wee ; 

We render upp to thy more powerfull Guard 

This house ; this Knight is thine, he is thy Ward, 

For by thy helpinge and auspicious hand 

He and his home shall ever, ever stand 

And flurish in despite of euTious Fate ; 

And then liye, like Augustus, fortunate. 

And longe, longe may'st thou live 1 to which both men 

Gods, saints and angells say, ^ Amen, amen !' 

The Second Tutelar God begins: 
Thou greatest of mortalls ! [ne'e nonpluet. 

The Second* God begins (igaine: 
Dread Lord ! the splendor and the glorious raye 
Of thy high mi^estye hath strucken dumbe 
His weaker god- head ; if t' himself e he come 
Unto thy service straight he will comend 
These Foresters, and charg^e them to attend 
Thy pleasure in this park, and shew such sport 
To the Chief Huntsman, and thy princely court, 
As the small circuit of this round affords 
And be more ready than he was in's words." 

Nichols' Progresses of James I. vol. iii. pp. 398-9. 
(^) These, I suppose, were ancient dances, the history of which I have little either 
of will or skill to investigate. — W, 

The saltatory skill of the English was praised by Polydore Vergil, and it was one 
of the recreations especially oommended by the ** merrie monarch" to his son Prince 
Henry. These ancient and fashionable Lancashire dances, like ''the Lavoltas high 
and swift Corantos" mentioned by the Duke of Bourbon, (Henry V. act 3, sc. 5,) 
have passed away, and are forgotten. The origin of the second name is obviously 

* Qu. ? Firtt. 



46 THJ£ JOURNAL OF 

Aug. 1 8. The King went away ab* 12 to Lathome. (*) Ther was 

referred to in the followiog passage from Aubrey's Natural History of Wiltshire, 
(written between 1656 and 1691, edited bj Mr. Britton, and privately printed 
1847): ^ Till the breaking out of the civill warres Tom o' Bedlams did travell about 
the countrey. They had been poore distracted men that had been been putt into 
Bedlam, where recovering to some sobemesse they were licentiated to goo a b^[ging: 
e.g. they had on their left arm an armilla of tinn, printed in some wordes about 
foure inches long ; they could not get it off. They wore about their necks a g^reat 
horn of an oze in a string or bawdrie, which, when they came to an house for almes 
they did winde : and they did putt the drinke given them into this horn, whereto 
they did put a stopple. Since the warres I doe not remember to have seen any one 
of them." This was written after 1660, and an anonymous writer observed upon it, 
in 1756, '* I have seen them in Worcestershire within these thirty years." This dance 
or amusement may have derived its name from a vulgar Play then foshionable, and 
alluded to 10th January 1617-18, by Mr. Chamberlain, in a letter to Sir Dudley 
Carleton : ** Sir Rob. Maunton is gone this morning after the King to Boyston from 
Theobalds, where he was to have yesternight a Play — of Tom of Bedlam the Tinker 
and such other mad stuff." This Interlude appears to have been too coarse even for 
the taste of James, and Mr. Chamberlain writes on the 17th January, ^ I marvel 
thai among so many, none had the judgment to see how unfit it was to bring such 
scurrilous, base stuff and beastly gear in public before a prince." — Nichols' Proff,of 
James I. vol. iii. p. 465. 

A grand Masque took place, and a rush- bearing was introduced, in which ^ a man 
was enclosed in a dendrological foliage of fronds," and was the admiration of the 
company. This spectacle was exhibited in that part of the garden called ^the 
middle circular." Speeches were made in dialogue wittily pleasant, and all kinds 
of frolics were carried on to the highest pitch, by Robin Goodfellow, Bill Huckler, 
Tom Bedloe, old Crambo, Jem Tospot, Dolly Wango, and the Cap Justice. These 
characters were played to the life, and the Justices Crooke, Hoghton and Doddridge, 
who were present, declared to the King that " the Cap Justice was acted to the 
very life." Sir John Finett, knight, and master of the ceremonies to the King, 
performed the part of Cap Justice. — Hist, of the Borough of Preston, vol. ii. p. 358. 

This '* dendrological man" was not a more ridiculous exhibition than the charac- 
ters of men in the shape of hogsheads and barrels in one of the royal Masques, or of 
the schoolmaster of Linlithgow, who spouted verses to King James, in the form of a 
Lion. In this reign every thing was exhibited in hyperbole. It ought to be named 
for the honour of the Lancashire ladies, that these female characters were always 
sustained by male performers. 

From Mr. Assheton's phrase, *' of the rest" of the company, ^ dancing," it would 
appear that these amusements were what were commonly called Revels, being of a 
more free and general nature, and not necessarily connected with masques, into 
which they were sometimes, however, introduced. In Revels, many of the nobility 
of both sexes took part, who had previously been spectators. The revels were 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 47 

a man almost slayne w^ fightmg(2). Wee back with Sir Bic. Hee 

usually composed of galliards and corantos. Their introdaction was no less 
desirable than judicions, as it enabled the Court to gpratify numbers who were not 
qualified to appear in the masques as performers. — Gifford's Nots to Ben Jonson^B 
Masque of Lethe. 

In Ben Jonson's Masque of ''The Fortunate Isles," presented in 1624r-6y is the 
following line, addressed to Henry Skogan, a poet of the time of Henry lY . : 

** A pretty game ! like Crambo, Master Skogan ;" 
bat of the history of the game I have found no account. These characters and 
dances appear to have been of a very coarse, if not of an indecorous description, and 
being unworthy of the King, his courtiers, and the county, merit no further eluci- 
dation. 

In this motley assemblage was Archie Armstrong, the King's fool, who had 
accompanied his majesty in this progress, and who, whilst in Scotland, had been 
admitted a buigess of Aberdeen, but it has been sarcastically remarked, ** was not 
dubbed a Doctor."^ ^uaH. Rev, yoI. xli. p 68. 

The account which Sir Arthur Weldon grives in his ** Court of King James/' of 
the royal pastimes and revels, is extremely graphic ; and this journal shows that 
they were not confined to the Court, but were fashionable amongst the higher ranks 
in the Country. ''After the King supped, he would come forth to see pastimes and 
fooleries, in which Sir Edward Zouch, Sir George Goring, and Sir John Finit, were 
the cheife and master fools (and surely the fooling got them more than any other's 
wisdome) sometimes presenting David Droman, and Archy Armstrong the King's 
foole, on the back of other fools, to tilt one another, till they fell together by the 
eares : sometimes they performed antick-dances. But Sir John Millicent (who 
was never known before) was commended for notable fooling, and was indeed the 
best extempory foole of them all." Is it to be wondered that such scenes and 
pursuits were distasteful to men like John Bruen, or that they were considered 
irretrievably disreputable by the Puritans \ 

The following were amongst the principal noblemen and gentlemen who accom- 
panied the King to Hoghton, and some of them took part in the Masque, the name 
of which has not been discovered : 

George Villiers, Earl, and afterwards Marquess and Duke of Buckingham, K.G. 
his miyesty's Cup bearer, and Master of the Horse. He was bom 28th August 
1692, and was assassinated 23d August 1628, st. 36. All his honours terminated 
with his dissolute son and successor in 1687. 

Ludovic, Earl, afterwards Duke of Richmond, K.G. Master of the Household. 
He died in 1624 s.p. when his English honours became extinct. 

William, third Earl of Pembroke, K.G. Chancellor of the University of Oxford, 
Chamberlain of the Household, bom at Wilton, April 8th 1580, and educated 
at New Coll. Oxon. He married Mary, daughter and coheiress of Gilbert Tal- 
bot, Earl of Shrewsbury. He ob. 10th April 1630. 

Charles, Earl of Nottingham, Lord High Admiral. He was the eldest son of 



• 



48 THE JOURNAL OF 

to seller(3) and drunk with us, and used us kindlie in all man*' of 

Lord WiUiam Howard, first Baron Howard of Effingham, celebrated for his 
defeat of the Spaninh Armad% and succeeded his &ther in 1673. Queen 
Elizabeth created him Earl of Nottingham 22d October 1597, and James I. 
constitnted him Lord High Steward of England. He died 14th Deoember 
1624, »t. 88. » 

John, second Viscoant Brackley, K.B. and created Earl of Bridgewater 27th May 
1617. He died in 1649, let. 70. 

Edward, Lord Zouche, Lord President of Wales. He snceeeded his father, the 
tenth Baron Zouche, in 1569, being then only thirteen. In 1601 Queen Eli»- 
beth appointed him President of Wales, in which office he was continued by 
her successor, and appointed Warden of the Cinque Ports. He died in 1625 
s.p. and the title became extinct. 

Thomas Moreton D.D. Bishop of Chester, his nujesty's chaplain. 

Sir Francis Fane Knt. created Earl of Westmoreland in 1624. He died March 
23d 1628. 

William, Viscount KnoUys, created Earl of Banbury 18th August 1626. He 
died 25th May 1632 set. 88. 

John, Lord Mordaunt, who succeeded his father as fifth Baron in 1608, created 
Earl of Peterborough 9th March 1628. He married Elizabeth, sole daughter 
and heiress of William, Lord Effingham, son and heir of Charles, Earl of Not- 
tingham, and died in 1642. 

Henry, Lord Grey of Groby, (great nephew of Henry, Duke of Suffolk, father of 
Lady Jane Grey,) so created 21st July 1603, whose grandson, Henry, second 
Lord Grey, was created Earl of Stamford 26th March 1628, and was the lineal 
ancestor of Geoige Hany, present and 7th Earl of Stamford. 

John, Lord Stanhope of Harrington, Vice Chamberlain. He was created Baron 
Stanhope of Harrington, in the county of Notts, 4th May 1605, and died 
March 9th 1620-21. The title expired with his only son, Charles, in 1677. 

William, second Lord Compton, created Earl of Northampton 2d August 1618, 
K.G. President of the Council of Wales, and Lord Lieutenant of the Princi- 
pality. He ob. 24th June 1630. He was an accomplished courtier, and fre- 
quently took parts in the masques, shows, and tilts, so fashionable in this reign. 

Sir John Tufton Bart. He obtained his patent of baronetcy 22d May 1611. He 
was of Hothfield in Kent, sheriff of that county in 1576. He died 2d April 
1624, being succeeded by his son, Sir Nicholas Tufton, created Baron TuAon 
Ist November 1626, and Earl of Thanet 5th August 1628. His descendant is 
Henry, present and eleventh Earl of Thanet. 

Sir Arthur Capel Knt. son of Sir Henry Capel Knt. and g^ndfather of Arthur, 
first Baron Capel of Hadham. 

Sir Thomas Brudenell Bart, so created 29th June 1611, Baron Brudenell of Stan- 
ton Wyvill, in the county of Leicester, 26th April 1627, and Earl of Cardigan 
20th April 1661. He died September 16th 1663, set. 80. His descendant and 
representative is James Thomas, the present and seventh EarL 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 49 

friendlie speche. Preston : as merrie as Robin Hoode and all his 

Sir Edward Montague K B. Groom of the Bedchamber, created Baron Montagu 
of Boughton, in the county of Northampton, 29th June 1621. He has been 
characterised as a person "of a steady courage and doTout heart, and though 
no Puritan, severe and regular in his life and manners, and no friend to changes 
either in church or state." He was imprisoned in the Savoy by the Parliament 
party, and died in 1644, in his eighty-second year. His grandson was created 
Duke of Montagu in 1706, but the dukedom became extinct in 1749, on the 
death of his son s.p. The title was, however, revived in 1760, in favour of 
George Brudenell, Earl of Cardigan, who had married the daughter and 
coheiress of the second Duke. 
Sir John Doddridge, \ These were the throe Puisne Judges of the King's Bench. 
Sir John Crooke, > The last had his appointment 21st April 1613, and was 

Sir Robert Houghton. ) knighted at Whitehall about that time. 
Sir John Finett Knt. Master of the Ceremonies to the King, and also to Charles 
I. He was knighted by James, March 2l8t 1615-16. He was the author of 
" Finetti Philoxenis," an amusing book connected with the duties of his office. 
He died July 12th 1641.— See Wood's Fasti, by Bliss, vol. i. col. 492. 
Sir Richard St. George Knt. Norroy King at Arms, and other heralds. 
Sir Edward Mosley Knt. M.P. for Preston in 1614^ 1620, 1623, knighted at 

Whitehall 3l8t December 1614. 
Sir Edmund Trafford of Trafford Knt. sheriff of Lancashire 1617. Sir Richard 
Hogfaton is erroneously stated to have been the sheriff, at the time of the 
King's visit, in the Quarterly Review for 1829, vol. xli. p. 64. 
Richard Towneley of Towneley Esq. 
Ralph Assheton of Whalley Esq. 
Nicholas Girlington of Thurland Castle Esq. 
Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst Esq. 
Richard Shuttleworth of Gawthorp Esq. 

William Anderton of Anderton Esq. '' mayor of the ceremonies" at Preston, and 
about one hundred of the chief gentlemen of the county. — See Hisiorieal 
Notices ofHoghton Tower, p. 38 ; Lane. MSS. vol. viii. 
The King conferred the honour of knighthood at Hoghton upon Sir Cecil Traf- 
ford and Sir Arthur Lake of Middlesex, son of Sir Thomas Lake secretary of state, 
and nephew of Arthur Lake bishop of Bath and Wells. 

(0 {Seep. 46.] Lathom House was a residence of the Stanley family from the time 
of Henry IV. until the death of William, ninth Earl of Derby, in 1 702. The estate 
was then sold by his lordship's daughter and coheiress, the Lady Henrietta, to Henry 
Fumess Esq. from whom it was purchased in 1724 by Sir Thomas Bootle of Melling, 
the maternal ancestor of the present noble owner, Edward Bootle Wilbraham, Baron 
Skelmersdale. 

Henry VII. visited his father-in-law, the first Earl of Derby, at Lathom, in 1496, 
with which house he is reported to have been so much pleased that he caused Rich- 
mond palace to be erected upon the same plan. 

H 



50 THE JOURNAL OP 

fellowes. — Aug. 19. All this morning wee plaid the baccha- 
nalians. 

Lathom was nearly demolished by order of the Parliament in the 17th oentury, 
after haying sustained a memorable siege in 1644. 

The nobleman who had the honour to entertain James I. was William, sixth 
Earl of Derby, K.G. who died on the 29th September 1642, set. 80, and was buried 
at Ormskirk. 

(>) [See p. 47.] *" Honest Lancashire recreation" again.^H^. 

(') ISes p. 48.] We are indebted to the French (and it is no small obligation) for 
the temperate elegance of modem tables, and particularly for the practice of drink- 
ing wine at dinner. At that time they were almost wholly divorced. It is not 
above 60 years since the Lancashire gentry were in the habit of adjourning after 
dinner to the cellars of inns, and drinking themselves drunk with wine immediately 
drawn from the pipe. — W. 

Here the " merrie blades," to use a favourite phrase of James the First, gave way 
''to all licence of Sourquedry," and might not inaptly be likened to Bacchus, 
Silenus, and the Satyrs, but whose orgies were deficient in garlands, flowers, and 
the other poetical adjuncts of the heathens. The saturnalia of the Romans appear 
to have been revived, not only at Hoghton, but throughout this reign, although the 
king was a remarkable instance of sobriety, as ''he seldom drank at any one time 
above four spoonfulls, many times not above one or two." — Sir Arthur Weldon's 
Court and Character ofJamss I. 8vo, 1650. 

Mr. Bruen, " being once at an high sheriffe's feast, where there were some lords, 
spirituall and temporal!, as they are called, and many other knights and gentlemen 
of great place, there was an health begun by one of the lords, to the prince, which 
after the manner, was entertained and maintained with a great deale of ceremoniall 
solemnity ; as it went along, and drew neare unto him (many observing what he 
would say or doe) he cast out in a moderate manner some words of dislike to this 
effect : Here is a solemne service to the prince, yet did he never require it, nor will 
ever give you any thankes for it. And when one pressed him to pledge and drinke 
to the prince's health ; he made this milde and gentle answer onely : You may 
drinke to his health, and I will pray for his health, and drink for mine owne, and so 
I wish yon may doe for yours. And so he put it off, and passed it over, never 
sorting with them, nor yeelding to any one of their solemne ceremonies in that act. 
He did beare a more generous minde, than to be brought in subjection unto every 
idle fancy and foolery, or to conforme himselfe unto the humours and cuBtomes of 
profane men. Certainly in this drinking of healths as now it is practised at our 
gentlemen's tables, there is the very power and policy of Satan set awork in them ; 
as to take up the time of their repast, with such vanities and provocations to sin, 
and to draw them to delight themselves in such base works of the flesh, after the 
humour and pleasure of camall men, that all memory or mention of God or good- 
nesse may bee kept out, and that no speech of the word or works of God at all may 
be had amongst them. Had I not beene well prevented by the godly labours of a 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 51 

Aug. 21. I to Boulton, to pson Emmot. Would have bor- 
rowed 80/. but hee had it not, or would not have itt. Sp. ivrf. 
with hym. 

Aug. 22. A faire day : all to hay : got all wee had in.(M 

Aug. 28. Downham. Hunting fox on Worsoe : killed one. 
Another to Pendle. Killed another fox, and earthed another, 
B&er^ killed in the hole. 

Aug. 24 (Sunday). Word came, as I was going to church, that 
cooz. Thomas Starkie^s wyffe was dead this morning, ab* two 
o'clock, and hee desired mee to come to him, and my father and 
mother, to ye burial. (^) Soe to church : pson preached. Father, 
mother, self, Fogg, and Carryer,(3) to Downham. I to Twiston : a 
heavie house. Back to Downham. 

reverent and worthy divine, and my ancient and futhfall friend, M. Bolton, who 
hath spoken much hoth out of the fathers and other good authors, against this 
drinking of healths, and that to so very good effect and purpose ; I had taken a little 
more pains at this time to provide some rods of rebuke for this sinne, purposing to 
whip it and scourge it round about the table, in the sight of our bowzing gentlemen, 
that take such and so much pleasure in it. But now I forbeare and referre them 
to his booke, praying them to read advisedly what he hath written learnedly of this 
matter." 

O Six weeks later (aUowing for the Old Style) than at present. This can only be 
accounted for, by supposing that the meadows were depastured till ** Grass-day." — 
W. 

(') This is characteristic. Mr. A. would not visit a friend in distress, before he 
had attended church. The friend was Mr. Thomas Starkie, of Tv»iston, ancestor of 
the present possessor. — W. 

I am unable to trace the precise, or any, degree of relationship between the 
journalist and Thomas Starkie of Twiston. The Starldes of Aighton, near Orms- 
kirk, were nearly related to Mr. Nicholas Assheton. John, son of Henry Starkie 
(ob. 1593) by his wife Isabel, daughter of Edward Radcliffe of Todmorden Esq. 
married Elisabeth, daughter of Bichard (!) Banastre of Altham and his wife Kathe- 
rine, daughter of Edmund Assheton of Chadderton. She died in 1617, and he in 
1626. — Lane, Psd. vol. xiii. These, in the lax use of the term, were cousins of the 
writer of the journal ; but Aighton is not Twiston, nor is Thomas to be confounded 
with John Starkie. The Aighton house traced their descent from Stretton, and 
the Twiston house theirs from Huntroyd, who, in their turn, claimed kindred with 
the Bamton stock, ^and had their claim allowed," whilst all of them had their 
origin in Cheshire. 

(») This individual might be Richard Carrier, Fellow of St. John's Coll. Cam- 



52 THE JOURNAL OF 

Aug. 25. Assize at Lancaster, Sir Edward Bromley, S'. 

the Baron Judges. To Twiston. Tom Starkie, 
Mills his father-in-lawe, coz. Gyles Parker,(i) and my self, carryed 
forth the corpps;(2) soe to church. Mr. Baufhe preached; text, 
Rom. viii. 12, 13. Soe shee was buried, and dinner 40 mess, pro- 
vided for. Dyned in the hall.p) 

Aug. 26. Hunting fox(*) to Worsoe : found nothing. The 2d 
tyme of the Exercyse : Mr. Maurice should have come, but did 
not. My father stayed to have mett hym. Mr. Peele pched in 
forenoon, and Mr. Brooke in the after : Dyned. With my father 
to the warren. They stacke ther deare hay. Sent Fogg to Bum- 
ley, ab* borrowing of money. (^) 

bridge, who married, in August 1612, Jenet, daughter of Thomas Parker of Bpowb- 
bolme Esq. and whose g^nd-daughter, Jonet Carrier, married her second cousin. 
Sir Thomas Parker, f^rl of Macclesfield. There was also at this time James Car- 
rier, who married another daughter of Thomas Parker of Browsholme. 

(*) " Coz. Gyles Parker" married Anne, daughter of Lawrence Lister of Midhope 
Esq. and his wife Everild, daughter of Sir John Sayer of Richmondshire. (See 
Notitia Ceslriensis vol. i. p. 51, note, for a notice of Giles Parker and his wife.) 
He was brother-in-law of Stephen Hamerton of Hellifield Esq. (see note, p. 36,) and 
of Sir William Lister of Thornton Knt. direct ancestor of Henry Lister of Burwell 
Park in the county of Lincoln Esq. one of the coheirs of the barony of Kyme. 

(^) An ancient usage. The nearest relations always took up the corpse at the 
door ; and once more, if the distance was considerable, at the church-gates. By 
forty messes, I suppose, are to be understood so many dishes of meat. — W, 

This custom, which appears to be quite patriarchal , is still preralent in some of 
the country parishes in South Lancashire. The custom of preaching funeral ser- 
mons on the day of the burial is now exploded, although so recently as 1776 the 
vicar of one of the largest parishes in Lancashire (Rev. John White B.A. of Black- 
bum) objected to the building of a church in his parish unless he had ^ some com- 
pensation made for the funeral sermons to be preached in it." — Lane. MSS. Letters. 

I should rather understand the ** forty messes" to be dinners provided for forty 
persons, although funerals in Lancashire at this period were conducted on a scale of 
prodigality scarcely to be conceived. 

(S) At Downham.— TT. 

(*) Fox-hunting and church-exercise on the same day I — W. 

(*) Thirty pounds was the sum wanted. To procure which, the borrower and his 
confidential servant had to ride many miles. — Royle Townley was Nicholas Town- 
ley of Royle, I suppose, who died a rich man in 1645. — Mr. Thomas Whitacre 
was, I suppose, my ancestor, of Holme, who died in 1630. — W. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 5d 

Aug. 27. Downham. Fogg came w^ answer from Mr. Tho. 
Whittaker and Royle Toimley. Noe lending of money. Began 
to leade first of our come-wheat. 

Nicholas Townlej of Royle was sheriff of Lancashire in 1632, and left at his 
death in 1645, hy his wife (married Febniary 4th 1606) Isabel, daughter and heiress 
of Mr. J. Woodroof of Banktop, now called Bank Hall, near Burnley, an only 
daughter, Margaret, who was bom in 1607, and who married, contrary to her father's 
inclination, John Ingleby of Lawkland Esq. This act of disobedience induced Mr. 
Townley to settle all his lands by deed upon his nephew, Nicholas Townley Esq. 
ancestor of Robert Townley Parker of Royle and Cuerden Esq. 

Thomas Whitaker Gent, was buried July 14th 1631, (not 1630,) having married, 
January 31st 1591, Ann, daughter of Mr. James Bancroft of Paliz House, near 
Burnley, by his wife, Isabel Woodroof of Banktop, aunt of Mrs. Nicholas Townley 
of Royle. On the 10th September 1586 Jenet Woodroof of Banktop was presented 
by the curate and churchwardens of Burnley, as a recusant, and for harbouring 
Robert Woodroof, a seminary priest. — HarL MSS. cod. 360. 

We never read of Mr. Bruen being a money borrower ; but, on the contrary, his 
frugality is commended, and yet no man was ever further removed from parsimony. 
(See note, p. 17.) 

Nicholas Assheton appears to have found borrowing money a difficult and unplea- 
sant task, and I fear his own conduct and habits had been obstacles in the way of 
obtaining it. There is a curious little treatise, showing the needy state of country 
gentlemen about this time, entitled, ** The Mystery and Misery of Lending and 
Borrowing," reprinted in the G&ntUman^t Miiffazine, p. 695, June 1829. Vide also 
King Lsar, act iii. scene 3. 

« Fogg" was probably from the neighbourhood of Darcy Lever or Bolton, where 
there flourished a respectable family of inferior gentry at this time, of which was 
Dr. Laurence Fogg, Dean of Chester, and other clerical members. — See NotUia 
CkHr. vol. i. pp. 30, 135, 138, 188. Fogg was a sort of Tom Purdie, kneaded up between 
the friend and servant, as well as Uncle Toby's bowling green between sand and clay. 
Whatever Mr. Assheton may have been, Mr. Bruen was most exact in choosing his 
servants, among whom there was not one idle or unprofitable person. And although 
I can hardly hope that Mr. Assheton's confidential servant, Fogg, at all approached 
to the perfection of character ascribed to Mr. Bruen's '* Old Robert," who was, like 
his master, a rare specimen of human nature, Mr. Assheton was probably, as well 
as Mr. Bruen, wishful to obtain the services of honest men and women, and doubt- 
less ^ used them well both in their persons and callings." We have the advantage 
of possessing more of the detail of Mr. Bruen's proceedings in this particular ; and 
his biographer has recorded, that when ** he heard of any that began to set their 
faces towards lerusalem, or to look towards heaven, as if they meant in good earnest 
to travell that way : or of such as had travelled many sabbath dayes' journey that 
way already : his heart was presently towards them, so that by good and £ure 
meanes he endeavoured to draw such into his service, and if he had place of imploy- 



54 THE JOURNAL OF 

Aug. 28. Fogg to R. H. to procure money : not at home. 
Rainie day. 

Aug. 29. I to Whalley. Had fall off my horse, in Horrobin 
Lane. 

Aug. 30. Went forth with Gregson, but light of nothing. To 
the keeper's : hee with us betwixt Crosdale(*) and top of Bume, and 
into Whitendale, to have killed a stagg with peece, but found 
none. 

Aug. 31 (Sunday). To church. P'son preached. Aft. Mr. 
Leigh. 

Sep. 1 . To Totteridge. Ralph Anderton^) shott a stagg, at topp 
of the East end of Totteridge. The keeper's two hounds cast off: 

ment for them, to plant them in his family, above any other persons whatsoever. 
So that in a short time he was so well provided and furnished with honest and 
faithfully godly and gracious servants, both men and women, that he hath now, as 
Paul saith Philemon had once, a church in his house. And no marvell, seeing for 
oontinuall supply there were many that were religious, who would willingly offer 
themselves and make meanes to be admitted into his house, and to do him service, 
until! they were like David's host, a great host, like the host of Gi>d, 1 C^ron. xii. 
22. A full household, and g^cious family, where husband and wife, parents and 
children, govemours and servants, are all either truly religious, or at least such as 
do orderly and duly submit themselves to all duties of religion in the fSamily. Now 
for the ordering and using of his servants, he did reckon of such as most faithfull 
ever unto him, as he found ever most faithfuU onto God, as did Constantius when 
hee puiged his Court. And such he did much esteeme, and entirely aifect, as hii 
brethren and fellow servants in and under Christ Jesus. Yea he made them som- 
times as his companions in his familiar and kinde usage of them ; sometimes, as his 
counsellours, to advise, conferre, c<msult, and resolve with them, in matters of 
conscience, or of other importance : sometimes as his comforters in afflictions and 
tentations, that he might so receive some comfort and refreshing from them." 

(1) Crosdale, Whitendale, Batterise, topp of Bume, Totteridge, Fence, Staple Oak, 
Harden, and Brennan ; all memorable names in the annals of Bowland. — W. 

Q) I take this to be a brother of William Anderton of Euxton Esq. (descended 
from a second son of Anderton of Anderton, 30 Uenry YIII.) who married, about 
1598, Isabel, daughter of William Hancock of Pendle Hall, and relict of Richard 
Assheton of Downham Esq. who was the elder brother of the journalist, and died 
from the supposed effects of witchcraft. Mrs. Anderton had ten children, and lost 
her second husband in 1618. The deer were extirpated from this splendid forest 
about the year 1805, much complaint having been made of the damage they did to 
the farmers. 



NICHOLAS A8SHETON. 55 

brave sport : killed him in the Fence. Soe to Thorn. Parker'8.(*) 
Broke him np : eat the chine and the liver. 

Sept. 4. Worston : thither came Sir John Talbot (2) : Ist tyme 
I saw him after his knight*^ at Lathom. Hee came to kill a bnck^ 
which was sent to Whalley to my cooz. Assheton.(3) To Whalley. 
Next, with my cooz. Tho. Braddyll,(*) lately come into the countree. 
Mr. Chauncellor of the Dutchie, Sir Jo. Dacombe,(5) and Sir Edw. 
Mosley the at?y, Mr. Wm. Fanshaw, auditor ; Sir Ric. Molyneaux, 

(^) Adjourned to Bro^sholme : broke up the stag, and ate the chine and liTer the 
same day on which he was killed ! — W. 

The ancient dog-gnage of the Forest of Bowland, of which Dr. Whitaker f^vw a 
drawing, (Ht#^ WhalUy, p. 238,) is still kept at Browsholme, although the forest 
itself was lately sold by the Duke of Baccleuch to Mr. Towneley of Towneley. In 
the barbarous enactments associated with the forest laws, there was one decreeing 
that no person should keep a dog without cutting off the three foreclaws or the ball 
of his feet, in default of which mutilation the owners were liable to an amerciament 
of three shillings. This mode of effectually preyenting dogs roaming in the forest 
originated in the laws of Canute. It was a custom so fuUy sanctioned by Heniy I. 
that Ordericus Vitalis assures us that very few of the nobility were allowed the 
privilege of hunting at all during his reign. The Carta de Foresta of 25 Edtoard I. 
(1297,) sanctioned it in all the accustomed places. When the practice fell into 
disuse it is difficult to say ; but we know that modem refinement has requited the 
acts of cruelty formerly inflicted upon dogs, by levying a tax upon their owners. — 
Bey. C. H. Hartshome, on the Ancient Charters of Northampton, and Gastrell's 
Not. Cestr. vol. i. p. 331. 

(3) See note, p. 16, for a notice of Sir John Talbot. 

(') At Worston, Mr. Greenacres had a warren, or paddock, stocked with 28 deer. 
It still retains the name. — W. 

{*) Thomas Braddyll Grent. was the third son of John Braddyll Esq. He was 

living at Whalley in 1623, and had married Matilda, daughter of by whom he 

had issue. He was buried at Whalley 3d April 1633, and his wife on the 18th 
December 16^1.— Whalley Register, 

(•) So in MS. but it is Duncombe.— H^. 

The journalist is right, and his annotator wrong. The individual was John 
Dackombe Esq. knighted by James I. at Greenwich 3d June 1616, in which year he 
was appointed chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, and held the office until 1627. 
He was of a good fiunily seated at Croft Castle, in the county of Dorset, and in the 
Dorset Visitation, in 1623, fol. 128, in Coll. Arm. a short pedigree was recorded by 
the chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, from which it appears that he claimed to 
be descended from those of his name seated at Dacomb's Castle in Normandy, and 
that his anoestors migrated thence to Walworth in Hampshire, where they possessed 



56 THE JOURNAL OF 

with divers other countree gentlemen, came to Whalley: light 
[alighted] at the Abbey, and psently after went to church, wher 
Mr. Chancellor wished the copyholders to elect, out of evy manor, 
2 or 3 senceable menn, and they should to-morrow heare what 
manner of composition the King would accept. 

ten or tweWe manors. ThiB piece of family vanity is destitute of proof ; but it is 
clear that Sir John Dackombe's father was of Horton, and a deputy lieutenant of 
Dorsetshire in the time of Edward YI. and that the Chancellor had a son, John 
Dackombe, living at the Savoy in London in 1623. — Inf, of Tho. W, King Eaq, 
FjSiw4. Rouge Dragon, 

The chancellor had been a Master of Requests, with a yearly fee of £100, and in 
1614 had a free gift of £140 from the King. Mr. Chamberlain, writing to Sir 
Dudley Carleton, says. Sir John Daeombe ^ had the grant and patent (of the chan- 
cellorship of the duchy of Lancaster) before (the death of Sir Thomas Pany,) but 
all the Council stood against him, allegring the invalidity of such patents and revei^ 
sions of places of judicature, as being directly agunst the law, besides the meanness 
of the man, and that he had been detected of divers frauds and foul dealings, spe- 
cially in the pardon propounded the last year (1615) for the Earl of Somerset (for 
his share in the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury,) but I always said quid diffettur 
non aufertur when I understood what sure cards he had for him, and that Sir 
George Yilliers and the Prince betted on his side." In September he was expected 
to be made a privy councillor. — Nichols' Royal Progresses of King James I. vol. 
iii. p. 170. See Hist, Leicest, vol. ii. p. 627. 

Sir Edward Mosley was the second son of Sir Nicholas Mosley, the wealthy 
clothier, and lord mayor of London. He was brought up to the law, and knighted 
by King James at Whitehall 31st December 1614, became attorney-general of the 
duchy of Lancaster in the same year, purchased the manor of RoUeston in Stafford- 
shire, and died there unmarried in 1638. He was succeeded by his nephew, Edward 
Mosley, who was advanced to a baronetcy in 1640, which became extinct in the next 
generation. In 1646 Sir Edward compounded with the Parliament for his estates, 
by paying £4784. Another baronetage was conferred in 1720 on the descendant of 
Anthony, brother of the lord mayor, who had succeeded to RoUeston ; but this also 
became extinct in 1779 ; and a third baronetcy was conferred in 1781 on the heir, 
which is now enjoyed by Sir Oswald Mosley of RoUeston, the third baronet of the 
last creation. 

WilUam Fanshawe, M.P. for CUtheroe 1614^1625, of Passelows in the parish of 
Dagenham, in the county of Essex, Esq. was the son of Thomas Fanshawe of Dron- 
field, in the county of Derby, and of Ware Park, in the county of Herts, M.P. He 
married Katherine, daughter of Sir John Wolstenholme of London Knt. and died 
4th March 1634. His nephew was raised to the peerage of Ireland by Charles II. 
in 1661, as Viscount Fanshawe, which title expired in 1716. On the death of his 
great nephew, Sir Richard Fanshawe of Jenkins, in the county of Essex, Bart, in 



NICHOLAS A8SU£T0N. 57 

Sept. 5. After supper^ a motion made to hunt in Bolland next 
day, whicli the Chancellor and all the companie resolved to do.(*) 

Sept. 6. All but Mr. Chancellor into Bolland. At Stable Oak. 
A stag killed at Harden, and another a little above, which made 
excellent sport. I with Mr. Auditor, and the rest, to Broxholme, 
soe to Whalley, and supped ; then to the Portfidd, late. 

Sept. 7 (Sunday). All to church. Mr. Leigh, of Standish,^) 

1695, deaf and dumb and unmarried, the large estates of this branch of the family 
passed to his brother-in-law, Vincent Grantham of Groltho, in the county of Lmcoln, 
Esq. brother of Dorothy, wife of James Holte of Castleton HaU, near Rochdale, 
Esq. (Marriage covenant dated 12th June 1675.) 

(0 This was a busy year. The occasion of this great resort to Whalley was to 
settle with the copyholders of Blackbumshire, the compositions for perfecting their 
titles. Men of rank were then men of business. An agent or two would now have 
transacted «the whole. But these great men did not forget their pleasures ; for, on 
the second day, all but the Chancellor betook themseWes to hunting in Bowland. 
It was extremely indecorous, and uncanonical, to hold a meeting on business purely 
secular, in the Church. — W. 

(') Parson of Standish, a man memorable in his day. He was one of the tutors 
of Prince Henry ; and was great grandfather of Dr. Leigh, author of the [Natural] 
History of Lancashire. — W. 

William Leigh B.D. was bom in Lancashire in 1660, elected Fellow of Brasenose 
Coll. Ozon. in 1673, was presented by Bishop Chaderton to the rectory of Standish 
in November 29 Eliz. and became chaplain to Henry, Earl of Derby, a justice of 
peace, and a very earnest and diligent parish priest. He was one of the county 
magistrates to whom the affair of the Bamlesbury witches was referred in 1612, and 
appears to have suspected a seminary priest of instigating certain parties to accuse 
the supposed witches, but his suspicions were not confirmed. Mrs. Maiy Langton, 
widow, by will dated February 13th 1603, recites that she had given by deed to Wil« 
liam Leigh, parson of Standish, Edward Standish and Edward Rigbye Esquires, 
£300 to be disposed of according to her will ; and she directs that her said trustees 
should purchase lands or a rent chaige for the endowment of a free school in Stan- 
dish. Accordingly, in 1626, a rent charge of £18 a year was bought and settled on 
Sir Raphe Assheton of Whalley Bart, and others, and Mr. Leigh and Mr. Rigbye 
were empowered to make statutes for the government of the school. 

By indenture dated 22d January 1633, William Leigh, rector of Standish, 
granted to Sir Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall and other trustees, certain lands in 
Goosnargh, in the county of Lancaster, charged with £12 pounds a year for the 
maintenance of an usher in the Grammar School of Standish, to be appointed by 
the said masters, subject to the statutes to be made by the said rector, and after his 
death to be settled in cases of doubt by the Lord Bishop of Chester. He died and 
was buried in the chancel of Standish church 28 November 1639, at the great age 

I 



58 THE JOURNAL OP 

preached. Afternoon, copyhold business in hand.(*) Divers genls 

of eighty-nine, having been fifty >three yean the rector. He published seTeral ser- 
monB, one of the most valuable of which is, '' The Soule's Solace against Sorrow, 
being a Funerall Sermon preached at Childwall church in Lancashire at the Buriall 
of Mistris Katherine Bretteigh [on Wednesday] the 3 June 1601 on Itai. 57. 2. Pub. 
in London in 1612.'' This accomplished and pious young lady was the sister of 
Mr. John Bruen of Bruen Stapelford, and Mr. Leigh saw in her what Evelyn saw 
in Margaret Blagge, afterwards Mrs. Godolphin, ^'a flagrant devotion, and that she 
had totally resigned herselfe to God." There is great beauty and simplicity of 
style in many parts of Mr. Leigh's sermon ; but the concluding sentences rise 
much above the ordinary level of the Puritan writers of the day, and would be 
heard by John Bruen with devout attention : ** Well ! she is gone ! and now 
behold her seate is emptie and her grave is full ; and methinkes for the present 
wee feele her want on earth, whom Grod hath found in heaven — our prayers lesse 
powerfuU : our preaching less precious : and our psalmes less melodious on her 
behalfe. For you all know that there she sate and there she sung, there she read 
and there she prayed, there she heard the word, there she received the sacraments, 
there lately she lived, and there now she is dead : therefore may I say with the 
Prophet (Isai. xl. 6) AU/Ush is grcuse, and aU the grace thereof as Ihe flowers <ff 
the field : but comfort yourselves in hope of a ioyful resurrection ; as also in respect 
of her holy Ufe, blessed end, and most happy state in glorie, and sith she is gone, let 
it bee rememberd as a sacrament of her rest, that she went upon a day of rest, one 
of the chiefest of Sabbaoths, and high Feast of Pentecost : (31st May 1601, »t. 22,) 
even then that she should ascend when the Holy Ghost did descend, by which Spirit 
she was seeded up to the day of redemption, WorshipfttUy was she descended, but 
most honourably (may I now say) is she ascended : yet behold the husband moum- 
eth for that he hath lost a wife ; the mother moumeth for that she hath lost a 
daughter ; the brother moumeth for that he hath lost a sister, which is (methinkes) 
not much vnlike the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon [Zaeh. 
xii. 11.] And yet this is not all ; for wee preachers may moume most for that we 
have lost an auditor who heard with reverence, felt with passion, and followed 
with perseverence. But beloved, what we have lost heaven bath found, and' the 
holy angells rejoice at the gaine ; in the meane time the Lord of heaven supplie the 
want upon earth and encrease the number of fkithfull professors, in Sionis gaudium 
et Angh'Papistarum luctum, Ambn. Ahem." — pp. 76, 77. 

Mr. Leigh also published ^ A Briefe Discourse of the Christian Life and Death" 
of this lady, 12mo, 38 pages, 1612. He was evidently one of those gifted and power- 
ful orators who attract the learned no less than the illiterate, and was heard with 
delight by the peasants of Sladebume as well as by his more inteUeetual auditors 
of Standish and Child waU. It is not too much to say of him, as Izaak Walton says 
of Dr. Donne, that " he pictured vice so as to make it ugly to those that practised it, 
and virtue so as to make it be beloved even by those that loved it not." 

(0 This unhallowed method of spending the afternoon of the Lord's Day was in 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 69 

went into the towne w* S' John Talbot. My father lay in the 
abbey. I to Portfield again. 

strict compliance with the royal licence for a camivaly but would not be very satis- 
factory to the rector of Standish, and still less so to Mr. Bruen. Thomas Wilbra- 
ham of Woodhay Esq. who had the honour to entertain James I. in 161 7, having 
married his daughter^ Miss Wilbrahamy to Mr. afterwards Sir John Done of Utldn- 
ton^ a youth of high promise, (yet much addicted to the pleasures of the world,) 
placed these young persons in the family of Mr. Bruen, that they might be trained 
in the practice of true religion, in a house which had become, like Little Gidding, a 
sort of monastic establishment or ccenobium for devout Protestants, 

^ who might mourn for sin. 
And find for outward Eden lost a Paradise within." 
This newly married couple, it is said, were neither perverse in their own ways, nor 
averse from good duties, but showed themselves very compliant to the orders and 
government of their kinsman's fiftmily. And here follows a pertinent instance of 
Mr. Bmen's discipline, and of Mr. Done's complaisance, touching the observance of 
Sunday : ** This Master Done being young and youthly, yet very tractable, could not 
well away with the strict observation of the Lord's day, whereupon wee did all con- 
spire to doe him good, ten of my family speaking one after another, and my self last, 
for the sanctifying of the Lord's day. After which he did very cheerfully yeeld 
himself, blessed be God !" He was fairly, or rather unfairly, talked into a surrender. 
Never was there such an instance of religious loquacity, not even that recorded by 
Mr. Surtees {Hist, Durh. vol. ii. p. 41,) of King James I. ** scolding Bishop James to 
death." The case of the poor young man was truly deplorable, and there is surely 
some reason to infer that he yielded himself cheerfully in order to silence this strife 
of tongues ! In a short time afterwards we are told that the gentle Lady Done, 
doubtless alarmed by this ^tyranny of talking," was suspected of a leaning to 
Popery, which, while it excites our regret, is Ur from causing any feeling 
approaching to surprise ; but we may hope that by means more reasonable, and 
by other counsellors more ''learned and discreet," she was preserved in the 
Chnxeh of England. Mr. Bmen's biographer complacently assures us that in this 
case he *^ cannot but commend both the physitian [qu. physicians I] and the patient 
also : the physitian that gave him a gentle purg so wisely, and the patient that took 
it so well, that it wrought so kindly with him for his good." Notwithstanding 
this, we read afterwards that Mr. Bruen himself recorded the anxiety of individuals 
of rank ''to table with him." Amongst others, he says, "the Lady Egerton, 
widow, daughter in law to the Lord Chauncellour, then being with her company. 
And my cousen Tho: Datton of Dutton, with his wife, son, and daughter that now 
is the Lord Grerard's wife, being 10 of his family. And 4 gentlewomen of Hatton, 
being sisters, and one maid attending on them. Which maid was froward at the 
first against religion and religious dutyes. But God in his mercy began first with 
her. For being in grievous affliction of conscience, she was humbled soundly, and 
had a most comfortable conversion, blessed be God. Mary Sherington I think was 



60 THE JOURNAL OF 

Sept. 13. All hunt in James Whitendale's office ;(*) a stag from 
above Brennan. 

her name. And then 2 of the sisters had a more easie conversion, hut I heleeve, 
true grace. And the other 2 sisters convinced, and yerj honest modest muds. 
And for my cosen Dutton, his condition with me was to keep the Lord's sabbath 
with mj family, as well aftemoone as forenoone, which he and all his did, in the 
pnhlike congregation. All of us having then great help from a learned, godly 
minister, M. Rob. Wats, a reverend worthy man of God, whom we called old Eli, 
for his gravity and fiuthfulnesse above many, and being continually with us in my 
family : observing this order for our family exercises, hee and I to pray in the 
family ; he one morning and evening, and I another, and both of us every evening 
to give a note upon a chapter, and between nine and ten of the clock in the forenoone, 
we agreed to have prayer again for the tablers. At the same time my cosen 
Dutton, being pressed and charged by some of great place to mainteine his royalty 
of minstrelsey for piping and daunsing on the sabbath day, my minister, my selfe, 
and my family were earnest against it, and prevailed so far with my cosen Dutton, 
that he promised that all piping and dauncing should cease on the sabbath day, both 
forenoone and afternoon, and so his licences were made, and do continue so untiU 
this day. And so wee had great peace and comfort together ; blessed be God. By 
all this we may easily see and perceive, how g^raciously the Lord dealt with this 
gentleman from time to time, not only to blesse him, and his femily every day more 
and more, but to make him a blessing also to many others of his kindred, and 
friends, which came but for a season to sojoume with him." 

James the First visited Sir John Done at Utkinton in 16179 and honoured him 
with knighthood, '^ the chief forester and keeper having ordered so wisely and con- 
tentfully his highnesse's sports." The knight was a descendant of a long line of 
martial ancestors, representing in the male line a younger branch of the Norman 
Barons of Kinderton, and in the female line the original foresters of Delamere. Sir 
John Done closed his eyes before the Rebellion, but his coheirs experienced a full 
share of its tumults. The eldest daughter had her mansion at Utkinton sacked by 
the Royalists ; the second married Mr. Crewe, member for Northamptonshire, a 
prominent character in the history of the Uxbridge Commission ; the third was the 
wife of Mr. Ardeme of Alvanley, a gentleman whose militaiy services were confined 
to the neighbourhood of his estates, but who led his tenants at an early period to 
combine with the parliamentary garrison at Manchester, and the assailants at War- 
rington. Both the parents of these ladies had imbibed the principles of Puritanism 
as pupils of the celebrated John Bruen of Stapelford, but in the mother, at least, 
they were softened by every grace and virtue. ''To this day," Pennant truly 
observes, *^ when a Cheshire man sees some excellency in one of the fair sex, he 
would say, * There is a Lady Done for you.* " — See Nichols' Royal Progr€9$€$ of 
James I. vol. iii. p. 410 ; Ormerod's Hist, of Chssh, vol. ii. 

In the possession of Mr. Ormerod, the historian of Cheshire, who is connected 
by marriage with the Utkinton femily, are a series of five fine original portraits, of 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 61 

Sept. 14 (Sunday). P^son preached. 

Sept. 16. To Batterise : ther met our old companie of hunters, 
OYerrun out of Brennan Stones again. 

Sept. 17. To Batterise : to Bumside and Whitendale, overrun 
with good deare. A knubb was killed, and a calfe.(^) To Brox- 
holme, and so to Portfield. 

Sept. 18. To Whalley : a while pleasant. Home. Sp. xiirf. 

Sept. 22. I to Portfield : ther paid up^) and made merrie. Mr. 

Sir John and Lady Done and their three danghters, Mrs. Jane Done, Mrs. Crewe, 
and Mrs. Ardeme. Mrs. Crewe's portrait is certainly by Mary Beale ; and if Sir 
Walter Soott had been fortunate enough to have seen it, he would probably have 
borrowed some hints from it for his ladies in Peveril. The portrait of Sir John 
Done, attributed to Garrard, is clearly the original from which the marble medal- 
lion at Tarporley is taken. The Icnight appears in rich silk of forest green, slouched 
hat, with warden's wand, couUau de rhasse, greyhounds' leash, and the Delamere 
horn at his side : inscription, ** Dom. Delameri Damaq. dominator." 

After the extinction of the Crowes of Utkinton, the Done estates devolved to the 
Ardens of Alvanley, and are now held by Lord Alvanley. — Gastrell's Not. Cestr, 
▼ol. i, pp. 141-2. 

There is a typographical disarrangement of the printer in Ormerod's History of 
Cheshire^ vol. ii. p. 136, col. 2, which completely confounds Lady Done with her 
daughter, Mrs. Crewe. The direction to the printer would have been, " line 1 to 6, 
remove the paragraph beginning with ^ to the merits," and extending to ** her time," 
and place it as a separate paragraph after that with which it is improperly incor- 
porated, viz. after ** for you" in line 11. The slightest correction of such a valuable 
and accurate work as the ** History of Cheshire," will never be deemed unim- 
portant. 

C) iSee p. 60.] Office is, here, a keeper's walk. I find a vestige of this sense of 
the word in Du Cange, voce offieium. — W. 

(') A knubb, or knobber, is a stag of the second year, whilst a calf is of the firsty 
according to the terms used by hunters.— See The GentUman^s Beereat. 8vo, 
fifth ed. 1706. 

(>) The occasion of this ^ paying up" is not stated, but it would probably be 
connected with pleasure rather than duty, and with the rich more than the poor. 
Therid is a striking instance on record of Mr. Bruen's liberality in <' paying up," rather 
than have the poor defrauded by the cupidity or negligence of others. ** There was 
a portion of money, a matter of forty shillings given to the use of the parish, and 
so put into the hands of some honest men to that end ; but through some neglect, 
as the men failed, the money melted away by little and little, and was at last quite 
wasted and gone. For redresse and repaire hereof, M. Bruen was intreated to doe 
something by his owne, or by some other means, even as he thought good. And 



62 THE JOURNAL OF 

Alexander Nowell(^)^ jun. Tables(^) slurring almost all night. 

here he showed hinuelf eade to be intreaiedy for he made answer preaenUyy I meane 
not to presse upon any man's pnnoe for this matter ; and so tooke to his owne purse, 
and gave them forty shillings for supply of this want. A matter (I eonfesse) of no 
great moment, yet such, as if many of our gentlemen (of farre greater meanes) were 
intreated unto, a man might sooner wring forty pottles of water out of a flint, or 
marble stone, or draw forty pints of wine out of a chureh-wally than get, I say, not 
forty shillings, but forty pence, from any of their hands, for any parish profit or 
church uses. Yea they are so stiffe and obstinate, that they will not be intreated 
to pay their owne layes, and duties, whereof they are convinced to their fisees, that 
they wrong the parish in detaining them." 

(1) Younger son of Roger NoweU, of Bead, Esq.—- IT. 

Alexander, fourth son of Roger Nowell Esq. was baptiied at WhaUey, Febmaiy 
27th 1694^ and seems to have died unmarried. — WhaUey BsgitUr. 

(>) Shuffleboard, very fashionable now.r—IF'. 

Gaming appears to have been introduced by young NoweU, and in the end is said 
to have been the ruin of the chief line of his fiunily. By Tables is meant Back- 
gammon, a very old game, and aUuded to by Chaucer, who died in 1400 : 

^ They dauncen, and they play at ches and tables." 
Amongst the employments in which Charies, Lord Mounljoy, delighted, were "studio, 
gardens, riding on a pad to take the air, playing at shovelboard, cards, and reading 
of play books, for recreation, fishing and fish ponds, seldom useinge anie other 
exercises, and useinge these rightUe as pastimes, onlie for a short and convenient 
time." — Itinerary of Fyn$$ Moriiony published 1617. James I. recommended that 
Prince Henry should ^lawfully plaie at the cardes or tables when it was foul or 
stormy weather," but he discountenanced "chesse, thinking it overfonde, because it 
was overwise and philosophicke follie." Burton, in his AfuUcmie of MdanehoUif 
(first published in 1624,) says, "the ordinaiy recreations we have in winter, are 
cards, tables, dice, shovelboard, chess-play, the philosopher's game, billiards, music, 
masks, &c." — Part ii. sec. 2, memb. 4, p. 347. 

Here again Mr. Assheton would have been at issue with Mr. Bruen. This excellent 
man has frankly recorded, with inimitable natveU^ that going one morning into the 
chamber of his young cousin, Mr. Done, "and finding over the mantletree a paire 
of new cards, no body being there, I opened them," says he, " and took out the foure 
knaves, and burnt them, and so laid them together againe, and so for want of such 
knaves his gaming was marred, and never did he play in my house, for ought that 
ever I heard, any more." Touching this point of "playing at cards, and burning 
of the knaves, he presently annexeth a note of remembrance, of another the like 
act of his, almost twenty yeares before that time. ' In like manner (saith hee) 
almost twenty yeares belFore, being in one of my studies, and seeing a pure of tables 
under my feet, I took them with the thirty men, and the dice, and all the cards I 
found, and put them into a burning oven, which was then heating to bake pies.* 
This I suppose he did, not to honour them as martyrs, but to punish them aU 



NICHOLAS AS8HBT0N. 63 

Some concejted unkindness between Abbey and Portfield,(*) but 
Mr. Assheton the angrie man. 

Sept. 28 (Sunday). Word came to me that a stagg was at the 
spring : Walbank took his peece, and Miller his, but hee was not 
to bee found. (^) Miller shot with Walbank at a mark, and won. 

Sept. 80. Manchester. Cooz. Assheton, of Whalley, ther. Mr. 
Hart,p) my Lord of Canterburie's gent, was sicke, which hindered 
the commi88«»(*) for business of Canterburie, concerning psonage of 
Blakebum, Whalley, and Bachdale. 

fts male£»eion, in their kinde. For so I find by his other eolleetions which he 
hath made, that he held tables, cards, and dice, to be all veiy grosse offenders, and 
such as eonld not have their faults (otherwise than by fire, or fomace) pnrged 
from them." Haying cleared his house of these ''so dangerous instruments of 
idlenesse, and profanenesse, wastfnlnesse and much wickednedse, as he saw every 
where cards and dice, tables and tablemen to be : hee began to think of a wiser, and 
better course, both to prevent these mischiefs, and to exercise the minds and hearts 
of his own ftmily (and such as might by occasion come into his house) unto godli* 
nesse and good things. To which end hee brought in, and set up upon a deske, both 
in his hall, and in his parlour, two goodly fure bibles of the best edition, and largest 
volume (as then they were printed, some in a larger, and some in a lesser fol.) and 
these hee placed to be continuall residentiaries, the bigger in the parlour and the 
lesser in the hall (as the holy tables of the covenant of God, instead of the profisme 
tables of the men of the world) wherein men of good minds might exercise them- 
selves in reading, and hearing the word of €rod, for their farther edification and 
comfort, as their Ust, and leisure would serve them thereunto." 

Q) Abbey and Portfield seldom were upon cordial terms. — W. 

P) No objection to kill a stray stag on a Sunday. — W. 

Q) Mr. Hart was probably a son of Sir John Hart of Lnllingston Castle, in the 
county of Kent, whose wife was one of the ladies of the privy chamber of Queen 
Anne, (of Denmark,) and who walked in the procession at her majesty's funeral. 
May 13th 1619. Tiro estates of the fiimily were conveyed in 1728, by Anne, 
sole heiress of Percival Hart of Lullingston Esq. to her husband, Sir Thomas Dyke 
Bart, ancestor of the present Sir Percival Hart Dyke Bart. 

{*) This was a commission issued by the archbishop to enquire into the value of 
the three rectories, previous to the renewal of a lease. — W, 

In the year 1616 an inquisition of survey of these rectories was made by Arch- 
bishop Abbot, and the information obtained for his Grace, by individuals, some of 
them apparently unconnected with the localities, was extremely meagre and imper- 
fect. The inhabitants of Blackburn, the following year, addressed a memorial to 
the Archbishop, requesting that all the commons and heath '^ belonging to the 
town" might be enclosed, which request was inconsiderately granted without the 



64 THE JOURNAL OF 

Oct. 4. Brother Sherborne^ with cooz. Baiinester^(i) to Calwedg^ 
to Sir Rich. Fleetwood, ab* some money owing by Sir R'» father to 
my Ladye. 

just rights of the co-owner of the manor heing properly recognized and defended. 
Leases were renewed, and compositions allowed by the Archbishop with a magnani- 
moas disregard of his own interests, or those of the see. There does not appear to 
have been any fraudulent intention on the part of the primate's agents ; but they 
were clearly incompetent men, and ignorant of the yalue of the property belonging 
to their employer. Amongst those who benefited by this culpable ignorance were 
the Asshetons of Whalley, who obtained a demise of the rectoiy on Tory &Tourable 
terms. The conditions, however, were illegal, and afterwards on possessing mora 
accurate information on the subject. Archbishop Laud vigorously defended the 
rights of his see, and proved the leases to be null and void. Of this the Asshetons 
bitterly complained, (see HUL of WhalUy, p. 244,) and unjustly attributed their 
supposed wrongs and losses to this great prelate. — See Lane. M88. vol zi. pp. 206, 
229, from the Lambeth Library. It is not improbable that the future hostility of 
the Asshetons to the Church and King, was aggravated, if not occasioned, by these 
unfortunate proceedings, which, wherever they occur, destroy the usefulness of the 
individual who has had the moral courage to stand forward in vindication of the 
rights of the Church, and, unhappily, do not generally promote the cause of religion. 
Dr. Johnson had in his mind's eye events like these when he uttered in stately verse 
the following melancholy truths : 

^ Nor deem, when Learning her last prise bestows, 
The glittering eminence exempt from woes : 
See, when the vulgar 'scape, despis'd, or aw'd. 
Rebellion's vengeful talons seize on Laud, 
From meaner minds ; though smaller fines content, 
The plnnder'd palace or sequester'd rent. 
Marked out by dangerous parts he meets the shock. 
And fatal Learning leads him to the block ! 
Around his tomb let Art and Genius weep. 
But hear his death, ye blockheads, hear and sleep !" 
(1) I suppose this to have been Bannister of Altham. Colvdck, the seat of this 
branch of the Fleetwoods, was in Staffordshire. — W, 

Christopher Banastre was not of Altham, but was the second son of William 
Banastre of Banke Esq. and Christian, daughter of BAlph Assheton of Great Lever 
Esq. and therefore cousin of the journalist. His wife was Joane, daughter of Alex- 
ander Standish of Duxbuiy Esq. and widow of Mr. Clayton of Crooke. On a brass 
plate in Garstang church is (or was lately) the following inscription : 

''Here lyeth interred the Bodye of Christopher Banastre late of Preston in 
Amundemesse Esquir, sometyme Vice Chancellor of the Countie Palatyne of Lan- 
caster for the space of 27 Yeares, the Kinges Majesties Attorney General &. one 
of his Migesties Justices of the Peace Sl Quorum & of Oyer &. Terminer, in the 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 55 

Sunday, 6. Church : pson preached. Mr. Tho. Houghton, ten 
days since, gave up stewardship in Bolland. Mr. Chr. Parkinson 
chosen steward, and Mr. Wm. Houghton had charge of ye game 
as bruted.(*) 

saide Gountie, Baron of the Exchequer at Lancaster, Steward of the Borough of 

Preston &, Recorder of the Corporation of Lancaster, who after he had liyed 74 

Yeares, departed this Ljfe at Catteral upon Thursday the 14th of June A.c. 1649. 

Sunt nisi prsmissi quos periisse putas. 

Hodie mihi eras tibi.*' 

On a second brass : 

'*Heare lyeth the Bodie of Joane Banastre, Widow, Relict of Christopher 
Banastre E^uire, who after she had Yertuouslie & piouslye lived seventie five 
Yeares, dyed at Catteral, upon Tuesday, the 2dd of November a.d. 1669, & was 
buryed upon Fry day the 26th of the same month. 

Esto fidelis usque ad mortem 
£t dabo tibi coronam vita." 

Sir Richard Fleetwood of Calwieh Abbey was created a baronet 29th June 1611, 
and was the first of his family who migrated from Lancashire into Staffordshire. 
His father was Thomas Fleetwood of Peuwortham Esq. who married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Sir Richard Sherborne of Stonyhurst Knt. and Maud his wife, daughter of 
Sir Richard Bold of Bold Knt. The baronetcy expired with Sir Thomas Fleetwood 
in January 1780. 

(^) That is, the deputy stewardship. Sir Richard Molyneaux was, at this time, 
the principal. — W. 

Mr. William Hoghton was the second son of Thomas Hoghton Esq. slain at 
Lea, 32 Eliz, He had an estate at Grimsargh, and married Grace, natural daughter 
of Sir Richard Sherborne by Isabel Wood. — See pp. 7, 15. 

Mr. Thomas Hoghton was the third son of the same unfortunate gentleman, and 
obtained a good estate at Pendleton in right of his wife, Katherine, daughter and 
coheiress of John Hoghton Esq. Mr. Thomas Hoghton had four daughters, his 
coheiresses. 

Christopher Parkinson Gent, was the younger son of Ralph Parkinson of 
Fairsnape, in the forest of Bleasdale, Gent, and his wife, Grace, daughter of Robert 
Shttttleworth of Hacking Esq. through which marriage the fomily became con- 
nected with the Hoghtons of Pendleton. Robert Parkinson of Fairsnape (rent, the 
elder brother of Christopher, married first, September 4th 1606, Mary, daughter of 
Jerome Assheton Gent, whose father was Ralph, fourth son of Sir Richard Assheton 
of Middleton Knt. and his wife, Ann, daughter of Sir Thomas Strickland. She died 
April 7th 1611. He married secondly, 11th November 1616, Ann, (she ob. 21st 
November 1623,) daughter of George Singleton of Stayning and his wife, Mary, one 
of the coheiresses of John Hoghton of Pendleton Esq. the other coheiress having 
married Thomas Hoghton, (brother of Sir Richard Hoghton of Hoghton Bart.) 
who now vacated the office of deputy steward of Bowland in favour of his nephew's 

K 



66 THE JOUUNAL OF 

Oct. 6. Clitheroe. Steward Nutter(^) kept Leet, Hallmot^ and 
Wapontake^ all of a day. Not soe kept in man's memory affore. 

Oct. IQ. Hunted in the forest. Mr. Wm. Houghton gave 
fnendlie entertainment and contentment. 

Oet. 22. My bro. Anderton was at Houghton upon a oomm<^ 
from the Kynge to view the Allome-mynes. 

Oct. 27. A hunting. Found no fox : killed a hare. 

Oct. 29. Riding to Worston. Bro. Houghton and coz. Henry 
hanking ; lost their hauke. 

Nov. 1. Clitheroe. Ther Talbot, («) Bashal, and Rob. Radclif, of 
Preston. Staid with them awhile. Sp. ixrf. — Nov. 2. Sunday. 
Pson preached. To EvK Prayer. Sp. iirf. — Nov. 3. P'son cam 
to dynner, and Mr. Leigh, Mr. Fetherston, Pson of Bentham. — 

brother. — Visit. Lane. 1613, Coll. A rtn. Christopher ParkinBon left suryiying issue, 
(see p. 69,) and his immediate descendant, Mr. Christopher Parkinson, by will dated 
8th July 1702, deyised Unds at Hazlehurst in Bieasdale to Biehard Parkinson 
and others, in trust for the endowment of Admarsh chapel, and a school there, and 
for the use of the poor of Bieasdale for eyer. Of this ancient and beneyolent family, 
which appears to have supplied, generation after' generation^ a son to senre at the 
altars of the Church, is the Rey. Canon Parkinson, who presides with distinguished 
ability oyer the Theological College of St. Bees, and the remembrance of whose 
judicious counsels in past years will always be fondly cherished by at least one 
grateful pupil. 

(*) Nutter, of Pendle Forest, was deputy many years. — W, 

The Nutters of Pendle Forest were a wide spreading family, and as none of them 
bore arms, or attended the Heralds' yisitations, it is difficult to identify them. The 
learned Editor of ^ Potts' Discoyerie of Witches in the Countie of Lancaster," has 
shown the descent of that branch of the Nutters which became implicated in 
demonology. — Notes, pp. 20, 21. But the deputy steward here mentioned was 
descended from John Nutter, Hying in Pendle Forest 15 and 34 Elizabeth, and who 
had two sons, Ellis and Richard, the latter of whom died ante 44 Elizabethy leaving, 
by Ellen his wife, (who married Mr. Nicholas Duxbury 44 Elizabeth,) two sons, 
William and James, and two daughters, Margaret, the wife of Mr. Pollard, and 
Ellen, the wife of John Smith. Ellis Nutter was the deputy steward, and probably 
an attorney. — Lane. MSS, vol. Misc. 

(*) Sir Thomas Talbot. Robert Radcliife was a younger son of Robert Radcliffe 
of Rochdale, attomey-at-law, and the brother of Samuel Radcliife D.D. principal of 
Brasenose College Oxford. Robert Radcli£fe jun. married, and had a daughter, 
Ann Radcliife, baptized at Rochdale 23d Juue 16^22, and on the 8th October 1623 
** Robert Radclyife Gent." was buried within the church of Rochdale. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 67 

Nov. 4. Downe to the water : Dick killed a mallard and a duck 
at one shoote ; Sherborne killed a water ousle^ 2 pigeons^ and a 
thrash. — Nov. 5. Gunpowder Treason^ twelve years sinee^ should 
have beene ; but God's mercie and goodness delivered us firom the 
snare of divelish invention. (*) To church; pSon preached : dyned 
p'sonage. — Nov. 9. Sunday. To church. Pgon preached excel- 
lently. Home. Afternoon, church. — Nov, 12. Martin, Ryley, 
and Carr, cam into the hall to us with ale. — Nov. 14. Bro. 
Sherborne went to tV Arrope and Skelfshaw Fells with gunues ; 
shott at a morecock,(2) struck feathers off, and missed. — Nov. 15. 
On hill above Walloper Well, shott two young hinds; psently comes 
the keeper and broke the other deere, had the skin and a shoulder, 
and V*. and said hee would take noe notice.{^) — Nov. 18. Down- 
ham ; had a faire course w*^ a haire — Nov. 19! Worston. To 
the Warren w^ my father; sawe ye deare, 28 in all. — Nov. 23. 
Sunday. To church ; P^n preached. — Nov. 24. To Downham, 
by HarropweU. Had some sport at Moorgame with my piece, but 
killed not. — Nov. 25. St. Katharine's Day.(*) To Downham. 

(1) It is clear that Nicholas Assheton owned no divided allegiance, and cared little 
for the dungeons of St. Ang^lo or the grated cella of the Inquisition. His opinions on 
this subject are doubtless embodied in the now rare sermon of his friend Leigh, the 
eloquent rector of Standish, preached on the 5th November 1606, and styled " Great 
Britaines Great Deliverance from the Great Danger of Popish Powder.'' The 
rector, Abdias, was not a feeble and faithless assertor of his principles, and would 
have considered all the foundations of the earth to be out of course could he have 
fbreseen the time when the services of this memorable day would be discontinued, 
and the day itself abolished as a state holiday. ^ God grant," says Bishop Sander- 
son, in one of his matchless sermons, ^ that neither we, nor ours, ever live to see 
November the fifth forgotten or the solemnity of it silenced !" 

(*) No shooting flying till many years after* — W. 

(>) That is, dispersed the deer. The skin, shoulder, and five shillings, were the 
price of the keeper's conscience. — W, 

(*) It is very singular that a Puritan should sometimes refuse the title of saint to 
the apostles, and bestow it upon St. Katharine ; and still more so, that he should 
think some degree of temperate festivity due to her day. — W, 

On examining the act books of the bishops of Chester I found that many persons in 
this reig^,both clergy and laity, were cited to appear before the Consistory Court, and 
in some instances fined, for omitting to observe the festivals and fasts of the Church. 
One man was "a continuall worker uppon holydayes," another was ''alwaies absente 



68 THE JOURNAL OF 

Theran exercise. ToWorston. Tom Starkie, fee. verie merry, and 
well all. All at supper. Wee were all temperately pleasant, as in 
the nature of a festivall day. — Nov. 29. Clitheroe, Ad. Wh. shot 
W. Walbank at x score in the long bowe for xx«. shold have shott 
with steel bowes, but Walbank had broke his string.(') — Nov. 80. 
St. Andrew. Church. PSon preached. 

att seirice dales/* a third did not " reade on Litanio dales in his ebappell,'* and the 
depositions proved first, that the dally service was not used in parish churchesy and 
next, that prayers were read only on the festivals, and that the litany alone was osed 
on Wednesdays and Fridays. The want of a congregation seems often to have heen 
experienced, and was urged as an excuse hy the clergy for the omission of the ser- 
vices. See the Bishop of Chester's Charge to his Clergy in 1844, p. 38. Mr. Asshe- 
ton was not required by the Church to observe St. Katharine's day ; but the Exercise 
having fallen upon It, he was apparently glad to have a pretext to make himself and 
his friends '^temperately pleasant," although the Lord Keeper Williams styled, and 
Master Nicholas probably deemed, the Exercise, "^ayiy nourishmente.'' It appears 
from this Journal that sermons were sometimes preached on saints' days by the 
rector, Abdias Assheton ; but the usage was not general ; and although the Purl- 
tans were constantly deploring the deficiency of ministers and the scantiness of 
preachers, they strongly objected to the observance of these pious commemorations, 
on what ground it would be difficult to say, except that they were enjoined by 
authority. Well was it observed by those great men who revised our Prayer Book, 
that ''we know it Impossible (in such variety of apprehensions, homours, and 
interests as are in the world) to please all ; nor can we expect that men of factious, 
peevish, and perverse spirits should be satisfied with any thing that can be done in 
this kind by any other than themselves : yet we have good hope, that what is here 

presented will be well accepted and approved by all sober, peaceable, and 

truly conscientious sons of the Church of England'*. — Preface to the Prayer Bonk, 
Q) Archery had long been a favourite amusement with the English. In 5 
Edward lY . an act had passed that butts should be made in every township, at 
which the inhabitants should shoot up and down every feast day, under the penalty 
of a hal^enny when they should omit the exercise, and every Englishman was re- 
quired to have a bow of his own height ^ of yew, wyeh, haxel, ashe, or awbome," — 
steel is not included. In 3 Henry VIII. all but the clergy and judges were enjoined 
to shoot at butts to keep up the knowledge of the art. These butts, says Sir 
Harris Nicolas, were mounds of earth erected for the purpose of a taiget, against 
which arrows were shot — in the text the distance is " x score" paces, probably two 
hundred feet. Sir Samuel B. Meyrlck says, that John Bingham, in his Notes 
upon the Tactics of ^lian, published in 1616, p. 26, speaks most highly of the bow, 
and its superiority to the musket : and acquainted as he was with both, it may be 
as well to insert his own words : ^ I may not pretermitte the praise of our nation in 
this skill. Our own stories testify that the great battailes we gayned against the 



NICHOLAS A88HETON. W 

Dec. 3. Went to the steward^ Mr. Ftunson. Somewhat to 
basic w*^ drink. — Dec. 7. To church. PSon preached. To Down- 
ham. Met P. ; borrowed xxx/. of him, and mad a bargain w*^ 
him to have cL and pay him xl, a year for x years, and if his two 
children die w^^^ that tyme goe away w*^ the cZ. — Dec. 23. To 
Howe Moore, and killed ther 3 heath cockes. — Dec. 24. I, my 
wyffe, and Fogg, to Whalley, to kepe Christmas with my Cooz. 

Assheton. — Dec. 25. Festus nativitatis Chariss mei. 

At Whalley; the vicker, Mr. Ormerod, preached. (>) — St. Steven. 

French were gained by the joynt shooting of oar archers principallj. And that the 
English have heretofore excelled in archery and shooting is cleare by the testimony 
even of strangers." He afterwards adds, <*all the wonders done by the Parthian 
bowes were notwithstanding not to be compared to our aoncient English bowes, 
either for strength or for shooting. I speake not this to abase the service of mus* 
kets, which all men mast acknowledge to be great ; I only shewe, there may be 
good use of bowes, if our archers were such as they were wont, which is not to be 
despaired, and will easily come with exercise.*' — Grit, Enquiry into Ancient Ar- 
mour, vol. ii. pp. 68, 69, 2d edit. fol. 1842. 

(1) Mr. Peter Ormerod, vicar of Whalley, probably of the family of Ormerod. 
He died in 1630 [1631-2] very suddenly, as his interment is entered in the Register 
on the fifth day after two entries in his own hand. — W. 

Dr. Whitaker, speaking of the vicars of Whalley, observes, ** I strongly suspect 
Ormerod to have been a son of the parent house of Ormerod in Cliviger. He con- 
stantly resided, and appears to have done his own duty. Every entry in the Register 
from 1605 to 1631 is in his own hand."— Hm^. of Whalky, p. 151, 8d. ed. In the first 
edition of this history, Peter Ormerod's name is inserted in the pedigree of the Orme- 
rods of Ormerod, but is omitted in a subsequent edition, and properly so, as he was not 
immediately of that house. His will was unknown both to Dr. Whitaker, and Mr. 
Ormerod, the historians. It is dated Whalley, the 22d January 1631, was proved in 
the Consistory Court of Chester, and does not contain the usual confession of faith. 
The testator gives the rents of his lands at Haslingden to his brother, Oliver Ormerod 
of Gramblesyde, during his life, and the reversion of these lands to Henry, son of hia 
brother, John Ormerod deceased. He gives to Oliver, Richard, John, George, 
Henry, Peter, and Laurence, sons of his sister, Margaret Ormerod, [of Lenches,] 
zx* each ; to the poor of eight townships contriboting to the repairs of Whalley 
parish church, xl**, and towards the repairs of Whalley church x^^. He appoints for 
his executors John Crombach of Wiswall, ** Mr. Holker of Read Gent." and James 
Collinge of Billinge, and gives them xx! each for their trouble. On the 3d March 
1631-2, Mr. Thomas Warriner, << preacher att Castle in Clitheroe," John Burton- 
wood, preacher of Padiham, Richard Bullough, preacher of Langoe, and another, 
appraised his goods and made an inventory of them, amongst which were ** M88. 



70 THE JOURNAL OF 

Word came that Sir Ric. Assheton was verie dangerously sicke. — 
Dec. 27. St. John's Day. I with my Cooz. Assheton to Midleton. 
Sir Bic. had left his speche^ and did not knowe a man. Had not 
spoken since morning. His extremeties began two or three days 
since. He depted verie calmly ab* eight at night. No extraordi- 
nary sorrow^ 'cause his death was soe apparent in his sickness. 
Presently upon his death ther was enquiring after his Will, which 
was shewed by Mr. John Greenhalgh, of Brandlesome, and Sir 
Ric" second son Ralph Assheton, who, with my lady, were Exors, 
and Cooz. Assheton, of Whalley, Supvisor. My now Cooz. 
Assheton, of Midleton, Ric. began to demand the keyes of the 
gates,(>) and of the studie for the evidence, and to call for the plate, 

and bookes, Talaed at ziii!*>" and from the extraordinary number of persons, of 
all ranks, who were indebted to him in various sums of money, he was assuredly an 
inveterate money lender, and, I fear a liUU of an usurer, 

'^ admiring more 
The riches of heaven's pavement, trodden gold. 
Than aught divine or holy." 
Amongst the debts which were considered ''desperat," is — ^^Mr. Nicholas Assheton 
late of Downham, zls '' the author of this journal ! (see Aug, 26, p. 52,) who, like 
Sheridan, appears to have ** kept no &ith with creditors." 

(*) The old house was a quadrangle, and might be completely locked up. This is 
a very curious family scene. — W, 

Middleton Hall was a timber-built house, surrounding two spacious courts, and 
approached by bridges over a moat. The great entrance hall was described about 
the year 1770 or 1771, as ''resembling a ship turned upside down," from which it 
might appear that it had rested upon crooks, and was probably built in Edwardian 
times by the Middletons, the then manorial owners. This ancient hall was hung 
round with two or three hundred heavy matchlocks, with buff leather coats, and 
some half suits of armour, which have all been removed and dispersed within living 
memory. Some of this armour is now in the collection of my friend G«oige Shaw, 
of St. Chad's, Saddleworth, Esq. and the matchlock, rest, and halbert, are of the 
time of Queen Elizabeth. Not a vestige of this memorable old house remains. It 
was demolished in 1845, and a cotton factory now stands upon the site, being another 
instance of an old estate engulphed in ''the modem vortex" of Lancashire. 

Sir Richard Assheton was bom in 1557, and in 1579, shortly after he had at- 
tained his majority, was appointed sheriff of Lancashire, which office he afterwards 
filled three times, viz. in 1593, 1598, and 1607. He was also a deputy lieutenant of 
the county. He married first, in 1576, whilst a minor, Mary, daughter of Sir John 
Byron of Clayton Knt. by whom he had issue, Richard Assheton, his successor. He 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 71 

uppon cause his brother John had some part in them. Ther were 
some likeness of present falling out of him and the exors, which 
certainly had bene had not my Cooz. Assheton^ of Whalley^ soe 

married secondly, Mary, daughter of Robert Holte of Ashworth Esq. and relict of 
Thomas Greenhalgh of Brandlesome Esq. The latter left at his death in 1598, a 
son, John Greenhalgh, one of the executors of his step fftther, a prudent and saga- 
cious, though at this time a young man, (see p. 5.) Sir Richard died on the 27th 
December 1617, aged sixty years, and was buried in his chapel within Middleton 
church. He was knighted at the coronation of James I. 

His eldest son, Richard Assheton Esq. (bom in 1577,) lived, during his father's 
life time, at Mostyn Hall near Manchester, and Blackley Hall near Middleton, and 
married Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Venables, Baron of Kinderton, a lady of 
exemplary piety, and of great domestic rirtue. He died November 7th 1618, the 
year after his father, his will being dated in June of that year, and was buried on 
the 19th of November 1618, at Middleton, aged forty-one. He is described as 
having been a person of great piety, prudence, and learning. 

Sir Richard's second son, Ralph Assheton, was the issue of his second marriage, 
and was the ancestor of the Asshetons of Kirkby, in Cleveland. He is styled 
** Master of Arts" in his father's will, and was probably designed for holy orders. 
John Assheton, mentioned in the text, and also in his father's will, does not 
occur in the pedigrees, but was baptized at Middleton December 2l8t 1582; and 
in the will of Robert Holte of Ashworth Esq. dated 19th December 1608, are 
legacies of v* in gold to ** Richard Assheton Elsquier and to John Assheton Gent, his 
brother," and to testator's ^ cousin Thomas Holt Gent, servant to Mr. Richard 
Assheton ;" also ''to my right worshipful father-in-law Sir Richard Assheton, and 
to my loving sister the Lady Mary his wife, x! apiece in gold, to bee made into rings 
in remembrance of mee." 

Mr. Greenhalgh had subdued the petty dissatisfactions and exaggerated expect- 
ations of his mother, ** my lady," and restored a good feeling amongst the various 
members of the old knight's family. He was therefore appointed an executor, along 
with his grandfather, Robert Holte Esq. of the will of Richard Assheton, his half 
brother, and proved the same at Chester. Mr. Greenhalgh appears to have lived 
at Middleton and Ashworth about this time, and several of his children were bap- 
tised and buried in the parish church. In the dispensation for his marriage with 
Alice, daughter of the Rev. William Massie of Wilmslow, dated January 30th 
1608-9, and granted by the court of Chester on the application of Thomas Holte of 
Middleton Gent, he is described as ** John Greenhalgh of the parish of Middleton 
Gent." This lady was interred in Bury church June 4th 1620, her infant son, 
Robert, having been buried there on the 16th of May. He married secondly, at 
Ashworth chapel, December 8th 1620, Mary, daughter of William Assheton of 
^^SSf ^^^ widow of Richard Holte Esq. She was baptized at Rochdale, February 
2d. 1588-9, and was ultimately the coheiress of her two brothers, Theophilus and 
William Assheton Esquires. Mr. Greenhalgh married thirdly, Alice, daughter of 



72 THE JOURNAL OF 

as was litel or noe discord. The reason was former un- 

kinduess between Sir Ric. and his sonn^ to which Sir Bic. was 
moved by my lady, and thos that were of her faccon : but nowe all 
well, praysed be God, which I praye God to continue. — Dec. 28. 
Sunday. Innocents. To church. PS of Midleton preached: 
Text, 1 Thess. i. 9. To Chatterton(i) to dinner w^ my aunt 
Assheton. — Dec. 29. Exors, Heir and my Cooz. Assheton in the 
studie all daye, and ther well all things sett straight. Walbank 
and Adam shott in long bowe. — Dec. 30. To Whalley ward. 
Had young Mr. Holden's(2) company to Haslingden. Staid all 

George ChAderton of Lees Hall, near Oldham, Gent, the near kinsman of Laurence 
Chaderton, one of the translators of the English Bible. 

(^) Which then belonged to another branch of the Asshetons. — FT. 

These Asshetons were descended from Edmund, second son of Sir Thomas Asshe- 
ton of Ashton-under-Lyne. He married Joanna, daughter and coheiress of Richard 
Biidcliffe, and obtained Chadderton ^ur^ uxoris. 

His descendant in the fifth generation was James Assheton Esq. who married 
first, Dorothy, daughter and coheiress of Sir Robert Langley of Agecroft ; but she 
dying s.p. he married secondly, Ann, daughter of John Talbot of Gate House Esq. 
son of Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall Knt. and dying without issue in 15 — ^ his relict 
married Ralph Assheton of Great Lever Esq. (uncle of the journalist,) whose first 
wife had been Johanna, daughter (and not ** widow," as printed in the Assheton 
pedigree in the HUt. of WhaUeyy p. 245) of Edward Radcliffe of Todmorden, and 
coheiress of her mother, Cicely, daughter of Thomas RaddyiFe of Wimberley or 
Wimmersley Esq. Mrs. Ann Assheton, on the death of her second husband, 
resided at Chadderton, which had been devised to her by her first husband, but 
she died at Stannicliffe Hall, near Middleton, an aged woman, in 1633, baying had 
no issue by either husband. 

(*) Of Holden Hall, near Haslingden.— TT. 

*' Young Mr. Holden" was Robert Holden Esq. bom in 1602, and married in 
1628, Mary, daughter of Alexander Chorley of Lincoln's Inn Esq. and by indenture 
dated 20th January 16 Car. (1640) settled Ids estates, reserving to himself power 
to charge them with £20 a year for a jointure, and with j£240 for his younger child- 
ren or for the payment of his debts. Before the 3d October 1655 he had vacated 
Holden Hall in favour of his son and heir, Ralph Holden, and resided at Duck- 
worth, being then in the commission of the peace. He appears to have been an 
austere man, and on bad terms with his family. His wife, who had been bom and 
educated a Roman Catholie, died in Manchester, April 10th 1662, and the body 
being conveyed to Holden, was buried with great funeral solenmity on the 14th 
April, at Haslingden, Mr. Henry Newcome preaching to a large conjugation, 
fix>m Psalm vi. 8, 9. The preacher records, in his MS. Diary, **1 was out of 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 73 

iright at Abbey ; verie merrieall w^ dancing. (*) — Dec. 31. To the 
shoteiug. 

Jan. 1. At Whalley. PSon Abdy Assheton pched. — Jan. 2. 
A foule ranie day : noe sturring, — Jan. 3. A hunting with Cooz. 
Assheton^ Ric. Sherborne, &c. With Cooz. Braddyll to Portfield ; 

eoneeit of the sabjeet, bat the Lord was pleased merciftilly to help me with it, 
and, though weary at night, yet I was pretty well." Mr. Holden was living 
in 1663. Dr. Whitaker states that ^ he was the first Protestant in the family, 
for which reason his father left the estate of Kelke to charitable uses, Holden 
and Duckworth being settled.'' — //m^. WhalUy, ^, 419, And yet the Dr. has 
recorded on the face of the very meagre pedigree, that ** Thomas Holden, monk of 
Whalley, and afterwards curate of Haslingden, was living there in 1574.*' There is 
some reason to conclude that Mr. Robert Holden was opposed to the Presbyterians, 
although his wife had become a sealous convert. 
(') While the corpse of their near relation, Sir Rich. Assheton, lay unburied! 

Dancing, with all other sports and public recreations, was held in abhorrence by 
the strict Puritans at this time. The new court favourite, Villiers, being an 
excellent dancer, brought the amusement into fashion ; and yet Mr. Bruen, when 
a boy, was somewhat addicted to it, although ''when asked in his riper age of 
the time of his calling, and of his conversion when it first began, his usual answer 
was, * Even of a child, little.' " But it would be a grievous injustice to Mr. Hinde 
to withhold his racy description of John Bruen's infantile amusement when he was 
sent by his parents, in his tender years, for want of a schoolmaster at home, to his 
uncle Dutton's of Dutton, to be trained by that immortalised pedagogue James Roe. 
** There, and then, by occasion of musitians and a chest of viols kept in the house, 
he was drawn by desire and delight into the dancing schoole, where he profited so 
well in that kinde of youthfull activity, that he did not only please himselfe too 
much, but his parents also much more than was meet, with those tricks of vanity. 
So he termeth those exercises himself, and yet (saith hee) they were held commend- 
able in those dayes of ignorance. Vensna non dantur, nisi mslU eircunUitay et 
vitia non dMipiunty nisi sub speeis umbraqus virtutum, Poysons are not given, 
but sweetened with honey, and vices doe not deceive, but under the shew and shadow 
of vertue. Sober and single dancing of men apart, and women apart, hath had his 
use, and praise also, not only among the heathen, but amongst the people of God, 
when by the nimble motions and gestures of the body they have expressed the great 
joyes of their hearts, for some good of their owne, or to set forth (rod's glory. But 
mixt dancing of men and women hath ever beene held, both of the ancient fathers 
within the church, and of the best authors that ever wrote amongst the heathen 
without, to bee utterly unlawfuU, sinfuU, shamefull, camall, sensuaU, and divellish 
as hateftiU unto God, as hurtful! unto men. The greater was God's mercy to pre- 
serve this young gentleman, intsr tot UUc^ras peccandi d, eontapions peeeati." 

L 



74 THE JOURNAL OF 

eat, drunk wine, and was merrie, and to the field again. Walbank 
and Adam shot in the Florentine. (*) Adam's string broke. — Jan. 
5. Clitheroe. Dyned at Adams ; Mr. Michael Lister, Mr. Lam- 
bert, and divers from Waddow{2). — Jan. 6. Twelfth-day. At night 

(') Qu. Whether the Florentine were a species of cross-bow f — W, 

Dr. Wbitaker's coi\)eetare is corroborated by an authority which, on all pointa con- 
nected with ancient armour, must be considered supreme, and from which few per- 
sons would feel at liberty to appeal. My learned friend Sir Samuel R. Meyrick 
considers that the word " Florentine'* here used refers to a crossbow of the prodd 
kind, that is, one which cast bullets, and, as it was used for hunting, of the smaller 
sort. At Groodrich Court there are several specimens, Florentine and Venetian, and 
some of them have been engraved by Skelton, from drawings by Sir Samuel Mey- 
rick. The deer were driyen by men armed with these small prodds, which were 
carried on horseback, as is still the case in Grermany, where the prodd has been 
supplanted by a rifle. When the trigger was pulled, the little bow carried the 
bullet with the force of a pistol. Mr. Assheton's abbreviated mode of describing 
the bow is still in common use, and no general rule can be laid down on the applica- 
tion of an adjective formed from the name of a place. Hence, in our vulgar diction^ 
" Hollands" is the name of a strong liquor, from that country ; ** Brussels," for car- 
pets of that place, or in imitation of them ; ** Hamburgh," for sheeting ; " Holland," 
for shirting ; '* a Savannah," for a cigar ; and many other provincialisms of a similar 
kind might be adduced, as well as the " Florentine" for a bow originally brought 
from Florence. 

In plate zlvi. of Sir Samuel Meyrick's ^ Critical Enquiry into Ancient Armour," 
is a representation of a crossbow-man and his paviser, showing in what manner the 
former was protected by the latter. The man with the arbalest wears the jacque, 
or jacket, and the party-coloured clothes. — Vol. ii. p. 115, 2d edit. 1842. 

There is in the museum of the Society of Antiquaries, ** a small cross-bow, used 
for shooting bullets, and called a prodd, or arbaUU ajaUt, It is of dark coloured 
wood, inlaid with ivory curiously engraved, and was found on Flodden Field in 1773. 
Presented to the Society by the Rev. Dr. King." — Csto/. of Antiquili^M ^e, ofths 
Soc. of Antiq. of London, by Albert Way Esq. F.S.A. p. 26, 1847. 

(') Then the property and occasional residence of the Tempests of Bracewell. 
—IT. 

Michael Lister was the seventh son of Sir William Lister of Thornton, in 
Craven, and younger brother of Sir Matthew Lister M J), physician in ordinary to 
Queen Anne of Denmark, and afterwards to Charles I., and who died at the age of 
ninety-two, " an instance of a constitution which either needed not the aids of his 
own Faculty, or proved their efficacy." In a letter to his mother at Overthorpe, 
near Wakefield, dated Gray's Inn, London, June 21st 1616, Mr. (afterwards Sir 
Greorge) Radcliffe says, ** Dr. Lyster is comminge downe if any of you want his 
advice. I pray you send him a capon or somewhat, for I may have use of him here- 
after." — Sir George Radcliffe's Comisp. p. 1 16. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 75 

8ome companie from Reead came a Mu]uming(^); was kiudly takeu: 
but they were but Mummers. — Jan. 7. Pack, rag, all away. — 

Mr. Lambert was probably the father of John Lambert of Carlton Esq. who, on 
the 10th September 1639, married Frances Lister, sister of the above gentleman, 
and afterwards became the celebrated parliamentarian general. At Eshton Hall, 
in Craven, is a fine portrait, in armour, of Major General Lambert, attributed to 
the well known Robert Walker. The expression of the eyes is soft and melancholy, 
and the military courage and sagacity for which he was celebrated, and which 
Cromwell feared, are not conspicuous features. There is, however, nothing of the 
popular incendiary or aspiring leveller to be traced in the handsome countenance of 
this rigid censor of royalty. 

(*) We hear so little of the NowelU in this journal, that I suspect them to have 
been on no intimate terms with the Asshetous. These mummings were rude mas- 
querades, in which I remember the young people of respectable families to have 
gone about at Christmas. They were mere pantomimes, whence the name. — W, 

^ Dancing, masking, and mumming are reasonable recreations, if they be not at 
unseasonable hours.'* — Burton's AmU* of M^lanch, p. 349. Mummer signifies a 
masker, one disguised under a vizard, from the Danish mumme or Dutch momme^ 
''The disguisyng and mummyngthat is used in Chrystemas tyroe in the northe 
partes came out of the feastes of Pallas that were done with visors and painted 
visages, named Quinquatria of the Bomaynes." — Langley's Polydore Vergily fol. 
103. 

Mumming is a sport of this festive season, which consists in changing clothes 
between men and women, who, when dressed in each other's habits, go from one 
neighbour's house to another, partaking of Christmas cheer and making merry with 
them in disguise. — Brand's Popular Antiq. by Sir Henry Ellis, vol. i. pp. 250-1-2. 

Indecorous as it must appear to us, and extraordinary in James 1. who had been 
educated a rigid Presbyterian by Buchanan, the friend of Calvin and Beza, these 
mummers, who appeared in masks, were so popular at Court, that even when the 
Twelfth Day fell on Sunday, their ribaldry and buffoonery were in requisition. — 
See Nichols' Progr§sses of King Jamet I. vol. ii. pp. 162-3. The indiscretion and 
profaneness of the King must have been revolting to the Puritans, and the proceed- 
ings at Court might, if anything could, reconcile us to their morose habits and 
gloomy views. King James, who had received the Holy Eucharist ou Christmas 
Day 1607, was desirous of having a Play acted at night, and when the lords in 
attendance, remembering the circumspect public conduct of their old mistress. 
Queen Elizabeth, told his mi^esty that it was not the fashion, he was displeased, and 
said, "J will make it a fashion." And on the Sunday following, January 14th 
1607-8, Ben Jonson's Masque of Beauty was performed at Whitehall. — See 
Nichols' Prog, James I. vol. ii. pp. 163-4. Nor was this a casual event. Ou Sunday 
19th January 1622-3, being twelfth-day, a masque was presented before the King and 
Prince Charles, and tumblers, jugglers, measures, braules, corrantos, and galliards, 
were all in high favour, which sports being ended, ** the masquers with the ladies 



7(y THE JOURNAL OF 

Jan. 9. Henry Dudley, the imbroyderer, came to work and teach. (') 
— Jan 14. I to Whalley. The Parson of Sladebome was gone 

did daunee two eoontry daunees." — Malone^s Hist, of ihs EnglUh Stays, quoted by 
Nichols, yol. iT. The King himself must baye been regarded by many of his loyal 
subjects as '* the Lord of Misrule.*' 

The Nowells seem to have kept up with spirit the festiye customs of ^ merrie 
Christmas/' from which some of their conyiyial ancestors are supposed to have 
derived both their surname and arms. — See Churton's Lif$ of Dsan NoweUj p. 1, 
note, Syo, 1809. On the death of Alexander Nowell of Read Hall Esq. in May 
1772, Read passed from the family, and the representation became Tested in the 
descendants of Alexander Nowell Esq. great uncle of the last owner. On the death 
of his grandson, Alexander Nowell Esq. M.P. of Underley Park, in the county of 
Westmoreland, and of Netherside in Craven, on the 17th November 1842, 8.p. his 
estates passed to his niece, Margaret, sole daughter and heiress of William Atkinson 
of Linton in Craven Esq. and his wife Rebecca, only daughter of Ralph Nowell of 
Coverhead in the county of York Esq. This lady married, on the 11th May 1842, 
the Rev. Josias Robinson M.A. rector of Alresford in the county of Essex, (see pp. 
10, 11,) and she and her issue assumed by sign manual, November 1st, 1843, the 
surname and arms of Nowell. Mrs. Nowell of Netherside is the eldest representa- 
tive of this ancient family. 

(1) Embroidery had been an accomplishment of the middle ages^ and was princi- 
pally employed in decorating ecclesiastical vestments and articles of church furniture. 
About the beginning of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, needlework was entirely 
disused for sacred purposes, and transferred to ornament the dresses of persons of 
rank and fortune. In the inventories of this and the next reign embroidered 
dresses are frequently named. Thus in Lord Clifford's inventory, taken at Sldpton 
Castle in 1572 : 

" Item, one dublet of cremesyn vellvett, embrothered with gold, and lyned with 
lynnynge cloth, w'th a p'r hosen of crem' vellvett of the same embrothered. 

" Item, one dublett of whit sattan embrothered, embr'd with silv* and lyned with 
verey fyne lynnyne, and a p'r of hose of whit velvet suitable to the same. 

** Item, one old cote of tawney velvett, laid rounde with silv* lace." 

In the inventory of John Ilolte of 8tubley Esq. taken in 1622 : 

** It. a dunn hatte and fether. 

" It. one best dublett of purple embroythered with lace." 

The Court dresses on the marriage of the Princess Elizabeth (daughter of James 
I.) to the Count Palatine, afterwards King of Bohemia, in 1612-13, appear to have 
been unusually magnificent. ^ The Lady Wotton had a gown that cost £50 a yard 
the embroidering, and the Lord Montacute bestowed £16,000 in apparel for his two 
daughters." — Mr. Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton. 

Amongst the household refiners and servants of James I. was 'Hhe Embroyderer 
with a fee of £18. 58. Od. per ann." — Uopkinson's MSS. vol. vii. p. 54. 

Henry Dudley himself could scarcely have better explained the mode by which 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 11 

affore. I overtook him at Accrington^ and wee to Midleton w*** 
Cooz. Assheton came (sic) fix)m Leaver. I with him to aunt 
Asshetou to Chatterton. — Jan. 15. I had a black sent fix)m 
Midleton^ but because I heard my Cooz. Assheton had none, I sent 
word to Mr. Greenhalgh that they should give mine to Cousin 
Radcliffe.(^) Sir Ric. Assheton^s ftineral(2): a great company : I a 
mourner, in my own old cloke. PSon of Midleton, Mr. Assheton, 
preached, text 90 P». 12. Divers knightsp) and many gentlemen 
ther. All the gent" to Midleton to dinner. — Jan. 22. Cooz. Asshe- 

thiB beaatifdl kind of manual ingenuity was effected than the Bev. C. H. Hartshorae 
in the ArchcBol, Journal, toI. i. pp. 318 — 335 ; and a hope may be expresaed that 
the ancient and agreeable accomplishment of Engligh embroidery may again form 
an elegant and refined occupation for those spare hours which our fair country- 
women haTe of late years so toilsomely spent oyer the coarse materials and the 
tasteless patterns imported from Germany. 

(1) I suppose Radcliffe Assheton, first of Cuerdale.—TT. 

He was the second son of Raphe Assheton of Great Lever Esq. and his wife 
Joanna^ daughter of Edward Radcliffe of Todmorden Esq. He was bom in 1582, 
and married Elizabeth, daughter of John Hide, citizen and grocer of London. His 
direct descendant and representatiye is William Assheton of Downham Esq. 
Whitaker says that there is a good portrait of him at Downham, with the 
arms and quarterings of the family .—JETm^ WhaUey, p. 299, note. Brand mentions 
black as anciently, though not invariably, used at funerals. Anne Bullen wore 
yellow mourning for Catherine of Arragon, and Heniy VIII. wore white mourning 
for Anne BuUen.— ElUs's edit. vol. ii. p. 172. In the reign of James I. black cloth 
was given at Minerals, the quantity varying with the rank of the individual who 
received it. 

(3) Sir Richard Assheton died on the 27th December 161 7» and does not appear 
to have been buried, until the 15th January 1617-18, although the Register of 
Burials at Middleton contains the following record : ^ S! Richarde Assheton of 
Midleton Knighte, zxviii. Decemb^ 1617," which was neither the day of his death 
or burial. — Bee p. 70. A considerable time was allowed to elapse between a death 
and the interment of the body, in families of rank, at this period, to allow of the 
brewing of malt liquor and the preparation of the burial feast, which latter was 
conducted on an extensive and costly scale. Sometimes the body was interred soon 
after death, and the funeral obsequies celebrated afterwards. A month elapsed 
between the death and funeral of Prince Henry, and the wife of Sir Julius Csesar 
was kept unburied five weeks. These are remarkable instances of old customs. — 
Nichols' Royal Progre»sss of James I. vol. iii. p. 8. 

C) The order of knighthood was then very common ; but the Knights Bachelors 
have been eaten out by the Baronets ; and even of these, such is the scarcity of 



78 THE JOURNAL OF 

ton went on foot, ther being a frost, to see Sir Peter Midleton.(*) 
— Jan. 23. Justice Houlden,(2) Huthersal,^) and Mr. Sudall/(^) 

titles in this county, it would be impossible to assemble four in Lancashire, at pre- 
sent.— TT. 

(1) Of Midleton and Stokald.— W^. 

Sir Peter Midleton of Stockeld was knighted by James I. at the manor in York. 
He was son of Sir John, and father of Sir William, Midleton, Knts. and was sheriff of 
the city of York in 1618. He was the representative of a very ancient Yorkshire 
family, connected by marriage with the Towneleys of Towneley and Walmesleys of 
Dunkenhalgh. He married Mary, daughter and coheiress of David Ingleby, grand- 
son of William Ingleby of Ripley Esq. and died in 1645. The family failed in the 
male line in 1763, and is now represented by Peter Middleton of Stockeld Esq. son 
of William Haggerstone Constable Esq. who assumed the surname of Middleton on 
succeeding to the estate. 

(^) Of Holden, near Haslingden. The second of these personages is probably the 
same whom the writer afterwards calls '^ shuffling Jo. Huthersall.'* He was of 
Hothersall, near Ribchester. — W. 

Ralph Holden of Holden Esq. who married Mary, daughter of William Chorley 
of Chorley Esq. and was father of '* young Mr. Holden" before named. 

(*) The Hothersalls of Hothersall recorded a pedigree of three descents at Dugdale's 
Visitation in 1664. John, son and heir of Thomas Hothersall, married Margaret, 
daughter of Mr. James Wall of Moorside in Preston, and had issue a son, Thomas, 
bom 17th March 1643. In the pedigree of Walmesley of Dunkenhalgh (Lane. Ped. 

vol. ziii.) Mr. Hothersall of Hothersall appears to have married, before 26 Eliz, 

Alice, sister of Sir Thomas Walmesley, and had issue two sons, John and Thomas. 
At this time the family were accused of being ** obstinate recusants/' and probably 
never conformed. 

(*) The Sudalls were a family of respectability, though without possessing much 
landed property, as they do not occur in the post mortem inquisitions, nor did they 
appear at the Heralds' visitations. They were burgesses of Preston at an early period, 
and in 3 EdtD.Yl. William Sudall appears in the Duchy Court of Ldmcaster as 
defendant against Thomas Harrison, respecting lands in Fisherwick and Preston in 
Amoundemess. — Cal. Plead, vol. i. p. 238. And in 36 Elizabeth Richard Sudall ia 
defendant, along with Thomas Banastre, William Chetham, and others, against 
Elizabeth Banastre, suing in right of Honry Catterall, respecting mess, burgages, &.c. 
in Preston in Amoundemess. — Cat. Plead, vol. iii. p. 297. In the Preston Guild 
Roll of 24 Elizabeth^ 1581, there were recorded no fewer than twenty-four freemen, 
or their children, bearing the name of Sudall. In 1662 Alderman William Sudall 
registered at Preston his two sons, Nicholas and Roger, and his two grandsons, 
Roger and William, sons of Nicholas. Tlie grandson, Roger Sudall, was mayor of 
Preston in 1682, and Sir William Dugdale, in 1686, granted armorial bearings to 
him and his brother, the Rev. William Sudall, although no pedigree of the family 
was recorded in the College of Arms. The precise degree of connection between 



NICHOLAS AS8HET0N. 79 

tlie physical pothecar, came w*^ us to the Holt,(') ther staid and 
made merrie. — Jan. 25. Sunday. To Portfield. Cooz. Braddyll 
and I to Whalley. Cooz. Assheton gone before us to meet Sir 
John Talbot at Blakebome, and so to Curedale, thence to Waer- 
den.(2) Ther Mr. Famngdon. — Jan. 26. Self, Jo. Braddyll, Cooz. 

the SudaUs of Preston and Blackburn has not been discovered, though they were 
undoubtedly of the same stock. The Sudalls of Blackburn were amongst the early 
governors and benefactors of the Grammar School, and were also donors to the poor 
of the parish. John Sudall of Blackburn, merchant, bom about 1665, had two sons, 
William and Henry ; from the latter descended the SudeUs of Woodfold Park, 
living there in 1830. The elder son, William, died about 1734, leaving a son, John, 
(who predeceased his gprandfather, John Sudall, before 1738,) and two daughters, 
who became the coheiresses of their grandfather. Anne Sudall, the elder daughter, 
married, December 31st 1736, Thomas Johnson of Tyldesley Esq. sheriff of Lanca- 
shire in 1762, (being his first wife,) and dying in childbed November 20th 1739, st. 
twenty-three years, was buried in the Collegiate Church of Manchester, having left 
issue a sole child, Anne Johnson, bom in 1739, (oh. 1825,) and who married Charles 
Ford of Claremont in the county of Lancaster, and Abbeyfield in the county of Chester 
Esq. — See Ormerod's Hist, of Cheshire. Lydia Sudall, the other coheiress apparent 
of her grandfather, was bom about 1720, and was the first wife of Robert Gartside 
of Oakenrod and Manchester Esq. (bom about 1690.) She also died in childbed, 
leaving issue an only daughter, Jane Gartside, coheiress to her grandfather, William 
Sudall, and who married the Rev. John Parker of Brightmet, in the county of 
Lancaster, and of Astle in the county of Chester, (who died November 1st, 1795,) 
leaving issue Thomas Parker of Brightmet and Astle, only son and heir. Colonel 
of the Royal Cheshire Militia, who died at Malvern in 1840, s.p. having married 
Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Cholmondeley of Yale Royal in the county of Chester 
Esq. M.P. On the death of Colonel Parker, his five sisters became his coheiresses. 
These were, Jane, wife of John Glegg of Gayton and Withington, in the county of 
Chester, Esq. ; Lydia, wife of John Dixon of Gledhow, in the county of York Esq. ; 
Alice, wife of Sir Peter Warburton of Arley, in the county of Chester, Bart. s.p. ; 
Ann, wife of Roger Bamston of Churton, in the county of Chester, Esq. ; and 
Mary, wife of Peter Patten Bold of Bold, in the county of Lancaster, Esq. 

(*) On the confines of the parishes of Whalley and Blackburn. — W. 

The Talbots had a seat at the Holt at an eariy period, and in 34 Ilsnry YI. (1455) 
a licence was granted to ''Edm. Talbot mil. habere oratoriam infra manerium suum 
de Holt par. Blackbume." In 1516 there was a chantry chapel at Holt, in the 
parish of Blackburn. — Lane. M8S. vol. ix. p. 275, penes me. 

(^) The old house of the Farringdons.— TT. 

This knightly family was originally of Farington, near Preston, and afterwards of 
Shaw Hall, now called Worden. The individual here named was William Farington 
Esq. who married, before 1615, Margaret, daughter of Wisall of Wisall, in the 



80 THE JOURNAL OF 

Assheton w^ others went to Walton to see Sir Bio. horses that 
stode ther. (Here follows a long account of an horse-race.) — Jan. 
28. From Litherland to Talk oth Hill(») thinks ther to have 
drunk and parted; but my Lord of Darbie was ther a hauking^ and 
soe after some talk they fell to the dice, My Lord, Sir John Talbot, 
Mr. Chamock,(^) cum aliis. Sir John wonne a litel. — Jan. 29. 
Wee to Blakebome. Ther Sir John went home : I to Worston. 
Ther Mr. Ra'^cUffeP) with Mr. Greene, who should be Schoolmaster 
at CUtheroe. — Jan. 30. Sent Clement with grey gelding to Cooz. 
Assheton, w<* I had sold for xi/. 

Feb. 1. To Church. PSon preached. A Communion. — Feb. 

eonnty of Notts (according to a pedigree in the College of Arms, although Gregson 
and others speU the name Worral.) He was sheriff of Lancashire in 1636, and one 
of the gallant supporters of the Countess of Derhy at the siege of Lathom House. 
He died at Worden in 1657, and was succeeded by his son, William Farington Esq. 
OBt. fifty-one in 1664. The present representative of this weU descended family is 
James NoweU ffarington of Worden Esq. 

(*) In Lancashire. This was WiUiam, Earl of Derby, father of James, the great 
Efl^l, who was beheaded at Bolton. — W, 

Bir WiUiam Stanley K.G. was the fourth son of Henry, fourth Earl of Derby K.G. 
and his wife, Margaret, only child of Henry, Earl of Cumberland, by Eleanor, 
daughter and coheiress of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and Mary, the Queen 
Dowager of France, daughter of Henry YIII. He was bom in 1562, and succeeded 
as sixth Earl of Derby on the death of his brother Ferdinando in lfi94, in which 
year he married Elizabeth Vere, daughter of Edward, seventeenth Earl of Oxford. 
He died at Chester 29th September 1642. 

(') Thomas Chamock, son of Robert Chamock of Chamock Esq. and his fourth 
wife, Eliza, daughter of John Fleetwood of Penwortham Esq. was bom in 1587, being 
aged 26 in 1613. He married Bridget, daughter and heiress of John Molyneux, 
second son of William, eldest son of Sir Bichard Molyneux of Sefton Knt. 

His granddaughter and sole heiress, Mai^garet Chamock, married Richard Brooke 
second son of Sir Peter Brooke of Mere Knt. whose representative, Susanna, sole 
heiress of Peter Brooke of Astley £^q. married first, Thomas Townley Parker of 
Cuerden and Royle Esq. who died in 1794^ and secondly. Sir Henry Philip Hoghton 
of Hoghton Bart, who died in 1835. 

(B) Savile Radcliffe of Todmorden and Great Mearley Hall Esq. was one of the 
feoffees of the Grammar School of Clitheroe, founded by Queen Mary, 29th August 
1554, principally tlirough the influence of his ancestor, Edward Radcliffs Esq. who 
was appointed a life goTemor of the school in the letters patent. The family were 
eminent for their piety, and produced several distinguished scholars. Savile Rad- 
cliffe, himself a man of respectable literary attainments, was buried in the North 



NICHOLAS A88HETON. 81 

14. Downham. Grafted some stone fruit, which came from 
Holker.(») — Feb. 16. My wife in labour of childbirth. Her 
delivery was with such violence, as the child dyed w^» half an 
hour, and, but for GeSrs wonderful mercie, more than human 
reason could expect, shee had dyed; but hee spared her a 
while longer to mee, and took the child to his mercie; for 
which, as for one of his great mercies bestowed on mee, I 
render all submissive, hartie thanks and prayse to the onlie 
good and gracious God of Israeli. (2) Divers mett, and went 
with us to Downham : and ther the child was buried(3) by Sir 

Chapel in Clitheroe Church, which belonged to his manor house of Mearlej, on the 
29th September 1652, aged sixty-nine. — See p. 22. 

(') At this time Holker, in the parish of Cartmell, was the seat of Greorge Preston 
Esq. who had inherited it on the death of his grandfather, Christopher Preston Esq. 
in the year 1694. George Preston was a man of great benevolence and active piety, 
and died 6th April 1640, having married, about 1698, Elizabeth, (bom 1576,) daugh- 
ter of Raphe Assheton of Great Lever Esq. (uncle of Nicholas Assheton, the jour- 
nalist,) by whom he had issue Thomas, his heir, who married Katherine, daughter 
of Sir Gilbert Hoghton of Hoghton Tower Knt. and Bart. His monumental in- 
scription and the record of his charities wiU be found in Whitaker's History of 
WhaU&yy p. 669, and fiirther notices of his family may be seen in GrastreU's Not, 
Cutr. vol. i. pp. 43, 44. See also this Journal^ p. 33. Holker passed by marriage 
from the Prestons to the Lowthers, and from them to the Cavendish family, being 
now the beautiful seat of William, Earl of Burlington. 

C) These reflections are highly becoming : but the writer wanted something 
serious and solemn to recal his mind from that continued state of dissipation in 
which he lived. The impression, however, lasted not long : within four days, to use 
his own word, he "fooled" again. — W, 

(') A solemn funeral for a child which lived half an hour. It must have been 
baptized by the midwift. This curate of Downham is here called Sir James, and 
afterwards Sir James or Mr. Whalley. He was no preacher, and from his style, 
proves that this title was retained for a considerable space of time, by those who 
were ordained, after the Reformation. — W, 

After all that has been advanced respecting the use of this title by ecclesiastics, it 
appears to have been applied indiscriminately to dignitaries and to individuals of 
the humblest station in the Church. In 22 Henry Y II . John Huntingdon B.D. late 
Warden of Manchester, is styled " Sir John Huntingdon," and in 1660 the Puritans 
style the Readers of Coniston and Torver chapels, in North Lancashire, " Sir 
Richard Roule," and " Sir Roger Atkinson."— i^o(tfta CeHr, vol. ii. The latter is a 
very late instance of the application of the term. Lower says, " I have found no 
instances of priests being called * Sir' since the Reformation, except Shakspeare's 

M 



82 THE JOURNAL OF 

James Whalley, in oure own pue,(*) and the eompanie such 
as of a sudden could be provided at Mich. Brownes. A few 
dayes after I gave to the pore of Twyston, Downham, Worston, 
Chadbum, and Clitheroe, according as their sevall needs re- 
quired. (^) My mother w*^ mec laid the child in the grave. — Feb. 

Sir Hugh Eyans in the Merry Wives of Windsor, and then the Dramatist evidently 

alludes to the practice of times earlier than his." — Curiosities of Heraldry, p. 205. 

For the use of the title in the parish of Whalley, in 1634, see James's Iter Lan- i 

castrsnse, p. 297. ' 

(>) This ** pue" was perhaps the choir on the south side of the church of St. | 

T^eonard of Downhara, which has long heen appropriated to the manor house, and 
here rest many of the Asshetons. — Hist, of Whallst/y p. 316. It has been contended i 

that prior to the Reformation there were no fixed benches, forms, or seats of any | 

kind in our churches, except in the chancel, for the clergy, as is still the custom on | 

the Continent ; and the reign of James I. has been fixed upon as the great era of 
pews and long sermons. It is unquestionable that the " magnificent old pew" of the 
No wells of Read in Whalley Church was built, according to the date still remain- 
ing, in 1534, and enlarged in 1610, and the following award ''de sede sou sedilio in 
ecclesid de Rachdall" in 1472, will prove that forms or benches, though probably 
not deal pues, were admitted into churches before the Reformation : 

" This endentur made the xvi. day of Januarye in y jsere of y* raigne of Kyng 
Edward y II II. the xii. wytnesses that whereas trespases & debats haue bene 
styrd betwene Edmund Haworth of Haworth & Issabell hys wyfe open that 
on p'tye and Margret late y« wyfe of James Collynge opon y* oyther p'tye. The 
p'tyes beseched & are swome opon y* holy euangelists to obey abide p'form Sl ful- 
fill y* awarde ordinance Sl dome of me John Biron 'Squier and I the sayd John haue I 
herd the chalenges and I award y« sed Margret to knele at soch fforme and place in 
y* Chirch of Rachdale as I haue lymitt' and merkytt for the seid Margret. And 
also I award y* seid Issabell peacibly to sufier the seid Mai^gret to haue fre entr and 
asselle to the same place and service to come and goo at the will of y* s*' Margret 
w^out int'ruption or lettyng of the seid Issabell or any p'son by her making p*air- 
ing or assent. Providet alway y^ yf y* said Margret be weddet or diseasse that 
then thys myn awarde be voyde & y* the said Margret nor non other p'son by her 
ryght or tycle clayme noo ryght at the same fform & place by any colour of this 
myn award. In wyttnes whereof I the said John Biron haue sett to my sealle the 
day and zero aforesaide." Seal perfect ; device, a mermaid with comb and glass. — 
Lancashirs MSS, vol. xi. p. 44. 

(^) Mr. Bruen would have thought it eminently becoming in Mr. Assheton thus to 
acknowledge blessings and make thank-offeringfs for mercies received. Mr. Bruen was 
full of good fruits towards all, and on all occasions, both common and extraordinary, 
or, as his biographer has eloquently expressed it, '' towards sinners and towards saints, 
towards neighbours, and towards strangers, towards friends, and towards foes, towards 



NICHOLAS A8SHETON. 83 

19. Downham. — Feb. 20. Snowe : traced a fox from Hartill to 
the warren, and soe from want of dogges came home. Some wyves 
of Clitheroe heer this day. Fooled this day worse. — Feb. 24. The 

the poore, and towards the rich, towards all sorts and conditions of men, as he had 
opportunity and ability, so to declare himselfe unto them." And all this extensive 
liberality proceeded from a pure motive. ^ If he found any poore soules erring from 
the right way, yet desiring a guide (as the eunuch did) to bee directed unto it, and 
to walke in it ; how carefuU would he bee of their good ? how joyfuU to doe them 
good ? He would deal so choisely and tenderly, so mercifully and wisely with them, 
by his wholesome instructions, loving admonitions, godly exhortations, and good 
directions ; that hee did nourish and cherish them in religion, as the tender babes, 
plants, and lambes of Christ Jesus, and so brought them to a better liking of the 
truth, and a greater love unto it, for their farther growth in knowledge and in grace 
by it. Yea such was his bounty and liberality to such persons, to encourage them 
and draw them on, in the true profession of religion, that he would (if they were 
poor and needy) give to some money out of his purse, come out of his gamer ; to 
others bibles, catechismes, and other good bookes, which of his owne cost hee had 
provided to that end, and laid up in store in his study by him. If hee had seene a 
professor of religion in some decay and want for outward things, he would endeavour 
to relieve him, by his own, and other good means, according to his present occasions 
and necessities. I know those, that have seen him take off a good sute of apparell 
from his owne body, as it might be this day, to bestow it the next upon an honest 
godly man that wanted seemely raiment to fit him for some better service and im- 
ployment. And when he had thus done, to give him a good summe of money in his 
purse to set him out in some good fashion, and to beare his charges, untill hee might 
come to the place where hee might better provide for himselfe. These are some of 
the fruits of mercy, which this mercifull gentleman shewed forth in his godly con- 
versation, both towards sinnen, and towards saints, partly to their soules, and 

partly to their bodies Now let us looke yet for more fruit, in his charitable 

bounty towards his poore neighbours. The necessities of the poore in their hunger, 
and cold, for want of food and raiment, did ever marvellously affect, and afflict his 
heart. And as he had a mercifull heart to pitie them, so had hee an open both 
heart and hand to relieve them. He did usually to his great expence and cost, fill 
the bellies of great multitudes, which out of his owne and other parishes, did twice 
a weeke resort unto his house for that end. And in the deare yeares he made pro- 
vision for them almost every day in the week, and would many times see them 
served himselfe, both to keep them in good order, and to make an equall distribution, 
according to the difference of their necessities, amongst them. Heo had his purse 
ever ready, as the poore man's boxe, or coffer, to give, and sometimes to lend freely 
to those that would borrow, and pay again, his admonition was, remember your pro- 
mise, keepe your day, and pay againe, if you will borrow againe. And if heo saw 
any willing, but not able to pay what they borrowed, he would rather forgive the 
debt, than exact it. But if he found any to deale fraudulently and falsely with him. 



84 THE JOURNAL OF 

midwyfe went fix)m my wyffe to Cooz. Braddyll's wyffe. She had 
given by my wyffe xx*. and by mee ys. 

March 1. Sunday. Downham to s'vice. — Mar. 4. Downham. 
Sett some apple-trees. My Cooz. Assheton's wyffe came a psent- 
ing, verie merrie.(^) I with Goffe Whittacre(2) this nyght in the 
house verie merrie. — Mar. 5. In the orchard most of the day. — 
Mar. 8. Simday. Downham wyves and Worston wyves psented 
my wyfe. (*) — Mar. 9. Early to Downham. The study over y« porch 
begun and fynished this week.p) — Mar. 15. I early to Portfield. 

mther denying the debt, or pleading repayinenty or pretending some kinde of ttti»- 
faction, as one dealt with Spiridion the Bishop of Cyprus, to whom hee had lent some 
measures of come, hee would then rebuke them sharpely, and take heed of lending 
to such deceitfull persons any more. In the time of a great dearth, fearing that 
divers of his poore neighbours were in great want, as having neither money nor 
meate : hee tooke an opportunity, when the most of his family were gone abroad to 
a publike exercise of religion, to call for the keyes of the storehouse, where the 
come lay, and presently hee sent into the towne to such persons as were the greatest 
needers, willing them to bring their baggs with them, which they did without delay, 
and so to supply their wants, hee gave them freely and with a cheerefuU heart, some 
fourteene measures of come amongst them at that time. Now as hee was careful! 
to fill their bellies, so was hee mindfuU of clothing their backes and bodies also. 
He was loth to see any (as Job speaketh) perish for want of clothing, or any poore 
want covering. Yea the loynes of the poore did blesse him, being warmed with the 
fleece of his flocke, or clothed by the cost of his purse. It was his ordinary manner 
every yeare against winter, to send some foure or five pounds to Chester, to make 
provision for the clothing of the poore, which seeing it could not reach unto all, he 
wisely divided amongst severall families, to such this year as had none the last, and 
to such the next year, as had none this. Now as these fruits of his mercy and 
charity were manifest in the provision which he made for the poore, so were there 
some others as conspicuous in the protection which he sought and found for them. 
For hee might truly say in some good meiisnre, he had done as Job did, and found the 
like blessing that he found. / delivered the poore that eryed, the fatherlesse^ and 
him that had none to helpe him. The blessing of him thcU vms ready to perish 
came upon me, and I caused the widdowe's heart to sing for joy. I was eyes to 
the blinde, and feet to the lame. I v>as a father to the poore^ and the cause which 
I knew not, I searched out. And I brake thejawes of the wicked, and pluekt the 
spoils out of his leeth." 
(0 See pp. 21-22. 

(^) Who Goff Whittacre was, I cannot tell.— TT. Goff — Geoffrey I 
(3) It is not a little surprising that a person of such an active life and restless dis- 
position, living constantly in the hot and glaring atmosphere of the world, should 



NICHOLAS AS8HBTON. 85 

There was Cooz. Mellicent Braddyll deliv^ of a sonne and heir ab* 
4 or 5 o'clock in the moming.(i) Mr. Ric. Shuttleworth,(2) of Gaw- 

have thoaght it necessary to build a study at all. As it was built ^ over y« porch/' 
the library was not designed to riyal that of Alexandria, and the time spent in 
meditation and study by this mercurial gentleman would necessarily be short. I 
haTe not discovered that Nicholas Assheton ever made any contribution to the 
interests of literature, science, or morality, except the journal which is the subject 
of these notes. 

(1) This ''sonne and heire/' John Braddyll, was brought up to the profession of 
arms, and distinguished himself by his intrepid courage and gallant bearing, 
although, unhappily for himself, in the popular cause during the seventeenth cen> 
tnry. Christopher Towneley, his kinsman, has recorded that ^ Jo. Braddall est. 20, 
captain for the Parliament, going to the siege of Sir William Lister's house at 
Thornton in Craven, there had a shot from the said house, near unto his shoulder, 
of which he died, and was buried at Whalley July 27th 16U:* — TowneUy M/SS. 
quoted in Whitaker's HisL of Craven, p. 98. This young man was twenty-five 
years old at the time of his death, which, as well as his age, is either wrong in the 
manuscript or has been misprinted. It appears from the Whalley Register that 
Captain Braddyll was buried there on the 27th July 1643, and his stepmother a 
week afterwards — ''Margaretta Braddill, ux. Joh'is Braddill, armiges. sepult. in 
eccPia tertio die Augusti 1643." 

(2) Richard Shuttleworth Esq. bom in 1587, son of Thomas Shuttleworth Gent, 
by his wife, Anne, (who ob. 12th May 1637 set. sixty-eight,) daughter of Mr. Richard 
Lever of Lever. He succeeded his uncle, the Rev. Laurence Shuttleworth B.D. 
^rector of Witchford" (or Wishaw near Sutton Coldfield) in the county of Warwick, 
in 1607-8, was sheriff of Lancashire in 1618, and died in 1669, aged eighty-two. 
He was a stirring man during the Rebellion, and on the winning side. He was the 
very individual wanted by the party who put him forward, being quick, bold, and 
ambitions, ready to support, not the just rights of the decorous and well-disciplined 
Church, nor yet the stately though arrogant pretensions of Rome, but the fierce and 
frantic politicians who had made religion a trade. In 1641, being M.P.for Preston, 
he was enjoined by the House of Commons to see the ordinance of the militia put 
in force in Lancashire. In 1646 he was one of the laymen of the Third Lancashire 
Presbyterian Classis ; in 1660 an ecclesiastical commissioner, a colonel for the Par- 
liament, and an active magistrate for the county, which latter office he filled in 
1615. He was also one of the sequestrators of the estates of ^ notorious delinquents" 
in Lancashire, and an auditor of the county treasurer's accounts. At Gawthorp 
^ are a very handsome pair of portraits, namely, Richard Shuttleworth Esq. with a 
Tei7 acute and elegant countenance, about fifty, with a plain Puritan band ; and 
his lady, heiress of Barton, with a high-crowned hat on the top of a very elaborate 
head dress."— Whitaker's Hist. Whalley^ Addenda, p. 535. His sister, Helen Shut- 
tleworth, was the second wife of Sir Raphe Assheton of Whalley, the first Baronet, 
and married at Padiham March 6th 1609-10. She is styled ^ the Lady Ellenor" on 



86 THE JOURNAL OF 

thorp, came bye, and Cooz. Braddyll and I went with him to 
Whalley. Ther light at the abbey. Coz. Assheton went w^^ us. 
All to Wyne: then all to Lancaster. Charges to much: idle 
expences : in all xxx«. Judge Bromley, Judge Denham.(^) xi Ex- 
ecuted. Cooz. Edward Braddyll, (2) the priest, came to the barr, 
and was indict for seducing the king's subjects : but had not judg- 
ment. Lister and WestbieP) made friends. Coz. Assheton, Coz. 

the monument of her mother, (who married, secondly, Mr. Underhill,) in Forsett 
Chapel, near Richmond, in the county of York. 

(>) Sir Edward Bromley of Shiffhal Grange, in the county of Salop, Knt. was 
constituted one of the Barons of the Exchequer in 7 Jac. I. He was the nephew 
of the Lord Chancellor Bromley, whose son and heir. Sir Hfenry, was connected 
with Lancashire, having married, ahout 1595, Anne, daughter of William Beswicke 
Esq. Alderman of London, son of Roger Beswicke of Manchester, and Wistaston in 
Cheshire. This lady married, first, William Offley of London, merchant ; secondly. 
Sir Henry Bromley Knt. M.P. of Holt Castle (hy whom she had Henry, haptized 
May 9th 1696 ; Philip, haptized Fehmary 4th 1698 ; and Rohert, haptized April 
23d 1600, and buried at Holt, in the county of Worcester, August 14th 1604 ;) 
thirdly, John Thomborough D.D. Dean of York, and successively Bishop of Lime- 
rick, Bristol, and Worcester. She was buried in the chancel of Holt Church 2d 
January 1628. — Vincent's MS, CoU, No. 119, fol. 411, in CoU. Arm. and Ped, of 
Bromley y Baron Montford. 

Sir John Denham, knighted at Rycot 29th August 1616, was a sound lawyer, and 
held in great esteem by Lord Strafford and other high prerogative men. He was 
constituted one of the Barons of the English Exchequer 2d May 1617, and died 6th 
January 1638. He was father of Sir John Denham the poet, whose ** Cooper^s Hill" 
has been celebrated in prose by Dryden and in verse by Pope. 

(') There was an Edward Braddyll, brother of John, who is said in the pedigree 
to have died unmarried at Oxford, but the priest must have been an older man, 
whose name does not appear. — W. 

His name, however, appears in an ancient pedigree in the possession of the late 
Mr. Braddyll of Conishead Priory, and he is there recorded as having been the 
third of the eight sons of Edward Braddyll Esq. and his second wife, Anne, 
daughter of !Raphe Assheton of Great Lever Esq. He had taken minor orders in 
the Church of Rome before the year 1677, and must have been an elderly man in 
1617. 

(3) Too near neighbours to be good friends — Westby and Amoldsbiggin are 
scarcely two hundred yards from each other. — W» 

These reconciled friends were Thomas, son and heir of Thomas Lister of Westby 
Esq. and his wife Jane, daughter of John Greenacres of Worston Esq. The son 
was a justice of peace for the West Riding of Yorkshire, 15 Jac. I. and was buried 
at Gisburn July 10th 1619, leaving issue by his wife Jane, daughter of Thomas 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 87 

Braddyll, Mr. Radcliffe^ cum aliis, to Longridge Bottom. Mr. 
RadclifFe to Mearley. I to Worston. — Mar. 22. Sunday. This 
evening, beinff somewhat, ^c, Rie. Sherborne coming from Slade- 
bome did fall at a little bridge affore his own house, and struck his 
left shoulder out of joynt. — Mar. 24. Downham. Graffed some 
graffs from Whalley. Teeth lanced. Tooth ache. Head ache. 
Cold and Rhcume. — Mar. 27. I towards Downham. Saw one of 
my father in lawe's(i) deare dead ; but 24 left. Tom Starkie came, 
and had been at it. — Mar. 29. Sunday. To Sladeborne. PSfon 
preached. To Dunnoe. My bro* shoulder indifferently weU. 

April 3. Good Friday. Received the Holy Sacrament at our 
minister, Mr. James Whalley.(2) — Ap. 5. Easter Daye. To Doum- 
hamy to church. After dinner some argument{3) ab* Mr. Leigh's 

Pleber of Marion Esq. This lady afterwards married Richard Ashe of Aughton 
Esq. counsel for the regicides at the trial of Charles I. The other individual was 
probably his kinsman, WiUiam Lister of Thornton Esq. as Amoldsbiggin at this 
time was the property of the above named Thomas Lister of Westby. 

(*) Father-in-law Greenacres. See pp. 1-2. 

(^) Dr. Whitaker has stated that Mr. James Wlialley was no preacher, and the 
inference to be drawn is, that he merely held the office of a Reader, one of the 
minor orders of the Church of Rome, and an office long continued in the Church of 
England after the Reformation. A Reader, however, had no power to administer 
the holy sacrament, and the probability is that this ecclesiastic was the duly ap- 
pointed minister of Downham. See p. 81. 

(') This is human nature. Here we have a man quarrelling about the circum- 
stantials of religion who had just before dislocated his shoulder in consequence of 
having got drunk on a Sunday. The case appears to have been thus : Mr. Leigh, 
the curate of Sladeborne, and a Puritan, had administered the holy communion 
without a surplice. This conduct was approved by the Greenacres, and condemned 
by the Sherbumes ; for Mrs. Sherborne is soon afterwards said to be so popishly 
inclined, that the rector Abdias refused to be sponsor for her child. — W. 

It is worthy of observation that the surplice, which had been generally disused by 
the clergy in the diocese of Chester, and had been a fruitful source of contention in 
the ConsiBtory Court, in the preceding reign, was now beginning to be once more 
adopted. There were, however, even now, certain impracticable persons who dis- 
covered popery in this simple and decent ecclesiastical habit, which had been used 
in the Church of England long before either pope or popery were known. The 
twenty-fourth canon (of 1603) required that copes should be worn in cathedrals and 
collegiate churches, by those that administered the communion, and the twenty-fifth 
canon, that surplices and hoods should be worn in cathedral churches, at the times 



88 THE JOURNAL OF 

mimstring y« Sacrament with* the Cirploise, betw. my bro. Sher- 
borne and my father. They differed soe far as that my father 
came to Downham^ and wolde goe no more back to Dunnoe to 
remayne. Coz. Assheton went w*^ Cooz. Ralph AsshetonC) towards 
Leavers. (^) — Ap. 10. Maide more than merrie. — April 12. Sun- 
both of prayer and preaching, when there was no commanion. This regulation 
appears to have been much disregarded by the Puritans. — See Heylin's Introduc- 
tion to the Lif€ of Archbishop Laud^ sect. viii. And in the BaUad of ^ The Dis- 
tracted Puritan, to the Tune of Tom a Bedlam,^ (Ilopkinson's MSS. toI. zzxit. p. 
16,) their violations of church order are thus satirized : 

^ Now fye on the Common Prayer Booke, 
The Letanye seems but a Fable ; 
I thincke noe scome 
To have a Churehe in a Bame, 
And a Pulpitt att y« ende of a Table. 

I stand att the Communion 
By the godlie 'tis deni'd all 

Our knees shold decline 

To bread or wine, 
For then wee doe make itt our Idoll. 



Boldly I preach, hate a crosse, a Surplice, 
Mitres, Copes and Rochetts ; 

Come heare me praye 

Nine times a daye. 
And fill your heads with crotchetts." 

(>) Richard Assheton of Middleton Esq. whose grandfather. Sir Richard Assheton 
Knt. (so styled in the Register, though styled an Esquire only in Wotton's BaT<mitr 
age,) had married at Middleton, 19th October 1541, for his second wife, Katherine, 
daughter and coheiress of Sir Roger Bellingham of Burnished, in the county of 
Westmoreland, Knt. who married in her widowhood, at Middleton, 26th April 
6 Edward VI. Sir William Radcliffe of Ordsall, and was his third and last wife. 

His travelling companion was Raphe, afterwards Sir Raphe Assheton of Whalley 
Bart, who married first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir James Bellingham of Lovens Knt. 
according to Fuller, ^ of an antient and warlike family." 

C) Near Kendal, then the seat of the Bellinghams.— TT. 

Levens Hall is an extremely fine specimen of an Elizabethan house, near Kendal 
in the county of Westmoreland. It was built about the year 1570 by a younger 



NICHOLAS AS8HBTON. 89 

day. John Greenacres to bee godfather to Ric. Sherborne's child. 
Parson of Sladebome was asked to bee the other ; but by reason of 
my sister's popish disposition would not ; and soe^ in want of one^ 
I was taken. — ^April 18. Jo. Swinglehurst buried: he dyed dis- 
tract: he was a great follower of Brierley.(i) — Apr. 20. About 4 

•on of the Bellinghams of Bambhed, who had purchased the estate of the Redmans 
in the reign of Henry VIJ. and his descendants continued here until 1686, when 
their large possessions were sold hy Allan Bellingham Esq. to Col. James Graham, 
younger hrother of Sir Richard Graham of Netherhy, Privy Purse to James II. and 
afterwards Viscount Preston. His only daughter married Henry Bowes Howard, 
fourth Earl of Berkshire, and eleventh Earl of Suffolk, from whom Levens descended 
hy female heirs to Fulke Greville Howard Esq. F. R. and S. A. brother of the first 
Viscount Templetown. The gardens of this fine old house still preserve much of the 
formal character of the age of James II. by whose gardener they were laid out in 
that celebrated era of gardening in England. Like the gardens of Mr. Umphraville, 
(MirroTy No. Izi.) the yews and hollies retain their primeval figure, and Hong 
and unicorns still, or lately did, guard the comers of various parterres ; but the 
Bpread-^affU, of remarkable growth, which had his wings clipped and his talons 
pared the first Monday of every month, during spring and summer, has probably by 
this time taken flight. The hall is darkened by deep groves of venerable timber, 
and the interior has been fitted up with great taste by Colonel Howard, in the 
Elizabethan style. 

(') Some frantic enthusiast of that time, who turned the heads of his followers. — 
IK. 

This " frantic enthusiast," whose fiery seal produced, in the estimation of Nicholas 
Assheton, such calamitous results, but whose opinion on such a point will perhaps 
be received with caution, has been overlooked by all popular writers, and forgotten 
by all modem biographers. Notwithstanding this, he was, in his day, a conspicuous 
man, an author, and a poet, and, strange enough, was considered to be the founder of 
a seet known by the name of ** Brierlists" and " Grindletonians." He had the good 
sense to repudiate this unenviable distinction, and his followers appear to have dwin- 
dled and died away. His sermons and poems were published in 1677 by J. C. under 
the whimsical and not very captivating title of ** A Bundle of Soul-convincing Di- 
recting and Comforting Tmths : clearly deduced from diverse select Texts of holy 
Scripture, and practically improven both for Conviction and Consolation : Being a 
brief summai7 of several Sermons preached at large by that faithful and pious Ser- 
vant of Jesus Christ, Mr. Rodger Brkirly, Minister of the Gospel at Grindleton in 
Craven. Matt, ii.26, 26." 12mo, 1677. The reader is informed in the preface to this 
very scarce volume, that Roger Brierley's ** life and conversation were as became the 
gospel of Jesus Christ, comely in the eyes of the sons and daughters of Sion, and 
beautiful in the streets of that city, so that none could lay any shame thereon. Such 
was the penetrating power of God in his ministration, that if thousands were before 

N 



90 THE JOURNAL OF 

aft. Cooz. Susan Assheton dyed at Brandlesome.(i) — Apr. 25. Sel- 

him, under it, in a very few hours' discourse every man's several eondition, whether 
under light or darkness, would have been spoken to, laid open, bare and naked, and 
every one might have confessed that the word was spoken to him in particular, and 
that God was in the preacher of a truth. His ministration was in the authority and 
power of the Living Grod, and not as the ministration that stands only in the art, 
wisdom, and eloquence of man. The echo and fame hereof went diversely abroad. 
Some saw and heard the wonders of God, and believed. Others, astonished, went 
away wondering they never heard any preach like him ; and many others came to 
hear and see what should cause such strange reports, seeking to catch something that 
they might report also. Whereupon mistake went abroad, and great contentions 
were stirred up, and jealousies fixed in men's minds, that some great heresy, as a 
monster, would appear, when indeed the living truth only appeared to the children 
thereof. Those who were against him, however, would not see it, but daily sought 
to compare it with some new or old errors and heresies. And because they could 
not well style his followers by the name of BRiBiaiSTs, finding no fault in his doc- 
trine, they styled them Grindletonians, by the name of a town in Craven, called 
Grindleton, where this author did at that time exercise his ministiy, thinking by 
this name to render them odious and to brand them for some kind of sectaries, but 
they could not tell what sect to parallel them to, and hence arose the name Gbin- 

DLBTONISU. 

" Yet they rested not with this nicknaming, but raised aspersions against this 
author, and informed the High Commission against him, who sent their commands 
to bring him up to York. Here he was kept in prison for a while, during which 
time fifty articles were exhibited against him by his adversaries. When he came 
to his trial, not one of the articles could be directly proved, so that after a sermon 
preached by him in the Cathedral, he was dismissed, and liberty * by L. Bishop 
Tobias Matthews,' (1606—1628,) granted to exercise his ministry as formeriy. 
After much travail and pains in witnessing the glad tidings of salvation, he ended 
his natural life * at Bumlaie in Lancashire,' and after his death the head-notes of 
some of his sermons came into the possession of the publisher." 

The sermons are remarkably free from the classical quotations and affected 
pedantry which characterized the pulpit compositions of the time of James the 
First, and were passports to preferment both in Church and State. Although wire- 
drawn and too much broken into divisions, they contain many smooth and pleasing 
sentences, and some felicitous observations. Nor is there anything in the doctrine 
to cause '* Jo. Swinglehurst to dye distract," although, as might have been expected, 
it smacks strongly of the Geneva school of divines. 

The chief poem is *^ Of True Christian Liberty," and the writer, full of his sub- 
ject, thus, not inharmoniously, dwells upon himself and followers : 

" But now for that, from which I have so strayed : 
Of which I trow, the Devil the ground work laid : 



NICHOLAS A88HETON. 91 

ling a peice of iand.(^) Ask xviii/. an acre offered xvii/. — Apr. 

Yet not without (rod's just decree and will : 

His own good ends, and purpose to fulfill. 

I mean in plain termes the earnestness and strife, 

Which in God's heritage is now so rife. 

Between the GrindUtanianSy so men call them : 

And for distinction, let that name befall them : 

Distinction, without difference, let it be ; 

For real difference, yet I cannot see ; 

Between the Grindhtonians, I say. 

And those that do oppose them at this day : 

Which needs must minister both grief and dread ; 

To all live members of the living head. 

Grief to behold, God*s people thus distracted : 

Fear, lest through Satan's wiles, some harm be acted. 

I mean, lest men, through wonted love abate. 

And Satan, their affections alienate. 

I speak not this for nothing, for I find 

His subtiltie already in this kind. 

Even in my own experience (I professe) 

As to GxmI's glorie, freely I confesse. 

For while I in thess controversies bending : 

My best endeavours, for their better ending : 

Did find men's zeal (I say not stomacks) great : 

Barring (in my conceit) my hopes to treat. 

My choUer (from pursuing the disease) 

Be uiig'd upon the parties' selves to cease : 

Pressing me through some such unlookt for sound, 

Of misconstruction, which in some I found : 

To adverse thoughts sleely insinuated : 

Which yet no sooner I espy'd, but hated. 

Or else at least, mislike my self herefore. 

Because I could mislike these thoughts no more. 

But O let all God's children warrie be ; 

How they (but on plain grounds) vouch enmity : 

Rather instruct, if any one be blinded, 

With meekness such, as are contrary minded : 

Unlesse he prove a stiffe and hopelesse foe. 

Then let the Church a God's name use him so : 

For ought I know, the nearer I agree 

With opposite) (keeping the verity) 

Liker I am (if any grace be in him ; 

I mean mine enemy) by love to win him : 



92 TH£ JOURNAL OF 

28. Wee w*^ many others to Midleton with the corps and hearse of 

A good old mmn, whom I mj aelf well knew ; 

(There's diverse yet alive, can vouch this trew : 

Did by the blesaed Virgin's (but dne) praise, 

Th' affections of some popish people raise. 

Yea such devotion and attention win, 

And of good harvest, greater hopes begin : 

In one plain sennon, to alledge no more ; 

Then some more learned men did in a score. 

Now handling of the controversie tho, 

I must commend as necessary too. 

Yet only to be usM for shunning harms : 

When fair means boot not, then men take up arms. 

There's yet a course my self and others do, 

But overmuch in controversies goe. 

And that is, where we think men are astray ; 

We range as far the quite contrary way. 

Thinking we shall by setting those to these. 

Our adverse part at least wise counterpoise : 

When oft like him, that fear'd his house would fall) 

We prop so hard, it overtumeth all." 

The following incidental allusions to his imprisonment and sufferings are extremely 
modest, and worthy of a well meaning man slandered and stigmatizod in a righteous 
cause. Few of our modem martyrs evince so much patienoe under what they are 
pleased to consider their persecutions, and, like Brierley, altogether refrain from 
railing : 

^ Mean while for Sion sake (as said before) • 

I'le make request ; till I can speak no more ; 

And would rejoyce, could I but rubish bear, 

The walls thereof a little to uprear ; 

Although to me, so clog'd with sin and pelf. 

It may be said, Physician heal thy self : 

Yet I'le wish well, be it so as it may. 

By God's good grace unto my dying day : 

And who can lesse do that was never stil'd. 

And hopes he is the Church's lawful ohild : 

Which name suppose I still deserve among. 

Such other children, as to her belong. 

Yet, Lord, (I trust) not banished by thee, 

Her rods not serpents, but chastisements be : 

Which (while they) threat, let me at any hands, 

Not spare, but search well how the matter stands. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 93 

Cooz. Susan Assheton. Cooz. Assheton of Sladebome preached: 

Within my self, for many sina I have, 

Which I confesse : for heavie blows might crave : 

Yet God forbid (where conscience sets me tree) 

Her deadly blows I should apply to me. 

What hath been said, I know both where and when, 

I take not t*out as meant to other men. 

Knowing no cause in me, nor him that spake it, 

I should roeor bastard be, or he so take it : 

But say he meant me, as I said before. 

Let me not spurn, but search myself the more. 

Which howsoever meant delivered so, 

Few else save enemies do undergo ; 

Yea, enemies of such transcendent pitch. 

As never after other are so rich : 

Which to point out in our new Church's state, 

I dar not medle with at any rate. 

For ought I in my self can see, or may, 

Full easily slink back and fall away : 

But what good works thou once in me hast wrought, 

Lord, I have hope shall never come to nought : 

Not through my strength, but for because that he, 

Is still the same, that hath redeemed me. 

But to conclude, I wish the Church's peace, 
That all heart-rysings (not of God) may cease. 
That no grudge may be smothered in suBpence : 
But set at one, by fiiendly conference : 
That those who Christian liberty doth teach. 
Be not accused : they carnal freedom preach : 
That men be warie freedom to apply. 
Where is more need to teach the contrarie : 
That those who seek men to good works to draw. 
Be not condemn'd as preachers of the law : 
No, though they teach it as the law indeed, 
Becaose most hearers do such teaching need : 
That though some teann them so, none storm nor wonder. 
More then if men should call them sons of thunder : 
The law and gospel, rules works be prest. 
As shall appear to Christian wisdom best : 
That each one therein labour to be plain, 
That speeches still in the best sense be tane. 
That all the members of one body may. 
Hold truth in love, cast prejudice away : 



94 THE JOURNAL OF 

1 Thess. iv. 18, 14. To Chatterton. My hou8ing-cloth(3) stolen out 

That each 'mongst others may their gifts disperse, 

That each with other loTingly converse ; 

That none from God's Church excluded be, 

But such as is indeed an enemie. 

That odd conceits of cTery idle head, 

Be not upon the guiltless parties laid : 

That all good means be us'd to satlifie 

Grod's Church, where but the least suspition lye : 

Hearers, while preachers have the word in hand, 

Apply themselves rightly to understand : 

That teachers still in everything they say, 

Make it as plain to hearers as they may : 

That brethren may not so each other hate, 

But warn, and wam'd be of their wretched state. 

In brief that each to other say, and do, 

As he desireth to be done unto : 

And he that is the very God of peace. 

Shall make love grow, and all contentions cease : 

If any think too £ur at once I leap. 

Himself is free to do as much as cheap." 

Then follows " The Lord's Reply" and ** The Soul's Answer," kept up in the form of 
dialogue through several pages, and abounding in devotional sentiments and practical 
divinity, well expressed, and which is concluded by " The Song of the Soul's Free- 
dom," in which are numerous passages possessing some poetical merit, without any 
very high flights of inspiration. There is a little poem at the end of the volume 
called ** Self Civil War," full of alliteration, puns, quibbles, quaint similes, and 
provincialisms, which must have delighted even Toby Mathews himself, who was 
the greatest proficient of the age in that kind of wit. — Harrington's Nupa Anti- 
quof, vol. ii. p. 196. 

The following observations on this Lancashire sect occur in a sermon preached at 
St. Paul's Cross, on February 11th 1627, and dedicated to Charles I. by Stephen 
Denison, minister of Katherine Cree Church, London, and published with the title 
of ** The White Wolfe," which ^ comprehends," says the Rev. W. Beloe, ^ a strange 
mixture of learning and extravagant reasoning, but is altogether a singular curio- 
sity." — An0cd. of Liter, vol. vi. p. 383. **! would we had not Gringletonian 
Familists in the north parts of England, which hold, 1, That the Scripture is but 
for novices ; 2, That the sabbath is to bee observed but as a lecture daye," &c. — 
p. 35. There are nine specific charges of false doctrine, or erroneous expositions of 
received opinions, brought forward, but some of these charges are confuted in the 
sermons of Brierley in a satisfactory manner. 

Something remains to be said of this man's family. He was bom at Marland 



NICHOLAS AB8HETON. 95 

of the stable. Apr. 29. W^^ Coz. Raph to Ratchdalle. Saw Mr. 
Till80ii,(*) not well. 

near Roehdale, and doabtless reoeived his edueation in Archbishop Parker's Gram- 
mar School there, being trained under the spirit stirring ministry of Mr. Joseph 
Midglej, the Ticar, a man who^ like his father, was fettered and perplexed bj 
scruples on trivial subjects, and had the misfortune to be rebuked, suspended, and 
deprived bj his diocesan. 

The father of our ^frantic enthusiast" was Thomas, and his grandfather, Mr. 
Boger Brierley of Marland, whose ancestors farmed lands there from the abbot and 
convent of Whalley, before the Reformation. In 1626, Mr. Roger Brierley, clerk, 
held to him and his heirs for ever, by deed dated 6th July 21 Elizabethj granted 
from Roger Brierley, grandfather of the said Roger, a close in Castleton, called 
Castle-hill-car, formerly the site of a Castle, within the manor of Rochdale, and it 
was contended that he ought to shew some grant of it from the Crown. — Sir Rob. 
Heath's Survey of Roehdale Manor anno 1626. — Lane. MSS,yo\, xxi. p. 6. 

Our author's father had a brother, Richard Brierley, whose son, James Brierley 
of London, living there March 11th 160^^, had a grant of arms, in March 1615, from 
Camden, viz. *^ argent a cross potent, azure." From him desoended the Brearleys of 
Handworth, in the county of York. 

Thomas Brierley of Marland had issue, 1, Thomas, who died at Marland, and was 
buried in Rochdale Church 30th September 1634 ; 2, Jerome, who died in 1606-7 ; 

3, Abel, who married, September 6th 1633, Jane, daughter of Mr. Streete of 

Rochdale ; 4, Roger, the author ; 6, Mary, baptized 8th June 1603, and married at 
Rochdale, 2d Jannaiy 1636, Gabriel, son and heir of Gilbert Gartside of Oakenrod 
Gent, imd had issue a son and heir, James Gartside, who married at Littleborough, 
5th February 1661-2, Mary, daughter of Mr. Robert Brierley ; 6, Alice, baptized 
16th November 1617, and married Mr. Robert Doughty of Wakefield. 

Abel, the third son of Thomas Brierley, made his will on the 15th March 1636, 
and styles himself parish clerk of Rachdale," and it appears from the inventoiy of 
his goods that he was a substantial woollen draper. He devises his estate at Old- 
ham, in the tenure of Richard Streete, to Thomas and Abraham, sons of his 
brother, Thomas Brierley of Marland, deceased, with benefit of survivorship, but 
desires his brother, Mr. Rog^r Brierley, and his cousin, Roger Maden of Hopwood, 
to take the whole ordering and governing of the same during the minority of his 
said nephews. He gives his house, shop, and pandish (pentice) in Rochdale, where 
he lived, to his sister, Mrs. Mary Gartside, during the existence of the lease granted 
by Robert Holte of Stubley Esq. deceased, she paying twenty shillings a year to Alice, 
daughter of testator's brother, Thomas Brierley, in such a way as she (his sister) 
shall judge most fitting. He gives to Alice Brierley, daughter of his brother, Mr. 
Roger Brierley, 20s. and to the said Roger £13. 6s. 8d.— to Mr. Robert Bath, vicar 
of Rochdale, lOs. — to Mr. Thomas Johnson, curate of Rochdale, 10s. — ^to the poor of 
Rochdale parish, £3. and all the residue (after a few small legacies) to his brother, 
Roger Brierley, his sister Alice, wife of Robert Doughty of Wakefield, and his 



96 THE JOURNAL OV 

May 3. To church: pSon preached. — May 4. With father 
hunting : home at night. — May 5. Removed to my stndie. — May 

sister Msry, wife of Mr. Gartside, equally amongst them. Ezeeators Mr. Roger 
Brierley, and Mrs. Mary Gartside. Proved at Chester 14th April 1637. 
' Mr. Roger Brierley was only a few years ineumbent of Bumleyy and died there 
in 1637, the year in whieh this wiU was proved. He had died a young man. 

Of the same family was John Brierley of Rochdale Gent, (a publie benefiMstor to 
the parish) whose will is dated 17th December 1602, and who married Mary, 
second daughter of Edmund Whitehead of Birohenley Gent. (She married secondly 
in 1699, the Rev. Henry Farrer B.D. rector of Himsworth in the county of York.) 
Mr. Brierley left issue three daughters and coheiresses, of whom Mary, baptised 
at Rochdale, and married there, August 6th 1696, James Farrer, son and heir 
of William Farrer of Ewood Hall in the county of York Esq. whose direct 
descendant and representative is Francis Hawkesworth Fawkes of Famley in the 
county of York Esq. 

(>) [Sesp, 90.] Susan, daughter of Sir Richard Assheton of Middleton and his 
second wife, Mary, widow of Thomas Greenhaigh of Brandlesome Esq. She only 
survived her father four months. She was in her twenty-fourth year. 

(') [Ses ;>.91.] A very high price for land, when it was sold for ten years pur- 
chase. It were to have been wished that we had been told where the estate was 
situated. — W, 

(') [Sssp, 94.] The housing cloth, or, as it was sometimes called, the sumpter 
cloth, was of sufficient importance and value to be regretted and its loss recorded. 
It was at this time made of velvet, lined with silk, and embroidered with gold lace. 
It was fastened at the back part of the saddle. 

(*) [See p. 95.] Henry TiUon, then vicar of Rochdale, afterwards Bishop of 
Elphin.— TF. 

Henry Tilson, bom in the parish of Halifax in 1576, was entered a student of 
Balliol College Oxford in 1593, became B.A. in 1596, M.A. in 1599, and elected 
Fellow of University College. In October 1615 he succeeded Mr. Richard Kenyon, 
who had become rector of Stockport, in the vicarage of Rochdale. He resided here 
for some years, and on the 4th day of June 1620 was married by licence, at Miln- 

row, to Grace, daughter of Chadwick, probably a branch of the Chadwicks of 

Healey, though unnoticed in the elaborate pedigree of that family in the College of 
Arms. Richard Linney of Rochdale, yeoman, by will dated 12th March 1618-19, 
gives a legacy to his brother-in-law, Jordan Chadwick of Heley Grent. 'to Mr. 
Henrie Tilston, clerke, vicar of Rachdale, my best doake, and one Greeke lexicon," 
and appoints his uncle, John Chadwick D.D. executor. His children baptized at 
Rochdale were, Dorothy Tilson, baptised Ist July 1621 ; Henry, baptized March 14th 
1623-4 ; Margaret, baptized May 7th 1626 ; John, baptized November 16th 1628 ; 
Nathan, baptized January 30th 1630-1 ; and Thomas, baptized May 15th 1636. 

He became chaplain to Thomas, the great Earl of Strafford, about 1630, and 
accompanied him to Ireland when appointed Lord Lieutenant. There is little 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 97 

11. Hunting fox: killed nothing. — May 12. To topp of Pendle^ 
ab' Moss Ground. — May 14. Ascension Day. To Towneley. 

doubt that Biahop Bridgeman refers to Tilflon in the following paragraph of a letter 
addressed to Strafford on the 29th Jane 1634—^1 cannot let this bearer depart 
oat of my diocese without a blessing on you for preferring of him, whom I have 
found a learned, painful, honest, peaceable, and religious minister, and such a one 
as (if you had commanded me to chuse you a chaplain) I could not have named 
one in my diocese whom I could sooner have recommended to you than this man. 
Long and long may you rule that kingdom with honour and liappiness to it, and by 
promoting such as he, ever may you give scholars occasion to pray for you whilst 
you live, and to bless your memory when you are dead." — Strafford's Letters, vol. i. 
p. 271. To this distinguished nobleman he was indebted for his unhappy promotion. 
He became Dean of Christ Church in Dublin, Pro- Vice Chancellor of the University 
there, and lastly was consecrated Bishop of £lphin on the 23d September 1639. 
On the 3d April 1635, (and not in ''November," according to Whitaker's Hist, of 
WhalUy, p. 443,) whilst residing in Castle street, Dublin, he resigned the vicarage of 
Rochdale, and in the letters of resignation, he styles himself Henry Tilson, clerk, 
M. A. Dean of the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity in Dublin." 

His prosperity was of short duration. The miserable Irish Rebellion broke out 
with awful fury, and on 16th August 1645 his palace was attacked and pillaged, his 
library burnt, his goods destroyed, and what added to the Bishop's troubles more 
than all, his son. Captain Henry Tilson, the parliamentarian governor of Elphiu, 
joined with Sir Charles Coote in urging on the rebels. The Bishop fled from this 
scene of devastation to England, and found an asylum, through the liberality of Sir 
William Wentworth of Wentworth Woodhouse, and Sir William Savile, the rela- 
tives of the Earl of Strafford, at Soothill Hall, in the parish of Dewsbury . Here he 
performed all the functions of his apostolic office, and it is somewhat remarkable 
that he privately ordained, in ''the Bishop's Parlour" at Soothill, candidates for 
holy orders during the suspension of episcopacy. I have seen his letters of priest's 
orders to one of his successors in the vicarage of Rochdale, for by this persecuted 
prelate, Henry Pigot of Lincoln College Oxford, was ordained presbyter, according 
to the rites of the Anglican Chnreh, on Thursday the 27th September 1654 at Soot- 
hill. His lordship's circumstances were poor and precarious, and he eked out his 
•canty income by officiating at a small chapel at Comberworth for several years, 
and even when more than a septuagenarian, travelling weekly upwards of twelve 
miles to perform the duty for less than £16. a year. The bishop was buried in 
Dewsbury Church on the 2d April 1655, in his eightieth year, where a mean monu- 
ment with his lordship's arms, and what has been designed for an effigy, still remains. 
The Bishop's descendants continued to farm Soothill in 1748, and Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Pearson of Moulton Park, in the county of Northampton, and wife 
of Thomas Tilson of Soothill Hall, in the county of York, died in 1803, leaving a 
son, Thomas, and a daughter, Elisabeth. 

Henry Tilson, a grandson of the Bishop, was a pupil of Sir Peter Lely, and went 
into Italy with Dahl, where he remained seven years. He was rising into eminence 

O 



98 THE JOURNAL OF 

Cooz. Jane and Rich<^tlier:(^) homeag". — May 17. With my father 
to Sladebome. PSon preached. To Parsonage. Mr. Ijeigh aft". 
— May 18. To Worston. Coming home on Worsoe. Fogg called 
Fire in the Warren House. Cuthbert Hearon, the warrener, w*^ 
drying of gunpowder had fired the house. — May 20. Hunted fox 
at Holden, Fouden, and Salley; found none: killed brace of 
haires. — May 26. To Whalley, a hunting. I to the abbey. Divers 
from Dunkenhalgh. Sir Jo. Talbot bowling. Cooz. Townley and 
his wyflTe. Home, sp. ivJ. — May 29. My Grene doublet made.i^) 

as a portrait painter when he lost his reason, and died manu propria at the early 
age of thirty-six. He was huried at St. Dunstan's in the West. He painted hit 
own portrait two or three times, and on the one engraved at the expense of Mr. 
Beaumont of Whitley, in Walpole's AneedoUs of -Painting ^ is the date 1687. He 
also painted a large family pictnre of his father, mother, a yoanger brother, a aister, 
and himself. 

Bisliop Tilson does not appear to have published anything, although one of his 
letters may be found in Whitaker's WhaUey, and a high estimate of his abilities 
by his contemporaries, and especially by Strafford, only confirms the remark of Mr. 
Hallam that there is no g^reater fallacy than that of estimating genius by printed 
books. Here we have an instance of a man whose moral and intellectual attain- 
ments were great, who possessed an enlightened mind, and stood forth in his day 
honourably distinguished amongst the clergy as an example of seal without bigotry 
and of piety without asceticism, who stated that all his promotions came ^ without 
seeking and suit," and who is nevertheless chiefly remembered by posterity on 
account of his misfortunes. — See Sir James Ware's Hist, of Ireland, p. 635; 
Watson^s Hist, of Halifax, who in mistake calls the painter the bishop*s nephew, 
4to, pp. 621-2 ; Lane. MSS. vol. i. p. 310 ; Walpole's An^ed, of Painting, vol. iii. 
p. 356 ; Gent. Mag. part i. p. 626, 1806. 

(1) These cousins at Towneley were Jane, daughter of Raphe Assheton of Lever 
Esq. who married. May 25th 1594, Richard Towneley of Towneley £sq. He died 
in 1628 and she in 1634. See note, p. 32. 

(') Mr. Assheton has before mentioned his ** asshensullord close," and now as the 
summer approaches, his ^ grene doublet" is very properly ordered. At this time 
the Puritan preachers were loud and severe in their denunciations of the prevailing 
fashions in dress, which were very splendid and magnificent. Thomas Adams, in 
his « Mysticall Bedlam, or the World of Madmen," published in 1615, says, «* The 
proud is the next madman I would have you take view of in this Bedlam. The 
proud man ? or rather the proud woman, or rather h{tc aquila, both he and she : 
for if they had no more evident distinction of sexe then they have of shape, they 
would be all man, or rather all woman ; for as the Amazons beare away the bell, as 
one wittily. Hie mulisr will shortly be good latino, if this transmigration hold, for 
whether on horseback or on foot there is no great difference, but not discernible out 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 99 

May 30. Blackbome. Talk with Mr. Morris(i) ab* the exercise. — 

May 81. Trin. Sunday. Mr. Turner preached, text 

ShufiOing Jo. Huthersall and I had some wordes. 

June 2. Wee all to Prescod to a cocking. (2) Sir Ric. Cooz 

of a coach. Do you thinke there is no pride, no madnes in the land ? Ask the silk- 
men, the mercers, the tyre-women, the complexion-sellers, the coach-makers, the 
apothecaries, the emhroderers, the featherers, the perfumers, and above all, as 
witnesses beyond exception, the taylors. If you cast up the debt-books of the other, 
and the fearful! billes of the last, you shall finde the totall snmme prids and mad- 
nesss. Powders, liquors, unguents, tinctures, odours, ornaments deriv'd from the 
liying, from the dead, palpable instances, and demonstrative indigitations, of prids 
and madnssse. Such translations and borrowing of formes, that a silly countryman 
-walking the City, can scarce say, there goes a man, or there a woman." — pp. 50-51, 
4to, second Sermon, on Eccles. ix. 3, dedicated to Lord Chancellor Ellesmere. 

(') John Maurice, or Morres, vicar of Blackburn. It appears that Mr. Ormerod^ 
the vicar of Whalley, though a preacher, bore no part in these exercises within his 
own parish. — W. 

Mr. John Morris was collated to the vicarage of Blackburn by Archbishop Ban- 
croft, February 23d 1606, the living having been resigned from scruples as to the 
use of the surplice by Edward Walsh, who had held it twenty-six years. Mr. 
Morris died at Blackburn in 1628. 

(') Prescod— Prescot. Cockfighting was so fashionable at this time that it has 
been stated that the wages which James I. paid to the master of his cockpit equalled 
the united salaries of two of his secretaries of state. The Earl of Montgomery 
appears to have been unusually successful in his gambling speculations, which led 
to the old rhyme : 

** The Herberts every cockpitt day, 
Doe carry away. 
The gold and gloiy of the day." 

Lodge's lUustr, vol. iii. p. 290. 
In the preceding reign it was in similar favour, and countenanced by scholars and 
statesmen. Roger Ascham has been indiscriminately accused by his enemies of a 
fondness for archery, for dice, and for cockfighting, that is, says his biographer, ** for 
an innocent and manly exercise, and for two degrading and disgraceful vices. I 
hope his indulgence in the two last was not habitual, and that the poverty in which 
he left his family was not owing to the ruinous consequences of gambling. But 
with respect to cockfighting, with every allowance for the coarse and unfeeling 
habits of the times, it is only an additional proof of the inconsistency of human 
nature, that a mind so elegant and accomplished as that of Ascham, could endure 
to seek amusement in a diversion the most cruel, treacherous, and base, that ever 
was devised by man, and in societies more nearly diabolical than are wont to 
assemble publicly for any other purpose upon earth." Burton says, ** In fowle 
weather we use cockfighting to avoids idlenesse!" — Anat, of Melan, part ii. s.2. 
m. 4, p. 347. 



100 THE JOURNAL OF 

Assheton to Leaver. Sir Jo. Talbot^ of Bashall^ Cooz. Braddyll, 
&c. very pleasant. Tabled all night. June 5. To Clitheroe^ w^ 
two Pud8ay8(i) ; made merrie, and run races^ Bro. Pudsay, Tom 
Starkie, &c. — June 23. A fishing. Parson of Sladebome, &c. to 
Bibble. — June 24. St. Jo. Baptist. PSon of Sladebome preached. 
To Fareoke house. (2) — June 25. Divers gentlewomen from Stony- 

(^) ** Two Pudsays," of Bolton in Craven, were of a &mily of high antiquity and of 
equal respeetability, proved by Whitaker to be connected with Allan de Movilie, the 
nephew of King Stephen, and nobly descended in the female line, from the fint 
race of the Percies. This aristocratic family is now represented by Padsay Dawson 
of Hornby Castle in the connty of Lancaster Esq. 

(') Fair Oak House, anciently called ** Fair del Holme, was in the possession of 

Scomlchurst (Swinglehurst) 21st March 20 Jae. and, together with lands in 

Bowland, Myerscough, &c. in Yorkshire and Lancashire, were granted by patent 
from the King, under the seal of the duchy of Lancaster, for £200, to Ediwd Bad- 
bie and William Weldon of London, reserving fee farm rents." — See Hist, of 
Preston in Lanecuhire, pp. 145-6-7, 4to, 1822. It was the residence of John 
Swinglehurst Gent.in 1617, whose melancholy death has been already mentioned, p. 89. 
He left a son and successor, Robert Swinglehurst of Fair Oak House, whose daughter 
and heiress, Margery Swinglehurst, (called Mary in the Pari. Inq. 1655 — see some 
account of this family in GastrelPs Notitia Cestr, vol. i. p. 47, note) conveyed the 
estate to her husband, Christopher Harris of Torrisholme Hall in the county of Lan- 
caster Esq. whose son, Charles Harris of Fair Oak Esq. married, 1st October 1683, 
Bridget, daughter of Thomas Brockholes of Claughton Esq. and dying in 1719, his 
elder daughter and coheiress, Dorothy, married John, son and heir of Thomas Par- 
kinson of Sykes House Gent. Elizabeth, eventually sole heiress of Thomas Paiv 
kinson, married at Whitewell in Bowland, 20th January 1746, Robert son of John 
Parker of Hareden Esq. by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Edward Clince of 
Rathmell House near Settle in the county of York Esq. and ^ Fareoke*' House is 
at present the residence of his descendant, John Clince Parker Esq. It is com- 
monly known by the name of ** Farrick." Part of the original building still exists, 
one room, handsomely wainscoted with dark oak, being in excellent repair, and on a 
panel over the fireplace is a painting of the house as it stood in the time of Nicholas 
Assheton. On the side of the opposite hill, after crossing the Hodder from White- 
well, and in the foot road from Fair Oak, is a small cottage called Newlands, or 
Newlaunds, now, as in Dr. Whitaker's time, the keeper's house. In the plate of 
Whitewell (HisL WhaUey, p. 235) it appears just above the east window of the 
chapel. From Newlaunds a footpath to the left and south-west leads over the hill 
about a mile to ** Fareoke," on the west bank of the Hodder, which here runs through 
a deep and beautifully romantic glen, wooded to the water's edge. This was doubt- 
less the *^ Newlands" of festive note, and may have been then, as now, the forester's 
house, or perhaps a place of refreshment and rest on the way from Clitheroe to 
Lancaster. 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 101 

hurst called ther^ and soe to a pigg eating(^) at Newlands ; made 
merrie. — June 28. Mr. Ormerod preached: I to Clitheroe w*"* 
him. Home. Peter's-day. Walt. Leigh came and brought word 

(») What was this t— W. 

May not the ''pigg eating" hare been a sort of pie-ftte or nutie entertainment 
got np for the amusement of the *' gentlewomen from Stonyhurst !" Master Nicho- 
las was not exactly the man to boast as John Banyan boasted, that ''it was a rare 
thing to see him carry it pleasant towards a woman/' and his gallantry would lead 
him to promote a harmless amusement of his neighbours. At aU events the 
party seems to have enjoyed it, and, whether the ladies were there or not, "made 
merxie." This view of the Newlaund feast is supported by the following allusions 
to a similar entertainment of the Court, which had soon become fftshionable in the 
provinces. On the 22d November 1618, Sir Philip Mainwaring, seventh son of Sir 
Randal Mainwaring of Over Peover in Cheshire, wrote from Newmarket to the 
Earl of Arundel : " The Prince his birth day hathe beene solemnized heare by 
those few marquises and lords which found themselves heare, and, to supplie 
the want of the lords, knights and squires were admitted to a consultation, 
wherein it was resolved that such a number should meet at Gramiges, and bring 
every man his dish of meate. It was left to their own choyces what to bring ; 
some strove to be substantiall, some curios, and some extravagant. Sir Gleoi^ge 
Gtoring's invention bore away the bell ; and that was four huge brawny piggs, 
pipeinge hott, bitted and hamissed with ropes of sarsiges, aU tyed to a monstrous 
bag-pudding." — King Jame^a Royal Progr098e$, vol. iii. p. 496. And on the 
28th November 1618, Mr. Chamberlain wrote as follows to Sir Dudley Carieton : 
** We heare nothing from Newmarket, but that they devise all the means they 
can to make themselves merry ; as of late there was a feast appointed at a from- 
house not far oiF, whither every man should bring his dish. The King brought a 
great chine of beef, the Marquis of Hamilton four pigs incircled with sausages, the 
Earl of Southampton two turkies, another six partridges, and one a whole tray full 
of buttered eggs ; and so all passed off very pleasantly. — Kinff Jamei^s Royal Pro- 
gru$49y vol. iii. p. 496 ; Birch's MS8. Brit. Mug. 4174. 

In Ben Jonson's Comedy of " Bartholomew Fair," first produced in 1614^ and 
written to please the royal taste, will be found some very racy particulars on the 
savoq^ subjeet of "pigge eatinge," although it is well known that King James 
had as great a dislike of roast pig as of tobacco, and that still greater than 
either was bis dislike of the Puritans. Mrs. Wift-th^fight^ a noted Puritan gentle- 
woman, was "visited with a naturall disease of women, call'd, a longing to eate 
pigge f but the most scandalous feature of the gentlewoman's appetite was, to eat 
of "a Bartholomew pigge, and in thsfayre" She had, however, scruples of con- 
science on the subject, which were resolved by a Banbury man, a reverend elder, 
who rejoiced in the Puritanical name of Zsat-of-thS'Landf Bnty^ but commonly 
called Bu$yy " a fellow of most arrogant and invincible dnlness," and who, amongst 
other delinquencies, "derided all antiquity.*^ This casuist argued thus : "Now 



102 THE JOURNAL OF 

that PSon of Midleton^ Mr. As8heton^(^) was dead^ and PSon of 
Sladebome like to succeed. — June 30. The exercise. Mr. Maurice 

pigge, it is a meat, and a meat that is nourishing, and may be long'd for, and so 
consequently eaten ; it may be eaten ; very exceeding weU eaten ; but in the/zyrtf, 
and as a Bartholomew pig, it cannot be eaten, for the very calling it a Bartholo- 
«Mte-pigge, and to eat it so, is a spice of idolatry ^ and yon make the /ayr^ no better 
than one of the high places. This I take it is the state of the question, a high 
place." Mr. Busy^ however, finding out that there existed a sort of necessity for 
this gross meat being eaten in the fair, became rather more compliant with the 
humour of his brethren, and reasoned thus : ** We may be religious in the midst of 
the prophane, so it be eaten with a Reformed mouth, with aobrUty and humble- 
nesse, not gorg'd in with gluttony or greedinesse ; there's the feare ; for should she 
goe there, as taking pride in the place, or delight in the uncleane dressing, to feed 
the vanity of the eye, or the lust of the palat, it were not well, it were not fitt, it 
were abominable, and not good." And on more mature consideration, Mr. Bmy 
discovered, when invited to be of the party, that there might be a good use made of 
the pig eating, viz. ^ by the publike eating of swine's flesh, to professe our hate and 
loathing of Judaitme^ whereof the brethren stand taxed," and he therefore con- 
cluded, ''I will eat, yea I wiU eat exceedingly ;" and the other members of the 
party, because they would not be Jews, determined also to join in the feast. — Act i. 
scene 6, ed.fol. 1631. 

Mr. Gifford says that ''this play was always a favourite of the people," and fre- 
quently acted, probably from its strong ridicule of the Puritans, who at this time 
were less popular than they afterwards became. Mr. Assheton and his courtly 
friends would scarcely have joined the ** pigge eatinge," had they not disliked the 
Puritans, who, in their turn, one might suppose, would abhor swine's flesh after 
this public burlesque of their absurd and ludicrous foibles, quite as much as they 
would denounce the deplorable conduct of the King and his frivolous Court. See 
also Nares, quoted by Halliwell in his Dictionary of Archaic and Provin, Words; 
and Brand's Popular Antiq, by Ellis, vol. ii. p. 320. 

{}) Abdias Assheton, the elder. Fellow of St. John's College, and supposed to 
have been the author of Dr. Whitaker's * Life."— W. 

Walter Leigh was the parish clerk of Middleton, and was buried there 21st 
February 1624. The rector whose death he now announced was not ''Abdias 
Assheton the elder," but Edward Assheton M.A. second son of Arthur Assheton of 
Rochdale Grent. and brother of William Assheton of Clegg Hall Esq., a family 
very remotely, if at all, connected with the Middleton House. In the will of 
the latter, dated 11th January 1682, and not proved until the 7th October 1602, 
" before Mr. Thomas Richardson, Clarke, Deane of Manchester," he reoites a deed 
of settlement made between his father, Arthur Assheton, himself, and his brothers, 
£^ward and Charles Assheton, on the one part, and Robert Holte of Ashworth and 
Peter Heywood of Hey wood Gents, on the other part, and appointed his brothers, 
Edward and Charles Assheton, overseers and supervisors of his will. Arthur Asshe- 
ton, the father, in his will dated 15th May 33 Eliz, (and proved before Mr. Richard 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 103 

preached : text, " Beware of the leaven/' &c. Mr, Dugdale preached 
in aft. text, i. Rev. 9. 

Midgley, clerk, vicar of Rochdale, and Mr. Laurence Hey, clerk, curate of Milnrow, 
in 1593,) giyes a legacy to his son, *< Edward Assheton, parson of Middleton," 
and desires his ^ boo Edward Assheton, clarke, rector of Middleton, and my very 
deare frend Robart Holte of Aihworth gent, and Robart Holte his sonn and heire 
app'ent to bee overseers, and I give either of them lOs. in gold for a remembrance 
of my good will." 

Edward Assheton was twice married ; first to Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress 
of Raphe Belfeld of Clegg Esq. by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Hop- 
wood of Hop wood and his second wife. Jennet, daughter of William Gerard of Ince. 
By her he had no issue. (Ann, the other coheiress of Raphe Belfeld, was the first 
wife of William Assheton, the elder brother of Edward, who became, in her right, 
seized of the Clegg estate.) His second wife was Jane, daughter of Edmund Hop- 
wood of Hopwood Gent. Edward Assheton succeeded to the rectory of Middleton 
on the death of John Assheton M.A. (buried on the 9th October 1584, his wife 
Anne being buried 2dth February 1577,) who had succeeded his brother Robert 
in 1550, both being sons of Sir Richard Assheton, who died 3 Edward VI. the 
living having been previously held by their uncle, Edmund Assheton, who died 23d 
of August 1522. In the Register of Burials belonging to the Church is this record : 
*'Mr. Edward Assheton, parson of Middleton, was buryed y« 8th dale of Julie 1618.'* 
In the anticipated vacancy of the living, Richard Assheton Esq. (the patron) in his 
will, dated June 1618, (he died November 7th in the same year,) provided that his 
son John Assheton M.A. should have the rectory of Middleton ''if he be fitt and 
willing, when it is voyd, if not, that Abdy Assheton shall have it, and that when 
RadclifFe living falls vacant it shall not be given to Mr. Robert Walkden, school- 
master of Middleton." 

Before the death of the testator the benefice of Middleton was conferred upon 
Mr. Abdias Assheton, the rector of Sladebum, who was the second of the seven 
sons of the Rev. John Assheton, the rector first above named. Richard Holte of 
Ashworth Hall Gent, by will dated June 4th 1620, and proved at Chester in the 
same year, gives legacies to his ''cousin, Mr. Abdie Assheton, parson of Middleton," 
and to his " aunt, Ladie Dame Marie Assheton." 

The Rector's death is thus recorded in the Burial Register of Middleton : "Mr. 
Abdie Assheton B.D. and parson of Middleton, died on the eighth and was buryed 
on the 13 day of Nov. 1633, »t. 75 yrs." His will is dated 27 Aug. 1633, and was 
proved at Chester in the same year. He appears to have been unmarried, and gave 
legacies to many of his kinsfolk. He names his brother James Assheton, Parson 
of Halesworth in Suffolk, Richard Assheton his brother, his cousin John Harpur of 
Aynsworth, and his son John and daughter Anne : but the most curious legacy is 
thus bequeathed ; " I give to my cosin and Patron Raphe Assheton of Middleton 
Esq. my best Jewell, my watch or pockett clocke given unto me by most honourable 
Lorde, my Lorde of Essexe, the morning before his death." (He was executed for 



104 THE JOURNAL OF 

July 5. Sunday. W*^» my Cooz. Assheton and Cooz. Braddyll^ 

treason Febr. 25, 1600, and Mr. A. had probably been the Earl's Chaplain.) He 
also bequeathed £10 to the poor of Middleton. 

Whilst rector of Sladebume, and by no means a yery young man, his Puritanical 
views of the pastoral office did not prevent him being, like Crabbe's village pastor, 
a keen foxhunter, and a patron of other rural sports : 

** None better skiU'd the noisy pack to guide. 
To urge their ehaoe, to cheer them, or to chide," 
probably concluding (by anticipation) with Dryden, that 

** By chaee our long-liv*d fathers eam'd their food. 
Toil strung their nerves and purified their blood : 
Better to hunt in fields for health unbought. 
Than fee the doctor for a nauseous draught r 
Whatever truth there may be in this view of the subject, which will be thought by 
some open to exception, the public opinion of Sladebume and Middleton has long 
ago decided that '^cassock'd huntsmen" are not the best spiritual eounseUors, and 
the apostrophe of another poet on the same subject — 

^ From such apostles O ye mitred heads 
Preserve the Church !" 
is now totally inapplicable in, at least, one of the parishes of Mr. Abdias Assheton. 

It is inaccurately stated in a note in Archdeacon Ralph Churton's Life of Dean 
Nowell, that Abdy Assheton, rector of Slaidbuzn succeeded his father, Abdias 
Assheton, Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, in the rectory of Middleton, in 
the year 1618, the father having been the friend of Bishop Bedell, Dr. Gataker, and 
the author of the life of Dr. William Whitaker. Dr. Whitaker also mentions 
^Abdias and Abdias, father and son, rectors of Middleton in the latter end of 
Eliz, and under Jac. I." — Hut. WhaUsy, Add. p. 255 ; but as he communicated 
the above note to Archdeacon Churton, the misstatement is to be originally attri- 
buted to him. 

There is one other Abdias Assheton named in the Middleton pedigree ; but he 
was a son of Raphe Assheton of Kirkby in the county of York, and unborn when 
Dr. William Whitaker died. The author of that learned divine's Life would be 
his contemporary, the rector of Sladebume, to which living he was presented in 1615, 
and which he resigned in 1619, the year after he became rector of Middleton. 

In Whitaker's Op^ra Thsoloffiea, tomus primus, Greneva, 1610, folio, p. 698, is a 
short life, in Latin, of this celebrated divine, with the following title : *< Vita et 
Mortis Doctiss. Sanctissimiq; Theologi Gvlielmi Whitakeri S. Theologia Doctoris 
ae Professoris Regii et Celeberrimi CoUegii D. loannis in Cantabrigiensi Academia 
Magistri prudentissimi, vera descriptio. Socio ejusdem CoUegii Authore." No 
author's name, however, is given. Prefixed to his works, according to the &shion 
of the day, are two poetical Latin elegies on the death of the Regius Professor, with 
the writer's initials— ^ A. A." which may refer to Abdias Assheton. 

It is a pleasing duty to correct a slight mistake of this kind, committed by an aeute 
and learned writer ; but assertions like the following, in an elaborate county history, 



NICHOLAS A88HETON. 105 

to Mr. Sheriff his house Gawthorp.(i) — July 6. Rexnoved wanscot 
in great chamber^ and other work. Bedposts (2) in great chamber 
new. — July 19. Sunday, p) Sherborne, Starkee, &c. to Clitheroe: 

are absolately petrifying, and remind the reader of Mr. Gifford'a obaerration, that 
''there is a certain class of nav$lisU in whose dr&ina nothing is real ; their scenes 
are fancy and their actors mere essences:" — ''Thoagh the Middleton Registers 
begin 1541, there is no record of any rector in them till 1618, when Edward Asshe- 
ton became incumbent. The following are his successors : Robertus Walkeden, 
date of his induction 1624 ; Abdie Assheton, about 1629."— Baines' Hist, of Lane. 
Tol. ii. p. 601 , 1832. It will be almost unnecessary to obserre that there are numerous 
allusions in the Register Books to the rectors, who appear to have been constantly 
resident, that Edward Assheton died in 1618, that Robert Walkden (who was 
enrate) was never inducted at all, and that Abdie Assheton was rector from 1618 
to 1633. 

(0 Richard Shuttleworth Esq. sheriff of Lancashire.— TF. See note 2, p. 85. 

(3) The ''great chamber" was probably the room over the haU, and the "wans- 
eot" might be removed for the introduction of tapestry, although napkin paneling 
was very fMhionable at this time. Bedsteads and bedposts of the reign of James I. 
are of good old English oak, quaintly oonstructed, elaborately carved, and of enor- 
mous siie ; sometimes the tester and head of the bed are found inlaid with various 
light-coloured woods, embellished with armorial ensigns, ciphers, and dates, and 
ornamented with sundry hideously grotesque figures, now called "sants" by the 
common people, in whose cottages these relics of departed greatness may be found, 
ahhong^ it must be admitted that there is nothing peculiarly saintlike in their ap- 
pearance. Whitaker names " the oaken bedstead, massy as the timbers of a modem 
house,** and there are few old mansion houses in this part of Lancashire which do 
not contain at least one of these clumsy but interesting bedsteads. Mr. Henry 
Shaw's " Specimens of Ancient Furniture," and <' The Unton Inventories," the latter 
work containing inventories of furniture at Wadley and Faringdon, in Berkshire, 
in 1596 and 1620, published from the originals in the possession of Earl Ferrers, 
and carefully edited by J. Gough Nichols Esq. F.S.A. for the Berkshire Ashmolean 
Society, may bo consulted with advantage by those who take an interest in the 
domestic arrangements of our ancestors. 

(') Horse-racing for a wager, followed by hard drinking on Sunday evening, an 
" honest recreation 1 "— TF. 

If we turn to the household arrangements of the family of Bruen Stapelford, we 
shall find them, not only on this but every other day, of a widely different order 
from those of the house of Downham. " This gentleman knew right well, that 
&mily exercises were the very goads and spurs unto godlinesse, the life and sinnews 
of grace, and religion, the bonds and cords of love, drawing or leading to perfection. 
Like the coales taken from the altar, whereby both iniquity is purged, and men's 
hearts are inflamed with holy and heavenly affections towards God, and good 
thingfc Like the planting and watering of the Lord's vineyard, whereby every 

P 



106 THE JOURNAL OF 

staid drinking some wyne : soe to a summer game : Sherburne's 

branch is made more fniitfull. Like the private training of Christian BoaldierSy 
that they may be fit, and more fit for publike service. Like the nursing or nur- 
turing of the children, or heires of great families, where some are fed with milke 
and some with stronger meat, all with wholesome food, untill they bee brought on 
to their father's house, to bee farther refreshed and feasted at his table. Lastly, 
hee knew well that family exercises in religious, duties, were like the putting on, 
and buckling unto us the whole armour of God, that so being furnished with all 
offensive and defensive weapons, we may stand fast in the evill day, and goe through 
the duties of every day also, with more ease and comfort. And upon these and 
such like serious considerations, he exercised himselfe and his family unto godlinesse 
after this manner. First, for preparation, and secondly, for execution. For pre- 
paration : it was his ordinary course to rise very early in the morning, before the 
rest of his family, betwixt three and foure of the clock in summer, and at or before 
five in the winter, so that by this his vigilance and industry, he gained the liberty 
and opportunity most commonly of an houre or two before he rung the bell, to 
awaken the rest of his family : which time he bestowed most 'graciously, first in 
private prayer for himselfe, and for every soule in his fomily, making mention of 
some more particularly by name, as their occasions or afflictions might move him 
thereunto : and giving thankes to God therewithall, for such mercies and comforts 
as both hee and they had received that night past, and formerly also from his hand. 
Secondly, in meditation upon some part of Grod's word and works, wherewith he did 
season his mind and refresh his heart, endevouring so to set the watch aright in the 
morning, that the clock might go the better all the day after. Thirdly, hee did as 
hee had occasion usually write out faire, some part of such sermons, as hee had by a 
running hand taken from the mouth of the preacher, for renewing and increasing 
of the benefit and comfort which hee had reaped and received by the same. Thus 
did he watch over his family, when they were at rest themselves, and commend 
them unto Gt>d by his prayers, before they could open their lips, to speake unto him 
by their owne words. Thus did he awake with God in the morning, that he might 
the better awake unto righteonsnesse, and walko before God in holinesse and 
uprightnesse all the day after, even untill the evenipg. This he did by way of pre- 
paration. Now for execution, in the performance of his family exercises, he did 
discharge himselfe after this manner. After they were come together upon the 
ringing of the bell, they did all very reverently frame and compose themselves to 
stand in Grod's presence, and then he himselfe, lifting up his heart with his hands 
nnto Crod in the heavens, began his morning exercise after this manner, * Blessed 
Lord Gt>d, and our most mereifuU father in Christ Jesus, we thy poore children do 
humbly beseech thee graciously to assist us by thy holy Spirit, in this our morning 
exercise, that we may faithfully perform the same to thy praise and our comfort, and 
that for Christ his sake our onely Saviour and Redeemer, Amen.' This set forme of 
his short prayer before his morning and evening exercise, I doe the more willingly set 
downe, that they may see how farre they were deceived, and what wrong they did 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 107 

mare nin^ and lost the bell : made merrie : staid until^ &e. 2 o^clock 

him, who held him to bee an utter adversarj to all set formes of prayer, who might 
also have received their answer and beene eyidentlj refuted to their fades, if they 
had but observed his ordinary practice, every Lord's day in the publike assembly, 
where he did reverently accommodate himself to the publike prayers of the Church, 
and religiously joyne together with minister and people, in the celebration of Grod's 
service. Certainly hee was not ignorant, that when our Savioor Christ taught his 
disciples to pray, hee gave them liberty to call upon the name of God their Father, 
even in that set forme of prayer which he prescribed, and in the same words : when 
you pray, say Our Father, See, And yet for all that, he knew well enough that he 
gave the spirit of prayer also unto them, and unto all believers, children of the same 
Father, that they might enlarge themselves according to those grounds, and frame 
all their sutes after that forme, and therefore hee gave this direction unto them, 
After this manner pray ye. Our Father, &c. yea Christ hath left us his owne 
blessed example for the warrant of both, when in his agony he praied three times, 
using as the text saith, the same words : and when, after his farewell sermon to his 
disciples, hee prayed for himself, his disciples, and all true believers, onto the 
world's end, in great variety of words, and for many gifts and graces in particular, 
which yet are not all mentioned, but are all for substance contained in that pat- 
teme of true prayer." Mr. Hinde's estimate of the value of forms of prayer was 
lower than Mr. Bruen's, and his most inapplicable simile, which I shall not quote, 
has been frequently borrowed by those who have adopted his opinions. John Bruen 
delighted also in psalmody, and usually called together all the members of his 
family to join with him in this devout exercise, so that they not only song David's 
psalms with David's harp, but, what is better still, with David's heart. Mr. Bruen 
then read and expounded a portion of the scriptures, and concluded his daily wor- 
ship by a prayer of thanksgiving, thus presenting us with a bright picture of 
domestic happiness and Christian peace. His biographer has thought it necessary 
to vindicate this proceeding, but the vindication was altogether unnecessary. It is 
gratifying, however, to find that there was so much sobriety and good sense in Mr. 
Bruen's mode of conducting his fiimily devotions, and that he was laudably anxious 
to avoid the imputation of usurping the ministerial office, or of relying entirely 
on his own private judgment. ** Now because some may mistake both him and me, 
in this businesse, as imagining that, by his private expounding of the scriptures, hee 
did usurpe too much, and trench too neare, upon the office of the ministery, and 
were transported with some private spirit of interpretation, above hie pitch and 
phice, and that all this were now justified by that which hath beene said and done : 
such must bee intreated to conceive better of our minde and meaning herein, and 
not to be too rash in censuring, but to judge righteous judgement : for the paines 
which this gentleman tooke, in teaching and instructing of his family by the scrip- 
tures, were not raised, nor grounded upon his owne private conceit or fancy, nor 
were they fruits of any vain and unwarrantable presumption, as some might 
imagine : but all that ever he brought unto them, he had either begged of God, or 



108 THE JOURNAL OF 

at Downham. — July 20. Ric. Lister fell out with his bro. or rather 
hee w*^ him, and came from Arlebuggin.(^) 



borrowed of good men, or obtained by seriouB stady and meditation, gotten by read- 
ing of tbe Bcriptores, and good expositor!, or by reyewing his notes also of snch 
sermons as he had heard apon such scriptaree and texts as hee had in hand, using 
all good and holy meanes, to fit and famish himselfe with all manner of spiritual! 
provision for that serrice. The saecesse whereof through the good hand of God 
that was upon him was yety answerable to his desires, and endeayours for their 

good Now if in thus doing, any man or minister shall enyie him, and 

eomplaine of him, for preaching in his owne house, as sometimes loshua did of 
Eldad and Medad for prophesying in the Lord's host : I would have every godly 
minister to answer them, as Moses did him, Enviett thou for my sake 9 I would 
to God that all masters of families were such ministers in their Cunilies, yea, and 
that all ministers were such masters, in the religious goyemment of their own 
houses also." 

(1) Richard lister was the second son of Thomas Lister Esq. and his wife Jane, 
daughter of John Greenacres of Worston Esq. He lived at Glitheroe, and was first 
cousin of Mrs. Nicholas Assheton. He married Hester, daughter of William 
Hartley of Sturtham near Gisbume, and had issue two sons and a daughter. His 
brother, Thomas Lister, was in the commission of the peace, and died in 1619. 

If Mr. Bruen *'saw two gentlemen's servants at strife and variance, fearing least 
such sparks of contention begun by servants, might kindle a &n and flame (as many 
times they doe) betwixt the masters : he would begin to take up the matter with 
the masters, and then appease and pacific the servants, with meeke and gentle words 
of wisedome and peace, for thmr better instruction and reformation, following 
herein the example of holy Abraham, who upon a strife betwixt his brother Lot's 
heardsmen and his owne, spake thus wisely and peaceably unto him ; L$t thsrs be, 
I pray thee, no strife betweene me and thee, nor bettoeen my heardsmen and thy 
heardsmen, for toe are brethren. And as he spake peaceably unto him, so did he 
deale (for peace sake) as peaceably with him, in giving him the choice of the right 
hand, or of the left, in all the land before them, though he were superiour both in 
place and g^race unto him. And so would this gentleman make peace betweene 
masters and servants. If hee saw two Christians strive together, as Moses did two 
Hebrewes, he would take up him that did the wrong, with the same, or the like 
words as Moses did, Wherefore smitest thou thyfeUow 9 And if sometimes he had 
no better recompence for his good mind and meaning, than Moses had (as commonly 
the most wicked and injurious are most rude and damoroiis) he would be content 
to sit downe with the worse, as Moses did. Thus have we seen, that walking 
according to that rule of heavenly wisedome, which the Lord had given him, he was 
first pure in his conversation, and then peaceable. And so the fruit of righteous- 
nesse was sowne in peace of him that made peace." 



NICHOLAS AS8HET0N. 109 

Oct. 17. Mrs. Christian Greenacres^C) my mother-in-law^ dyed 
at York, under the Physicons hands. Dr. Wadko,(2) Folonian. — 
Oct. 19. I to Worston, where I found a sorrowful house. 



(}) She was Christiana, daughter of Sir William Bahthorp of Babthorp. — See 
p. 2. Her half sister, Katherine Bahthorp, married, first, George Yavasoar of 
Spaldington Esq. and secondly, John Ingleby of Ripley Esq. whilst her half brother. 
Sir Ralph Bahthorp, married Grace, daughter and heiress of Sir William Bimand 
of Knaresborongh, by whom he had issue Sir William Bahthorp his heir, a son 
Robert, and three daughters. This last Sir William Bahthorp, says Hopkinson, 
** being much devoted to the Romish religion, and expecting great pensions and pre- 
fsrments from the King of Spain and his holiness the Pope, sold all his lands and 
reyennes, and with the good leave of King James of happy memorie, retired himself 
with his children and family, and very considerable sums of money, into the 
Netherlands, the Spaniards' dominions, where he lived and died with no great or 
good content, as is believed, and soe ended this ancient and flourishing &mily." 
He married Grace, daughter of Robert Tyrwhitt of Kettleby in the county of Lin- 
coln Esq. and in 1622 had issue two sons, William and Ralph. He sold his ancient 
patrimonial estate of Bahthorp to Richard Bowes Esq. Hopkinson records a 
manuscript pedigree of nineteen descents. — Vol. xzii. 
(') I never heard before or since of this Polish physician. — W» 
Dr. Vodka probably came to England in 1563, in the large retinue of the noble 
and learned Polonian, the Prince Palatine, Albertus de Alesco, whose reception at 
the English Court was very magnificent. The will of Alexius Woodka senior, of 
the city of York, M.D. was proved in the Exchequer Court of York 31st January, 
1626-7, by Margaret Woodka, widow, his relict, the sole executrix. The testator, 
who resided on Peasholme Green, York, desires burial in the church of St. Saviour, 
York. He mentions his wife Margaret, his son Alexius, also a Doctor of Physic, 
and his daughters, Ann the wife of George Watson, Margaret the wife of William 
Atkinson, and Frances Woodka. He refers to real estates at WyclifFe and Drax 
Abbey, both in the county of York. He leaves legacies to his grandchildren, 
Alexius, Thomas, Francis, and Bernard Watson, and appoints his friends Thomas 
Lawne and Edward Cooper, aldermen of the said city, William Scott, late sheriff 
of the said city, and William Bradeley, vintnier of the said city, trustees for the 
said sums left for the benefit of such grandchildren. There is no sepulchral 
memorial of thi» famous Polish physician in the Church of St. Saviour in York ; 
but it appears that <* Alexius Vadco" was buried there on the 5th November 
1626, and «Mrs. Vadcoe" on the 26th February 16—. On a fiy-leaf of the 
Register Book of Burials belonging to this Church is a memorandum of the pre- 
sentation to the rectory of Mr. Whittaker, in 1631, by Charles I. and then follows 
a confirmation of the appointment by the Parliament (which had either assailed or 
questioned the right of the Crown) in 1641, which is subscribed by about fifty of 
the parishioners, the first signature after that of the rector being ** Alexins Vodkl^ 



110 THE JOURNAL OF 

Nov. 4.(*) Towards London^ ab* the hearing ag»^ Midleton^ in 
Cur. Ward, for the tenure of his land. (2) To Portfield for To. 
Braddyll, who went our journey. To Manchester, BulFs Head, 
Helliwells.(3) — Nov. 5. Tom Braddyll, Jo. Greenacres, Henry Ha- 

M.D." This was doubtless the bod, who wrote his name as a Pole of Ross would 
now do, the V being used for W. ** Alexius Vodka, doctor," was buried here May 
14th 1668, and several members of his family had preyiously obtained sepulture in 
the same Church. 

Q) To preserve the chronological succession of the events recorded, a slight trans- 
position of the text, as given by Whitaker, has been found necessary. 

(') I do not know where these lands were ; but the dispute evidently was, whether 
they were held in chivalry or socage, a point which materially affected the right of 
wardship. From Manchester to London the distance is 187 miles, according to the 
old computation 143, and took up six days ; but observe, the party halted on 
Sunday, and went to church. — W, The latter act, which would have commended 
them to Mr. Bruen and Judge Hale, could not be performed in this age of steam 
engines and locomotion ; nor is it required, when the same journey may be taken in 
about six hours. 

(S) Richard Halliwell was the hmdlord of the BulPs Head Inn, in the Market 
Place, opposite the Cross, in Manchester, in 1610, and appears to have been a person 
of good reputation in his day as a vintner. He supplied the churchwardens of 
Rochdale, Middleton, and other neighbouring parishes, for a long series of years, 
with wine for the Communion ; and on several occasions, when marriage licences 
were applied for at the Court of Chester, ** Mr. Halliwell of the Bull " gave ^ satis- 
faction" that the parties were of age and had proper legal consent. At the Court 
Leet of the Manor of Manchester, held 10th April 1627, it appears from the follow- 
ing extract, made by Mr. Harland, that 'Uhe drum and ancient, with a scarf, were 
delivered into the hands of the jury by Mr. Richard Hallywoll and Mr. Richard 
Radcliffe, who did formerly claim some right in the same, but have now disclaimed 
any further title thereunto, referring the disposal thereof to the jury ; — the juiy 
order that the said Richard Hally well, being boroughreeve for the present year, 
shall keep the said drum, ancient, and scarf, for the town's use, until the Michaelmas 
court, and shall then deliver the same to be employed for the town's use, at the 
discretion of the boroughreeve and constables for the time being, which was done 
accordingly." [Falstaff humourously describes retired soldiers as ''ancients, 
revolted tapsters, and ostlers trade-fallen, the cankers of a long peace and a calm 
world, ten times more dishonourable ragged than an old-faced ancient." — Ist part 
of Henry the Fourth^ Act iv. scene ii.] In 1629 ''Mr. Richard Halliwell of 
Manchester and Mrs. Margaret Lockyer," were married at Rochdale ; but no 
wife is mentioned in his will, dated 12th May 1638, wherein he styles himself 
" Richard Halliwell of Manchester senr. vintner," and desires that his body may be 
"buryed within the parish church of Manchester." He devises a good landed 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. Ill 

mond, and self, towai*ds London. To Castle : Mr. Shawns, Eagle 

estate to his eldest son, Richard Ualliwelly and names his sons James and Samuel, 
his daughters Jane and Mary, and his sons-in-law, John Radcliffe (rent, and Ann 
his wife, Thomas Pickersall and Ellen his wife, Thomas Ditchfield and Jane his 
wife, and Edward Brett and Alice his wife, and requests his ** friend the Right 
Worshipful Roger Downes Esq.'* to he his overseer. The effects were sworn before 
Edmund Hopwood of Hopwood Esq. March 29th 1639, and the will was proved 
at Chester. 

In 1660, during the public rejoicings in Manchester on the Restoration of the 
King, ^ the company, with the young boys, marched into the town, and were civilly 
entertained by Dr. Haworth, and others of his marky and being drawn up at the 
Gross and thereabout, all bareheaded, drunk his mi^esty's health in sack and claret, 
at the charge of Mr. Halliwelly giving a volley and shout." — See Dr. Uibbert 
Ware's Hist. Manchester ColUg. Church, vol. i. p. 359. The Bull's Head Inn still 
remains in Manchester. 

John Taylor, the Water Poet, passed through Manchester on his ^ Penniless Pil- 
grimage" to the North, a few months earlier in the same year. His house of call 
appears to have been Mrs. Sorocole's, the £^le and Child. His description of the 
hospitality he experienced from the ** men of Manchester" is very glowing. Nicho- 
las Assheton, had he been Taylor^s companion, would have found himself amongst 
kindred spirits. 

« I must tell 

How men of Manchester did use me well. 

Their loves they on the tenterhooks did rack. 

Host, boiled, bak'd, too too much, white, claret, sacke ; 

Nothing they thought too heavy or too hot, 

Canne followed canne, and pot succeeded pot. 

That what they could do, aU they thought too little. 

Striving in love the traveller to whittle. 

We went into the house of one John Pinners, 

(A man that lives amongst a crew of sinners,) 

And there eight several sorts of ale we had, 

AU able to make one stark drunk or mad. 

But I with courage bravely flinched not. 

And gave the town leave to dischai^ the shot. 

We had at one time set upon the table 

Good ale of Hisope, 'twas no Esope &ble. 

Then had we ale of sage, and ale of malt, 

And ale of wormwood, that could make one halt. 

With ale of rosemary and bettony, 

And two ales more, or else I needs must lye. 

But to conclude this drinking alye tale. 

We had a sort of ale called scurvy ale. 



112 THE JOURNAL OF 

and Child : Sir Cuthbert HaUey(i) ther : 28 myles. — Nov. 6. Sir 

Thus all these men at their own charge and cost 

Did striye whose love should he expressed most ; 

And, further to declare their boundless loves. 

They saw I wanted, and they gave me gloves. 

In deed and very deed their loves were such 

That in their praise I cannot write too much ; 

They merit more than I have here compiled. 

I lodged at the Eagle and the Child, 

Whereas my hostess (a good ancient woman) 

Did entertain me with respect not common. 

She caused my linnen, shirts and hands be washt, 

And on my way she cans'd me be refresht. 

She gave me twelve silk points, she gave me baken, 

Which by me much refused at last was taken ; 

In troth she proved a mother unto me. 

For which I evermore will thankfull be. 

O all you worthy men of Manchester, 

(True bred bloods of the county Lancaster,) 

When I forget what you to me have done. 

Then let me headlong to confusion run. 

To noble Master Prestwich I must give 

Thankes upon thankes as long as I do live. 

His love was such I neer can pay the score ; 

He far surpassed all that went before. 

A horse and man he sent with boundless bounty 

To bring me quite through Lancaster's large county, 

Which I well know is fifty miles at large. 

And he defrayed all the cost and charge. 

This unlook'd pleasure was to me such pleasure. 

That I can neer express my thanks with measure. 

So Mistress Saraoole, hostess kind, 

And Manchester with thanks I left behind." 

Taylor's Pmniless PUprimapSy Ws>rk$, 1630, fol. p. 126. 
A most worthy and exemplaiy successor of John Lawe of Whalley, (see p. 26,) 
and of Mr. Halliwell and Mrs. Sorooole of Manchester, deserves mention, and more 
especially in consequence of his admirable epitaph in Whalley Church Yard having 
been written by the historian of that interesting parish. Few persons in John 
Wigglesworth's situation of life have been honoured with such an epitaph, from such 
a pen ! 

^Here lies the Body of 

John Wigglesworth. 

More than fifty years he was the 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 113 

Cuth. gone affore us : wee overtook him, and left bim at Litchfield. 
Wee to Midleton, Mr. Bartlet's, the Saracen's Head, 30 miles. — 
Nov. 7. To Coventrie, and Dayntrie xxvi myles. The Bushop of 
Bangor ther, Dr. Baylie.(2) A verie foule, raynie, stormie daye. 

principal Innkeeper in this Town. 

Withstanding the temptations 

of that dangerous calling he 

maintained good order in his 

House, kept the Sahbath day Holy, 

frequented the Public Worship 

with his Family, induced his Guests 

to do the same, and regularly 

partook of the Holy Communion. 

He was also bountiful to the Poor 

in private as well as in public, 
and by the blessing of Proyidence 

on a long life so spent died 

possessed of competent Wealth, 

Febr. 28, 1813, 

aged 77 years." 

0) [See p. 112.] Sir Outhbert Halsall of Halsall.— TF. 

Sir Cuthbert Halsall Knt. was the representative of a Lancashire family, who 
traced their descent from the time of Henry III. and had a confirmation of their 
aristocratic and feudal pretensions in 1613 by William Smith, Rouge Dragon. Sir 
Outhbert had two daughters, his coheiresses : Ann, who married Thomas, son of 
Cuthbert Clifton of Westby Esq. and Bridget, who was contracted in her minority to 
Thomas Halsall of Bickerstaff, son and heir of Henry Halsall of Aughton Esq. but 
was afterwards divorced, and married Thomas, eldest son of Sir Thomas Cromp- 
ton D.C.L. and M.P. for the University of Oxford, knighted July 23d 1603, Judge 
of the High Court of Admiralty, Vicar Greneral of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and Chancellor of the Diocese of London. The latter marriage probably produced 
no issue, and is omitted in the pedigree of Sir Cuthbert. He was sheriff of Lan- 
cashire in 1601 and 1612, and mayor of Liverpool in 1615. He sold all his estates 
to Sir Gilbert Grerard, Attorney General and Master of the Rolls to Queen Elisa- 
beth, whose son, Thomas, was created Lord Gerard of Bromley by King James in 
1603. 

<>) Lewis Bayley S.T.P. elected to the see of Bangor August 28th 1616, and con- 
secrated December 8th. He died in October 1631, and was buried in his own 
cathedral. It does not appear whether the Bishop and Master Nicholas were guests 
on this occasion at the memorable hostel formerly kept by Falstaff's ** red-nose 
innkeeper of Daintry." — F»r#« Part of H$nry the Fourth, act iv. scene U. 



114 THE JOURNAL OF 

This daye my Cooz. Assheton, of Midleton, dyed.(^) — Nov. 8. 
Sunday. Weut to the Church : my Lord Bushop preached : t. Prov. 
xxviii. 13. Hee preached in thaft'noone. We away to Stonie 
Stratforde^ Mr. Greenes, the Cocke, xv myles. — Nov. 9. Wee to 
Bamet, the Rose and Crowne, Mr. Lennoy, 34 myles. — Nov. 10. To 
London, the Chequer in Holbome,(2) x myles. — Nov. 15. Sunday. 
St. Pulchar's: Dr. Kyng,(3) Bishop of London, preached, 11 Ps. x. — 
Nov. 19. Reteyned my counsell Mr. Shierfield.(*) Nov. 20. This 

{') See p. 70, note. 

(') ** The Chequer in Holbome" reminda va of the fiunoas Chequer Inn, still 
remaining in Canterhury, though subdiyided into tenements, at which Chauoer*s 
motley troop of pilgrims arrived and took up their lodgings : 

'' They tooke their in and loggit them at mydmorowe I trowe, 
Atte Choker of the hope, that many a man doth knowe." 

Ca-nUrhwry TqUb. 

(S) John King D.D. great nephew of Robert King D.D. last Abbot of Osney and 
first Bishop of Oxford, was educated at Westminster School, appointed chaplam to 
Queen Elizabeth and James the First, became Archdeacon of Notts in 1590, Dean of 
Christ Church, Oxford, in 16G5, and elected to the see of London on the promotion 
of Dr. George Abbot to the archiepiscopal see of Canterbury. He was oonseerated 
at Lambeth, September 8th 1611, and died March 30th 1621, et. sixty-two. He was 
buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, under a plain stone, inscribed with the one word — 
Rbsuroam . Dr. King was the most natural and persuasive orator of his time, ex- 
tremely popular at Court, and styled by James the First ^ the king of preachers." 
The origin of his lordship's preaching at St. Sepulchre's may be found in the fol- 
lowing passage of his life : '* After his advancement he endeavoured to let the world 
know that that place did not cause him to forget his office in the pulpit, shewing by 
his example that a bishop might govern and preach too : in which office he was so 
frequent, that, unless hindered by want of health, h€ omittsd no Sunday on tokieh 
hs did not visit gome pulpit in or near London" — Wood's Athen, Oxon, p. 468 ; 
Fuller's Oiureh Hist, book x. p. 90, anno 1621. Fol. 1656. 

(*) The notorious Sherfield, who made six fraudulent conveyances of his estate, 
and after all, left it to pious uses. See Strafford's Letters, vol. i. p. 206.— TT. 

In a letter addressed by Mr. 6. Garrard to the Lord Deputy, (or as her 
Miy'esty's representative is now styled, the Lord Lieutenant of Lreland,) dated 
February 27th 1633, is the following notice of Counsellor Sherfield : ** About 
this time my Lord Howard's Lady died, as also Sir Thomas Crew, Seijeant 
Diggs, and Sherfield the glass window breaker. Sherfield died some thousands 
in debt and most wickedly cheated those that dealt with him, for that little 
land he had, a manor near Marlborough, when, as your lordship knows, he was 
fined five hundred pounds, in the Star Chamber, he then mortgaged his manor to 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 115 

day the cause in the Court of Wards should have been heard^ but 
was not : deferred by the attorney's favour, and Shierfield's slow- 
one Ayres, a Bencher in Lincoln's Inn, who lent him on it two thousand and fiye 
hundred pounds. Upon his death he challenging it, Audley of the Court of Wards 
shews a former mortgage to him. Sir Thomas Jervis one more ancient than that, 
his wife hefore him challenged it as her jointure, his eldest brother shows a convey- 
ance before all these ; in conclusion, on his death-bed, he commands a servant of his 
to carry a letter with a key sealed up in it to Mr. Noy, where was assigned in what 
box in his study at Lincoln's Inn lay the conveyance of his estate. There it was 
found, that by a deed bearing date before all these formerly mentioned, he had 
given all his estate to pious uses ! Siefinita $stfab%Ua of Mr. Sherfield." — Straf- 
ford's Corretp, ed. by Dr. Enowler, fol. 1740. On the 6th February 1632, Henry 
Sherfield Esq. a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn, and Recorder of Salisbury, was tried in 
the Court of Star Chamber, for breaking and defocing an ancient painted window, 
eontaining a histoiy of the Creation, in the parish Church of St. Edmond in Salis- 
bury, having afterwards boasted that he was a defaoer of Idolatry. Sherfield, in 
his answer, said that the church was a peculiar, and exempt from the jurisdiction 
of the Bishop of Sarum, and that in his judgment he was justified in his proceeding 
by Queen Elizabeth's orders for taking down and abolishing of superstitious images 
and pictures in churches, and that he had the authority of the vicar and a vestry 
whieh had assembled in Januaiy 1629. He further stated that his seat in the 
church happened to be so placed that he had this window always in his eye, which 
had ''troubled his conscience for twenty years," and he procured the order of 
vestry and broke the window " to preserve a good conscience ;" and being a justice 
of the peace and an influential person, he had been entrusted by the parishioners to 
see the thing done, having never heard of the express command of the Bishop of 
Sarum [John Davenant D.D. 1621 — 1641] to the contrary. The witnesses deposed 
that in October 1629, about four in the afternoon, Mr. Sherfield went to the sex- 
ton's, and having obtained the key of the church door, locked himself in the church, 
and standing upon one of the seats, broke the window with a little black staff with 
a spike at the end of it, and that whilst he was doing this he fell off the seat and hurt 
himself so much that he laid groaning on the floor a considerable time, and being 
carried home on horseback, was confined to his house for a month. This well-merited 
fall brings to mind that of Mr. Prejudice in Bunyan's '* Pilgrim's Progress," who fell 
down and broke his leg, ^ and I wish," observes the matchless aUegorist, ** it had been 
his neck," a very pious wish, in which I fear Mr. Sherfield would not have joined, 
although his diseased conscience and g^rievous prejudice cost him dear. Lord Cotting- 
ton, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, appears, however, to have been more severe in 
his sentence against Sherfield than the case warranted. He said these were the acts 
of Brownists and Puritans, and although Sherfield professed to be conformable and 
received the Lord's Supper kneeling, this proceeding showed ^ what spirit he was 
of." It had been said he was a wise man, and an old man, and learned in the laws ; 
but it had been a better ai^ument of extenuation if they had said he was a weak 



116 THE JOURNAL OP 

ness — Nov. 23. Mr. Henr, Hamond(^) away to Lane**. Attended 
and reteyned Serj. Crue.(2) —Nov. 26. To my Lord Wallingford'sp) 
house^ about getting a day of hearing next tearme. 

man, or a mad man. It was great presumption in him, who knew the law so well, ta 
reform abuses as a private individual, in contempt of the authority of the Church, and 
the King's supremacy : and therefore his sentence was, that he should lose his place 
of Recorder, openly acknowledge his fault in the Church and Cathedral, and pay a 
fine of £1000 to the King. Sir Robert Heath, the Attorney-General and after- 
wards Lord Chief Justice, and Lord Chief Justice Richardson, were moro lenient 
towards the defendant, and mitigated the sentence to a fine of £500, which was 
taken for the King. — Salmon's State Trials, 8 Car. I. p. 124. See also Howell's 
State Trials, vol. i. where the depositions are given at large. As Laud and Strafford 
took an interest in the prosecution of Sherfield, he had doubtless been at the head 
of an influential party obnoxious to those distinguished individuals. They were all 
three great men in their way, and these proceedings may be classed amongst ** tha 
light parts of a great man's character," which Horace Walpole so much delighted 
to contemplate. Sherfield died the year after the trial, and possibly bis death might 
be accelerated by the severity of his sentence. He was, however, an odious hypo- 
crite, as Garrard's letter to Strafford abundantly proves. 

(^) One of the Hamonds of Whalley, nearly allied to Dean Nowell and to Dr. 
Henry Hamond. — W. 

Bishop Fell and all Dr. Henry Hammond's biographers agree that the learned 
Commentator was descended from the Nowells of Read in Lancashire, but the pre- 
cise connecting link has not been supplied. Dr. Whitaker, with far more than his 
usual genealogical investigation, laboured hard, and with praiseworthy industry, to 
trace the descent of this great man, and his manuscript materials now in the pos- 
session of his son, the Rev. Robert Nowell Whitaker M.A. Vicar of Whalley, fur- 
nish the following probable conclusions : 



Hamond of Whalley == Sister of Dr. Alexander Nowell. 



John Hamond LL.D. bapt. at == 
Whalley 1542, ob. 1589. 



John Hamond M.D. recognized = 
by Dean Nowell as his cousin. 
Physician to Prince Henry. 



Henry Hamond D.D.bom 1605, 
ob. 1660. 
In the Register of Burials at Whalley is— '* Henry Hammond sepult. in ecclesiA 
Nov. 18, 1642," probably the individual mentioned in the text. 

(') Sir Randolph Crewe, eldest son of John Crewe of Nautwich in the county of 
Chester Esq. was Speaker of the House of Commons, made Sergeant at Law July 1st 



NICHOLAS AS8HETON. 117 

Dec. 1. Swome in the Star Chamber. Robinson^s occasions 
staid me in the towne. Examined in the Starr Chamber ab* Ray- 
dale business. — Dec. 2. This evening to Bamet, the Antelope. — 

1614, in which year he was knighted at Whitehall, and appointed on the 26th 
January 1624-6 Chief Justice of the King's Bench, from which office he was 
remOTed in 1627, with two or three of the Judges, for not promoting the levying of 
•hip money. He repurchased the manor of Crewe, which had passed from his 
family with an heiress in the time of Edward I. huilt the present nohle mansion 
there, and diod Januaiy 13th 1645-6, aged eighty-seven, *^ out of office," says Fuller, 
** but not out of honour." Ho was ancestor of Hungerford, the present and third 
Baron Crewe of Crewe. — See Ormerod's Hist, of Cheshire, vol. iii. p. 167. His 
younger brother, Sir Thomas Crewe Knt. was Sergeant at Law to King Charles I. 
and father of John, created in 1661 Baron Crewe of Stene in the county of North- 
ampton, which barony became extinct on the death of Nathaniel, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, the third Baron, in 1721. 

C) [See jp. 116.] William Viscount Wallingford, Master of the Wards, the filia- 
tion of whose issue, or rather that of his lady, is yet undecided. — W. 

William KnoUys, son of Sir Francis Knollys K.G. by Katherine Cary, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Boleyn and cousin german to Queen Elizabeth, was Treasurer of the 
Household in the reign of that Queen, and advanced on the 13th May 1603 to 
the digputy of Baron Knollys of Greys, in the county of Oxford. In 1614 his lord- 
ship was appointed blaster of the Wards, and afterwards K.G. On November 7th 
1616 he was created Viscount Wallingford, and advanced on the 18th August 1626 
to the earldom of Banbury, with precedency of all earls who were created before 
him. He died 25th May 1632, aged eighty-eight, leaving, according to his inquisi- 
tion, no issue, but leaving a widow, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Howard, Earl 
of SuiFolk. His honours were deemed extinct, and his estates passed to collateral 
heirs, excepting such as he had devised to his widow, who remarried Lord Vaux. 
In a few years this lady produced two sons, bom during her marriage with Lord 
Banbury, her first husband, but called Vaux, and now set up by her ladyship as the 
sons of the Earl of Banbury, to the eldest of whom she gave the title of that noble- 
man, lliey were not of age before the Civil Wars had broken up the House of 
Lords. The elder died, and Nicholas, the survivor, availing himself of the Conven- 
tion Parliament in 1660, took his seat therein and voted upon several occasions. 
On July 13th 1660 it was moved that the right of the person styled Earl of 
Banbury to sit in the House shall be heard at the bar by counsel. Whether the 
right was investigated and the doubt removed or not, is not known, but the 
Earl continued to sit in the House, and was named on a committee. In the new 
parliament which met on the 8th May 1661, the name of the Earl of Banbury 
was omitted. His lordship presented a petition to the King, which was referred to 
a committee of privileges, and after a regular examination of witnesses the com* 
mittee reported that *' Nicholas, Earl of Banbury, was a legitimate person,'* and yet 
in Deeembor 1661 a bill was brought in, and read a first time, entitled ** An Act for 



118 THE JOURNAL OF 

Dec. 3. To Mimms. Wee on the way shott at thrushes. Came to 
Dunstable, 29 miles, the White Horse. Ther was Mr. Edw. Raws- 
thome, younger. Thither afterwards came Coz. Standish,(^) of 

declaring Nicholas, called Earl of Banbury, to be illegitimate ;" but the bill waa 
dropped, and the petitioner died in 1673-4, without the matter having been brought 
to a concluBion, leaving a son, Charles, then twelve years of age. Hb petition to 
the House of Peers in 1685 was disregarded ; but having killed his brother-in-law in 
a duel in 1692, and being indicted at the Quarter Sessions of Middlesex, and the 
indictment being removed by certiorari into the Court of King's Bench, the assumed 
Earl of Banbury petitioned the Lords to be tried by his peers. The Lords adjudged 
that he had no right to the earldom ; but to this he demurred as a bad replication, 
contending that the Lords had no jurisdiction over the question. The Court of 
King's Bench determined that ^the resolution of the Lords was invalid," being 
an opinion only, and not the decision of parliament, the peers having no original 
jurisdiction but only in case of appeal. Lord Chief Justice Holt defended this 
decision before the Lords, and the petitioner again petitioned for his writ of sum* 
mens, and the Crown referred it to the Lords in 1^3^ who sent a message to the 
King, that they had already determined the question. In 1727 the claim was 
again preferred, but the Crown declined to interfere. General Knollys, who, with 
his ancestors, had enjoyed the titular honour, again petitioned the Crown in 1806, 
and the case was referred to Sir Vicary Gibbs the Attorney-General, who confirmed 
the resolution of Lord Chief Justice Holt in 1693. Thus the case again came 
before a committee of the Lords, and Sir Samuel Romilly contended, with his usual 
brilliancy, that the issue of the wife must be acknowledged in law to be the issue 
of the husband. Lord Kedesdale opposed the claim on the ground that Nicholas 
Knollys or Vaux was in fact the son of Lord Vaux, bom in adultery, but did not 
touch upon Sir Samuel Romilly's argument, which was supported by Lord Ersldne 
and opposed by Lord Eldon, who contended that the King's Bench ought to have 
paid deference to the Lords' resolution of 1683. The result was a resolution of a 
majority of the committee, in 1813, that the claimant was not entitled to the eari- 
dom of Banbury. The whole question of the Banbury peerage, of which the leading 
points are here given, has been discussed by Sir Egerton Brydges Bart, with great 
force and perspicuity, probably from his sympathy with the claimant, whose case 
was not very dissimilar to that of the claimant of the Chandos peerage. 

(^) Ralph Standish of Standish Esq. succeeded his ftither in 1624, was sheriff of 
Lancashire 10 Charles I. [1634,] married Bridget, dan^ter of Sir Richard Moly- 
neux of Sefton Bart, and thus became connected with the Sherbomes of Stonyhurst 
and Walmesleys of Dunkenhalgh. Whether he was the individual here named, or 
one of his brothers, John, Thomas, and Alexander, is unknown, nor is the family 
relationship to Nicholas Assheton very clear. Whereas Alexander Standish of 
Duxbury Esq. married Alice, (bom 1574,) daughter of Raphe Assheton of Lever 
Esq. and sister of Sir Raphe Assheton the first Baronet, and was therefore, by 



NICHOLAS A8SHETON. 119 

Standish. — Dec. 4. Toster,(i) Mr. Blands^ the Rayne Deere; 20 
miles. To Coventrie, 24, the Starr, Mr. Forrells. — Sunday. To 
Litchfield, 20, the George, Mr. Jodrell. To Talk oth Hill, («) 28, the 
Swann, Mr. Shawes. — Dec. 8. Capt. Rawsthome, to the Bull's 
Head, Manch^ 24 myles. — Dec. 9. To Burie, to Eatenfield, p*^ 
with Capt» R.(3) To Worston, 22 myles. — Dec. 14. Worston. 
Tom Starkie and his wyffe.(*) 

mftrriag«, eonsin te the journalist. He died in 1623. — Lane, MSS, Pediffr$4Sy vol. 
zii. 

(») Tester, i.e. Uttoxeter. 

(*) ^ In this town of Newcastle I overtook an hostler, and I asked him what the 
next town was called that was in my way toward Lancaster, he, holding the end of 
a riding rod in his month as if it had been a flute, piped me this answer and said, 
TaUt4 an ihs hill, I asked him again what he said f Talks on tKe hill, I demanded 
the third time, and the third time he answered me as he did before, Talks on ths 
hill. I b^gan to g^w choleric, and asked him why he could not talke or tell me 
my way as well there as on the hill : at last I was resolved that the next towne was 
four miles off me, and that the name of it was Talke on ths hill,'* — Taylor's Penni- 
IsBS PilgrimagSj Works, p. 125. Nicholas Assheton probably spent his evening at 
Talk-on-the-Hill much after Drunken Bamaby's fashion : 
<* Huic ad Tauk-a-hill perventum, 
Ck>l]em valde lutulentum, 
Faber mihi bene notus 
Mecum bibit donee potus." 

Bamab. Itin, p. 56, edit. 1818, 12mo. 

(») Of Newhall, in Tottington.— TT. « Captain Rawsthome" was probably Ed- 
ward, son and heir of Edward Rawsthome and his wife Alice, daughter of Mr. 
Dichfield of Ditton. He married Katherine, daughter of Robert Holden of Holden 
Esq. and was the father of E^lward Rawsthome of Newhall Esq. who married, 
first, Ellen, daughter of RadcliJSe Assheton of Cuerdale Esq. (marriage licence dated 
September 19th 1627,) and secondly, Mary, daughter of John Greenhalgh of Bran- 
dleeome Esq. He was sheriff of Lancashire in 1629, called to the Bar by the 
Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, 25th Februaiy 1633, afterwards Governor 
of Lathom House, and Captain of a regiment in the service of Charles the First. 
He was appointed Colonel of a regiment of Foot by Prince Rupert in 1644. On the 
2d December 1645 after a gallant though unsuccessful stand of two years, on the 
part of the Countess of Derby, who had refused all negotiation, and had assured 
Fairfox that she had not foi^tten her duty to the Church of England, her alle- 
giance to her prince, and her faith to her lord, and that she would defend all these 
with her honour and life. Colonel Rawsthome surrendered into the hands of the 
parliamentaiy forces, upon bare terms of mercy, ** the ancient, noble, and almost 
invincible House of Lathom, whose antiquity, famous siege, and most heroic and 



120 THE JOURNAL OF 

Dec. 24. My father, mother [,] Sherborne, w* our servants, to 
Whalley, to spend Christmas. — Dec. 28. Monday. To Whalley, 

gallant defence, can never be forgot whilst history remains in the world." — Sea- 
come's Hist, of th$ Siege of Lathom House, p. 89, and p. 101, 4to, 1783, and Lane. 
MSS, This yerj respectable family is now represented by Colonel Rawstome of 
Penwortham near Preston. 

(*) [See p, 119.] Tom Starkie had soon married again, (see p.51,) but whether he 
was influenced in his choice of a second wife by such considerations as moved Mr. 
Bnien, is not recorded ; neither do we know whether he ''cast his eye'' upon his 
future wife during " the holy exercise of religion," nor whether, like honest John 
Dunton, when smarting from ''that fiital wound" which the beautiful Rachel 
Seaton gave him in the Rev. Mr. Doolittle's meeting place, he had " more charity to 
her piety than to think she designed it," certain it is that, like honest John, he was 
"almost charmed dead." Thus writes Mr. Bruen's biographer with inimitable sim- 
plicity and irresistible truth. " After these things, finding himselfe to stand in need 
of marriage, and that (both for the comfort of his life and necessity of his family) 
it was not good for him to be alone : he sought the blessing of another helper, and 
a prudent wife, by prayer from the Lord. And as he sought, so he found, the Lord 
in his providence ordering and disposing of the occasion, motion, match and mar- 
riage after this manner. As he was in Manchester upon occasion of the holy exercise 
of religion kept, and continued in that place, he cast his eye upon a very amiable, 
and beautiful! young gentlewoman, which diligently frequented that assembly; 
upon the sight of whom, he confesseth, that he had this thought arising in his heart, 
loe, this is the woman that the Lord hath provided for my wife. And bo, that he 
might not only please his eye and follow his affection in his choice, but might deale 
wisely and advisedly for his better satisfaction touching her vertues and graces 
(which he much desired were answerable to her outward parts,) he acquainted one 
of his most trusty and religious servants (as Abraham did Eliezer in a like bnsi- 
nesse) with his thoughts and purpose, and set him presently a work to inquire after 
her. Who being borne in that country and well acquainted in those parts, was well 
able to answer his desires and demands, concerning this matter. And so he told 
him thus much in effect, and after this manner. This young gentlewoman her 
name is Mistris Anne Foxe, sister to Master Foxe of the Rhodes, some four or five 
miles from Manchester, well descended both by father and mother. Her &ther a 
gentleman of good estimation, and account (whiles hee lived) with that honourable 
personage Henry Earle of Darby, being controller of his house, and one of his 
counsell, and one of those speciall gentlemen that attended upon his honour when 
he was sent by Queene Elizabeth ambassadour into France. Her mother yet living, 
a very godly and gracious matrone, descended of the ancient and worshipfuU families 
of the Addertons, and Lelands in Lancashire. Her selfe a yertuous, and religious 
young woman, beautifuU by grace within, as well as by nature without ; one that 
was well reported of in the church of God, and well esteemed, and accepted of the 
people of God ; and such a one as in his opinion might be a comfortable match and 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 121 

w^ Cooz. Braddyll, &c. My father-in-law feared himself^ as I 
thought^ but that few or none can judge truly of his purposes (hee 

marriage for him. Upon thu relation of hi« senrant, and good testimony, which he 
gare her, answering so well to his desires, he neglected no time, but tooke his best 
oportmiity to make a motion to her mother, and her friends for a marriage, which 
being well accepted and entertained by them, he became a suter nnto her, and 
winning her affections, by his gracious speaches, and godly carriage, he prevayled 
in his sate, and so by mutuall and chearefdll consent of her friends, he took her to 
wife, with much joy and comfort to both their hearts in their so holy meeting and 
matching together in the feare of God. The first yeare of their marriage, his 
mother in law gave them and theirs their Table, during which time, he was as care- 
ful to do good unto that family, as if it had been his own house. And therefore he 
began to quicken himselfe, and to awaken them unto all religious duties of prayer, 
and praise, reading of the scriptures, singing of psalmes, godly conference, cate- 
chising of the ignorant, &c. Which albeit for the most part they were performed 
before in the fiunjly, yet he now being called and entreated by M. Foxe, and his 
mother, to discharge these duties, did more powerfully stirre up the gifts and graces 
of God that were in him, and so set himselfe a worke more effectually, to seeke 
their conversion, and edification in the knowledg of (rod, and faith in Christ Jesus. 
All which his holy labours in private, being seconded and strengthened by the 
pnblique paines of their pastour old M. Langley, that holy man of Gh>d, and faith- 
full servant of Christ in the house of God, were so effectually blessed and prospered 
by the good hand of Grod upon him, that in the remembrance of that yeare, and the 
sweet comforts and contentments, which he fotmd therein, he hath been often 
both in his life and was also at Ids death, as it were ravished with joy, and rejoycing 
in the Lord, enlarging his heart in thanksgiving unto him, for his mercies to him- 
selfe, and to others also by his meanes. Hereof he hath left an evident testimony 
under his owne hand, which I will not spare to record : let others read, consider, 
and give righteous judgement. My mother in law, saith he, then giving mee Table 
for a yeare, there and then we set up the exercise of religion morning and evening. 
In which time I trust, through God's grace, my mother in law there got true saving 
grace, and my sister in law, now Mistris Hinde, and another half sister of hers, 
and tiieir brothers Master William and Master Thomas Foze, and a servant or two, 
and some neighbours, which joyned with us in the evening. Blessed be God that is 
pleased by weake meanes, to ezpresse his great power, and mercy towards us." Dr. 
Ormerod has found it ^fficult to reconcile the statement of Mrs. Foze's descent, 
which it may be presumed is correctly given by her son-in-law, except as follows : 
Edward Tyldesley, second son of Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley, (Inq. post mart. 
29 Elis. 1586-7,) married Anne, sole daughter and heiress of Thomas (in one pedi- 
gree William) Leyland of Morleys Esq. by his wife Anne, daughter of George 
Atherton Esq. and yet there is no note of Anne Tyldesley having remarried ; but on 
the other hand Mr. Hinde mentions his wife's kalftUter, 



122 THE JOURNAL OF 

is soe privatt,) and unwilling to dye from Worston; went to 
Worston, and his family w*^ hym.(>) 

Jan. 1. I to Extwistle, to Mr. Jo. Pker,(2) to bee of Commission 
for my Cooz. Robinson ag"* Sir Thomas Metcalfe. p) W* much 
ado, and some money I got him. — Jan. 7. W*^ Cooz. Assheton 
home. Maskeing, gameing, oth. friendUe sports. All away, pack 
ragg, all day. — Jan. 12. Mr. Barrow's Commission for old Nowell's 
will.(*) Nowell and that pHe though much att me. 

(}) Richard Greenaeres died the year following ; bat I am unable to ascertain 
the day or month.— TT. He died September 26th 1619.— ForA». M8. P0d. vol. i. 

(S) John Parker Esq. died 1633.— TT. But more likely to have been John 
Parker the younger Esq. a barrister of Gray's Inn, bom in 1578, succeeded 
his father in 1633-4, (whose will was proved at York,) married, in 1603, Elisabeth, 
daughter of Cuthbert Holdsworth of Sowerby, in the county of York, Gent, 
and died in 1655, having been in 1653 sheriff of Lancashire, and therefore a Par- 
liamentarian. His will was proved at York. The Grammar School of Burnley vras 
built on land given by his grandfather, Aobert Parker Grent. temp. Edward VI. 
and on the 6t]ii October 1641, he being the only surviving trustee, surrendered copy- 
hold lands in trust to his grandson, John Parker, son and heir of JElobert Parker 
(admitted of Gray's Inn 9th May 1625) late of Netherwood Grent. deceased, and 
George, son and heir of George Halsted of Bank House, and their heirs, for the 
use of the said school. He was one of the Laymen of the Third Lancashire Pres- 
byterian Classis in 1646, by ordinance of Parliament, and, complying with the ruling 
powers, saved his estate. His great-grand-daughter, Mary, married Richard AMhe- 
ton Esq. second son of Sir Raphe Assheton of Middleton Bart, by whom she had a 
son. Sir Raphe Assheton, the last Baronet. His lineal descendant and representa- 
tive is Robert Townley Parker of Cuerden and Eztwisle Esq. 

Eztwisle Hall, a considerable and handsome stone house, appears to have been 
re-edified in the time of Charles the First, by the Lawyer Parker. It ia now occu- 
pied by a fiyrmer. 

(*) I fear there are no records extant of the Court of Starchamber to prove what 
was the event of this suit. There can, however, be little doubt that an heavy fine 
would be imposed on the knight for so outrageous a breach of the peace. — W, 

{*) Of Little Mearley.— »r. 

This was probably Roger Nowell Esq. the son and heir of William Nowell and 
Ids wife, Ann, daughter of William Dyneley of Downham, to whom he was married 
5 H^nry VIII. Roger Nowell married two wives, but had issue by the first only, 
his widow being Helen, only daughter of Hugh Shuttleworth of Gawthorp, and 
sister of Sir Richard Shuttleworth, Chief Justice of Chester. He was living in 
1610, and appears to have died about 1617-18, being succeeded by hia son, Christo- 
pher Nowell Esq. who married, 18 Elist. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Walmsley 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 123 

Jany. 22. (London again.) To the Bell, in Gray^s-inn-lane. 
Sander(i) and George supped w*** mee. — Jan. 28. Sir Lionell 
Cranfield,(2) Mr. of the Wardes, first tyme of his sitting. — Jan. 



of Shollay Esq. sister of Sir ThoiDM Walmsley, Jostiee of the Common Pleas, and 
died 3 CharUs I. leaying six sons, who all died without male issue. 

** Though much" appears to be a misprint for ^ too much/' i.e. seeking to influence 
the writer, as a kinsman, more than the case would warrant. 

(}) Who Sander is I know not ; but have little doubt that by Greorge is meant 
George afterwards the celebrated Sir George Radcliffe, then a young lawyer of 
Gray's Inn.— TT. 

Dr. Whitaker^s conjecture is somewhat strengthened by the circumstance of Sir 
George Radcliffe, the virtuous and accomplished secretary of the Earl of Strafford, 
having at this time for his neighbour and companion at Gray's Inn his uncle Alexan- 
der, commonly called ^ Sander" Radcliffe, youngest son of Charles Radcliffe of Tod- 
morden Esq. He was a barrister, and appears to have had chambers at Gray's Inn. 
His habits were very irregular, nor was he distinguished by any of the religious, 
moral, or literary qualities of his family. He married Grace, sister of William 
Savile and widow of William Vernon Gent, but died s.p. His will, dated 20th 
June 1616, was proved at York September 10th 1618. He is frequently mentioned 
in the correspondence of Sir George Radcliffe M.P. It may be sufficient to name 
that Sir George was the only son of Nicholas Radcliffe of Qverthorpe in Thomhill 
near Wakefield, who was the second son of Charles Radcliffe of Todmorden Esq. 
He was baptized at Thomhill April 2l8t 1693, educated by the Rev. Thomas Hunt, 
incumbent of Oldham in Lancashire, from 1607 to 1609, when he was entered of 
University College Oxford. In 1613 he became a student of Gray's Inn, and 

obtained his degree of Barrister in 1618. He married first, sole daughter and 

heiress of John, Lord Finch of Fordwich in the county of Kent, by whom he had no 
issue, and secondly, in 1621, Ann, daughter of Sir Francis Trappes Bimand of Nidd 
Hall in the county of York Ent. (severely fined in 1639 as a Recusant,) by whom 
he had a son who died unmarried. Sir George RadcUffe died in 1667. The Rad- 
eliffes were kinsmen of Nicholas Assheton. 

C) Afterwards Earl of Middlesex, who had just succeeded Lord Banbury (Wal- 
lingford) in the Wards.— TF. 

Lionel Cranfield, a merchant of London, married to a kinswoman of Yilliers, 
Duke of Buckingham, and by him introduced to the Court of James I. when he 
received the honour of knighthood, was appointed Master of the Requests, next 
Master of the King's Great Wardrobe, then Master of the Wards, sworn of the 
Privy Council, and in 1621 created Baron Cranfield. In the same year he was 
constituted Lord Treasurer, and in the next year was created Earl of Middlesex. 
In 1624 his prosperity declined, and through Buckingham's infiuenee he was im- 
peached by parliament for bribery, extortion, and oppression, lost all his offices, was 
fined £60,000, banished the Court, declared to be ineligible to sit again in parlia- 



124 THE JOURNAL OF 

27. The King sate in the Star Chamber, and the Prince, about the 
great cause twixt Exeter, La. Cecill, and Leake, Sir Tho. and Lady 
Ro88e.(^) — Jan. 29. King late [sate?] in the Starr Chamber. — 
Jan. 81. St. Andrew's. D'^ Ducket. 

Feb. 2. Candlemas-day. To Westm'. ther S^der and I sawe a 
gentlewoman, a grocers d' as a suter to her.(3) — Feb. 8. The busi- 

ment, and senteneed to be imprisoned daring the King's pleasure. He died in 1645, 
and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 

(1) This great cause is alluded to bj liojd. Granger, and other historians, who 
do not appear to have been quite certain as to the identity of Lady Exeter. She 
was undoubtedly Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Drury, and sister and coheiress 
of Sir Robert Drury of Halsted in Suffolk. She became the second wife of William, 
Earl of Exeter, and stepmother of WiUuun, Lord Roos, the Earl's only son by 
Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Edward Manners, Eari of Rutland. Lord 
Roos married, February 12th 1616, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Lake Knt. 
principal Secretary of State, but had no izsue, and it was known that she was 
slighted by him, which led to his being falsely and maliciously accused of incest 
with his stepmother the Countess of Exeter. This scandalous accusation was 
accompanied with that of witchcraft against the Countess and an intention to poison 
the ladies Lake and Roos. Sir Thomas Lske was artfully persuaded to join these 
ladies in the prosecution of the innocent Countess. King James took great pains 
in the inyestigation of this affair, and discovered a combination of forgery, suborna- 
tion, and perjury, scarcely to be paralleled in history. The King sat in judgment 
upon them, and compared himself to Solomon, who was to judge between two 
women (for he said he would parallel them as women) and to find out the true 
matter of the child, that is Verity. Their crimes he profimely compared ''to the 
first plot of the first sin in Paradise : the Lady Lske to the serpent, her daughter 
to Eve, and poor Sir Thomas to Adam." Lady Roos confessed her guilt in open 
court, and was pardoned. Sir Thomas and his lady were fined £10,000 to the 
King and £5,000 to the ix^ured Countess, and were thus ruined. Lord Roos, who 
had, been ambassador in Spain, returned to England in 1616-17, but the next year, 
whilst trayelling in Italy, died at Naples June 27th 1618, not without suspicion 
of having been poisoned. He had been greatly courted by the Romish party in 
Italy, and after leaving England, openly declared his apostacy. — See Granger^s 
Biogr, Hut. ; Birch's MiS8. Brit. Mui. 4173 ; Brydges' P40rs of JamwI. pp. 470 
et seq. and A Bslation of Lard Boos' Emlxusy to ths Court ofSpain^ 4to 1617. 

(') It is not without reluctance that I venture to differ from Dr. Whitaker's con- 
jecture, in note i. p. 123, having there attempted to shew that it might be tenable. 
I have, however, discovered, that Nicholas Assheton had, at this time, two brothers 
both living in London, Alexander Assheton, a linen draper dwelling in St. Paul's 
Church Yard, and who appears from this journal to have been a suitor to a grocer's 
daughter, and George Assheton, of whom nothing is known. These are more 



NICHOLAS ASSUBTON. 125 

nesB for Yeamond Bobinson^ for cutting off his hand^ was heard in 
Geild-hall: hee recoW. 52/. and 4 m<». costs. (i) — Feb. 10. Our 
cause was called and Mr. Wainesford(^) alledg. that Mr. Downes 
was of counsel! w*^ his client. He was more fully instructed. 
Cause deferred. — Feb. 11. The cause in Court of Wardes heard 
twixt Midleton compl. in a bill of traverse^ and Bic. Assheton and 
W™. Walbank def Hs. Full evidence on Midleton's side : deposi- 
tions : 2 olde deedes : and Blackbome Assize : Mr. Downes(3) and 
Mr. Wandesford his counsell ; and Sherfield and my Cooz. Banes- 
ter(*) ours. Wee shewed Ireland's Office,(*) and red depositions^ 

likely to have been the ^Sander and George" who sapped with Mr. Assheton than 
his relatiyesy the more learned and courtly Radcliffes. — Lane. MSS, toI. iii. ; 
Assheton Pedigrses. 

Q) This is explained by a former article. '^ Peter^s day . Yeamond Robinson 
(I suppose of the Raydale family) catt dangerously and wounded, in danger of 
deathe : self to Boulton to him." Also, ^' July 7, Mr. More came to helpe John 
Lawe at the cutting off of Yeamond Robinson's hand." Why was the action tried 
at Guildhall when the cause originated in Lancashire f — W. 

The trial took place at Guildhall, before the Council of the North, the cause being 
removed by commission from Yorkshire, (not Lancashire,) which was not an 
unusual method of proceeding when important matters and individuals were con- 
cerned. On the 5th July 1611 William Holdsworth deposed on oath before John 
Favour LL.D. vicar of Halifax and justice of peace, that one William Beaumont of 
Clayton, a collier, coming from York, said that the Lord President sate there like 
a cipher, and had no power to end matters of any weight, but sent them up to 
London to be ended, and kept a few petty matters before him. — Hopkinson's MSS. 
vol. xvii. p. 130. The poor collier's punishment is not recorded. 

(>) This ia not the celebrated Christopher Wandsford, the friend of Lord Straf- 
ford, but another person of the same simame, who afterwards became Attorney of 
the Wards.— TF. 

(') Probably John, son of Roger Downes of Wardley in the county of Lancaster 
Esq. M.P. for Wigan. He married Penelope, daughter of Sir Cecil Trafford Knt. 
and dying in 1648, left issue an only son, Roger, unfortunately killed by a watch- 
man at Epsom Wells in 1676, 8Bt. twenty-eight, unmarried^ — Lane. MSS. vol. iii. 

(^) Christopher, son of William Banastre of Banke Esq. and his wife Christian, 
daughter of Raphe Assheton of Great Lever Esq. He was Vice-Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster, and married Joane, daughter of Alexander Standish of Dux- 
bury Esq. — See pp. 64-5. 

(') ^Ireland's office" was the post mortem inquisition, called an ^office," taken 
by William Ireland Esq. (fourth son of William Ireland of Lydiate Esq.) who was 
Escheator and Deputy Receiver of the Duchy of Lancaster in this reign. He 



126 THE JOURNAL OP 

long in heereing^ and ordered against Midleton.(^) The land to be 
holden in knight^s service. — Feb. 14. Sunday. Frances Assheton 
deliv^ of a girle, at Downham. — Feb. 18. Marg* A8sheton(2) 
christened. EUenor Assheton, Cooz. Assheton's wyflFe of Whalley, 
and my Cooz. Braddyll's wyffe MelKcent, godmoth™. Sir James, 
al* Mr. Whalley, christened it. 

March 1, 2, 8, Staid for Mr. Assheton. Queene Anne, Queene 
of England, dyed at Hampton Court, aV 4 of the dock in the 
morning. P) — March 5. To Ware, and so to Puckeridge, 25 m. — 

married Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of William Molyneux of Sephton Elsq. 
(she died February 20th 1619,) bj whom he had a son and successor, Sir Francis 
Ireland Knt. bom in 159,0, who married Elizabeth, daughter of William, Lord Euro 
of Wilton, and sold Nostell Priory near Doncaster, which had been purchased by 
his father. 

(') Perhaps one of the highest testimonies oyer spontaneously borne to the 
character of a private individual is that of Judge Warburton, in open court, in 
favour of Mr. Bruen. " An honourable judge in open court, when complaint was 
made of some wrong which he did to a neighbour gentleman, by a water-course about 
his mill (out of that good opinion which he had and held of him) gave him this 
worthy testimony : I cannot thinke but that you wrong M. Bruen ; I will under^ 
take for him, make him but sensible of any errour or wrong which he hath done 
you, and he shall both willingly of himselfe acknowledge it, and make you double 
amends for it. He durst not despise the judgement of his man-servant, nor the 
cause of his maidservant when they contended with him. For what then should he 

doe when Crod riseth up, and when he visiteth, what shall he answer him ! 

And thus might this gentleman's neighbours, tenants, friends, adversaries, finde 
him easie to be intreated, (and so they did) in giving, and forgiving, bearing, and 
forbearing, borrowing and lending, in doing any good, or restraining any evil, as 
they had occasion to make triall of him." Sir Peter Warburton of Arley in the 
county of Chester succeeded his father, Sir John, in 1672, was sheriff of the county 
in 1683, and elected M.P. for Chester in 1686-89-97. He was appointed a Sergeant 
at Law in 1694, and a Puisne Judge of the Common Pleas in 1601. He was knighted 
at Whitehall by James I. in 1603, but out of &vour with the King in 1616. He 
died in 16 — . His present excellent representative ia R. E. Egerton Warburton 
of Arley Esq. 

(') Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Anheton Esq. and Frances his wife, baptized 
February 18th 1618, married Richard, son of John Johnson of Worston Gent, by 
whom she had two daughters who died in their infancy. She died in 1651, 3 Charles 
II. The birth and christening, it will be observed, took place during the fiither^s 
absence Anom home. 

(') Anne, daughter of Frederick II. King of Denmark was married to King James 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 127 

Mar. 6. To Royston, 8 m. to Huntingdon, 16 to Stilton, the An- 
gell, 9 m.: 33 miles. — Mar. 7. Sunday. ToGimn Feme, Deeping, 
Burne, Faiddingham, ther bayted, I wearie, and soe to Nocton: 
my Cooz. Towneley his wyff and familie ther.(^) Ther first tould 

I. in 1690, and died March Ist 1618-19. There was nothing above mediocritj in 
any circamstance of her character. At Skipton Castle ia a portrait representing a 
plain pug-nosed female who has the crown of England beside her. This is decidedly 
Queen Anne of Denmark, the g^reat patrotiess of the celebrated Ann Clifford, 
Countess of Dorset, Pembroke, and Montgomery, who was present at the royal 
funeral as an assistant to the Countess of Arundell, the principal mourner. — Hist, 
of Craven, p. 276. Ann Clifford was the friend and kinswoman of Sir Raphe 
Assheton of Whalley, whose man, in 1634, ^ brought my Lady a basket of apri- 
eocks" from Whalley. — Ibid, p. 303. Apricots were introduced into England from 
America in 1562. 

(') This was a fine estate then belonging to the Towneley family, which they 
inherited from the Wimbishes, and where they seem to have spent their winters. — 
W, 

Nocton, in the county of Lincoln, was obtained by Sir Richard Towneley Knt. who 
iras at the siege of Leith, and appears from his will to have been a Protestant. He 
married, in 1637, Frances, (whose fortune was five hundred mares,) daughter of 
Christopher Wimbysh Esq. by his wife Mary, daughter of Nicholas Byron Esq. and 
heiress of her brother. Sir John Byron Knt. She was ultimately heiress of her 
brother, Thomas Wimbysh of Nocton Esq. who died 36 Henry VIII. and had no 
issue by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Gilbert Talboys Knt. His widow mar- 
ried, secondly, Ambrose, Viscount Lisle and Earl of Warwick. Sir Richard 
Towneley died in 1663, and his relict married Sir Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall 
Knt. who died in the lifetime of his fitther, without issue, September 26th 1668. — 
Hopkinson't MS8. vol. x. p. 134. 

During his journey Mr. Assheton, as might have been expected, visits his rela- 
tives, and partakes of their hospitality ; but Mr. Bruen not only welcomed his rela- 
tions, but generously opened his house as a sort of inn to travellers and strangers of 
every description. ^They that are rich in this world, are charged to be rich in 
good workes, to distribute unto the necessities of the saints, to give themselvs to 
hospitality, and not to forget to entertain strangers, for therby some have enter^ 
tained angels unawares. This gentleman was ever ready according to his portion, 
and proportion, to be rich in good workes, and full of good Aruits, and so gave him- 
self to great hospitality, to entertain strangers, and to refresh the bowels of the 
saints. His house was as the common inne, or constant harbour of the church, and 
of God's children, and himselfe as Gains, a godly and good hoste, to give them 
liberall, and cheerfuU entertainment, as they came unto him. None so welcome to 
eate of his morsels, or to drinke of his cup, as such strangers as were no stnmgen 
in Israeli, nor strangers from the covenant of promise, but fellow citizens with the 



128 . THE JOURNAL OF 

mee my wyff was delivered, and had a girl. 38 miles. — Mar. 9. 
Went all away and my Cooz. Towneley w**» ns to Idncolne. Dyned 
with Mr. Docter Parker, Deane of Lincolne.(^) Ther we pted with 

saints, and of the household of God. Such there were, many passengers from Lon- 
don to Ireland, and Anom Ireland into England, many travellers, horsemen and 
others out of Lancashire, and the farthest parts of Cheshire, who wonld (as they 
had occasion to come to the courts or &ires of Chester) take up his honse for their 
lodging place, not so much I conceiTe for the ease, and refreshing of their bodies, 
as for the comfort, and rejoycing of their hearts, in seeing his fikce, in hearing his 
voice, in conferring and advising with him, in having a portion in his prayers, and 
a part in his praises nnto (rod with him. Now for his ordinary table which hee 
kept for his hospitality, it was bonntifull, and plentifiill, not unto exeesse and super- 
fluity, but unto a very competent sufficiency, and that with great variety of God's 
good creatures, ever ready to his hand. His flight of pidgeons the best in the 
oonntrey, his warrens of conyes, not inferiour to many, his delieato fish-ponds, sur- 
passing all about him, (which were the better for his owne skill, care, and paines, 
which he took himself with them) all these (being blest of God unto him) might 
well furnish his table, together with other ordinary provision, in and about his house, 
for the comfort and contentment of any such strangers as would come unto him. 
In all this great plenty and abundance, he would never suffer any wilfull waste, nor 
could hee endure any wanton or wicked abuse of Grod's good creatures ; his buttery 
was open and free for any gentleman, servingman, countreyman, so farre as they 
kept themselves within the lists, and limits of moderation, and sobriety. But as 
for excessive drinking, quaffing, carrowaing, drinking and pledging of healths, and 
the like shamefull disorders, even unto beastly drunkennesse in great houses, the 
order and manner of his family was knowne so well, that of those who did come 
unto it, seldome or never was there any so impudent, and shamelesse, as would give 
him, or hi9 servants, any just occasion of oflfence, or g^evance, by such lewd beha- 
viour, and misdemeanour in such things. Thus far of his hospitality towards 
strangers." 

(1) Dr. Roger Parker, Dean of Lincoln, a son of the family of Browsholme. He 
died in 1629, aged 71.— TT. 

Roger Parker D.D. third son of Robert Parker of Browsholme Esq. and his wife 
Elizabeth, sister of Bishop Chaderton, was bom in 1658. He became Precentor of 
Lincoln in 1597 through the influence of his uncle, Bishop Chaderton, and was 

elected Dean of that cathedral in 1613. He married Alice, daughter of Pont, 

and dying 29th August 1629, »t. seventy-one, was buried in his cathedral, where his 
monument, arms, and effigies in brass still remain. He is there styled ^bonorum 
omnium hospitalissimi." His initials, with the date 1616, appeared on the front of 
the old Deanery House, which has just been taken down, and near to the site of 
which a new residence is to be ereeted. — See Gtnt. Mag, Jan. 1848, p. 45. 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 129 

Mr. Towneley, and wee to Perrie,(i) 9 miles^ and so to Bautrie, 9 
more, 18 myles. — Mar. 10. Al to Doncasir, and staid and made 
merrie, and then 4 myles further to Robin Hood Well. They to 
Bradford for Lanc"»(^); I, Jo. Greenacres, and Walbank to Yorke^P) 

(*) Littleboroughy on the Trent.— IT. This village is eight miles and a half from 
East Retford, and is sitnated on the river Trent, across which is a ferry, which has 
existed from the time of the Romans. The place itself is supposed to he the site of 
the station called Segelocnm. 

(>) Not to Halifax ; the road lying then from Wakefield through Adwalton to. 
Bradford, thence to Luddenden, and so over the Long Canseway into Lancashire. — 
W. 

(>) His father, Greenacres, was then under the care of Dr. Wadko. He died 
this year.— TF. Or rather the next. — See p. 122. In 1625 the journalist ended his 
bustling life, and in the same year John Bruen closed hu exemplary career. Mr. 
Bruen's ** whole life was a meditation of death, so was it also a continuall preparation 
for it. For the Lord had taught him so to number his dayes, that he did apply his 
heart unto wisdome. I say, both to be wise unto salvation, and so wise also, as to 
consider, and often think too upon his latter end. So that, all the dayes of his 
appointed time he did wait, as lob did, till his change should come. All his studies 
and labours, all his holy duties and services, all his prayers and tears, all his watch- 
ings and fittings, all his desires and endeavours, were especially bent and directed 
unto this end (next unto Ood's glory,) that he might so run, that he might obtaine, 
and so fight, that he might overcome, and in the end, be more than a conquerour in 
him that loved him, that is in Christ Jesus. It was therefore his care and confi- 
dence, ever so to live, that he might never be afficaid to dye ; yea so to live, that he 
might desire to dye, and to bee with Christ, which is best of all, even where he is, 

and as he is for ever It was observed by many of his friends, both at 

home and abroad, that, in his declining dayes, when he saw he was drawing on 
towards his joumeye*s end, his fEdth was exceedingly increased, his hope and rejoy- 
cing in God much enlarged, his love, and scale, wonderfully inflamed ; his affections 
towards God and the godly, more holy and heavenly, and his motions towards 
heaven more quicke and lively. Much like the elements, and other such natunJl 
bodies, which the nearer they draw to their proper places, are ever more violent and 
speedy in their motions, till they come unto them : so was it with this gentleman 
for his spirituall estate ; the nearer he drew towards his proper place (his mansion 
house, prepared for him in the heavens) the more eager his desires were, and his 
motions more vehement to dispatch his journey, with all good speed, to finish his 
course with joy, and to runne out the race with patience, which was set before him. 

It seemed good unto the Lord to visit him with sicknesse, and that after 

this manner, as his faithfull yoke-fellow hath reported and sent me in writing from. 
her owne hand. Her words be these. ' I call to mind some words which he spake 
unto me alone, at that time when it pleased the Lord to visit him, which was upon 

s 



130 THE JOURNAL OP 

the Starr, Mr. Tireman's, 82 miles. — Mar. 13. To Skipton, dined, 
soe home, 32 miles. 

the day after the sabbath. That morning he arose exceeding early, and having beene 
in private prayer with God, as his usaall manner was, he performed afterwards this 
duty in the whole family. This being done, he went, as he was accostomed, into 
his studie nntill dinner time. And having dined, he went into his study again. 
And then it pleased Grod, about an hour or two after, to visit him, as it were with 
an ague, after the manner of a shaking ; and so withdrawing himselfe thence into 
his little parlour, he laid him down upon his bed. Then said I unto him. Sir, I 
feare your early rising hath done you hurt. Then he replied. If you had scene, wife, 
such glorious things as I saw this morning, being in private prayer with God, you 
would not have said so : for they were so wonderfull and unspeakable, that whether 
I was in the body, or out of the body, with Paul, I cannot tell. Thus it hath 
pleased the Lord, least I should be too much exalted by this glorious sight, to give 
mee (with Paul) a buffet in the flesh. All which things hee spake with exceeding 
great joy unto me.' The like report of the like ravishing in spirit and such glorious 
sights (which he saw not long before) he himselfe made unto some of his friends, 
after he had been one day in private prayer with God in his grove. The particulars 
he would not confesse, but onely told them in generall, with great tendemesse of 
heart, and many teares in his eyes, teares of joy, and teares of sorrow. For now he 
had a strong perswasion, that he should not live long, and that within a while he 
should make a glorious change, of this life, with a better ; of earth for heaven, 

of this world for another, and of an estate of misery, for an estate of glory 

Now although his bodily infirmities did increase, and grow upon him, yet would he 
not by any meanes bee kept from the house of Grod, on the Lord's day, so long as 
either he could go or ride, which was some eight or nine weekes before his death, 

and departure out of this world He grew every day more 

weary of the world, and was then best contented when he could dispatch woridly 
businesses with fewest words. It was his provident and godly care to set his house 
in order, as good Ezekiah did, to make his will, and to leave all things in good 
tearms of peace and love : which he did with good successe accordingly. [His 
will was proved in the Consistory Court of Chester, and has been examined by 
my friend, the Rev. John Piccope M.A. incumbent of Famdon, but it contains 
nothing important or worthy of especial notice.] And so by this meanes hb mind 
and heart were disburdened, and eased of many worldly thoughts and cares, and he 
brought to a greater freedome, and liberty, both to think, and speak of spirituall 
and of heavenly things. Which in no sort he did omit, but as he could stir abroad 
in the house, either to the hall, parlour or kitchen, he would drop some wholesome 
words of counsell or comfort, amongst such as he met withall, and never cease 

speaking of holy, or of heavenly things amongst the rest of his family 

Some that came unto him would out of their common kindnesse, comfort him with 
some hope of health and recovery: to whom hee would make this answer, * My time 
is in the Lord's hand, and it is not likely it can bee long, my dayes are past, my 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 131 

purposeB are broken off, even the thoughts of mj heart, my task is ended, the Lord 
hath no more worke for me to doe, my warfjEtre is accomplished, my race is ran out, 
and finished ; I now only hope for, and wait for that orowne of righteousnesse 

which Christ hath purchased for mee, and Gk>d hath promised unto mee.' 

Being now growne veiy feeble and weake, and much like a dying lampe, the oyle 
wasting, and the light decaying : for though his afflictions were increased, yet were 
not his consolations diminished, though hee were weak in body, yet was he of per- 
fect minde and memory ; feeble in the flesh, but strong in the spirit : yea, his spirit 
did continually breath out such saroury and sweet words (as his speech would serre 
him) words of grace and peace, words of joy and comfort, like a sweet perfume, or 
some sweet odours, out of a precious boxe, newly broken up, that all that stood by 
were much refreshed, and comforted therewithiJl : and were well assured, that no 
paines of his body, nor pangs of death drawing on, did halfe so much trouble him or 
annoy him, as his inward, spirituall, holy and heavenly refreshings and rejoycings 
in his God, and from his Christ, and by the Spirit, did make his consolations to 
abound, for increase of his joy and peace in Christ Jesus. About the fifteenth of 
lanuaiy his strength was much abated, and his weaknesse increased, by reason of a 
sore stopping in his breast and throate, which did so trouble him, that hee could take 
no food, nor refreshing, no not so much as a spoone-Aill of any syrup, or broth, or any 
other liquid thing : but he was ready to faint and to be gone upon it. It was much 
about this time, that a worthy knight, his near and dear cosen. Sir H[enry ] B[unbury ] 
came to see him, one whom hee loved most intirely, for his faithfulnesse in his place, 
zeale tmto Gk>d's house, and love unto God's people. Who when hee saw him in so 
great weaknesse, could not refraine from teares, but wept over him abundantly : 
which when hoe was aware of, hee began to speake comfortably unto him, saying, 
' Grood sir, weepe not for mee, for there is no cause of woeping, but of much rejoycing 
in my behalfe. Tume your teares into prayers, and let mee ei^oy that fruit of your 
love. Let them weepe that have no other hope but in this life only, let them weep 
that have no portion in the Lord, nor any part in Christ lesus ; but as for you, and 
me, let us in every estate and condition, while we live together, rejoyce in the Lord 
together. You are in your way, I am at my journey's end, walke on still, as you 
have well both begune, and continued a long season. And the Lord will bee with 
you, hee will never fayle you nor forsake you.' And with many other words did 
hee exhort him and others that were with him to be faithfuU in keeping covenant 
with God, and to continue in the grace of God, whereunto they were cald in Christ 
lesus. Vpon Monday being the 16 of Ian. his son and heire came unto him, whom 
he rejoyced to see, unto whom hee gave many wholsome instructions, and gracious 
exhortations, praying for him, and blessing his children, encouraging him to be 
constant in religion, and commending unto him the excellency, and reward of the 
same ; exhorting him also, to uphold the worship, and service of God, both in the 

assembly, and in his family Upon the same day lanuary 16. Master 

L.[angley] and my selfe came unto him. And here, what shall I say ! EeerudsscU 
doloris vidnus. My sorrow bleeds afresh, I can now rather weepe, than write, 
mine eyes drop downe teares, as ray pen doth words, and my writing rejoyceth 



132 THE JOURNAL OF 

as it vere to mingle it selfe with m j wvoping, to bluire and blot my paper, tliat no 
more be sud of these things, 

CurcB loquufUur Uvm^ ifig^nUi HupMi, 
Bat I will indeavonr to refraine and containe my selfe, and tell yon (as I can) some 
few things of many, which I saw and heard from him at that instant. Vpon my 
comming onto him, so soone as he saw me, hee seemed to bee much cheered, and 
comforted eren in his very sonle, and so spake (in such broken and short speeches 
as then he conld) to this effect onto me. * Oh brother H.[inde,] you are a welcome 
man unto me, I am here you see the Lord's prisoner, cast upon the bed of my sieknes, 
and in great affliction ; yet waiting upon the mercies of my God, for a comfortable 
release in due season.' And when he was asked of the estato of his faith and hope 
in Christ, and whether his consolations did not abound in the middest of all his 
afflictions : * Yes, I thank God, saith he, they doe, and farre doe exceed them. Yea, 
and that which is more remarkable, the Lord of his mercy hath giyen me so strong 
evidence of his favour and love in Christ, that I am not troubled in mind nor con- 
science, with any doubts or feares, nor any other satanicall molestations or tonta- 
tions, but rest and wait in patience for the accomplishing of his mercies upon mee, 
according to his good pleasure towards me.* Hereupon, although we were sorrowf uU 
in his sorrow, yet were we joyfull also in his Joy : and finding him so graciously soiled 
and resolved concerning his peace and reconciliation with God in Christ, and touch- 
ing his assurance of his heavenly inheritance, we resolved not to trouble him much 
with many words, in his great weaknesse, but demanded of him, whether hee would 
not have us to commend him unto God in our prayers. At which motion hee 
seemed to rejoyoe in his spirit, and answered, yes, he would, and did much desire it. 
And so he raised up himselfe in his bed, and lifting up his heart with his hands to 
God in the heavens, did as it were, reach after the petitions that were put up to 
God for him, and joyning in heart and spirit with him that prayed, could not con- 
taine himselfe, but oftentimes with a cheerefuU consent, said. Amen, Amen, unto 
the requests and supplications that were made, for his good and comfort in Christ 
Jesus. After this M.[r.] L.[angley] spake a word unto him, to comfbrt him in the 
midst of all his sorrowes, that hee knew that shortly hee should bee released and 
freed from all sinne and sorrow, from Satan and this present evill world : where- 
unto he answered most cheerfully and graciously, * I know I shall, and bee with 
Christ which is best of all. And now the messenger of death is upon me' (which he 
spoke of the hickock which had taken hold of him). M.[r.] L.[angley] replyed, 
* I hope, sir, that death is no feare nor terror unto you.' * No indeed it is not I 
thanke God,' saith he, ' for it is my way to life, and I am now called of Grod unto it.' 
And thus he continued in great paine of body, but yet in great peace of mind, 
increasing still in consolations, and enduring all his sicknesse with admirable 
patience, not showing any distemper, nor discontont, neither in word nor deed, all 
the while, in the troubles and sorrow of the same. After this, the same night he 
put it upon me to call his family to prayer, and to performe the evening sacrifice in 
the great parlour, commanding them to set open his little parlour doore, a^joyning 
to it, that he might heare us, and jo3me with us, and partake of such mercies and 



NICHOLAS ASSHETON. 133 

meanesy as the Lord should be pleased either to offer unto us, or to accept at our 
hands. The next morning, though he did weare away very much, yet he called upon 
M.[r.] L.[angley] to pray with him, being up very early to go a long journey to preach 
his ordinaiy Tewsday lecture : of whom he was so very carefull, that he caused some 
provision to be made for him, especially a posset, that he himselfe at their parting 
might drinke with him. The same day I staid with him untill the aftemoone, minis- 
tring such help and comfort as I could unto him. And then mine own occasions 
calling me home, my wife being his former wife's own sister, and my selfe, came to 
take leave with him, which when hee heard and saw, his very soule seemed to melt 
within him ; for both his and our hearts were full of g^efe, and our eyes full of 
teares, and so mingling our sorrowes, our teares and our prayers together ; he com- 
mended us to the graco and blessing of God, as we also did him. And then falling 
upon his face and kissing his cheek, we tooke our long leave with him, leaving him 
yet in the hands of his heavenly Father that would never leave him. The same 
aftemoone he called for M. Lan. and M.[r. Sabbath — such was his Christian name] 
Clerk his own pastor to pray with him, and was never at quiet, unlesse hee were 
either meditating and praying himselfe, or had some godly man or good minister to 
pray with him, and for him. Vpon Wednesday morning, divers of those that were 
with him, suspecting his death and dissolution to be neare took leave with him, 
desiring at their parting a blessing from him : which he did willingly ezpresse, by 
lifting up his hands and his heart unto heaven for them ; vttering also some words 
which they could not so well understand. In the aftemoone he overheard some 
making motion of blacks. ' I wil have no blacks,' saith he, * I love not any proud or 
pompous funerals, neither is there any cause of mourning, but of rejoyoing rather 
in my particular.' After this he entreated a good Christian to pray with him, 
which he did very willingly, again and again, to his good contentment. And while 
they were in prayer in the family, they that were with him did imagine that he 
prayed himself silently and secretly, by the pulling of his armes out of the bed, and 
lifting up his hands and his eyes towards heaven, whence only he did looke for 
hearing and helping at Ood's hands. And now growing so weak, that he was scarce 
able to speak a word, those gracious people that were about him, prayed him to lift 
up his hand, if he understood them, and would have them to pray for him, which 
he did very willingly and readily, and so he joyned with them, and was heard to 
say Amen, to the prayers that they made for him. Afterward they perceived that 
he prayed himselfe again, lifting up his hands, and uttering these words, with many 
other to the like effect. ' The Lord is my portion, my help and my trust, bis 
blessed son Jesus is my Saviour and Redeemer, Amen. Even so saith the Spirit 
unto my spirit : therefore, come Lord Jesus, and Idsse me with the kisses of thy 
mouth, and embrace me with the armes of thy love. Into thy hands do I commend 
ray spirit ; O come now, and take me to thine own selfe ; O come. Lord Jesus, 
come quickly, O come, O come, O come.' And so his spirit fainting, and his speech 
failing, he lay quiet and still, for a little season. And then he meekly and gra- 
ciously yielded up his pretious soul, into the hands of Qod his Father that gave it, 
and into the armes of his Saviour that had bought it, and redeemed it with his 



134 THE JOURNAL, ETC. 

pretioufl bload. And thus haying finished his coane, and ran out his race, th« 
night of his death shutting up the dayee of his life, suavUsr in Domino obdormivity 
he sweetly slept in the Lord. AH glory, thanksgiving and praise, bee unto our 
gracious God, in and through his son Christ lesus, for over and ever. Amen." 



INDEX. 



Abbey of WhaUey, 1, 26, 66, 69, 63, 73, 

Abbeyfield, in the coantv of Chester, 79. 

Abbot, ArehbUhop, 63, 114. 

Aberdeen, 47. 

Abases in the church not to be reformed 
by priTate men, 116. 

^Academy-day" at Stonyhurst, 30.' 

Aecrington, 77. 

Act Books of the Bishops of Chester, 67. 

Adam and Walbank, 72, 74. 

Adams's, Thomas, ''Mystical! Bedlam" 
qnoted, 98. 

Addertons and Lelands, 120. 

Addison qnoted. xxiii. 

Admarsh chapel, school, and poor, 66, 

Adwalton, 129. 

Agecrc^t, seat of Sir Robert Langley, 
6. 

Ainsworth's, Villiam Harrison^ " Lan- 
cashire Witches" quoted, xit. 

Albans, St. 18. 

Albertos de Alesco, 109. 

Aldersey, William, 44. 

Ale, eight sorts of, and scTen of them 
enumerated, 111. 

Alehouses frequented by the gentry, 1. 

Alresford, rector of, 11, 76. 

Altham, 16, 64. 

Alum mines near Hoghton, 39, 66. 

Anatomy of Melancholy, 8, 62, 76, 99. 

'^ Ancient," ** an old-faced ancient," i.e. a 
small flag or pennon, 110. 

Anderton of Anderton, M. 

Anderton, Mrs. 64. 

Anderton, Brother, 66. 

Anderton, Elisabeth, daughter of Chris- 
topher of Lostock, 33. 

Anderton, Ralph, 64. 

Anderton, William, of Anderton, 49; 
''mayor of the ceremonies" at Pres- 
ton, 49. 



Anderton, William, of Euxton, 64. 
Andrew's, Saint, day, 30, 68. 
Andrew's! Saint, Cnurcb, London, 124; 

Dr. Ducket the preacher, 124. 
Angelo, St. 67. 
Anglin J, 24. 
Anne, Queen, of Denmark, 74, 126; her 

portrait at Skipton Castle, 127; the 

friend of Lady Anne Clifford, 127. 
Apricocks grown at Whalley Abbey in 

the reirn of James I., 127. 
Apricots, when introduced into England, 

127. 
Arbalest, arhaltte iijaUt, 74. 
Arclusological Journal quoted, 77. 
Archeiy,4L68. 
Arden of AWanleT, 61. 
Ardeme, of AWenley, 67. 
Ardeme, Mrs. 61; her portrait at Sed- 

buryPark,61. 
Arlebuggin, (Amoldsbiggin,) 108. 
Arley, Warburton of, 126. 
Armada, Spanish, 48. 
Armita^ Park, 36. 
Arms, College of, 65. 
Armstrong, Archie, 47; not "dubbed a 

Doctor" at Aberdeen, 47. 
Arragon, Catherine of, 77. 
Arundel, Earl of, 101. 
Arundel, Countess of, 127. 
Ascham, Roger, and his amusements, 99. 
Ashhurst, ^fajor, 40. 
Ashmolean Society, Berkshire, 106. 
Ashover, in the county of Derby, 12. 
Ashtonsunder-Lvne, iii. 
Ashworth chapel, a marriage at, in 1620, 

Ashwo'rth HaO, 6, 71, 103. 
Askrigg, 10. 

Asselle, an old word for "as well," 82. 
Asshe, Richard, of Aughton, 87. 
Asshe-cullord close, 4, 6, 98. 



136 



INDEX. 



Assheton pedigree in Hist, of WhalUy 
corrected^ 72. 

Assheton pedigrees, vi. 125. 

Assheton Chapel in Middleton Church, 
71. 

Assheton, Mn., 2. 

Assheton, Mr. 126. 

Assheton, Aunt, of Chatterton, 72, 77. 

Assheton, James, of Chaddorton, 23, 72. 

Assheton, Katherine, daughter of Ed- 
mund Assheton of Chadderton, 51. 

Assheton, Abdias, B.D., 3 ; Abdy, Ab- 
dias, and Abdie, 103, 104, 105: hunt- 
ing at Harden, 19; fishinff in the 
Uodder, 24; and Ribble, 100; prea- 
ches on 6th November 1617, 67; 
and on Saints' days, 68, 73, 76; Pu- 
ritanically inclined, 87, S9; prea- 
ches a funeral sermon at Middfeton, 
93; becomes rector of Middleton, 
103; dies there, 103; his will, 103; 
probably chaplain to the Earl of Es- 
sex. 104 ; bequeaths £10 to the poor 
of Middleton. 104. 

Assheton, John, M.A., 3, 103; father of 
the Key. Abdias Assheton, and Rot. 
James Assheton, parson of Hales- 
worth, 103. 

Assheton, Mr. 63; obtains a lease of the 
rectory of Whalley, 64; broken by 
Archbishop Laud. 64. 

Assheton, Cozen, of Whalley, 21, 26, 27, 
29, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 79, 80, 84, 
100, 122. 

Assheton's, Cooz. wife EUenor of Whal- 
ley, 126. 

Assheton, Sir Ralph, of Whalley Ab- 
bey, 15 ; created a Dart. 1620, 15, 
118; marries Helen, sister of Colo- 
nel Richard Shuttleworth, 85; goes 
to Leavens, 88. 

Assheton, Sir Ralph, second Bart. vii. 15; 
Deputy Lieutenant, 32, 67, 127. 

Assheton, Dorothy, 21. 

Assheton, Sir Edmund, iz. 

Assheton, Edmund, 103. 

Assheton, Edmund, second son of Sir 
Thomas of Ashton-under-Lyne, 72. 

Assheton, Edward and Charles, 102. 

Assheton, Edward, son of Arthur and 
brother of William, 102, 103, 105. 

Assheton, Ellen, daughter of Raphe 
Assheton of Great Lever, viii. 77. 

Assheton, Elizabeth, daughter of Raphe 
Assheton, 81. 

Assheton, Isabella, 23. 



I Assheton, Jerome, 65; Mary, his daugh- 
ter, 65. 

Assheton, Sir John, M.P., iii. 

Assheton, Sir John, third Bart. vii. viii. 

Assheton, John, of Middleton, 19, 71. 

Assheton, Ladie Dame Marie, 103. 

Assheton, Mary, 122. 

Assheton, Nicholas, Esq. some account 
of him, Y. ;^ his five children, y. yi. iz. 
z. xi. zii.ziii. xIy.; describea by Har- 
rison Ainsworth E^q. ziY. ; marries 
Frances Greenacres, 2, 3 ; an admi- 
rer of the Court proceedings, zii. 6, 
18; Dorothy his sister, 7; an inve- 
terate sportsman, 8; imposed upon 
by a cheat, 16; at East Bradford. 26; 
hears of the JBzereise bcunff forbid- 
den without sorrow, ziii. 28; wears 
Sir Richard Hoghton's livery, 32; 
attends King James at Myertoough 
and Hoghton, 32, 33; seeks to bor- 
row £30, 61 J 53; related to the Stor- 
kies of Twiston and Airhton, 51; 
his brother, Richard Assheton, sup- 
posed to have died from witchcraft, 
54; allndes to the Gunpowder Trea- 
son, 67; temperately pleasant at the 
Ezercise, 68; borrows £30 of Mr. 
Chr. Parkinson, 69; keeps Christ- 
mas at Whallev Abbev, 69; dies in 
debt to Vicar Ormeroa. 70; attends 
Sir Richard Assheton's funeral at 
Middleton, 77; goes to Walton to a 
horse race, 80; selk a grey gelding 
for £11, 80; buries lus chfld, 82; 
builds a study over the porch, 84; 
at Lancaster assizes, 86; an after- 
dinner argument, on church mat- 
ters, 87; no friend of the Grindle- 
tonians, 89; goes to a cocking at 
Prescot, 99; foot raoes at Clitheroe, 
100; pig eating at Newlands, 101; 
Sunday recreations, 105; goes to 
London ; 110; attends in the Star 
Chamber^ 117j twelfth-day sports, 
122; agam visits London, 123; sees 
King James in the Star Chamber, 
124 ; his brothers, Alezander and 
George, 124; Frances his wife gives 
birth to a daughter, 126 ; chris- 
tened Margaret, 126; at Lincoln, 
128; at York, 129; at Skipton, 130; 
his death, v. 

Assheton, Mr. Parson of Middleton, 77, 
102, 103. 

Assheton, Rad. 15. 



INDEX. 



137 



Assheton, RadcUfre,of Cuerdale, 77, 119; 
hiB grandson, Richard, viii. ix. 

Assheton, Sir Raphe, of Middleton, iii. 
16, 122. 

Assheton, Ralph, 29, 70, 71; of Middle- 
ton, Esq. 103, 114. 

ABsheton, Ralph, fourth son of Sir 
Richard Assheton of Middleton, 65. 

Assheton, Sir Richard, 3, 5, 19, 33, 34^ 
73, 88, 96, 103. 

Assheton, Sir Richard, dies, notice of 
him, 70; his lady, 70, 71, 72; his 
funeral, 77; his daughter Winifred, 
16. 

Assheton, Richard, of Middleton, 70, 71, 
86, 88, 103, 122. 

Assheton, Ralph, £s^ 49; of Lever, y. 

Assheton, Ralph, of Lever Esq. and his 
wife, Margaret, heiress of Adam de 
Lever, It.; Ann, his daughter, 14, 
86; Jane his daughter, 32; Ciiristian 
his daughter, 64; Bridget his daugh- 
ter, 110; A. Coox. from Leaver, 77. 

Assheton, Ralph, of Great Lever Esq. 
(who ob. 1617,) 72. 

Assheton, Richard, Esq. the purchaser 
of Whallev Abbey, 1. 

Assheton, Richard, a defendant in the 
Court of Wards, 126. 

Assheton, Richard, of Downham, iv. v. 
2 ; his wife Margaret, daughter of 
Adam Hulton, v.; and his nve chil- 
dren, v. 

Assheton, William, of Downham Esq. 
ix. 77. 

Assheton, Robert, 22, 103. 

Assheton, Cooz. Susan, 90, 92, 96. 

Assheton, Mr. Theophilus, 22, 71. 

Assheton, Thomas and Roger, and Orme 
their father, iii. ix. 

Assheton, William, of Clegg Hall, 22, 
71. 

Astle, in the county of Chester, 79. 

Aston, Maivaret, daughter and coheiress 
of Sir Roger, 35. 

At-ale, atten-ale, alehouse, 1 . 

Atherton of Atherton, Ann, daughter of 
George, 121. 

Atkinson, Sir Roger, 81. 

Atkinson, William, Esq., of Linton, 76, 
and Margaret, his daughter and 
heiress, 76 . 

Atkinson, William, and Margaret his 
wife, daughter of Dr. Vodka, 109. 

Aubrey's, John, Natural History of 
Wilts, 8, 46. 



Auditor, Mr. (Fanshaw,) 57. 
Audley of the Court of Wards, 115. 
Aughton, 87. 

Ayres, a Bencher in Lincoln's Inn, 115. 
*'Ayry nourishmente," a term applied 

to the Puritan Exercise, 68. 
Aysgarth, 12, 13. 

Babthorpe, Katherine, wife of Greorge 
Vavasour of Spaldinffton, and John 
Ingleby of Ripley, 109. 

Babthorpe, Sir Ralph, father of Sir Wil- 
liam and Robert, 109. 

Babthorpe, Sir William, 2; Christiana, 
hisdaughter, wife of Richard Green- 
acres, 109. 

Babthorpe, William and Ralph, 109; 
some account of Sir William, who 
sold Babthorpe, 109. 

Bacchus, Silenus, and the Satyrs, 50. 

Bachelors, knights, 77. 

Backgammon, xvi. 9, 62. 

Badbie, Edward, 100. 

Badger, a, 18. 

Bainbridge^ 10. 

Baines's ** History of Lancashire" very 
defective, 105. 

Baldingstone, 21. 

Baldwin, William, 14. 

Ballad, old, called the <* Distracted Pu- 
ritan," 88. 

Banastre of Altham, 64. 

Banastre, Christian, daughter of Raphe 
Assheton of Lever, 125. 

Banastre, Christopher, 64, 125. 

Banastre, Elizabeth, 78. 

Banastre, Elizabeth, daughter of Rich- 
ard, of Altham, 51. 

Banastre, , Elizabeth, daughter of, 

19. 

Banastre, Joan, relict of Christopher, 65, 
125. 

Banastre, Nicholas, of Altham, and Do- 
rothy, his daughter, 16. 

Banastre, Thomas, 78. 

Banastre, William, of Bank, 64. 

Banbury, Charles, 118. 

Banbury, Nicholas, Earl of, 118. 

Banbury, William, Earl of, 48, 117. 

Bancroft, James, of Paliz House, 53. 

Bancroft, Archbishop, 99. 

Bands worn by Taylor, the Water Poet, 
in 1618, 112. 

Bank Hall, formerly called Bank Top, 

53. 
Barcroft, Ambrose, of Foulrig, 27. 



138 



INDEX. 



Barlow, Sir Alexander, of Barlow, and 
Mary, his daughter, 16. 

Barlow, William, DD. Bishop of Lin- 
coln, 16. 

Barlow, Cousen, 22. 

Bamet, 114; the Antelope there. 117. 

Bamston, Roger, of Churton Elsq. and 
Ann his wife, 79. 

Bamton, Starkie of, 51. 

Baron of Lancaster Exchequer, Banas- 

Baronets required by their patents to aid 

in building churches, 8. 
Baronets, scarcity of, in Lancashire, 77. 
Baronets, not four in Lancashire in 1818, 

78. 
Barrow, Mr. 122. 
Bartlet's, Mr., 113. 
Barton, Fleetwood, 25. 
Barton, John de, and Matilda his wife, 

coheiress of Roger de Middleton, iii. 
Barton, Margery, daughter of John, iii. 
Barton, Richard and Raphe, of Middle* 

ton, iii. 
Bashall, 22. 
Bath, Mr. Robert, vicar of Rochdale, 

95. 
Batterise, 54^ 61. 
Bautrie, 129. 
Bawdrie, a stringy 46. 
Bayley, Dr. Lewis, Bishop of Bangor, 

113. 
Beale, Maiy, the artist. 61. 
Beaumont, Mr. of Whitley, 98. 
Beaumont, William, of Clayton, 125. 
BedeU, Bishop, 104. 
Bedlam, Tom k, a tune, 88. 
Bedbm, Tom, the Tinker, 46. 
Bedlams, Tom k, 46. 
Bedlo, Tom, 45. 
Bedloe, Tom, 46. 
Bedsteads and bedposts of the time of 

James I. described, 105. 
Belfeld, Ann, daughter of Raphe, wife 

of William Assheton, 103. 
Belfeld, Elizabeth, daughter of Raphe, of 

Clegg, 103; her mother, Elizabeth, 

daughter of Edmund Hopwood Esq. 

103. 
Bees, St. theological college of, 66. 
Bell, the, in Gray's Inn Lane, 123. 
Bellingham, Allan, Esq. 89. 
Bellingham, Dorothy, 15, 88. 
Bellingham, Sir James, of Levens, 15. 
Bellingham, Katherine, daughter of Sir 

Roger, of Burnished, 88, 89. 



Beloe, Roy. W. his " Anecdotes of Eng- 
lish Literature and Scarce Books," 
quoted, 94. 

Benson, Captain James, 39; a very rare 
tract by him in the Chetham Li- 
brary quoted, 39; some account of 
him, 40. 

Besse, Aunt, 1, 2. 

Beswicke, William, Es^ alderman of 
London, 86; Anne his daughter, 86; 
Roger his father, of Manchester, 
86. 

Besa,75. 

Bibby, John, 44. 

BiUiards, 62. 

Billinge, 69. 

Bingham's, John, Tactics of iElian, 68. 

Birch MSS. quoted, 25, 101, 124. 

Bimard, Sir Francis Trappes, of Nidd 
Hall, and Ann his daughter, wife of 
Sir George Radcliffe, 123. 

Bimard, Grace, daughter of Sir William 
of Knaresborough, 109. 

Biron, John, 'Squier, 82. 

Black, a, for mourning, 77. 

Blacks for mourning, 133. 

Black Knight of Nappa, 12. 

Blackbome assize, 115. 

Blackbome huntsman, 14. 

Blakebum, 63, 79, 99. 

Blackburn, 21, 25. 

Blackburn Grammar School, 79. 

Blackbumshire, 57. 

Blackpool, Yauxhall near, 33. 

Blackley Hall, near Middleton, 71. 

Blagge, Mrs. Margaret, 58. 

Bland's, Mr. of Tester, 119. 

Bleasdale, forest of, 65, 66. 

Blyth, Richard, a pastry cook, 44. 

Bodkin, a gune, 15. 

Bohemia, King of, 76. 

Bold of Bold, Sir Richard, and his 
daughter Matilda, 7; Maud, his 
daughter 65. 

Bold, Peter Patten, of Bold, Esq. and 
Maiy his wife, 79. 

Boleyn, sir Thomas, cousin german to 
Queen Elizabeth, 117. 

BolUnd, 57, 65. 

Bolton, Mr. (Robert i) 51. 

Bolton le moors, iv. 53, 80. 

Bolton in Bowland, 18, 51. 

Boniface, patron saint of Bunbury, 32. 

Bootle, Sir Thomas of Melling, 43, 

Bootle, Wilbraham Edward, Baron Skel- 
mersdale, 49. 



INDEX. 



i;^9 



Boroughreeve of Manchester, Mr. Hal- 
Uwell, 110. 

Bosoobel, 6. 

Boulton, 120. 

Bourbon, Duke of, 45. 

Bourne, Mr. Fellow of Manchester Col- 
lege, zyiii. 

Bow, long, 15, 68, 72. 

Bows, steel, 15, ^. 

Bows made of various materials, 68. 

Bowes, Richard, Esq. 109. 

Bowes, Sir Talbot, 12. 

Bowland, 65, 100. 

Bowland Forest, 2, 3, 54, 55. 

Bowling, 98. 

Bowling greens, 18. 

Bowson, a, 18. 

Bowring gentlemen, 51 . 

Braokley, John, second Viscount, 48. 

Braddall, Captain John, 85. 

Braddjll, Alice, daughter of John, 26. 

Braddyll, « Coox.»' 16, 86. 

BraddjU, Cos. 73, 79, 84, 100, 121. 

Braddyll, Edward, of Brookholes, 14. 

Braddyll, Edward, brother of John, 86. 

Braddyll, Edward, Esq. and his second 
wife, Anne Assheton of Lever, 86. 

Braddyll, Mrs. Elizabeth, 16. 

Braddyll, John, H 24, 79. 

Braddyll, John, the elder, Esq. 16. 

Braddyll, Marvaret, 85. 

BraddyU, Matuda, wife of Thomas, 55. 

Braddyll, Mrs. Millicent, 16, 85, 126. 

Braddyll, Millicent, 24. 

Braddyll, Cos. Thomas, lately come into 
the country, 55; son of John, 55. 

Braddyll, To. 110. 

Braddyll, house of. destroyed, 14. 

Braddylls of Portfield. 14. 

Bradeley, William, of York, 109. 

Bradford, 129. 

Bradford, East, 26. 

Bradshaw of Bradshaw, John, 23. 24, 25. 

Brand's Popular Antiquities, Ellis's, 75, 
77, 102. 

Brandlesholme, 5. 

Brandlesome, 5, 6. 

Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk, Elea- 
nor, daughter of, 80. 

Braules, 75. 

Breares, Henry, the lawyer and mayor 
of Preston, 38. 

Breares, Lawrence, of Walton, and Eliza- 
beth his wife, 36. 

Breares, Roffer, 36; Blanch, his wife, 36. 

Brearleys of Hand worth, 95. 



Brennan, 54, 60, 61. 

Brett, Edward, and Alice his wife, 111. 

Bridgeroan, Bishop, 97. 

Bridgewater, Earl of, 48. 

Brierley, Abel, 95; his will, 95. 

Brierley, Alice, 95. 

Brierley, Alice, daughter of Roger, 95. 

Brierley, Jerome, 95. 

Brierley, John, of Rochdale, (rent. 96. 

Brierley, Mary, 95. 

Brierley, Mary, wife of James Farrer 
Esq. 96. 

Brierley, Richard, 90. 

Brierley, Mr. Robert, 95. 

Brieriey, Mr. Rodger, minister of Grin- 
dleton, 89; founder of a sect, 89; his 
sermons and poems, 89; Brierlists, 
89, 90; he is imprisoned at York, 90; 
preaches in the cathedral, 90; dies 
at Burnley, 90; extract from his 
poem of ^ True Christian Liberty,'* 
90. 

Brierley, Mr. Roger, 90, 96. 

Brierley, Mr. Roger, clerk, 90. 

Brierley, Thomas, 90. 

Brierley, Thomas and Abraham, 95. 

Brightmet, in the county of Lancaster, 
79. 

Britton, Mr. 46. 

Brockhole and Braddyll, 14. 

Brockholes, Bridget, daughter of Tho- 
mas. 100. 

Brockholes, Thomas, of Claughton, Esq. 
and his daughter Elizabeth, 16. 

« Broke," i.e. dispersed, « the deer," 67. 

Bromley, Sir Edward, 52. 

Bromley, Sir Henry, marries Ann, 
daughter of William Beswicke, al- 
derman of London, 86. 

Bromley, Judge, 86. 

Bromley, Lord Chancellor, 86. 

Bromley, Baron Montford, 86. 

Bromley, Henry, Philip, and Robert, 
86. 

Brook's ** Lives of the Puritans," xix. 

Brooke, Mr. a preacher, 52. 

Brooke, Sir Peter, of Mere, 80. 

Brooke, Peter, of Astley Esq. 80; Su- 
sanna, his heiress, 80. 

Brownes, Michael, 82. 

Brownists and Puritans, their acts, 115. 

Browsholme, 55, 128. 

Browsholme MS8. quoted, 7. 

Broxholme, 29, 57, 61. 

Brudenell. Sir Thomas, Lord Brudenell 
and Earl of Cardigan, 48. 



140 



INDEX. 



Braen, John, of Bruen Stapelford, 3, 5; 
ffoes to Oxford 157^ zy. ; retuniB 
from Oxford 1579, 22; biographical 
sketch of, XY. et seq.; first married 
in 1580,8, 16; dUparks his park, 17; 
proYides clergymen at his own ex- 
pense, 19; his compassion, 20; his 
liberality, 20; his hospitality, 20; 
his Ecal for the church, 4, 20; his 
perseyerance, 20; his sincerity, 20; 
nis promoting Christian knowledge 
commended, 21 ; frequents the Ex- 
ercises, 28; journeying thirty miles 
to hear popular preachers, 28; takes 
notes of the sermons for thirty-six 
years together, 28; the MSS. in his 
stud^, 28; condemns wakes and rush- 
bearin^s, 30; engages preachers at 
those times, 31 ; opposed to drinking 
healths, 50; his loyalty to the king, 
XYii. 50; ncYer a money borrower, 
53; careful in his choice of serYants, 
38, 53; Old Robert, 53; Mrs. Ka- 
therine Brettargh his sister, 58; her 
funeral sermon and her life, 58; her 
portrait, xxiii; Lord's day strictly 
observed by Bruen, 3, 59; how he 
treated Mr. Done's views on this 
subject, 59; how he induced his Co- 
sen Dutton to reverence that day, 
60; "payinff up" for the poor, 61; 
burns the Knaves of ''a paire of 
cards," 62 ; and puts the backgam- 
mon table and men into a buminsr 
oven, 62 ; sets up two bibles in his haU 
and parlour, 63; addicted to dancing 
when a boy, 73; relieved the poor 
himself, 83; sent annually £4 or £5 
to Chester for the poor, 84; rises 
very early, before his servants, 105; 
uses a form of prayer in family wor- 
ship, and approved of the public 
Srayers of the Church, xvii. 4 107; 
elighted in psalmody, 4, 105; bow 
he conducted daily worship in his 
house, 106; his sober view of private 
judgment, 107; avoided the imputa- 
tion of usurping the ministerial of- 
fice, xvii. 107; how he mediated be- 
tween masters and servants, 108; 
marries for his second wife Anne, 
sister of Master Foxe of Rhodes, 
near Prestwich, 120; Jud^e War- 
burton's testimony to his high cha- 
racter, 126; his hospitality, 127; his 
ordinary table described, 128; his 



sickness, 1(29; and death, 133; an 
account of his deaths xxiii. 

Bruen, Sarah, daughter of Jonathan, wife 
of Raphe Assheton of Downham, ix. 

Brun, Robert le, xy. 

BrunghilL 18. 

Brydges, Sir Egerton, 118. 

Brydges* ** Peers of James I." 124. 

Buccleuch, Duke of, 55. 

Buchanan, Geoi^e, 75. 

Buckden Rake, 13. 

Buckingham, Duchess of, 35. 

Buckingham, Marquess and Duke of, 47, 
123. 

Bull's Head Inn, Manchester, 110, 111, 
119. 

Bullen, Anne, 77. 

Bullough, Richard, preacher of Langoe, 
69. 

Bunbury, Sir Henr^, 131. 

Bunbury, Mr. William Uinde, minister 
of, XIX. 32. 

Bund, the, explained. 25. 

Bunyan, John, 101; his ^ Pilgrim's Pro- 
gress," 115. 

Burials, an ancient custom at, 52; still 
observed, 52. 

Bnrie^ 119. 

Burleigh, William, Lord, iv. 

Burlington, WilUam, Earl of, 81. 

Bume, 127. 

Bume, top of, 54. 

Burnley, 27, 52, 53. 

Burnley, Grammar School of, 122. 

Bumside, 61. 

Buron, Robert de, iii. 

Burton's *< Anatomy of Mehncholy" 
quoted, 8, 62, 75, 99. 

Burtonwood, J ohn, preacherof Padiham, 
69. 

Buske, 11. 

Buske stalling, 11, 13. 

Button, Wilham, (or Edward !) an inn- 
keeper, 36. 

Butts explained, 68. 

Bury, 5, 21. 

Bury, a rector of, 6. 

Bury church, 71. 

Bury, church style there, 6. 

Byron, Sir John, of Clayton, and his 
daughter, Mary, 70. 

Byrun, Nicholas, Esq. his son Sir John, 
and dauffhter Mary, wife of Chris- 
topher Wimbysh of Nocton Esq. 
127. 



INDEX. 



141 



GsesftTy Sir JuliuB, and his wife, 77. 

Cake, Groaning, 21. 

Calvin, 75. 

Calwedg, Colwich, 64. 

Calwich Abbey, 65. 

Camden grants arms to James Brierley, 

96. 
Canons of 1603 qnoted, 87. 
Canterborie, Lord, of, 63. 
Canterbury Tales, 114. 
Canute, laws of, 55. 
Cap Jostice, 46. 
Capel, Sir Arthur, 48. 
Capel, Arthur, first Lord, 48. 
Capel, Sir lleniy, 48. 
Cardigan, George Brudenell, Earl of, 49. 
Cardigan, James Thomas Brudenell, Earl 

0^48. 
Cards, 62; Bruen's method of dispatch- 

ing them, 62, 63. 
Carlisle, 12. 
Carlton in Craven, 75. 
Carr, 67. 

Carta de Forssta^ 65. 
« Castle," (Newcastle-undeivLyne !) 111. 
Castle-hill-car, 95. 
Castleton, 95. 

Castleton Hall, near Rochdale, 16, 57. 
Catalogue of the Antiquities of the 

Antiquarian Society, London, 74. 
Carryer, 51. 
Carryer, James, 52. 
Carryer, Jenet, 52. 
Carryer, Richard, Fellow of St. John's 

tk>llege, Cambridge, 51 . 
CatteraL Banastre of, 65. 
Catterall, Henry, 78. 
Chad's, St., Saddleworth, 70. 
Chadbum, 82. 
Chaddertou, 72. 
Chaderton, George, of Lees Hall, and 

Alice his daughter, 72. 
Chaderton, Laurence, a translator of the 

English Bible, 72. 
Chaderton, William, Bishop of Chester, 

57; and Elizabeth, his sister, 128. 
Chadwick, Grace, 96. 
Chadwick, John, D.D. 96. 
Chad wick, Jordan, Gent. 96. 
Chadwicks of Heaiey, 96. 
Chamberlain, Mr. to Sir Dudley Carle- 
ton, 34, 46, 56, 76, 101. 
Chancellor Cottington, 115. 
Chancellor Egerton, 59. 
Chancellor of the t)uchy of Lancaster, 

55, 56, 67. 



Chancellor, Vice, of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster, 64, 125. 

Chandos peen^e, 118. 

Chapel, domestic, at Hoghton, 41. 

Charles II. 6. 

Charles, Prince, 75. 

Chamock, Mr. 80. 

Chamock, Margaret, sole heiress of, 80. 

Chamock, Thomas, son of Robert, 80. 

Chatterton Hall, 72, 94. 

"Cheate.'* a, imposes upon Nicholas 
Assheton, 16. 

Chekker, named by Chaucer, 114. 

Chequer Inn, in Canterbury, 114. 

Chequer, the, in Holbome, 114. 

Cbesham, 21. 

Cheshire Royal Militia, 79. 

Chess, the philosophei^s game, 62; dis- 
countenanced by James 1. 62; allu- 
ded to by Chaucer, 62. 

Chester, zxix. 80, 84, 103. 

Chester, 126. 

Chester, Consistory Court of, 8, 26, 69, 

Chester, Consistory Court of, 87, 110, 
111, 130. 

Chester courts and fairs frequented, 
128. 

Chester, diocese of, 87. 

Chester, Holy Trinity parish accounts, 
38. 

Chester, satirical account of King James* 
visit there in 1617, 36. 

Chester. William, Bishop of, 41. 

Chester's, Bishop of, Charge in 1844^ al- 
luded to, 68. 

Chetham, John, of Nuthurst, married 
Ann Bruen, aunt of John Bruen, 
xviii. 

Chetham, William, 78. 

Childbed, presents made to women in, 
21. 

Child wall, near Liverpool, Leigh's ser^ 
mon at, 58. 

Cholmondeiey, Thomas, M.P. 79; Doro- 
thy, daughter of, 79. 

Chorley, Alexander, Esq. of Lincoln's 
Inn, and Mary his daughter, 72. 

Chorley, William, of Chorley, 78; Mary 
his daughter, 78. 

Christmas, to keep, 69. 

Christmas, to spend, 120. 

Churches, dedication of, veir ancient, 31 . 

Churton's ** Life of Dean Nowell" quo- 
ted, 76; an error in it corrected, 
104. - 

Cirploise, a dispute about the, 88. 



142 



INDEX. 



Civil War Tracts of Laneaster, referred 
to, 33. 

Claremont, in the county of Lancaster, 
79. 

Claughton, Thomas Brockholes of, 100. 

Clayton, Mr. of Crooke, 64. 

Clegg, Assheton of, 71. 

Clegg estate, 103. 

Clegg Hall, 22, 102. 

Clement's St. chnrch. Temple Bar, 32. 

Clerke, John, 44. 

Clerke or Clarke, Mr. Babhath, minis- 
ter of Tarvin, 133; Yob " Marrow of 
Ekiclesiastical History," xziii. 

Clerkenwell, 18. 

Clifford, John, Lord, 3. 

Clifford's, Lord, inventory, 76. 

Clifton, Thomas, son of Cathbert, of 
Westby, 113; Ann Hallsall his wife, 
113. 

Clince, Edward, of Rathmell House, 
100. 

Clitheroe, 66, 68, 69, 74, 82, 83, 100, 105, 
108 

aitheroe Castle, 3, 26, 69. 

aitheroe fair, 29. 

Clitheroe, Honour of, 3. 

Clitheroe, north chapel of the chnrch, 81. 

Clitheroe, school of^ y. 80. 

Cliviger. Ormerod m, 69. 

Cloth, black, given at funerals, 77. 

Cloth, housing, 94. 

Cloth, 'Ho wear his," explained, 8. 

Cockersand Abbey, 111. 

Cockfighting condemned, 99; fashionable 
amusement in the reign of James I, 
99; Roger Ascham Mdicted to it, 
99. 

Cole's MSS. quoted, 33. 

Colebume, John, 44. 

College of Arms, U, 15, ^9 80, 96. 

Collinge, James, of Billinge, 69. 

Collynge, Margaret, widow of James, 82. 

Colwick, 64. 

Comberworth chapel, 97. 

Complexion sellers, 99. 

Compton, Lord, 40. 

Compton, William, first Earl of North- 
ampton, 40, 48. 

Coniston, 81. 

Constable, William Haggerstone, 78. 

Conway, Captain Sir Jonn, 12. 

Coote, Sir Charles, 97. 

Cooper, Edward^ alderman of York, 109. 

Copes required m cathedrals, 87. 

Corantos, swift, 45, 47, 75. 



Corporation of Preston entertain the 

King, 37; no record of the event 

preserved, 38. 
Correspondence of Sir Greorge Radcliffe 

quoted, 22, 74; referred to, 123. 
Cottam, Mr. Adam, of WhaUey, 30. 
Cottam, William, mayor of Preston, 40. 
Cotton mill in ruins, a pleasurable sight, 

10; denounced as a nuisance, 10. 
Coventrie, 113, 119. 
Coverley, Sir Roger de, xxiii. 
Counoell at York, 12. 
Council of the North, 125. 
*< Court of King James," by Sir Anthony 

Weldon,47,50. 
Court Rolls of dhatbum, Worston, and 

Pendleton, vii. 
Cousins, marriages of, condemned, 23. 
Ccuteau ds ehcusSf 61. 
Cowp Justice of Peace, 45. 
Cowper, Alexander, 44. 
Cowper, Mr. John, alderman of Chester, 

xvi. 
Crabbe, the poet, 104. 
Crambo, old, 46. 
Crambo, an old game, 47. 
Crambo occurs in the time of Henry IV . 

47. 
Cranfield, Baron and Earl of Middlesex, 

123. 
Cranfield, Sir Lionel, 123; some account 

of him. 123. 
Craven, History of^ 1^ 85, 127. 
Craven, Thornton m, 85. 
Crew, Sir Thomas, 114. 
Crewe, Hungerfoi^, third Baron Crewe 

of, 117. 
Crewe, Nathaniel, Bishop of Durham, 

last Baron, 117. 
Crewe, Sir Randolph, son of John Crewe, 

116. 
Crewe, Sir Thomas, father of John, Ba- 
ron Crewe of Stene, 117. 
Crewe, Mr. M.P. for the county of North- 
ampton, 60. 
Crewe, Mrs. 61. 
Crowes of Utkinton, 61. 
Croft Castle, in the county of Dorset, 55. 
Crombach, John, of Wiswall, 69. 
Crombock, Mr., 14. 
Crompton. Thomas, of Hounslow Priory, 

son of John Croxnpton of Prestolee, 

and father of Sir Thomas Crompton, 

iv. 
Crompton, Thomas, son of Sir Thomas, 

113. 



INDEX. 



143 



Crooke, Sir John^ 49. 

Crooke. Jastice, 46. 

Crosdale, 64. 

Cross, Blanch, daughter of Richard, of 

LiTcrpool, 86. 
Cross in Manchester, 110, 111. 
Cross, the, at Preston, 36; taken down, 

and a bad sketch of it published, 38. 
Crossley, James, £sq. President of the 

Chetham Society, zxx. 
Crue, Serj. 116. 
Cuerdale, 79. 
Cuerden, 63, 80. 

Culcheth, Georee, of Towneley, 27. 
Cumberland, Maivaret, daughter of 

Henij, Earl of, 80. 
Cunliffe, John, Esq. 34. 
Currer, Miss, xxiz. 
Currer,Miss Richardson, of Eshton Hall, 

xxix. 
Curzon, Hon. Robert, xxix. 

Dackombe, John, 56. 

Dacombe, Sir John, 66, 66. 

Dacomb's Castle, 66. 

Dagenham, in the county of Essex, 66. 

Bahl, Michael, the painter, 97. 

Daily service not used temp. James, 68. 

Dakyns, Arthur Esq. of Cowton, and 
of Long Colton, Knt. and of Linton, 
12. 

Dakyns, Grenend Arthur, 12. 

Dakyns, of Bonsol and Stubbing Edge, 
m the county of Derby, 12. 

Dalton, Robert, of Thumnam, xii. 

Dance, Robert, 44. 

Dancing, mixed, condemned by the Pu- 
ritans, 73. 

Darbie, my Lord of, 80. 

Darcy Lever, o3. 

Davenant, John, Bishop of Sarum, 116. 

Davenport, Elizabeth, 19. 

Davenport, Sir William, of Bramhall, 
19. 

Dawney, Sir Thomas, 2. 

Daykins, Sir Arthur, 12. 

Dayntrie, Daintry, Daventry, 113. 

Deane^ Maria, daughter of Richard^ and 
wife of Thomas Lister Esq. viii. 

Dearden, James, Esq. of Rochdale, xxix. 

Deborah, the midwife, 21. 

Debrett corrected, 6. 

Dee Stakes, ix. 

Deeping, 127. 

Delamere, foresters o^ 60. 

Delamere Horn, 61. 



Demonology, 66. 

Denby Grange, 36. 

" Dendrolo^cal man,*' 46. 

Denham, Sir John, 86. 

Denham, Sir John, the poet, 86. 

Denham, Judge, 86. 

Denison, Stephen, minister of Katherine 

Cree church, 94. 
Denmark, Queen Anne of, 63, 126, 127. 
Derby, Countess of, 80, 119. 
Derby, great Earl of, 6, 80. 
Derby, Ferdinando, Earl of, 80. 
Derby, Henry, fourth Earl of, xix. 41, 

80, 120. 
Derby, Henry, Earl of, ambassador to 

France, 7, 15. 
Derby, James, Earl of, xix. 33. 
Derby, William, Earl of, a chaplain of, 

6. 
Derby, William, sixth Earl of, 60, 80. 
Derby, William, ninth Earl of, 49. 
Device, a, of the Biron family in 1472, 

now their crest, 82. 
Diary, MS. of Henry Newcome quoted, 

72. 
Diggs, Serjeant, 114. 
Dinner, royal, at Iloghton, 42. 
Dispensation marriage for Mr. Green- 

hal^h, when only thirteen years old, 

71. 
D*Israeli, Mr. the elder, 42. 
Ditchfield, Thomas, and Jane his wife, 

111. 
Dixon, John, of Gledhow, Esq. and Ly- 

dia his wife, 79. 
Doddridge, Justice, 46, 49. 
Dog guage, ancient, at Browsholme, 66. 
Domesday Survey, 3. 
Doncaster, 126, 129. 
Done, Mrs. Jane, 61. 
Done, Sir John, sheriff of Cheshire, 9. 
Done, Sir John, visited by James I. in 

1617. 60. 
Done. Sir John and Lady, and three 

daughters, 61. 
Done, Lady. 69; a Cheshire proverb, 60. 
Done, Ralph, Esq. 9. 
Done, of Utkinton, 69. 
Donne, Dr. 68. 

Doolittle's, Rev. Mr., meetinff-place,120. 
Dorset, Pembroke, and Montgomery, 

Ann, Countess of, 127. 
Dorset Visitation, 1623, quoted, 66. 
Dorsetshire, 56. 
Doughty, Mr. Robert, of Wakefield, and 

Alice Brierley, bos wife, 96. 



144 



INDBX. 



Do wnes, John, son of Ro|[er of Wardley, 

125; his son Roger, jnnr. 126. 
Downes, Mr. 125. 

Downes, Worshipful Roger, Elsq. 111. 
Downham, near Ulitheroe, the manor of, 

Downham, iv. vii. 12, 16, 28, 29, 51, 67, 

69, 81, 82, 83, 84, 87, 88, 105, 126. 
Droman, David, 47. 
Dronfield, in the coantj of Derby, 56. 
Drum, ancient, and scarf, belonging to 

the town of Manchester, 110. 
Drunken Bamaby, 119. 
Drury Lane, 32. 
Dryden, 86, 104. 
Dn Gauge quoted, 61. 
Duchy, Attorney General of. 56, 64. 
Duchy of Lancaster, chancellor of, 55. 
Duck and Dogr, 15. 
Ducket, Dr. 124. 

Duckworth, a seat of the Holdens, 72, 73. 
Dudley, Henry, the imbroyderer, 76. 
Dugdale, Mr. a preacher, 103. 
Dugdale's last Visitation, 11, 78. 
Duncombe, mistaken by WhitaJccr, 55. 
Dunkenhalgh, 23, 25, 26, 98. 
Dunnoe, 3, 87. 

Dunnow Hall sold in 1811, 7, 32, 88. 
Dunstable, the White Horse at, 118. 
Dunton, John, 120. 
Dutton of Dutton, 73. 
Dutton, Thomas, of Dutton, 59. 
Dutton, Cozen, 60. 
Dutton, Uncle, 73. 
Duxbury, Mr. Nicholas, 66. 
Dyke, Sir Percival Hart, 63. 
Dyke, Sir Thomas, 63. 
Dyneley, Ann, daughter of William, of 

Downham, 122. 
Dyneley, Henry, iv. 
Dyneley, John de, iv. 
Dyneley, John, of Swillington, Esq. 2. 
Dyneley. Mary, daughter of John, of 

Swillington, 2. 

EagU and child, 111, 112. 

Easington Woods, 19. 

East Gilling. 12. 

East Retfo^, 129. 

Eatenfield, 119. 

Eaton, Mr., a Presbyterian minister, 40. 

Edmund's, St. church, in Salisbury, 115; 
a painted window there, containing 
a history of the Creation, broken 
by Councillor Sherfield as being 
idolatrous, 115. 



Edward III. 1. 

Effingham, William, Lord, and Eliza- 
^Bth his daughter, 48. 

Egerton, Lady, widow, 59. 

Eldon, Lord, 118. 

Elizabeth, Princess, 76. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 75, 120. 

Elizabeth's, Queen, orders for abolishing 
pictures in churches, 115. 

Ellesmere, Lord Chancellor, 99. 

Embroidered dresses described, 76. 

Embroidery disused in church vestments 
about the time of Queen Elizabeth, 
76; condemned bv the Puritans, 
99. 

Embroyderer, the, a Court servant, 76. 

Embroyderer, the, Henry Dudley, 76. 

Emot, Alexander, AJ[.A. 18. 

Emmot, Parson, 51. 

Encania abused, and therefore con- 
demned. 31. 

Epsom Wells, 125. 

Erskine, Lord, 118. 

Escheator of the Duchy of Lancaster, 
125. 

Eshton Hall, in Craven, 12, 76. 

Essex, Earl of, 7. 

Essex, Robert, Earl of, 7. 

Essexe, my Lorde of, 103. 

Essexe, Earl of, 103. 

Eston, or Eshton, 111. 

Euro, William, Lord, of Wilton, and 
Elizabeth his daughter, 126. 

Evans, Sir Hugh, 82. 

Evelyn's, John, remark on Mrs. Godol- 
phin, 58. 

Exercise at Downham stayed, 28; second 
time observed there, 52. 

Exercises at Downham, 6g; opposed by 
Lord Keeper Williams, 6o. 

Exercises at Manchester, 120. 

Exercises, monthly, maintained in Lan- 
cashire and Cheshire, 28. 

Exeter, Lady Cecil and Leake, 124. 

Exeter, Lady, daughter of Sir William 
Drury, and sister of Sir Robert, 
124. 

Extemporary fool, an, 47. 

Extwisle HaU, 122. 

Extwistle, 122. 

Fairfax, 119. 

Fair Oak House, Fair del Holme, Fair 

Oak, 100. 
Fairsnape in Bleasdale, Parkinson of, 

65. 



INDEX. 



145 



Falstafi; 110. 

Fane. Sir Francis. 48. 

Fanshawy Sir Richard, 56. 

Fanshaw, Thomas, 56, 

Fanshav, Visconn^ 66. 

Fanshaw, Mr. Wimam, auditor, 50, 56. 

Farcoake house, 100. 

FariDgdon in Berkshire. 105. 

ffarington, James Nowell, Bbo. 80. 

Farington, William, Esq. 79, 80. 

Faner, Ilev. Henxj, rector of Hlnis- 

worth, 96. 
Farrer, James, 96. 
Farrer, William, of Ewood Hall, Esq. 

96. 
Farriek, 100; a description of the house, 

100. 
Farringdon, Mr. 79. 
Fasts and festivals in observed in the 

reign of James 1. 67; fines levied by 

the €k>nsistoi7 Court for breach of 

observance, 67. 
Fanldingham, 127. 
Favour, John, LL J). Vicar of Halifax, 

6, 126. 
Fawkes, Francis Havkesworth of Fara- 

lev Esq. 96. 
Fell, Bishop, 116. 
Fence, 54. 55. 
Fmrean, Earl, 105. 
Feirem, Edward, Esq. 26. 
Ferrie, 129. 
Fethnreton, Mr. parson of Bentham, 

near Settle, 66. 
FinclL John, Lord, of Fordwich, 123. 
Finett, SirJohn, 46, 47, 49. 
« Finetti Philoxenis," 49. 
Fished with two wavdes, 19. 
Fleetwood, John, of Penwortham, 80. 
Fleetwood, Richard, of Penwortham, 24. 
Fleetwood, Sir Richard, of Galwedg, 64. 
Fleetwood, Sir Richard, of Calwieh Ab- 
bey, 65. 
Fleetwood, Sir Thomas, 66. 
Fleetwood, Thomas, Esq. 65. 
Fletcher, Katherine, daughter of Sir 

Richard, viii. 
Flodden Field, 74. 

Florentine, meaning of, explained, 74. 
Fogg, 51, 52, 53, 54^ 98. 
Fogg, Dean of Chester, 53. 
Foot race at Downham, 16, 18. 
Foot race at Lincoln before King James 

1. 18. 
Foot race from St. Alban's to Clerken- 

weU, 18. 



Forest of Rowland, deer extirpated in, 

54. 
Forester, Master, of Wensleydale, 11. 
Form, a, in Rochdale Church, awarded 

in 1472, 82. 
Fouden, 98. 
Fouhriff, 27. 
Foxe, Anne, daughter of Mr. John, wife 

of John Bruen, and sister of Mrs. 

Hinde, xviii. 
Foxe, Mrs. Anne, sister of Master Foxe 

of the Rhodes, in Prestwich, 120; 

and of Mrs. Hinde, 121 ; and daugh- 
ter of John Foxe, xviii. 
Foxe, Master William and Thomas, 121 . 
Foxe, Mr. and his mother, 121. 
Foxes' heads nailed on church doors, 14. 
Foxes, parishes paid individuals for de- 

stro;pag, 14. 
Foxhontinff, 14. 

France and England, arms of, 2. 
France, Henry III. king of, 7. 
France. Mary, Queen Dowager of, 80. 
Frederick II. King of Denmark, 126. 
Fuller^s account of the Bellinghams, 88; 

his '< Church History" quoted, 114; 

his « Worthies'* quoted, 117. 
Funeral sermons on the day of burial, 

now discontinued, 52. 
Fumess, Henry, Esq. 49. 
PyfFe, Dr. of Wedacre, 40. 

Gtog^ Sur John, and Mary his danghter, 

Gallifl[rds, 47, 75. 

Grallio, the, and Laodicean temper alike 
censored, 35. 

Gamiges, 101. 

Gardiner, Sir James WhaUey Bart. 15. 

GaiTai:d,Mr.G. 114ull6. 

Garrard, the artist, 61. 

Garstang, 32. 

Garstang church, 64. 

Gartside, Gabriel, son of GQbert of Oak- 
ettrod,95. 

Gartside, James, and Mary Brieriey his 
wife, 95. 

Gartside, Jane, wife of the Rev. John 
Parker, 79. 

Gartside, Mary, wife of Mr. Gartside, 
96. 

Gartside, Robert, of Oakenrod and Man- 
chester, 79. 

Gataker.Dr. 104. 

Graunt, John of, 2. 

Gawthorpe, 22, 105. 



146 



U«DEX. 



Gay, John, quoted, 24. 

G«ild-haU, London, 125. 

Gentleman's Magazine. 63. 98, 128. 

** Gentleman's Recreation'^ quoted, 61. 

George II. 10. 

George, 8t. Sir Richard, 49. 

George, the, an inn at Lichfield, 119. 

Gerard, Sir GKlhert, 7, 113; Katherine, 
his daughter, 7; Frances his daugh- 
ter, 25. 

Gerard, Jennet, daughter of William, of 
Ince, 103. 

Gerard's, Lord, wife, daughter of Thomas 
Dutton, 59. 

Gerard, Sir Thomas, 26. 

Gerard, Thomas, Lord, 26, 113. 

Gibbs, Sir Vicair. 118. 

Gibson, Charles, £sq. 33. 

Giddmg, Little, 69. 

Giffor^ Mr. note by, 47, 102; observa- 
tion of, 105. 

GiUmg, East, 12. 

Girlington, Nicholas, of Thurland Castle, 

Girlington, Thomas, of Hackforth, Esq. 

2. 
Gisbume, 12, 13. 86, 108. 
Gisbume park, 36. 
Glmr^ John, of Gayton, Esq. and Jane 

his wife, 79. 
Godolphin, Mrs. 68. 
Goodfellow, Robin, 46. 
Goodrich Court, specimens of the Flo- 

rentme at, 74. 
Groosnargh, 57. 
Goring, Sir George, 47, 101. 
Grahjun, Col. James, afterwards Vis- 
count Preston, 89. 
Graham, Sur Richard, of Netherby, 89. 
Granger's Bio^phical History, 124. 
Grantham, Vmcent, of Goltho, 67. 
Grass-day, 61. 
GraTeling in Flanders, 33. 
Gray's Inn, vi. 74^ 122, 123. 
** Great Britame's Great DeUverance," 

a sermon by Leigh of Standish, 67. 
Gredley, Albert de, and his daughter 

Emmay 111. 
Greenacres, Mrs. Christian,died at York, 

109. 
Greenacres, Dorothy. 1, 2. 
Greenacres, Elizabeth, 2. 
Greenacres, Father. 1. 
Greenacres, father^m-law, 87, 121, 129. 
Greenacres, Frances. 2; wife of Nicholas 

Assheton, ▼. Tiii. 



Greenacres, Jane, daughter of John, 36, 
86. 

Greenacres, Jane, daughter of John, and 
wife of Thomas tester Esq. Tiii. 108. 

Greenacres, John, Esq. 1, 2, 14, 89, 110, 
129. 

Greenacres, Ralph, y. 1. 

Greenacres, Ralpb^ brother and heir of 
John, 2. 

Grreenacres, Richard, ▼. Tiii. 1, 2, 65. 

Greenacres, Richard, M JP. for Clitheroe, 
1671,1,2. 

Greenacres, Richard, of Worston, 46 Ed- 
ward m. 1. 

Greenacres, Richard, unwilling to die 
from Worston, 122. 

Greenacres, Thomas, 1. 

Greenacres, Puritans, ziii. 87. 

Greenacres now represented by Mr. 
Yorke of Beweney Hall ana Rich- 
mond, in the county of York, ix. 

Greene, John, a pastry cook, 44. 

Greene, Mr., schoolmaster of Clitheroe, 
80. 

Greene's. Mr., of Stonie Stratford, 114. 

Greenhalgh, Ann, daughter of Thomas, 
22. 

Greenhalgh, Captain, 6; his character, 
by James, Earl of Derbv, 6; Gover- 
nor of the Isle of Man. 6; a portrait 
of him, 6: Susan his daughter, 7. 

Greenhalgh, James, Esq. 34. 

Greenhalgh, John, an executor of Sir 
Richard Assheton, 70. 

Greenhalgh, Mary, daughter of John, 
and wife of Edward Rawsthocne, 
119. 

Greenhalgh, Mary, widow of Thomas, 71, 
96. 

Greenhalgh. Mr. 6, 6, 71; marries first 
Alice^ daughter of the Rey. William 
Massie, when only thirteen yean old« 
71; secondly. Mary, daughter or 
William Assheton of Clegg, and re- 
lict of his kinsman, Richud Holte. 
71 ; thirdly, Alie^ daughter of 
Geoi^ Chaderton oz Lees, 72. . 

Greenhalgh, Robert, an in£uit, buried, 
71. 

Greenhalgh, Thomas, 6. 

Greg8on.64. 

Gregson^s ** Fragments of Lancashire," 
80 

Grey, Earl de, 10. 

Grey, Lady Jane, 48. 

Grey of Groby, Henry, Lord, 48. 



INDEX. 



147 



Grey, Thomaa PhiUp, Earl de, 11, 12. 
GrimiBsrgh, 65. 
Grindleton in CraYen, 89. 
Grindleton. manor of, 3. 
Grindletonians, 88, 90, 91. 
GrindletoniBm, 90. 
Gringletonian Familisto, 94. 
Groaninff eake,21. 
Gua^, dog, ancient, of Bowland forest, 

Gmldh'all, 125. 
Gonn Ferrie, 127. 
Gunpowder treason, 67. 

Haekfortli,2. 

Hackneu, near Scarborough, 12. 

HaddonHall, 41. 

Hadham, Baron Gapel of, 48. 

Hale, Judge, 110. 

Haleeworth, in SuiToIk, 103. 

Halloa, 96, 129. 

Hallam, Mr. 98. 

HaUiwell, Mr. Ill, 112. 

HaUiweU. Bicfaard, landlord of the Bull's 
Head, Manchester, 110. 

Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic and 
ProTincial Words, 102. 

Hallmot. 66. 

Hallyweil, Mr. Richard, some account 
of him and his family, 110; his sons, 
Richard, James, and Sunuel, his 
daughters, Jane and Mbxj, his sons 
in tow, John RadclifFe Ghmt. and 
Ann his wife, Thomas PickersaU 
and EUen his wife, Thomas Ditch- 
field and Jane his wifb, and Edward 
Bretty and Alioe his wifis, 111; bo- 
rouglueeye of Manchester, 110. 

Halsall, Sir Cuthbert, of HalsaU, his 
daughters Ann and Bridget, 113. 

Halsall, Henry, of Aughton, 113. 

HalsaU, Thomas, of Bickerstaff, 113. 

Halsey, Sir Cuthbert, 112. 

Halsted, George, son of George of Bank 
House, 1^. 

Halsted in Suffolk, 124. 

Hamerton, James, 36. 

Hamerton. Stephen, of Hellyfield Peel, 
and his wife, 36, 52. 

Hamerton, Ursula, and her daughter, 
Millicent Talbot, 14. 

Hamilton. Marquis of, 101. 

Hammono, Henry, 110. 

Hammond, Henry, 116. 

Hamond, Henry, D.D, 116. 

Hamond, Mr. Henry, 116. 



Hamond, John, LL.D. 116. 

Hamond, John, M.D. 116. 

Hampshire, 55. 

Hampton Court. 126. 

Hancock, Isabel, daughter of William 

Hancocl^ 54. 
Hancock, Isabel, of Pendleton Hall, y. 
Hancock, Nicholas, 1. 
Hankinson House, 34. 
Hapten Tower, 32. 
Harden, 19, 54^ 57. 
Hardinge, Mr. Justice, xzy. 
Hardware, Elisabeth, the daughter of 

Henry, and widow of John Cowper, 

XYi. 

Hardware, Mr. mayor of Chester, 22. 
HargreaYcs, John, of Higham, 27. 
Harland, Mr. of the " Guardian Office," 

Manchester, 110. 
Harleian MS8. quoted, 7, 53. 
Harpur, John, of Aynsworth, his son 

John, and daughter Anne, 103. 
Harrington, Charles, 48. 
Harrington, John, Lord Stanhope of, 

48. 
Harrington, Sir John, of Kelston, 4^ 5; 

his NugcB Antiaua, 5, 94. 
Harris, Charles, of Fair Oak, 100. 
Harris, Christopher, of Torrisholme 

HalLlOO. 
Harris, Dorothy, wife of John Parkin- 
son, 100. 
Harrison, Thomas, 78. 
Harrop Fell, 29; Arrope Fells, 67. 
Harropwell, 67. 

Harsnapo, 8. 

Hart, Ann, daughter and heiress of Per- 

ciYal Hart, 63. 
Hart Dyke. Sir PerciYal, 63. 
Hart, Sir John, 63. 
Hart, Mr., sick, 63. 
Harthill,83. 
Hartley. Hester, daughter of William, 

of Sturtham, 108. 
Hartley, John, of Roughlee, 27. 
Hartshome, Rcy. C. H. 55, 77. 
Haslingden, 69, 72, 73, 78. 
Hatton, four gentlewomen of, 59. 
Hawking, Earl of Derby, at Talk o'th' 

Hill, 80. 
Haworth, Dr. of Manchester, 111. 
Haworth,«^mund, of Haworth, and Is- 

sabell his wife, 82. 
Hay, Lord, ambassador to France, 35. 
Hay for the deer stacked, 52. 
Haslehurst, in Bleasdale, 66. 



148 



INDBX. 



Heftron, Cathbert, 98. 

Heath cocks, 69. 

Heath, Sir Robert, Attorney-General 

and afterwards Lord Chief Jostiee, 

116. 
Heath*8, Sir Robert, Survey of Rochdale 

manor, 95. 
Heaton Norris, 6. - 
Heber, Jane, daiurhter of Thomaa, of 

Marton, 86; wife of Thomas lister, 

▼iii. 
Hellifield, 12. 
Hellifield Peel, 14,52. 
HelUweU*8, 110. 
Henry IV. 49. 
Henry VII. 49. 
Henry VIII. 77. 
Henry, Prince, 45, 62, 77; Dr. Hamond 

his physician, 116. 
Herbert, George. 24. 
HerberU, the, 99. 
Hesketh, Robert, Esq. 8. 
Hesketh, Sir Thomas, of Rofford^ 8. 
Hey, Mr. Laurence, curate of Milnrow, 

103. 
Heylin's Life of Laud, 88. 
Heywood, Peter, of Heywood, Genty 102. 
Hide, John, citisen of London, 77; Eli- 
sabeth his daughter, 77. 
High Gill, near Aysgarth, 12. 
Hinde, Brother, 132. 
Hinde, Mrs. and her half sister, and their 

brothers, William and Thomas 

Foxe, 121. 
Hinde, Samuel, chaplain to Charles 11. 

xiz. 
Uinde, Dr. Thomas, Dean of Limerick, 

xiz. 
Hinde, Rev. William, the biographer of 

Bruen, 18, 20,24,32,73, 107; notice 

of him, xiz. 
Hinderwell's *' History of Scarborough*' 

quoted, 12. 
Historical novelists, 105. 
Hocton, Adam de, 7. 
Hodder river, 25, 100. 
Hodgson, James, shot and slain, 13. 
Hognton, a rushbearing at, 41; saturna- 
lia at, 60. 
Hoghton, Sir Gilbert, 35. 
Hoghton, Sir Henry Bold. 8, 42. 
Hoghton, Sir Henry Philip, Bart. 80. 
Hoghton, Jane. 1. 
Hoghton, Jocelyn and Richard. 8. 
Hoghton, John, of Pendleton, 1. 
Hoghton, Justice, 46. 



Hoghton, Katherine, daughter and co- 
heiress of John, 65. 

Hoghten, ILatherine, daughter of Sir 
Gilbert, 81. 

Hoghton, Lady, a kuiswonian of King 
James, 35. 

HoghtonJLady Sarah. 39. 

Hoghton, Mary, daughter and cohuress 
of John, 65. 

Hoghton, Sir Richard, 8^ 32, 39, 47, 49. 

Hoghton, Sir Robert, 49. 

Hoghton, Thomas, brother of Sir Rich- 
ard, 65. 

Hoghton Tower, 7; 35, 38, 39, 40; de- 
cribed,40; <^ Hjstorical Notioes'' of, 
quoted, 49. 

Holden, hunting at, 98. 

Holden,ELathenne, danchter of Robert 
Hoiden, and wife of Captain Raws- 
thome, 119. 

Holden, Mary, buried at Haslingden, 72. 

Holden, younf Mr. 72, 78. 

Holden, Ralph, 78. 

Holden, Robert, of Holden, Esq. 72, 73; 
his son Ralph, 72. 

Holden, Thomas, monk of WhaUey, 73; 
curate of Haslingdeiu 73. 

Holdsworth, Cuthbert, of Sowerby, and 
his daughter Elisabeth, wife of John 
Parker of Eztwisle, 122. 

Holdsworth, William, 125. 

Holford, Thomas, of Holford, and Do- 
rothy his daughter, zv. 

Holker, in Cartmell, 81. 

Holker,Mr.ofRead,69. 

Holme's, Handle, MSS. quoted, 38. 

Holt Castle, in the county of Worcester, 
86 

Holt, Lord Chief Justice, 118. 

Holt, the, in the jiuish of Blackburn, 
79; a seat of the Talbots, 79 ; a 
chantry there, 79. 

Holte, Dorothy, wife of James, 57. 

Holte, John, of Stubley, Esq. 76. 

Holte, John, son and heir of Charles 
Holte Esq. 16. 

Holte, Mary, daughter of Robert Holte, 

Holte, MaxT, daughter of another Robert 

Holte, 5, 103. 
Holte, Mr. of Castleton, 16. 
Holte, Richard, 5. 
Holte, Richard, Gent. 103. 
Holte, Richard, relict of, marries John 

Greenhalgh, Esq. 71. 
Holte, Robart, of Ashworth, 103. 



INDEX. 



149 



Holte, Robert, of Ashwoith, 5. 

Holte, Robert, of Ashworth, Esq. hu 
wiU, dated 1608, 71. 

Holte, Robert, of Stably, Esq. 96. 

Holte, Robert, a third, 5, 102. 

Holte, Thomas, Gent. 71. 

Hohct of Griulehurste, Syr Thorn. 8. 

Honor of Clitheroe, 3. 

Hoods and surolices, 87. 

Hopkinson's, John, MBS. quoted, it. 10, 
12, 36, 38, 76, 88, 109, 125, 127. 

HopwDod. Edmund, of Uopwood, Esq. 
16, 111. 

Hopwood, EUzabeth, daughter of Ed- 
mund, 103. 

Hopwood, Jane, daughter of Edmund, 
22, 103. 

Horrobin Lane, 64. 

Hone race at Walton, 80. 

Horse-racers, rules for, 27. 

Horton, in the eountv of Dorset, 56. 

Hothenall, Jolm and Thomas, 7S. 

Hothersall, John, son and heir of Tho- 
mas, 78. 

Hothersall, Thomas, 78. 

Hothersall, Mr. 78. 

Houghton, Brother, 66. 

Houghton, Sir Riehard, 7. 

Houghton, Mr. Thomas and Mr. Wil- 
uam, 66. 

Houghton, Mr. William, 66. 

HouTdeUi Justice, 78. 

Household gods, two address the King 
at Hoffhton. 44. 

Housinff cloth, 94, 

Howard Ck>lonel, 89. 

Howard, Fulke GreTille, Esq. 89. 

Howard. Henry Bowes, fourth Earl of 
Berkshire, 89. 

Howard, Lord William, first Baron Ho- 
ward of Effingham, 49. 

Howard's, Lord^ lady, 114. 

Howe, Lord, xzix. 

HoweU's «* State Trials/' 116. 

Huckler, Bill, 46. 

Huckler, dancing the, 46. 

Hulton, Margaret, wife of Richard 
Assheton of Downham, xii. 

Hulton, William, of Hulton, xii. 

Humbco', WiUiam and John, of Preston, 
34. 

Hunt, Roy. Thomas, incumbent and 
schoolmaster of Oldham, 123. 

Huntingand liawking fashionable recrea- 
tions, 8 ; arguments against them, 
9. 



Hunting at its greatest height, tempore 

James 1. 8. 
Hunting the otter, 1. 
Huntingdon, 127. 
Huntingdon, Henry, Eari of, 41. 
Huntingdon, John, B.D. 8). 
Huntingdon, Sir John, 81. 
Huntroyd, 61. 
Huthersal. 78. 

Huthersali, Shuffling Jo. 78» 99. 
Hutton, Sir Timothy, 12. 
Hutton, Dr. William, 33. 
«* Hymen with the Barriers," 7. 

Ingleby, John, of Lawkland Esq. 53. 
Ingleby, John, of Ripley, Esq. 109. 
Ingleby, Mary, daughter and ooheiress of 

David,78. 
Ingleby, William, of Ripley Esq. 78. 
Inquisition post mortem, 21 Eliiabeth, 

2. 
Ireland^ Sir Francis, of Nostell Priory, 

Ireland, William, fourth son of William 
Ireland of Lydiate, 126. 

Ireland's office. 126. 

Jacque, the, 74. 

Jacson, Charles, of Barton Lodge. 34. 

James the First's taste in dress, 4. 

James, Buhop of Durham, 69. 

James. Elias, 44. 

Jameses ** Iter Lancastrense," 82. 

James's, St. day, 29. 

Jenkins, in the county of Essex, 66. 

Jerome, St. quoted, 24. 

Jervaux Abbey, 11. 

Jervis, Sir Thomas, 116. 

Jodrell's, Mr. of Litchfield, 119. 

Johnson, Anne, wife of Charles Ford 
Esq. 79. 

Johnson, Richard, 7. 

Johnson, Richard, son of John, of Wor- 
ston, marries Margaret, daughter of 
Nicholas Assheton, vi. 126. 

Johnson, Thomas, of Tyldesley, Esq. 79. 

Johnson, Mr. Thomas, curate of Roch- 
dale, 95. 

Johnson's, Dr. defence of Archbishop 
Laud, 64. 

Jones, Thomas, Esq. of Ghetham's Li- 
braiy. xxx. 

Jonson's Antimasque, ^ For the Honour 
of Wales," 36. 

Jonson's ** Bartholomew Fftir," 101. 

Jonson's Masque of Beauty, 75. 

Jonson's Masque of Lethe, 47. 



150 



INDEX. 



Jonflon')) Masqae of the FortoD&te lales, 

47. 
Joumal, Afisheton'g, some account o^ 

xxviii. ; the original MS. searched 

for in Tain, xzix. 
Jag^lerSy 75. 

Justice, cowpy of peace, 45. 
Justice, the cap, 46. 

Katharine's, St. day, 67. 

Kaj, James, of Basiane, 22. 

Kaj, Mr. Bichard, of Baldingstone and 
QLesham, 21. 

Kelston, Sir John Harrington of, 4. 

Kendal, in the county of Westmoreland, 
xix. 88. 

Kenyon, Mr. Bichard, Ticar of Bochdale 
and afterwards rector of Stockport, 
96 

Kettlewell, 12, 13. 

Kinderton, Norman Barons of, ancestors 
ofthel>one8,60. 

Kinderton, Sir Thomas Venables, Baron 
o^ 71; and Mary his daughter, 71. 

King James expected at Hoghton Tower, 
7f 32; at Myerscough, 32, 33, 34; 
gives liberty for Sunday sports, 34; 
an ill judged measure, 34; visits the 
alum mines, 39; Bishop Moreton 
preaches before him, 41: '* King's 
bedroom" at Hoghton, 41; Masque 
there, 42; diet there^ 42; speech to 
the lung, 44; the Kmg very sober, 
50. 

King, John, D.D. 114. 

King, Bobert, D.D. Bishop of Oxford, 

King, Bev. Dr. 74. 

King, Bev. S. W. of Whalley Abbey, 

xxix. 
Kin^ Thomas William, F.S.A. Bouge 

Dragon. 56. 
Kirkby in Cfleveland, Asshetons of, 71. 
Klrkby Malghdale, 12, 13. 
Knaresbrough, 109. 
Knighthood very common in the reign 

of James I. 34. 
KnoUys, General, 118. 
Knollys, William, Viscount, 48. 
Knollys, William, son of Sir Francis, 

made Baron Knollys, Viscount Wal- 

lingford, and Earl of Banbury, 117. 
Knubb, a, and a calfe, meaning of, ex- 

phuned, 61. 
Knubber, 61. 
Kuerden, Dr. 26. | 



Kyme, baronv of, 52. 

Kyng, Dr. Bishop of London, 114. 

Lacy, arms of, 2. 

Lacy, Henry de, 2. 

Lake, Arthur,Bishop of Bath and Wells, 

49. 
Lake, Sir Arthur, 49. 
Lake, Sir Thomas, 49, 124. 
Lambeth Library, MSS. in, 64. 
Lambert, John, of Carlton Esq. 75. 
Lambert, Mi^or General, his portrait at 

Eshton, 75. 
Lambert. Mrs. 74. 
Lancashue, 116, 120. 
Lancashire dances, 46. 
Lancashire fiftj^ nules in extent, 112. 
Lancashire ladies, 46. 
Lancashire Letters quoted, 52. 
Lancashire MSS. quoted, 8, 22, 26, 49, 

64^79,82,95,98,120,125. 
Lancashire pedigrees quoted, vi. 51, 78, 

119, 125. 
Lancashire, South, funeral custom in, 

52. 
Lancashire Witches, zv. 
Lancaster, xxix. 100. 
Lancaster assize, 52, 86. 
Lancaster, Becorder of the corporation 

of, 65. 
Lhmdaff, Earl of, 5, 6. 
Langley,DorDthy,daughterand coheiress 

of Sir Bober^ of Agecroft, 72. 
^, Joanna, aiftughter of Sir Bobert, 



Langley,, 



Langley HaU, in the county of York, 



9. 

Langley, old Mr. 121. 

Langley, Master, 131. 

Langley, Mr. 132, 133; his Tewsdav lec- 
ture at Prestwich, 133; rector there, 
xxii. 

Langley's « Polydore VeimV' 75. 

Langton, Mrs. Mary, endows Standish 
school, 57. 

Laodicean and Gallio temper alike cen- 
sured, 35. 

Lathom, 46. 

Lathom House, 16, 49. 50, 55, 80, 119. 

Lathom, Thomas, of Parbold, 33. 

Laud, Archbishop, defends the rights of 
his see, 64; unjustly accused by the 
Asshetons. 64; Dr. Johnson's tribute 
to the Arcnbishop's memory, 64; his 
life by Heylin, 88. 

Laud and Neile, xiii. 



INDEX. 



151 



Land and Strafford, 116. 

LaYoltas high, 46. 

Lawe, John, 26, 112, 125. 

Lawe, Thomas, monk, 26. 

Lawne, Aldeman Thomas, of York, 
109. 

Lays and dniies, parish, unwillingly 
paid, 62. 

Lear, Kixu: 53, 

Leaver, 1<>0. 

Leavers, i.e. Levens, 88. 

Lees Hall, near Oldham, the seat of Mr. 
Creorge Chaderton, 72. 

Leet court, 66. 

L^l^ies of 6s. in pro)d. 71. 

Leicestershire, Niohors History of, re- 
ferred to, 56. 

Leigh, John, 21. 

Leigh, Mr. curate of Slaidhum, 87, 98. 

Leigh, Mr. of Standish, 57; his sennon 
on Katherine Bretaigh's death, 58; 
his life of that ladv, 58. 

Leigh, Mr. of Standisn, his sermon on 
5th NoTemher, 67. 

Leigh, Mr. preached of the Creed, 29 
31,54. 

Leigh, parish clerk of Middleton, 102. 

Leigh, Walter, 101. 

Leith, siege of, 127. 

Leland's account of Nappa, 10. 

Lelands and Addertons, 120. 

Lely, Sir Peter, 97. 

Lenches in Rossendale, Onnerod of, 69. 

Lennoy, Mr. of Bamet, 114. 

Lerens Hall described, 88, 89. 

Leyer, 118. 

Lever, Anne, daughter of Richard, of 
Lever, 85. 

Lever, Great, 77. 

Lever, Great, sold, 15. 

Lever, Margaret, daughter of Adam, iv. 

Leyland, £an, daughter and heiress of 
William, of Morleys, 33. 

Leyland, Ann, daughter and heiress of 
Thomas (or VoUiam,) wife of Ed- 
ward Tyldesley, 121. 

Lichfield, governor ofl Tyldesley, 33. 

Lickhurst. Parkers or, 7. 

Lineofai, Bariow, Bishop of, 16. 

Lincohd, county of, 109. 

Lincohd, King James at, 18. 

Lineohie, 128. 

Lincolne, Mr. Doctor Parker, Deane of, 
128. 

Linlithgow, schoolmaster of, 46. 

linney, Richard, yeoman, 96. 



Linton, 12. 

Linton in Craven, 76. 

Ljrple, alias Liverpool, 27. 

Lisle, Ambrose, Viscount and Earl of 

Warwick, 127. 
Lister, Ann, 52. 
Lister, Frances, 75. 
Lister, Henry, of Burwell Park, 52. 
Lister Kaye, Sir John Lister, 36. 
Luter. Katherine, daughter of Thomas, 

of Amoldsbiggin, vii. 
Uster, Laurence, §6, 
Lister, Laurence, of Midhope, 52. 
Lister, Margaret, 36. 
Lister, Mary, 36. 
Lister, Sir Matthew, M.D. 74. 
lister, MichaeL 74. 
Lister, Lord Ribblesdale, 36. 
Lister, Richard, second son of Thomas, 

108. 
Lister, Thomas, 36^. 
Lister, Thomas, of Westby, Esq. 87. 
Lister, Thomas, a Justice of Peace, viii. 

Lister, Sir William, 36, 74. 

Lister, Sir William, of Thornton, 52, 
85. 

Lister, William, of Thornton Esq. 87. 

Ldsters of Armitage Park, 36. 

'*Litanie dales,*' 68; Wednesdays and 
Fridays, 68. 

Litchfield, 113, 119. 

Literary and political character of 
James I. enquiry into, 42. 

Litherland, 80. 

Littleborough, 95, 

LitUeborough on the Trent, 129. 

Liverpool, 113. 

Locke, Mr. zvii. 

Lookyer, Mrs. Margaret, 110. 

Lodge's *< Illustrations of English His- 
tory," 99. 

Lomax, James. Esq. of AUsprings, near 
WlhaUey. nis otter hounds. 1. 

Lomax, R. (rrimshaw, Esq. of Clayton 
Hall, 30. 

London, 26, 110, 111, 114, 123. 

Long Causeway, 129. 

Longridge Bottom, 87. 

Lostock Hall, 33. 

Lower's ** Curiosities of Heraldry," 81. 

Lowthers, the. 81. 

Luddenden, 129. 

Lullingstone Castle, Hart of, 63. 

Lyster, Mrs. Doll, 36. 



152 



INDKX. 



Macclesfieldy Parker, Earl of, 62. 

Maden, Bog«r, of Hojpwood, 90. 

Mainwariiig, Sir Phiup and Sir Randal, 
101. 

Malone's " History of the English Stage" 
quoted, 76. 

Malt liquor used at Lancashire funerals, 
77. 

Malvern, 79. 

Man, goYemor of, 6. 

Manchester,60, 63, 72,110, 111,112, 120. 

Manchester Collegiate Chnreh, 79; the 
Exercise there, xyiii. 

Manchester, extract from the Court Leet 
Rolls of the manor of, 110. 

Manchester, Halliwell, Ixwoughreeye ot, 
110. 

Manners, Lord John, 42. 

Manor of Middleham, 12. 

Mantle, a purple taffata, 44. 

Manx arms, at Myencough Lodge, 33. 

Marland,94. 

Marland mill, in Castleton, near Roch- 
dale, 16. 

Marhmd miller, an honest man, 16. 

Marlborough, 114. 

Marret, a misprint for Marsede or Mar- 
set, 13. 

Marriages, instances of, rerj early, 22, 
71. 

Marring cards, zri. 62. 

Marston Moor, 40. 

Marth% 67. 

Marrborough, Viscount, 25. 

Masham, Elizabeth, daughter of John, 
Lord Scrope of, 19. 

Masking and g^aming, called friendly 
sports, 122. 

Masks, 62. 

Masquerades, 75. 

Massey, Rer. William, rector of Wima- 
low, 6; Alice his daughter, 6, 71. 

Matches and marriages for wealth con- 
demned, 23. 

Mathews, Toby, 94. 

Matthew, Groorffc. of Thurles, Esq. 6. 

Matthews. L. Bishop Tobias, 90. 

Maudlin oay, 29. 

Maunton, Sir Robert, 46. 

Maurice, or Morres, «J ohn, 52, 99, 102. 

May-games, 18, 41. 

Maypoles, 41. 

Mearley, Great, 21, 80, 81. 

Mearley,Littie,2,122. 

Measures, 75. 

Medcalfe, Sir Thomas, of Nappay, in 



Wensleydale, 9; knighted by King 
James, 10; died in 1650, 10, 12, 13, 
122. 

''Men of Manchester^ entertain John 
Taylor the Water P<^ 111; their 
great hospitality. 111. 

" Merrie blades," a phrase of James I. 
50. 

Messes, forty, prepared, 02; explained, 
52. 

Metcalf, Frances, wife of Sir William 
Robinson, 10. 

Metcalfl James, Esq. 12. 

Metcalf, Thomas, Esq. 10, 12. 

MeyriclL Sir Samuel R. 68; his ^Criti- 
cal Enquiry into Ancient Armour" 
quoted. 69; his explanation of the 
term '^Florentine,*' 74; his last let- 
ter, xxx. 

Middleham Castle, 12. 

Middlehams, 12. 

Middleton, 5, 16, 70, 71. 

Middleton, 72, 77, 88, 92, 103, 104, 110. 

Middleton church, Assheton's chapel in, 
71. 

Middleton Hall described, and armour, 
70. 

Middleton manor and adyowson. 111. 

Middleton, rectors of, 3^ 72, 103. 

Middletons manorial owners temp. Ed- 
wardL2.3,70. 

Middlome. Adam, Esq. 12. 

Midgley, Mr. Joeeph, Ticar of Rochdale, 
95. 

Midffley, Mr. Richard, Tiear of Rochdale, 



Midhope, 36. 

Midleton, 110, 113, 114, 120^ 196. 

Midleton, a complainant in the Conrt of 

Wards, 125, 126. 
Midleton, Sir John, 78. 
Midleton, Sir Peter, 78. 
Midleton, Peter, of Stockeld, Esq. 78. 
Midleton, Sir William, 78. 
MidlomrMr. 12. 

Midlome, Mr. Justice of Peace, 13. 
MiUer, 63. 
Miller, Mr. 44. 
Millicent, Sir John, 47. 
Mills, father-in-law of Mr. StaiUe of 

Twiston, 52. 
Milnrow, 103. 

Milnrow, Dr. TiJson manied at^ 96. 
Mimms, 118. 
Minstrels. 21. 
Mirror, the, quoted, 89. 



INDBX. 



153 



Murule^ lords of, 21, 76. 

Mitton, 3. 

Mitton, Little, in the county of York, 
2. 

Molyneaox, Richard, of Hawkley, and 
Elizaheth his daughter, 36. 

Molyneuz, John, second son of William, 
80. 

Molyneuz, Juliana, daughter of Sir 
Richard, 26. 

Molyneux, Sir Richard, 23, 25, 27,66, 66, 
80. 

Molyneuz, Sir Richard, jnn» 26. 

Molyneuz, Sir Richard, Bart, and Brid- 
get his daughter, wife of Ralph 
Standish, 118. 

Molyneuz, William, of Sephton, and 
Elizabeth his daughter, 126. 

Montacute, Lord, 76. 

Montagu, Duke of, 49. 

Montagu, Sir Edward, Baron of Bough- 
ton, 49. 

Montford, Bromley, Lord, 86. 

Montgomery, Herbert, Earl of, 99. 

Moorgame, 67. 

Mordaunt, John, Lord, 48. 

More, Mr. 126. 

Moreton, Bishop, ziz. 28, 41, 48. 

Morison, Fynes, his ** Itinerary," 62. 

Morleys,33,121. 

Morris Mr. John, 44. 

Morris, Mr. John, vicar and Rural Dean 
of BUtokbum, 99. 

Morton, 11, 12, 13. 

Mosley, Anthony, 66. 

Mosley, Edward, 66. 

Mosley, Sir^Edward, M.P. 49, 66, 66. 

Mosley, Sir Nicholas, 66. 

Mosley, Sir Oswald, 66. 

Mostjni HalL near Manchester, 71. 

Monntjoy, Cnarles, Lord, 62. 

Mourning rin^s of 10s. ^ue, 71. 

Mourning, white, yellow, and black, 77. 

Moville, Ahm de, 100. 

Mummers, 76. 

Mumming, a, 76. 

Murryer, John, 44. 

Myerscough, 32, 100. 

Myerscottgh Hall, 34. 

Myerscough House, 34. 

Myerscough Lodge, 33. 

^ Mystery and Misery of Lending and 
Borrowing," 63. 

Nares, Archdeacon, 102. 
Neile, ziii. 



Netheriands, the, 109. 

Netherwood, Parker of, 122. 

Newcome, Mr. Henry, of Manchester, 
72; eztract from his MS. Diary, 72. 

Newhall in Tottington, 119. 

Newlands, Newlaunds, 100, 101. 

Newsham, 12. 

Newton, 26. 

Nicolas, Sir Harris, 68. 

Nichols. J. Gough, 106. 

Nichols' ''Royal Progresses of King 
James I." quoted, 14, IB, 33, 42, 46, 
46, 66, 60, 76, 77, 101; corrected, 
34 

Nichols' « Topographer" quoted, 12. 

Noblemen and others with the King at 
Hoghton,47; and Newmarket, 101. 

Nocton, in the county of Lincoln, 127. 

Norroy, Sir Richard St. George, 49. 

Northampton, 117. 

Northampton, ancient charters of, 66. 

Northampton, Earl and Marquess of, 
40. 

Nostell Priory, near Doncaster, 126. 

** Notitia Cestriensis," Yol. i. quoted, 32, 
41,62,63,66,61,81,100. 

Nottingham, Charles, Earl of, 47, 48. 

Nowell, Alezander, M.P. 76. 

Nowell, Alezander, of Read, 76. 

Nowell, Alezander, jun. 62. 

Nowell, Christopher, of Little Mearley, 
2. 

Nowell, Christopher, and his wife Elisa- 
beth, daughter of Thomas WaLms- 
ley 122. 

Nowe^t'Dean, 24^76,116; hissister Ham- 
mond. 116. 

Nowell, Mrs. of Netherside, 11, 76. 

Nowell, Mrs.of Netherside, married 1 1th 
May 1822, 76. 

Nowell, Old, 122. 

Nowell, Ralph, of Coverhead, Esq. 76. 

Nowell, Rebecca, 76. 

Nowell, Roger, of Little Mearley, 122. 

Nowell, Boffer, of Read, Esq. 62. 

Nowell, William, and his wife Ann, 
daughter of 'William Dyneley of 
Downham, 122. 

NowellsofRead, 76. 

NoweUs' pue, in Whalley church, 82. 

Noy, Mr. 116. 

Nutter, Ellen, wife of John Smith, 66. 

Nutter, Ellen, wife of Nicholas Dnzbury, 

ee. 

Nutter, EUis and Richard, 66. 
Nutter, John, 66. 



154 



INDEX. 



Nutter, Margaret, wife of Mr. Pollard, 

66. 
Natter, Steward, 66. 
Natter, William and Jamee, 66, 
Natters implicated in demonology, 66. 
Nuthurst, 111. 

Oak bedsteads common in Lancashire, 
106. 

Oak earring, ancient, at Mjerscongh, 
described, 33. 

Oak, Stable, 67. 

Office, a keeper's walk, 61. 

Offley, William, of London, merchant, 
86; marries Ann, daughter of Wil- 
liam Beswicke Esq. 86. 

Oldham, 96, 123. 

Oldham, Lees Hall near, 72. 

'< Opinion," a character sustained by Sir 
Richard Hoghton, 7. 

Ordericus Vitalis, 66. 

Ormerod, Dr. 121. 

Ormerod, George, Esq. xxix. 

Ormerod, Henry, son of John, 6. 

Ormerod, Margaret, of Lenches in Bos- 
sendale, and her sons^iiver, Rich- 
ard, John, Geoige, Henry, Peter, 
and Laurence, 69. 

Ormerod, Mr. 99, 101. 

Ormerod, Mr. the historian, 69. 

Ormerodl Mr. 60; original portraits of 
the Dones in his possession, 60; a 
typographical error corrected in the 
^Historjr of Cheshire," 61. 

Ormerod, Ohver, of Gramblesyde, 69. 

Ormerod, Peter, 69. 

Ormerod, Vicar, his MSS. and books, 
69; probably an usurer, 69. 

Ormerod, Mr. Vicar, abstract of his 
wilL69. 

Ormerod, Mr. V icker, of Whalley, 69. 

Ormerod of Ormerod, 69. 

Ormerod's ** Histoiy of Cheshire," a re- 
ference to, 79; Quoted, xy. xxiy. 60. 

Ormond, James, Duke of, xix. 

Ostend, 12. 

Otterbume, 12. 

Otter hounds, 1. 

Otter hunting,!. 

Overbuy, Sir Thomas, 66. 

Orerthorpe, 74, 123. 

Ousle, a water, 67. 

Oxford, Edward, Earl of, 80; Elisabeth 
Vere, his daughter, 80. 

Oxford, Samuel Radcliffe, principal of 
Brasenose College at, 66. 



Oxford, Unirersity College, 123. 
Oyer and terminer, 64. 

Padiham, 86. 

Padiham, John Burtonwood o^ 69. 

PaUtine, Count, 76. 

Pandish, pentioe, 96. 

Panel, a view of Fair Oak House on, 

100. 
Paneling, napkin, at H(>^ton. 41. 
Paneling, napkin, fashionable in the 

reign of James I. 106. 
Park Head Gate, at Mjrersoougfa, 34. 
Parker, Archbishop, 96. 
Parker, Colonel, 79 ; his fire sisters, 79. 
Parker, Mr. Doctor, Dean of Lincoln, 

128; some account of him, 128. 
Parker, Cos. Gyles, 62. 
Parker, Jenet, daughter of Thomas, 62. 
Parker, John, Esq. 122. 
Parker, John, son of Robert. 122. 
Parker, John, the younger, 122. 
Parker, John Clince, of Fair Oak, Esq. 

100. 
Parker, Mr. John, of Extwistle, 122. 
Parker, Rev. John, 79. 
Parker, Lawyer, 122. 
Parker, Mary, wife of Richard Asshe- 

ton, Esq. 122. 
Parker, Robert, Gent. 122. 
Parker, Robert, and his wife Elizabeth, 

sister of Bishop Chaderton, 128. 
Parker, Robert, and John, of Hareden, 

100. 
Parker, Robert Townley, Esq. 63, 122. 
Parker, Roger, D.D. 29. 
Parker, Roger, fifth son of Edward Par^ 

ker, of Browsholme. "Eaq. 7. 
Parker, Thomas, Esq. of Astle, 79. 
Parker, Thomas, of Browshoune, 7} 29, 

66. 
Parker, Tliomas Townley, Esq. of Cuer- 

den,80. 
Parker, Thomas G., 29. 
Parker, Sir Thomas, Earl of Maccles- 
field, 62. 
Parker, William, D.D. 29. 
Parkers of Dunnow, 7. 
Parkes, William, 44. 
Parkinson, Rev. Canon, Principal of St. 

Bees; a distin^^hed scholar, and 

a profound divme, 66. 
Parkinson, Christopher, 69 ; his two chil- 
dren, 69. 
Parkinson, Mr. Christopher, 7, 66, 66. 
Parkinson, Elizabeth, 100. 



INDEX. 



155 



Parkinson, John, son of Thomas, of 

Sykes House, 100. 
Parkinson, Ralph, of Fainnape, 65. 
Parkinson, Richard, 66. 
Parkinson, Robert, of Fairsnape, 66. 
Pany, Sir Thomas, Chancellor of the 

DachY of Lancaster, 56. 
Parsons, (x>antry, oensnred, 24. 
Passelows, 56. 

PaTiser and Crossbow-man, 74. 
Paul's, St. Church-yard, v. 
Paul's, St. Cross, sermon at, in 1627, 94. 
Patronage, church, turned into pillage, 

21. ♦ 

« Paying up" at Portfield, 61. 
Peaseholme Green, York, 109. 
Pearson, Thom^ of Moulton Park, 97. 
Peele, Mr. a preacher, 52. 
Pembroke, Philip, first Earl of, 8. 
Pembroke, Williftm, third Earl of, 47. 
Pendle, 51, 97. 
Pendle Forest, 66. 
Pendle HaU, 54. 
Pendleton, near Clitheroe, 1, 65. 
Pennant's obserration on the Dones, 60. 
'^ Penniless Pilgrimage to the North," 

by Taylor, the Water Poet, 111. 
Penwortham, 24, 65. 
PeOYer,OYer, 101. 
Peterborough, John, Earl of, 48. 
Pereril, 61. 

Phillips, Francis, Esq. 26. 
Piccope, Rot. John, of Famdon, 130. 
Piekersall, Thomas, and Ellen his wife. 

Pig, a Bartholomew Fair, 101 . Jonson's 

comedy of ''Bartholomew Fair," 

quoted, 101. 
Pig, roast, Kinff James disliked, 101. 
Pigg-eating, 101. 

Pigg-oating, probably a pie-nio, 101. 
Pigot, Henry, of Lincoln College, Ozon, 

97. 
Pindar quoted, xxviii.; and Gilbert 

West's translation, xxyiii. 
Pinners, John, of Manchester, 111 . 
Pipers, 21. 
Pleadings, Calender to, in the Duchy of 

Lancaster Court, 78. 
Pocket clock, 103. 
Pollard, Mr. 66. 
Pollard Margaret, his wife, 66. 
Pont, Alice, wife of Dean Parker, 128. 
Pope, 86. 
Portfield, near Whalley, 14, 26, 57, 5f>, 

61,63,73,79,84,110. 



Portrait of Anne, queen of James I. at 
Skipton, 127. 

Portrait of General Lambert, 75. 

Portraits, curious, on panel at Hellifield 
Peel, 14. 

Portraits of Colonel Richard Shuttle- 
worth and his wife, 85. 

Portraits of Radeliffe Assheton and his 
wife, 77. 

Posset, a, drunk by friends at parting ; 
the nrace cup f 133. 

Pott, Thomas, master of James the 
First's hunt, 14. 

Potts' « Discoverie of Witches^** 66. 

Powell, Richard, of Heaton Norris, 6. 

Poynton, in the county of Chester, 16. 

Prayer Book, reyised by great men, 
68. 

Pra;^er Book, Preface to, quoted, 68. 

Prejudice, Mr. a character in the "Pil- 
grim's Progress," 115. 

Prescod^ Prescot, 99. 

Presenting, an ancient custom, 21 ; in- 
stances of its obseryanee, 21, 84. 

President, Lord, of the North, 11 ; charge 
against, 125. 

Preston, 21, 26, 35, 79, 85. 

Preston Corporation present the king 
with a bowl, 37; and giye a ban- 
quet, 37. 

Preston, Christopher, 81. 

Preston, Elizabeth, daughter of Christo- \ 
pher Preston, of Holker, 33. 

Preston, George, married Elisabeth, 
daughter of Ralph Assheton, oi 
Great Leyer, 81. 

Preston, History of, quoted, 100. 

Preston in Amundemess, 64. 

Preston, Steward of the borough o^ 65. 

Preston, Thomas, heir of Georffo Pres- 
ton, married Katherine, daughter 
of Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 81. 

Prestwich, Master, 112. 

Pricks, an old game, 15. 

Prince Charles Edward, 33. 

Prince, The, THenry^, 56. 

Psalm 84th, old yeraion, 3. 

Pnckeridge, 126. 

Pudsay, Dawson, Esq. of Hornby Castle, 
100. 

Pudsay, Thomas, 18. 

Pudsay, William, Esq. 19. 

Pudsays, two, 100. 

Pues. anterior to the Reformation, 82. 

Purdie, Tom, 63. 

Puritans denounce fashions in dress, 98. 



156 



INDBX. 



Purit&nB, MtiiiEed bv an old Poet. 88. 
PursuiTant coming from York, 13. 

Qaarterly Review, quoted, xxiv. 47; 

corrected, 49. 
Qaarterly ReTiew, BritiBh, referred to, 

xxiy.; a singular statement and a 

gross error in it, xxy. 
Quickly, Mrs. 8. 
Quinquatria, 76. 

Rachdale rectory, €3. 

Bachdale, vicar of^SG, 97. 

Racing match at Walton, 80. 

Racinff match, between Sir Richard 
Molyneuz and Mr. Assheton, 27. 

Radcliffe, Sir Alexander, of Qrdsall, 67, 
127. 

Radcliffe, Ann, daughter of Robert Rad- 
cliffe, jim. 66. 

Radcliffe, Charles, of Todmorden, 123. 

Radcliffe, Edward, Esq. 80. 

RadcUffe, Sir Geoive, 22, 74^ 123. 

Radcliffe, IsabeL daughter of Edward 
Radcliffe of Todmorden, 51. 

Radcliffe, Joanna, daughter and coheir- 
ess of Richard, of Chadderton, 72. 

Radcliffe, Johanna, daughter of Edward, 
of Todmorden, 72, 77. 

Radcliffe, John, Gent, and Ann his wife, 
daughter of Mr. Richard UalliwelL 
111. 

Radcliffe living, 103. 

Radcliffe, Mr., 80, 87. 

Radcliffe, Nicholas, of Overthorpe, 123. 

Radcliffe, Mr. Riclu&rd, 110. 

Radcliffe, Robert, Gent. 66. 

Radcliffe, Robert, of Preston, 66. 

Radcliffe, Robert, of Rochdale, attorney, 
66. 

Radcliffe, Samuel, D.D. principal of 
Brasenose College, Ozon. 66. 

Radcliffe, Sander, or Alexander, 123. 

Radcliffe, Savile, 21, 22. 

Radcliffe, Savile, Ksq. 80. 

Radcliffe, Sir William, of Ordsall, 88. 

Radcliffe*8, Cos. wife, 21. 

Radcliffes of Langley Hall, parish of 
Middleton, 16. 

Radclyffe, Cicely, daughter of Thomas, 
of Wimberley, 72. 

Kairke, John, 44. 

RamBay, Mr. 39. 

Ramsden, Katherine, daughter of Wil- 
liam, of Langley, 19. 

Ratchdallc, 95. 



RatcUff,Mr8.21. 
Rathmell House, near Settle, 100. 
Rauphe, Mr. a preacher, 52. 
Rawsthome, Captain, 119. 
Rawsthome, Colonel, of Penwortham, 

120. 
Rawsthome, Colonel Edward, (he died 

in 1653,) 119. 
Rawsthome, Mr. Edward, jun. 118. 
Rawsthome, Ellen, daughter of Radcliffe 

Assheton, 119. 
Rawsthome, Katherine, daughter of 

Robert Holden, 119. 
Rawsthome, Mary, daughter of John 

Greenhalgh, 119. 
Raydale, in the county of York, ill. 
Raydale family, 125. 
Raydale House, in Wensleydale, 9: be- 
sieged by Sir Thomas Metcatf, 9, 

12. 117. 
Raydale-side, tradition that King James 

hunted at, 12. 
Read, NoweUs of, 116. 
Reader, a, 81, 87. 
Recreation, honest, Lancashire specimen 

of. 41, 50. 
Redesdale, Lord, 118. 
Redmans, the, 89. 

Register of Whalley Church, 55, 85. 
Relation, a, of James Benson's making 

of alum, in Lancashire, 39. 
Revels at Hoghton, 46; meaning o^ ex- 
plained, 46. 
Rheum, the chancellor, 20. 
Ribble, 100. 
Ribble and Hodder, 1. 
Ribblesdale, Lord, 36. 
Richard III. 11. 

Richardson, Lord Chief Justice, 116. 
Richardson, Mr. Thomas, Rural Dean 

of Manchester, 102. 
Richardson the engraver, xxiii. 
Richmond, Ludovic, Earl and Duke of, 

47. 
Richmond, manor of, in the county of 

York, viii. 12. 
Richmond Palace built from the designs 

of Lathom House, 49. 
Richmondshire, 52; history of, quoted, 

10. 
Rigbye, Edward, Esq. 57. 
Riley, 67. 

Robert, Old, Mr. Braen's servant, 53. 
Robin Hood, " as merrie as," 49. 
Robin Hood well, 129. 
Robinson, Cooz. 122. 



INDEX. 



157 



RobinBOxii Dixon, of Glitheroe Castle, 

Esq. zxx. 
Robinson, John, William, and Robert, 

of Raydale, 12,117. 
Robinson, Rev. Josias, M.A. 11 ; married 

11th May 1822, 76; his son, the Roy. 

Alexanoer Nowell Nowell B.A. re- 
presents the Nowells of Read, 76. 
Robinson, William, of York, 11. 
Robinson, Sir William, of Newby Park, 

10. 
Robinson, Yeamond, [Edmund,] 125. 
Robfaisons of Chatbum, Downham, and 

Linton, 11, 76. 
Rochdale, 8, 66, 95, 96, 97, 102, 110. 
Rochdale manor, survey of, 95. 
Rochdale, parish clerk ofL 95. 
Rochets, disliked by the Puritans, 88. 
Roe, James, a schoolmaster, 73. 
RoUeston, in the county of St<^ord, 56. 
Roman encampment at Whalley, 15. 
Romanists, Tyldesleys of Myerscough, 

33. 
Romilly, Sir SamueL 118. 
Roos, William, Lord, 124. 
Roos', Lord, embassv to the court of 

Spain, relation o/, 124. 
Rosse, Sir Thomas, and Lady, 124. 
RothweU, Mrs. 22. 
Rouffhlee, 27. 
Roule, Sir Richard, 81. 
Rowe Moore, 69. 
Royle,53,80. 
Royston, 46, 127. 
Rubric, violation of the, 7. 
Rupert, Prince, 40, 119. 
Rushbearing, 41. 
Rutland, EUzabeth, daughter and heiress 

of Edward, Earl of, 124. 
Rutland family, 41. 
Rycot, 86. 

Ryshton, Nicholas, 26. 
Ryshton, Richard, 26. 

Sack and Claret, 111. 

Sacrament administered without the 

surplice, 88. 
Salburie, 26. 
Salisbury, 115. 
Salley, alias Sawley, an otter taken 

"quick" there, 1. 
Salley Abbe^, spoils of, 2. 
Salley, hunting at, 98. 
Salmon, three, vel three Luces, arms of 

Whalley Abbey, 2. 
Salmon's State Trials, 116. 



SalthiU, 18. 

Samlesbury, 16. 

Samlesbury, Witches of, 57. 

Sanballat, 20. 

Sander and George, 123; probably bro- 
thers of Nicholas Aesheton, 124, 125. 

Sanderson, Bishop, on 5th Nov., 67. 

''Sants,** a name applied to grotesque 
figures carved in oak, 105. 

Sargeaunt of Mace, 13. 

Sarum, Davenant, Bishop of, 115. 

Savile, Grace, sister of William, 123. 

Savile, Sir William, 97. 

Savoy, in London, 66. 

Sayer, Sir John, and Everild his daugh- 
ter, 52. 

Scamel net, 25. 

Scarborough, 12. 

Searr, Geonre, 13. 

Scott, Sir Walter, 61. 

Scott, William, late Sheriff of York, 
109. 

Scout Stones, 19. 

Scrope, John, Lord, of Masham, and 
Elizabeth his daughter, 19. 

Scruples respecting the surplice, 99. 

Seacome's ''History of the Siege of La- 
thom," quoted, 120. 

Seaton, Rachel, 120. 

Seffcon, Earls of, 25. 

Segelocum, a Roman station, 129. 

Selby, 2. 

Semerwater, a lake, 10. 

Sessay,2. 

Settle, 100. 

Shakspeare quoted, 45, 53, 82, 110, 113. 

Sharpies, Mr. Justice of Blackburn, 40. 

Shaw, George, Esq. architect, St. Chad's, 
Saddleworth, 41, 70. 

Shaw Hall, in Worden, 79. 

Shaw's, Henry, << Specimens of Ancient 
Furniture," 105. 

Shaws,Mr.lll,118. 

Shelley, Sir John, the third baronet, 6. 

Sherborne, Brother, 7, 19, 88. 

Sherborne, Henry and Richard, sons of 
Richard Sherborne, Esq. 15. 

Sherborne, Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Richard, 26. 

Sherborne, Mary, daughter of Sir Rich- 
ard,65. 

Sherborne, Maud, wife of Sir Richard, 
65. 

Sherborne, young Mr., 16. 

Sherborne, Mrs., 87. 

Sherborne, Richard, 49. 



158 



INDEX. 



Sherborne, Richard, of Dunnow, 7, 15, 
19, 20, 32j 67, 73, 87, 89, 106, 106, 
120; married Dorothy, daughter of 
Richard Assheton, v; the himily 
opposed to the Paritana, ziii. 

Sherborne, Sir Richard, of Ston^ harst, 
Y. 7, 16: his son and heir Richard,. 
7,16. 

Sherbum, Raphe, of Little Mitton, 2. 

Sherfield, Counsellor, some account of 
him, 114. 

Sherfield, Counsellor, employed by Ni- 
cholas Assheton, 126. 

Sherfield, Lawyer, xvii. 

Sherfield, Henry, Esq. Recorder of Sa- 
lisbury, 116. 

Sheridan, 70. 

Sheriff of Lancashire, Sir Richard Hogh- 
ton, 1698, 7. 

Sherington, Mary, 69. 

Shierfield, Mr. 114. 

Shiffhal Grange, in the county of Salop, 
86. 

Shimshai the Scribe, 20. 

Shooting flyinff. 67. 

Shuffleboard, 62. 

Shuttleworth, of G^wthorp. 22. 

Shuttleworth, EUen, styled the ''Lady 
EUenor"86,126. 

Shuttleworth, Hugh, and Helen his 
daughter, 122. 

Shuttleworth, Rev. Lawrence, 86. 

Shuttleworth, Richard, 49. 

Shuttleworth, Richard, Sheriff of Lan- 
cashire, 106. 

Shuttleworth, Mr. Richard, of Craw- 
thorp ; some account of him, 86. 

Shuttleworth, Sir Richard, 122. 

Shuttleworth, Robert, of Hacking, and 
Grace his daughter, 66. 

Shuttleworth, Thomas, Gent. 86 ; Ann, 
his wife, 86; marries Mr. Under- 
hm, 86. 

Singleton, Ann, daughter of George, of 
Stayning, 66. 

'*SirJ' a title applied to Ecclesiastics, 81. 

Sir-Loin of Beef at Hogfaton, 44. 

Skelfshaw Fells, 67. 

Skelmersdale, Baron, 49. 

Skelton's engravings of the Florentine, 
74. 

Skipton, lao. 

Skipton Castle, 40, 76, 127. 

Skogan, Henry, an old poet, 47. 

Sladebume, 3, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 
25, 68, 87. 



Sladebume, Parson of, 76, 89, 98, 100, 

103, 104. 
Sladebume, Rector o^ a fox-hunter, xi. 

19; a Puritan, xui. 
Slingsby, Elisabeth, 10. 
Slingsby. Sir Henry, of Scriven, 10. 
Smith, Ellen, wife of John, 66. 
Smith, William, Rouge Dragon, 113. 
Soccage, vii. 2. 

Somerset, Chariee, Eari of, 66. 
Soothill Hall, near Dewsbury, 97. 
Sorocole's, Mrs., the Eagle and Child, in 

Manchester, 111, 112. 
Sonrquedxy, 60. 
Southampton, Eari of, 101. 
Southworth, Sir John, of Samlesbury, 

16. 
Southworth, Maiy, daughter of Sir 

John, 16. 
Speech, a, made to the King at Hogh- 

ton, 44. 
Spencer, Jane, daughter of Thomas 

Spencer. 8. 
Spiridion, Bishop of Cyprus, 84. 
Sports, Book of, 29, 41, 42. 
Sports, old English, 30. 
Stable Oak, 67. 
Staffordshire, Colwick, in, 64. 
Stamford, Eari of, 48. 
Standish, Alexander, of Duxbnry, and 

his wife, Alice, dan^ter of Raphe 

Assheton, of Lever, Esq. 118, 126. 
Standish, Alexander, of Duxbuiy, and 

Joan his daughter, 64. 
Standish, Cos. of Standish, 118. 
Standish, Edward, 67. 
Standish, Ralph, Esq. and his brothers 

John, Thoma^ and Alexander, and 

his wife, Briq^t, daughter of Sir 

Richard Molyneux, Bart. 118. 
Standish, William Leig[h, parson of, 67; 

his sermon at Childwall, on Mrs. 

Katherine Brettargfa's death, 68. 
Standish School, 67. 
Stanhope, Charles, 48. 
Stanhope, John, Lord of, Harrington, 

48. 
Stanley, history of the House of, quoted, 

6. 
StannicUffe Hall, near Middleton, 72. 
Staple Oak, 64. 
Starbettom, 13. 

Star, the, an Inn in York, 130. 
Star Chamber, 117, 122, 124. 
Starkie, John, son of Henry Starkie, 61. 
Starkie, Thomas,of Twiston Uall,61, 106; 



INDEX. 



159 



hiB wife diesy 51, 52 ; his &ther-in- 
law. Mills, 52; Tom very merrie, 
68; finds a deer dead at Wonton, 
87; runs a race at Clitheroe, 100; 
marries aj;ain, 119, 120. 

Starkies of Aighton, 51. 

Stene, Baron Crewe, of. 117. 

Stilton, 127; the Angel Inn there, 127. 

Stirrop, 20. 

Stockport, Rector of, 96. 

Stonie Stratford. 114. 

Stonyhorst, 7, 26, 49, 65. 

Stopple, a^ 46. 

St. ^rolchar's, St. Sepulchre's, London, 
114. 

Stoorton^ Charles, Lord, and his daugh- 
ter Katherine, 15. 

Strafford, Lord, 86. 

Strafford, Thomas, Earl of, 96, 123 ; his 
Letters quoted, 97» 114, 115, 116. 

Strafford's, Ix>id, death-warrant, 42. 

Strange, Lord, 6. 

Streete, Jane, 95. 

Streete, Richard, 95. 

Stretton, 51. 

Strickland, Ann, daughter of Sir Tho- 
mas, 65. 

Stuarts, Lady Hoghton descended fh>m 
the, 35. 

Stnbley Hall, near Rochdale, 16. 

Study, built over the porch at Down- 
Style. Church of, Buiy, 6. 

SudaU. Anne, first wife of Thos. Johnson, 
of Tjrldesley, Esq. 79. 

Sudall, John, merchant^ 79. 

SudalL Lydia. first wife of Robert Gart- 
side. Esq. 79. 

Sudall, Mr. tne physical pothecar, 79. 

SudaU, Roger, Mayor of Preston, 78. 

Sudall, Richard, 78. 

Sudall, William, 78. 

Sudall, William and Henry, 79. 

Sudall^ Alderman William, 78 ; his sons 
Nicholas and Roger, and grand-sons 
Roger and Willuun. 78. 

SudaU, RcT. WilUam, 78. 

Sudalls, of Woodfold Park, 79. 

Sudalls, twenty-fonr,lreemen of Preston, 
78. 

Suffield, Lord, vi. 

Suffolk, Charles Brandon, Duke of, 80. 

Suffolk, Earl of, 4, 5. 

Suffolk, Henry, Duke of, father of Lady 
Jane Grey, 48. 

Suffolk, Howirdy eleventh Earl of, 89. 



Suffolk^ Thomas Howard, Earl of, and 
Elizabeth his daughter. Countess of 
Banbury, 117. 

Summer game, 106. 

Summer greens, 18. 

Sumpter-doth, 96. 

Sunday's dinner for the King at Hogh- 
ton, 42. 

Surplice disused by the Puritans, 87. 

Surtees' ''History of Durham," ■ quoted, 
59. 

Survey, Domesday, 3. 

Sutton Coldfield, near Wishaw, 85. 

Swainemote, 1. 

Swann, The, an inn at Talk o'th' Hill, 
119. 

Swinden, 12. 

Swinglehurst, Jo. 89, 90, 100; his son 
Robert. 100; Matgerv or Mary, 
wife of Christopher Bfarris, 100. 

Tabled all ni^ht, 100. 

TabUng, cardmg and dicing censured, 24. 

Tables, pair of, 62, 63. 

Tables, slurring, 62. 

Talbot, Ann, 26. 

Talbot, Ann, daughter of John, of Gate 

House, 72. 
Talbot, Dorothy, 16. 
Talbot, Sir Edmund, of Holt, 79. 
Talbot, Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbuiy, 

and Maiy his daughter, 47. 
Talbot, John, of Bashall, and Millicent 

his daughter, 14, 15. 
Talbot, John, of Salesbuxy, Esq. 15. 
Talbot, Sir John, 15, 16, 55, 59, 79, 80, 

98,100. 
Talbot, Mr. 21. 
Talbot, Thomas, 24. 
Talbot, Sir Thomas, of Bashall, 72. 
Talbot, Sir Thomas, 66. 
Talbot of Bashall, 66. 
Talboys, Sir Gilbert, and Elisabeth his 

daughter, wife of Thomas W imbysh, 

and of Ambrose, Earl of Warwick, 

127. 
Talk o'th' HUl, 80. 119. 
Taike on the Hill, and John Taylor's 

adventure with the ostler, 119. 
Tarbotte, and Sharbotton, a misprint 

for Starbottom, 13. 
Tarporley, marble medallion at, 61. 
Tarum and Tarvin wakes, 30. 
Tarvin church, and the painted windows 

there, xvU.; and the Bruen chapel, 

zvii. 



160 



INDEX. 



Tauk-a-hiU, 119. 

Taylor, John, of Moreion, near Whalley, 

Esq. 14. 
Taylor. John, the Water Poet, 111; his 

^ Penniless Pilgrimage" quoted. 111, 

112,119. 
Taylor, jBishop Jeremy, xxii. 
Temperance or modem dinner tables, 60. 
Tempest, Sir Richard, 26. 
Tempests of BraceweU, 74. 
Templeton, first Yiscoont, 89. 
TsttadsNeviP ^ni. 

Testamentary barial in Manchester pa- 
rish chorch, 110. 
Theobalds, 10, 12, 46. 
Thomastown, 6. 
Thomborough, Bishop, married Ann, 

daughter of William Beswicke Esq. 

86. 
Thomhill, near Wakefield, 123. 
Thornton, 36, 85. 

Thornton in Crayen, a rector of, 6. 
Thrush, a» 67. 
Thurles, in Ireland, 6. 
Tildesley, Mr. 40. 
Tillson, Mr. 94. 
Tilson, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas, 

97. 
Tilson, Henry, grandson of the Bishop, 

97. 
Tilson, Henry, vicar of Rochdale, and 

bishop of Elphin, 96: a sketch of his 

life, 96, 97. 
Tilson, Captain Henry, 97. 
Tilson, Thomas and Elisabeth, 97. 
Tilstone, Henrie, clerke, 96; his chil- 
dren, Dorothy, Henry, . 

John, Nathan, and Thomas, 
Tireman, Mr. of York, 130. 
Tobacco disliked by mng James, 101. 
Tobiah, 20. 

Toby's, Uncle, bowling green, 53. 
Todmorden Hall, 2l722, 80, 123. 
Toll, John, 24. 
Tonge, Sir George, Knt. 16. 
Torrer chapel, 81. 
Tospot, Jem, 46. 
Tester, i.e. llttozeter, 119. 
Totteridge, east end o^ 54. 
Towle^ the name of a doff, 16. 
Towneley, Christopher, of Moorhiles, 26, 

85. 
Towneley, Cos. 32, 127, 128. 
Towneley, Cos. Jane, 98. 
Towneley, John, 32. 
Towneley, Richard, 26, 32, 49, 98. 



Towneley, Sir Richard, 32, 127. 

Towneley, Mr. xxiz. 

Towneley, Mr. of Towneley, 55, 78, 129. 

Towneley Hall, 27, 97. 

Towneley's,Christopher,MSS. at Towne- 
ley, 27, 85. 

Townley, Bfargaret, daughter of Nicho- 
bs Townley, 53. 

Townley, Mr. of Carr, 26. 

Townley, Nicholas, of Royle, 52, 53; 
sheniF of Lancashire, 53; ancestor 
of Parker Robert Townley Esq. 52. 

Townley, Richard, and Laurence, 26. 

Towton, 3. 

Tradition of James I. hunting at Ray- 
dale, 12. 

Trafford, Sir Cecil, 49; Penelope, his 
daughter, wife of John Downes of 
Wardley, Esq. 125. 

Trafford, Sir Edmund, of Trafford, she- 
riff of Lancashire, 49. 

Trent river, 129. 

Trinity Sunday, June 15th, 13. 

Tufton, Henry, eleventh Earl of Thanet, 
48. 

Tufton, Sir John, 48. 

Tufton, Sir Nicholas, Baron and Earl 
of Thanet, 48. 

Tumbler8,75. 

Tutor of Prince Henry, rector of Stan- 
dish, 57. 

Twelfth-day celebrated at Whalley, 74. 

Twiston, 51. 52, 82. 

Tyldesley, Ann, supposed to be the wile 
of Mr. Foze of Rhodes, 121. 

Tyldesley, Edward, Esq. 33. 

Tyldesley, Edward, sen. 33. 

Tyldesley, Edward, second son of Thnrs- 
tan, of Wardley, 121. 

Tyldesley, Elisabeth, abbess of Grave- 
ling, 33. 

Tyldesley, Thomas, 33. 

Tyldesley, Sir Thomas, 33. 

Tyldesleys, Romanists, 33. 

Tyrwhitt, Grace, daughter of Robert, 
ofKettleby, 109. 



Umble-pjre. 43. 44. 
Umphravilie, Mr., 89. 



Uncanonical to hold secular meetings in 

churches, 57. 
Underley Park, in the county of West- 

moreland. 76. 
** Unton Inventories" of Fomitore, 105. 
Utkinton, 59, 60, 61. 
Uttoxeter, 119. 



INDEX. 



161 



UKbridga commiBiion, 60. 

Vadcoy Alexius, 109. 

Vadeoe, Mrs., 109. 

Vale Rojal, in Cheslurey 79. 

Vaolting, 41. 

Vauz, Lord, husband of the Countess of 
Banbuiy, 117; their two sons, 117. 

Vaox-hall, near Blaekp<k>l, 33. 

Vavasonr, Creorge, of Spaldington, Esq. 
109. 

Vavasour, Sir Malger, 36. 

Vergil, PoWdore, &, 76. 

Vernon, William, and Grace his widow, 
123. 

Vigilias, abused, and therefore con- 
demned, 31. 

VilUers, George, 35, 47, 56, 73, 123. 

Vincent's MS. collections in the Col- 
lege of Arms, 86. 

Viols, a chest of, 73. 

Visitation of Lancashire, 1613, 66. 

VitaUs, Orderious, 55. 

Vodlu, Alexius, M.D., 110. 

Waddington, 7. 

Waddow Hall, near Clitheroe, 74. 

Wadko, Dr., 129. 

Wadko, Dr., Polonian, of York, 109. 

Wadley, 105. 

Waerden, 79. 

Wainesford, Mr., 125. 

Wakefield, 74^ 129. 

Wakes and rushbearings, 30, 41. 

Walbank, 63, 68, 72, 74, 129. 

Walbank, William, a defendant m the 
Court of Wards, 125. 

" Wales, For the Honour of," a Masque, 
35. 

Walkden. Mr. Robert, schoolmaster of 
Middleton, 103. 

Walkden, Bobertus, 105. 

Walker, Robert, the painter, 75. 

Wall, James, of Moorside, 78; Margaret 
his daiu^hter. 78. 

Wallingford, William, Viscount, 117, 
created Baron KnoUys of Greys, 
Viscount Wallingford, and Earl of 
Banbury, 117; an account of the 
Banbury peerage case, 117, 118. 

Wallinglbrf s, Lor£ 116. 

Walloper Well^ 67. 

Walmesley, Alice, sister of Sir Thomas, 
78. 

Walmesley, Elizabeth, sister of Sir Tho- 
mas, 122. 

Walmesley, Sir Thomas, 25, 26, 123. 



Walmesleys of Dunkenhalgh, 78. 

Walmsley, Mr., 25. 

Walpole. Horace, 116. 

Walpole^s " Anecdotes of Painting,*' 98. 

Wabh, Edward, vicar of Blackburn, 99. 

Walton, 80. 

Walton, Isaak, 24, 68. 

Walworth in Hampshire, 56. 

Wandsford, Christopher, 126. 

Wango Dolly, 46. 

Wapentake, 66. 

Warburton, Sir John, of Arley, 126. 

Warburton, Judge, 126. 

Warburton, Sir Peter, Knt., 126. 

Warburton, Sir Peter, Bart., and Dame 
Alice his wife, 79. 

Warburton, R. £. Egerton, of Arley, 
Esq, 126. 

Ward, Laun., 29. 

Wardley, 121. 

Ware, 126. 

Ware Park, in the county of Herts, 56. 

Ware's, Dr. Hibbert, ^ History of Man- 
chester Collegiate Church'' quoted. 

Ware's, Sir James, ^History of Ireland," 

98. 
Wareing, Mrs. of Bury, 22. 
Warren, Edward, of Poynton, Esq., 16; 

Dorothy his wife, lo. 
Warren House, 98. 
Warrener, 98. 

Warriner, Mr. Thomas, a preacher, 69. 
Warrington, 60. 
Watch, or ** pockett clocke," given as a 

legacy, 103. 
Watmough, Hugh, B.D., notice of, 6. 
Watmough, Robert, of Winwick, son of 

Hugh. 7. 
Watmough, Mr., rector of Buxy, 5. 
Wats. Mr. Rob., a godly minister in 

Bruen's house, 60. 
Watson, George, and Ann his wife, 

daughter of Dr. Vadko, and their 

children, Alexius, Thomas, Francis, 

and Bernard, 109. 
Watson's <" History of Halifax," 98; an 

error corrected, 98. 
Way, Albert, Esq., 74. 
Weardley, a seat of the Tyldesleys, 33. 
Webster, Dr. Johm of Clitheroe, his 

''History of Metallurffy" quoted, 

39. [The work was published in 4to 

in 1671, and not, as stated by Dr. 

Whitaker, in 1672.] 
Weldon, Sir Anthony, 47| HO. 



162 



INDEX. 



Weldon, William, of London, 100. 

Wensleydale, 9. 

Wentworth, Sip William, of Wentworth 
Woodhouae, 97. 

Wesfcby, Lirtep of, 36, 86, 87. 

Westby, Thomas, of Burne, 33. 

Westchester's, the mayor of, speech to 
the King, 36. 

Westminster Abbey, 124. 

Westmoreland, Francis, Earl of, 48. 

Weston, VaTasour of, 36. 

Whalleyj 64, 55, 56, 57. 62, 63, 69, 72, 73, 
76,79,86,87,95,120. 

Whalley, Sir James, 81, 126. 

Whalley, Mr. James, ''our minister,'* 87. 

Whalley, Mr., 81. 

Whalley, churchwardens* accounts of, 
14. 

Whalley, original parish of, 3. 

Whalley, vicar of, 99. 

Whalley Abbey, 26, 86. 

Whalley Abbey, arms of, 2. 

Whalley Abbey purchased by Richard 
Assheton Esq. 1. 

Whalley Abbey, Sir Ralph Assheton of, 
15. 

Whalley Arms Inn, 15. 

Whalley Church, 16, 21. 56, 69. 

Whalley Church, chapel work of, 32. 

Whalley Churel^ St. Nichobs* Chapel 
in, 26; rushbearing in, 29; church- 
wardens' books, account of, 29. 

Whalley Church yard, 112. 

Whitacre, Thomas, of Holme, 52. 

Whitaker, Rev. Robert Nowell, vicar 
of Whalley, 116. 

Whitaker, Thomas. Gent., 53. 

Whitaker, Dr., xii.29,42, 55, 87, 116, 
123, 124. 

Whitaker, Dr. William, 104; his Life 

bv Mr. Abdias Assheton, rector of 

Sladebum and Middleton, 104; his 

<* Opera Theolc^ca," 104. 

Whitaker*s, Dr., analysis of Assheton*s 

Journal, zzv. et seq. 

Whitaker's, Dr., dislike of genealogical 

investigation, 15; errors corrected, 

55,72/73,97,104,124,125. 

Whitakers « History of Craven" quoted, 

14, 127; a mistake in, corrected, 85. 

Whitaker's << History of Richmondshire" 

quoted, 10. 
Whitaker's *< History of Whalley" quo- 
ted, iv. ix. 3, 14, 16, 55, 64, 69, 72, 
77, 81, 82, 85, 100; mistakes in, cor^ 
rected, vi. 104. 



White, John, Esq., married Maiffaret, 
sole heiress oz Jonathan Bmen Esq. 
xxiv. 
White, Rev. John, vicar of Blackburn, 

52. 
« White Wolfe," The, a sermon, 94. 
Whitehall, 75. 
Whitehead, Edmund, of Birchenley, and 

Mary his daughter, 96. 
Whitendale, 54, 61. 
Whitendale, James, 60. 
Whitewell, 3. 

Whitewell in Bowland, 100. 
Whitson-ales, 41. 
Whitsunday, 8th June, 13. 
Whittacre, Goffe, (Geoffrey Whitaker !) 

23,84. 
Whittaker, Mr., rector of St. Saviour's, 

York, 109. 
Whittaker, Mr. Tho., 53. 
Whitworth, Mr., Presbyterian minister, 

21. 
Whytewell, 1. 
Wigan, 125. 

Wigan Lane, battle of, 6, 33. 
Wiggin, Mi^or John, 40. 
Wigglesworth, John, and his epitaph, 

112. 
Wilbraham, Randle, of Rode Hall, Esq. 

xxiv. 
Wilbraham, Thomas, of Woodhey, 59; 

Miss Wilbraham his daughter, 59. 
Wilkinson, Mr. of Sladebume, 7. 
Williams, Lord Keeper, 68, opposed to 

the Exercise, 68. 
Wilmslow, Massie, rector of, 71; Alice 

his daughter, 71. 
Wilson, Thomas, F.S A.,of Leeds, vi. 
Wilson, Mr. Thomas, 40. 
Wimberley, 72. 
Wimbishes, the, 127. 
Wimbysh, Elizabeth, married Ambrose, 

Eari of Warwick, 127. 
Wimbysh, Frances, daughter of Chris- 
topher, and heiress of Thomas, of 
Noeton, 127; married Sir Richard 
Towneley, and Sir Alexander Rad- 
cliffe, 127. 
Wimmersley, 72. 

Window, a painted, troubles a lawyer's 
I conscience for twenty yean, 115. 

Winn, Mr. G., of Askrigg, 12. 
Win-the-Fight, Mrs., 101. 
I Winwick,6. 

Wisall, Mai^rct, of Wisall, 79. 
t Wi8haw,85. 



INDEX. 



163 



Wiitaston, in the county of Chester, 86. 

WUwall, John Crombacn of, 69. 

Witchford,85. 

Wolstenholme of Wolstenholme, John, 
8. 

Wolstenholme, Sir John, of London, 
Knt., 56; Katherine his daughter, 
56. 

Wood, Isabel, not the wife of Sir Rich- 
ATd Sherborne, 7; Grace her daugh- 
ter, 65. 

Wood's « Fasti," by Dr. Bliss, quoted, 
49; "Athena Oxon.," xix. 114. 

Woodka, Alexius, sen., M.D., Margaret 
Woodka his wife, his daughters, 
Ann the wife of Geoive Watson, 
Margaret the wife of William At- 
kinson, and Franees Woodka, 109. 

Woodmote, 3. 

Woodroof, Isabel, of Banktop, 53. 

Woodroofl Jenet. 53. 

Woodroof^ Mr. J., of Banktop, 53. 

Woodroof, Robert, a seminary priest, 
53. 

Worcester, battle of, 6. 

Worcestershire, 46. 

Worden, 79, 80. 

Worral, 80. 



Worsoe, 61, 52, 98. 

Worston, vii. 66^ 67, 68, 80, 82, 84, 86, 

87,98,109,119,120,122. 
Worston, the manor of, 1. 
' Worston Hall, 2; inscription there, 2. 
I Worston House, 29, 31, 36, 55; a pad- 
dock there, with twenty-eight aeer, 
55. 
! Worston Mill, vii. 
' Worston Wood, 16, 18. 
I Worton, 11; a chantry, 11. 
I Wotton. Lady, 76. 

I Wotton's ''Baronetage** quoted, 8; an 
{ error in it corrected, 88. 

York, 12, 109, 123. 

York, St. 8aYiour*8 Church of, 109. 

Yorke, 129. 

Yorke, John, of Bewerley Hall Esq., 

the representatiye of the Greenacres 

of Worston, ix. 
Yorke, Mr. ix. 

Yorke, Thomas, of Knaresborough^ 12. 
Yorke, Thomas, son of Sir John, yiii. 

Zeal-of-the-Land, Busy, 101. 
Zouch, Sir Edward, 47. 
Zouche, Edward, Lord, 48. 



C||f CtlH. 



Printed by Obwiei Simnxa and Co. 



THE FOURTH REPORT 



OP THB 



Fob the Year ending Mabch, 1847. 



The Council of the Chetham Society, in presenting their fourth report to 
the Suhscrihersy feel it necessary, first, to advert to the works in the press, 
which will form the publications for the year ending March, 1847, and to 
explain the reasons of the delay which has occurred in their issue to the 
Members of the Society. 

The first of them is The Coueher Book of WkaUey Abbey^ edited by 
William Adam Hulton, Esq. 

This Manuscript contains so great a mass of information relative to the 
gradual increase of the possessions of the Abbey, and so many valuable 
particulars, elucidating the territorial and genealogical history of Lancashire 
and Cheshire, that the Council gladly embraced the liberal offer of Lord 
HowB, in whose possession the "Coueher Book" remains, to allow it to be 
printed amongst the -publications of the Society. Under the careful and 
able editorship of Mr. Hulton, they venture to hope, that it will present 
a collection of records, inferior to none of those of similar monastic founda- 
tions in interest and curiosity. On the indisputable use and value of such 
collections of authentic documents for the purpose of local history and 
antiquarian research, they deem it wholly superfluous to enlarge on the 
present occasion. 



The second of these publications is The Diary and Correspondence of 
Dr, John Worthington^ a Native of Manchester, Master of Jesus College, 
Cambridge, and a theological Writer of great eminence in the seventeenth 
century. He was the editor of the works of the famous Joseph Mede, 
and of the Select Discourses of John Smith, of Queens College, in 
Cambridge, and was the intimate friend and companion of Whichcote 
and of Cudworth. Baker, of St John's, Cambridge, who venerated 
his memory, and had at one time an intention of writing his life, 
had transcribed into his MSS. this Diary and Correspondence ; and from 
these MSS. of Baker, now in the British Museum and at Cambridge, the 
present publication is made. The greater part of the Correspondence is 
with Samuel Hartlib, the friend of Milton, and gives, as Dr. Lort truly 
observes, the best account which can anywhere be found of the state of 
learning and literature in England during the latter years of the Protectorate, 
and at and immediately after the restoration of Charles II. 

These two works — the "Coucher Book" and "Dr. Worthington's 
Diary" — will, it is conceived, form four volumes of the length to which 
the Society has hitherto restricted itself in its publications. Though there 
would have been no difficulty, as will appear from the specimens laid before 
the Meeting, in completing two or three of these volumes, and placing 
them in the hands of the Subscribers before the conclusion of the year; 
yet, as the Council feel that the publication of parte of a work, in itself 
consecutive, at separate times, is never very satis&ctory to Subscribers, and 
as from the progress made there appeared to be no doubt of all the volumes 
being completed in a very short time, the Council have preferred to issue 
the whole number together, being the three volumes for 1846-7, and the 
first of those for 1847-8, which course will be not only more convenient to 
the respective Editors, but will effect some saving of expense to the Society. 

The Council are happy to state, that the reprint of Bradeka'de Life of 
St. Werburghy under the editorship of Edwabd Hawkins, Esq., of the 
British Museum, is proceeding with all practicable expedition, one half of 
the book being now in type. The reprint will be a fac-simile one from the 
excessively rare copy of the work in the British Museum. Its interest as a 
volume of early English Poetry is little known, and from which only two 
or three specimens have hitherto been published, and its intrinsic curiosity 



3 

will render it, in the opinion of the Council, an acceptable addition to the 
poetical reprints which have been issued by the Camden, and Percy, and 
other Societies. It will form, when completed, the second publication for 
the year 1847-8. 

The Council have also to state that Newcome's Diary ^ a work which they 
have reason to believe has long been anxiously expected by many of the 
Members of the Chetham Society, is now in the press, and will be pro- 
ceeded with, without delay or interruption, till its completion. The Rev. 
Canon Pabkinson has kindly undertaken the editorial duties in connection 
with this interesting work, which affords so many notices of persons and 
events immediately relating to Manchester, and its ecclesiastical and civil 
history during the latter part of the seventeenth century. 

It is gratifying to the Council to be able to announce that Thomas Moorb, 
Esq., of Liverpool, has placed at the disposal of the Society, for the pur- 
poses of publication, the Manuscript of Mr. Edward Moore, from which 
some extracts have been given by topographical writers, and which affords 
so minute and striking an account of that part of Liverpool, which, at the 
time the Manuscript was written, was comprised in the Moore Rental. 
Mr. MooBE has likewise liberally afforded the use of his voluminous and 
valuable collection in illustration of the Manuscript, and the compilation of 
which has been the work of a long series of years. The Members will 
have much pleasure in learning that Thomas Hbywood, Esq., the able 
Editor of the "Norris Papers,** has undertaken, at the request of the 
Council, to edit Mr. Edward Moore's work, and that it may be expected to 
appear as one of the publications for 1847-8. 



DR. 



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CR. 



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Rev. F. R. Raines, M.A., F.S.A. 

The Ven. the Archdeacon Rushton, D.D. 

Sam. Hibbert Ware, M.D., F.R.S.E. 



RULBS OF THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 



1. That the Society shall be limited to three hundred and fifty memben. 

2. That the Society shall consist of members being subscribers of one poond annually, such 
subscription to be paid in adTance, on or before the day of general meeting in each year. The 
first general meeting to be held on the 23rd day of March, 1843, and the general meeting in jeaeh 
year afterwards on the 1st day of March, unless it should fall on a Sunday, when some other day 
is to be named by the Council. 

3. That the affairs of the Society be conducted by a Council, consisting of a permanent 
President and Vice-President, and twelye other membem, inoluding a Treasurer and Seeretafy, 
all of whom shall be elected, the first two at the gelieial meeting next after a Tacancy shaH 
occur, and the tweWe other members at the general meeting annually. 

4. That any member may compound for his future subscriptions^ by the payment of ten 
pounds. 

6. That the accounts of the reoeiptfl and expenditure of the Society be audited annually, by 
three auditors, to be elected at the general meeting ; and that any member who shall be one year 
in arrear of his subscription, shaU no longer be considered as belonging to the Society. 

6. That every member not in anear of his annual subscription, be entitled to a copy of each 
of the works published by the Society. 

7. That twenty copies of each work shall be allowed to the Editor of the same, in addition 
to the one to which he may be e^titled as a member. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 

For the Year 1848 — 1849. 



Ackers, James, M.P., Heath House, Ludlow 

Ainsworth, Ralph F., M.D., Manchester 

Ainsworth, W. H., Kensal Manor House, Harrow-road, 

London 
Alexander, Edward N., F.S.A., Halifu 
Allen, Rey. John Taylor, MA., Stradbrooke Vicarage, 

Suffolk 
Armstrong, Thomas, Higher Bronghton, Manchester 
Ashton, John, Warrington 
Astley, P. D. P., Dukinfleld 
Atherton, Miss, Kersal Cell, near Manchester 
Atherton, James, Swinton House, near Manchester 
Atkinson, F. R, Pendleton, near Manchester 
Atkinson, William, Ashton Heyes, near Chester 

Balcarres, The Earl of, Haigh Hall, near Wigan 
Baldwin, Rey. John, M.A., Dalton, near Ulyerstone 
Bannerman, Henry, Bumage, near Manchester 
Bannerman, John, Swinton Lodge, near Manchester 
Bardsley, Samuel Argent, M J)., Green Heys, near Man- 
chester 
Barker, John, Bronghton Lodge, near Milnthorpe. 
Barratt, James, Jun., Warrii^gton 
Barrow, Miss, Green Bank, near Manchester 
Barrow, Peter, Manchester 
Bartlemore, William, Castleton Hall, Rochdale 
Barton, John, Manchester 
Barton, R. W., Springwood, near Manchester 
Barton, Samuel, Didsbnry, Manchester 
Barton, Thomas, Manchester 
Beamont, William, Warrington 
Beard, Rey. John R., D.D., Stony Knolls, near Man- 



Beardoe, James, Manchester 
Beever, James F., Manchester 
Bellairs, Rey. H. W., M.A., London 
Bentley, Rey. T. R., M.A., Manchester 
Birley, Hugh, Didsbnry, near Manchester 
Birley, Richard, Manchester 
Birley, Thos. H., Manchester 
Blackbume, John Ireland, M.P., Hale 
Bohn, Henry G., London 
Booth, Beiijamln W., Manchester 
Booth, John, Barton-upon-Irwell 



- Booth, William, Manchester 
Botfleld, Beriah, M.P., Norton Hall, Northamptonshire 
Bower, George, London 

Bowers, The Very Rey. G. H., Dean of Manchester 
Brackenbury, Ralph, Manchester 
Bradbury, Charles, Salford 
Bradshaw, John, Knowle, Surrey. 
Brooke, Edward, Manchester 
Brooks, Samuel, Manchester 
Brooks, Rey. Jonathan, M.A., Liyerpool 
Broome, William, Manchester 
Brown, Robert, Preston 
Buckley, Edmund, Ardwick, near Manchester 
Buckley, Rey. Thomas, M.A., Old Trafford, near Man- 
chester 
Buckley, Nathaniel, F.L.S., Rochdale 
Burlington, The Earl of, HolkarHall 

Calyert, Robert, Salford 
Canterbury, The Archbishop of 

Chadwick, Elias, M.A., Pndlestone Court, Hereford- 
shire 
Chesshyre, Mrs., Pendleton, near Manchester 
Chester, The Bishop of 
Chichester, The Bishop of 
Chippindall, John, Poulton, near Lancaster 
Clare, Leigh John, Liyerpool 
CUure, Peter, F.RA.S., Manchester 
Clarke, George, Manchester 
Clayton, Japheth, Pendleton, near Manchester 
Clifton, Rey. R. C, M.A., Canon of Manchester 
Consterdine, James, Manchester 

Cooke, Thomas, Gorse Field, Pendleton, near Manchester 
Corser, George, Whitchurch, Shropshire 
Corser, Rey. Thomas, M.A., Stand, near Manchester 
Cottam, S. E., F.R.A.S., Manchester 
Coulthart, John Ross, Ashton-under-Lyne 
Crook, Thomas A., Rochdale 

Cross, William Assheton, Stodday Lodge, I^ncaster 
Crosse, Thomas Bright, Shaw Hill, near Chorley 
Crossley, George F., Manchester 
Crossley, James, Manchester 
Crossley, John, M.A., Scaitcliffe House, Todmorden 
Currer, Miss Richardson, Eshton Hall, near Skipton 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Bftniel, George, Manchester 

BarbiBhire, Samuel D., Manchester 

Darwell, James, Manchester 

Barwell, Thomas, Manchester 

Dawes. Matthew, F.G.&, Westbrooke, near Bolton 

Bearden, Miss, Kent 

Dearden, James, F.S.A., The Orchard, Rochdale 

Dearden, Thomas Ferrand, Rochdale 

Delamere, The Lord, Vale Royal, near Northwich 

Derby, The Earl of, Knowsley 

Dilke, C. W., London 

Dinham, Thomas. Manchester 

Driver, Richard, Manchester 

Dngard, Rey. Oeorge, M.A., Barnard Castle, Durham 

Duruford, Rev. Richard, M.A., Rectory, Middleton 

Dyson, T. J., Tower, London 

Earle, Frederic William, Edenhurst, near Hnyton 

Eccles, William, Wigan 

Egerton, Sir Philip de Malpas Orey, Bart., M.P., Oulton 

Park, Tarporley 
Egerton, Wilbraham, Tatton Park 
Ellesmere, Earl of, Worsley Hall 

Faulkner, (}eorge, Manchester 

Feilden, Joseph, Witton, near Blackburn 

Fenton, James, Jun., M.A., Heywood Hall, near Roch- 
dale 

Femley, John, Manchester 

Ffarington, Mrs., Worden, near Chorley 

Ff ranee, Thomas Robert Wilson, Rawdiffe Hall, Oarstang 

Fielding, Rev. Henry, M.A., Salmonby Rectory, near 
Homcastle 

Fleming, Miss, Pendleton, near Manchester 

Fleming, William, M.D., Ditto 

Fletcher, Samuel, BroomfieId,near Manchester 

Fletcher, Samuel, Ardwick, near Manchester 

Fllntoff, Thomas, Manchester 

Ford, Henry, Chester 

Frascr, James W., Manchester 

Frere, W. E., Rottingdean, Sussex 

Gardner, Thomas, Wyndham Club, London 
Gamett, William James, Quemmore Park, Lancaster 
Germon, Rev. Nicholas, M.A., High Master, Free Grammar 

School, Manchester 
Gibb, William, Manchester 
Gladstone, Robertson, Liverpool 
Gladstone, Robert, Oak Hill, near Manchester 
Olegg, John Baskerville, Withington Hall, Cheshire 
Gordon, Hunter, Manchester 
Gould, John, Manchester 
Grant, Daniel, Manchester 
Gray, James, Rushford, Longsight 
Greaves, John, Irlam Hall, near Manchester 
Greenall, G., Walton Hall, near Warrington 
Grey, The Hon. William Booth, London 
Grundy, George, Manchester 

Hadfield, Rev. William, M.A., Cleator. near Egremont 



Hadfleld, CN»orge, Manchester 

Hailstone, Edward, F.S.A.,Horton Hall, Bradford, York- 
shire 
Hardman, Henry, Bury, Lancashire 
Hardy, William, Duchy Office, London. 

Hardy, William W., Manchester 

Hargreaves, George J., Hulme, Manchester 

Harland, John, Manchester 

Harrison, William, Brearey, Isle of Man 

Harter, James Collier, Broughton Hall, near Manchester 

Harter, William, Hope Hall, near Manchester 

Hately, Isaiah, Manchester 

Hatton, James, Richmond House, near Manchester 

Hawkins, Edward, F.R.S., F.S.A., F.L.S., British Museum, 
London 

Heelis, Stephen, Manchester 

Henry, W. C, M.D., F.R.S., Haffield, near Ledbury 

Henshaw, William, Manchester 

Heron, Rev. George, M.A., Carrington, Cheshire 

Heywood, Sir Bei\jamin, Bart, Claremont, near Man- 
chester 

Heywood, James, F.R.S., F.G.S., Weaste House, near Man- 
chester 

Heywood, John Pemberton, Nonis Green, near Liverpool 

Heywood, Thomas, F.S.A., Hope End, Ledbury, Hereford- 
shire 

Heywood, Thomas, Pendleton, near Manchester 

Hey worth, Lawrence. Oak wood, near Stockport 

Hickson, Charles, Manchester 

Hinde, Rev. Thomas, M.A., Winwick, Warrington 

Hoare, G. M., The Lodge, Morden, Surrey 

Hoare, P. R., Kelsey Park, Beckenham, Kent 

Hodgson, F. R., Rusholme, Manchester. 

Holden, Thomas, Summerfleld, Bolton 

Holden, Thomas, Rochdale 

Holme, Thomas Brian, New Inn, London 

Hughes, William, Old TrafTord, near Manchester 

Hulme, Hamlet, Medlock Vale, Manchester 

Hulton, Rev. A. H., M.A., Ashton-under-Lyne 

Hulton, Rev. C. G., M.A., Manchester 

Hulton, H. T., Manchester 

Hulton, W. A., Preston 

Hume, Rev. A., L.LD., near Liverpool 

Hunter, Rev. Joseph, F.S.A., London 

Jackson, Joseph, Ardwick, near Manchester 

Jacson, Charles R., Barton Lodge, Preston 

James, Paul Moon, Summerville, near Manchester 

Jemmett, William Thomas, Manchester 

Johnson, W. R., Manchester 

JohDson, Rev. W. W., M.A., Manchester 

Jones, Rev. Henry Longueville, M.A., Beanmanis 

Jones, Jos., Jun., Hathershaw, Oldham 

Jones, W., Huddersfleld 

Jordan, Joseph, Manchester 

Just, John, Bury 

Kay, James, Turton Tower, Bolton 
Kay, Samuel, Manchester 
Kelsall, Strettle, Manchester 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Kennedy, John, Ardwiek House, near Manchester 
Ker, Ctoorge Putland, Gains College, Cambridge 
Kershaw, James, Green Heys, near Manchester 
Kidd. RcT. W. J., M.A., Didsbnry, near Manchester 
Kinir, Key. William Hutchinson, M.A., Alms Hill, near 

Manchester 
King, Rey. Samuel William, M.A., Whalley 

Langton, William, Manchester 

Legh, G. Cornwall, M.P., F.G.S., High Legh, Cheshize 

Legh, Rer. Peter, M. A., Lodge, Lyme Park, Disley 

Leigh, Mrs. The Manor Cottage, Drlnghouse, York 

Leigh, Henry, Moorfield Cottage, Worsley 

Leresche, J. H., Manchester 

Lloyd, William Horton, F.S.A., L.S., Park-sqnare, London 

Lloyd, Edward JeremliUi, Oldfield House, Altringham 

Lomas, Edward, Manchester 

Lomax, Robert, Harwood, near Bolton 

LoTe, Benjamin, Manchester 

Lowndes, William, Egremont, Liverpool 

Loyd, Edward, Green Hill, Manchester 

Lycett, W. E., Manchester 

Lyon, Edmund, M.D., Manchester 

Lyon, Thomas, Appleton Hall, Warrington 

Lyon, George, Manchester 

Manchester, The Bishop of 

Marriott, John, Liyerpool 

MeClnre, William, Peel Cottage, Eccles 

Macfarlane, John, Manchester 

McKenzie, John Whitefoord, Edinburgh 

MacTicar, John, Manchester 

Mann, Robert, Manchester 

Mare, E. R. Le, Belmont, Cheshire 

Markland, J. H., F.RS., F.S.A., Bath 

Markland, Thomas, Clifton Park, near Bristol 

Marsden, G. E., Manchester 

Marsden, William, Manchester 

Marsh, John Fitchett, Warrington 

Marshall, Miss, Ardwiek, near Manchester 

Marshall, William, Penwortham Hall, Preston 

Marshall, Frederick Eamshaw, Ditto 

Marshall, John, Ditto 

Mason, Thomas, Copt He wick, near Rlpon 

Master, Rot. Robert M., M.A., Burnley 

Maude, Daniel, M.A., Salford 

Mellor, Thomas, Green Heys, near Manchester 

Mewbum, Francis, Darlington 

Molyneux, Edward, Cheetham Hill, Manchester 

Monk, John, Manchester 

Moore, John, F.L.S., Combrook, near Manchester 

Mosley, Sir Oswald, Bart., Rolleston Hall, Staffordshire 

Murray, James, Manchester 

Naylor, Benjamin Dennison, Altrincham 

Neild, William, Mayfleld, Manchester 

Nelson, George, Manchester 

Newall, Mrs. Robert, Littleborough, near Rochdale 

Newall, W. N., Wellington Lodge, Littleborough 

Newbery, Henry, Manchester 



Nicholson, William, Thelwall Hall, Warrington 
North, Alfred, Liverpool 
Norwich, The Bishop of 

Ormerod, George, D.C.L., F.RS., F.S.A., F G.S., Sedbury 

Purk, Gloucestershire 
Ormerod, George Warelng, M.A., F.G.S., Manchester 
Ormerod, Henry Mere, Manchester 
Owen, John, Manchester 

Parker, Robert Townley, Esq., Cuerden Hall 
Parkinson, Rev. Richard, B.D., F.S.A., Canon of Man- 
chester 
Parkinson, Mi^or, Manchester. 
Patten, J. WUson, M.P., Bank Hall, Warrington 
Peel, Sir Robert, Bart, M.P., Drayton Manor 
Peel, George, Brookfleld, Cheadle 
Peel, Joseph, Singleton Brook, near Manchester 
Peet, Thomas, Manchester 
Pegge, John, Newton Heath, near Manchester 
Philips, Mark, The Park, Manchester 
Phllippi, Frederick Theod., Belfield Hall, near Rochdale 
Phillips, Shakespear, London 

Phillipps, Sir Thomas, Bart, Middle Hill, Worcestershire 
Piccope, Rev. John, M.A., Famdon, Cheshire 
Pickford, Thomas E., Manchester 
Pierpoint, Benjamin, Warrington 
Pilkington, George, Manchester 
Pilling, Charles R, Rochdale 
Plant, George, Manchester 
Pooley, John, Hnlme, near Manchester 
Porrett, Robert, Tower, London 
Prescott, J. C, Summervllle, near Manchester 
Price, John Thomas, Manchester 

Radford, Thomas, M.D., Higher Broughton, near Man- 
chester 

Raffles, Rev. Thomas, D.D., LL.D., Liverpool 

Raikes, Rev. Henry, M.A., Hon. Can., and Chancellor of 
Chester 

Raines, Rev. F. R, M.A., F.S.A., Mllnrow Parsonage, 
Rochdale 

Reiss, Leopold, High Field, near Manchester 

Rickards, Charles H., Manchester 

Ridgway, Mrs., Ridgemont, near Bolton 

Ridgway, John Withenshaw, Manchester 

Robson, John, Warrington "" 

Roberts, W. J., Liverpool 

Royds, Albert Hudson, Rochdale 

Rushton, The Yen. Archdeacon, D.D., Manchester 

Samuels, John, Manchester 

Satterfleld, Joshua, Manchester 

Scholes, Thomas Seddon, Manchester 

Sharp, John, Lancaster 

Sharp, Robert C, Woodbank, near Stockport. 

Sharp, Thomas B., Manchester 

Sharp, William, Linden Hall, Lancaster 

Sharp, William, Yerulam Buildings, Gray's Inn, London 

Simms, Charle.* S., Manchester 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



Sirnms, QeoTge, Manchester 
Skaife, John, Blackburn 
Skelmersdale, The Lord, Lathom Hooae 
Smith, Key. Jeremiah, D.D., Leamington 
Smith, Jnnitts, Strangeways Hall, Manchester 
Smith, J. R., Old Gompton-Btreet, London 
Sowler, R. 8., Mancheeter 
Sowler, Thomas, Manchester 
Standiah, W. J., Daxbury Hall, Chorley 
Stanley, The Lord, Knowsley 
Stanley, The Lord, of Alderley 
Btarkie, Thomas, Inner Temple, London 
Sndlow, John, Jnn., Manchester 
Sumner, Rev. R, Rector of Stonyhurst College 
Swain, Charles, M.R&L., Cheetwood Priory, near Man- 
chester. 
Swanwick, Josh. W., Hollins Yale, Bury, Lancashire 

Tabley, The Lord De, Tabley, Cheshire 

Tatton, Thoe., Withenahaw, Cheshire 

Tate, Wm. James, Manchester 

Tayler, Rev. John James, &A., Manchester 

Taylor, Thomas Frederick, Wlgan 

Teale, Josh., SaJford 

Thomson, James, Manchester 

Thorley, George, Manchester 

Thorpe, Robert, Manchester 

Tinker, Wm., Hyde, near Manchester 

Tobin, Rev. John, M.A., Liscard, Cheshire 

Townend, John, Polygon, Manchester 

Townend, Thomas, Polygon, Manchester 

Townley, R. Greayes, Falboum, near Cambridge 

Tumbnll, W. B. D. D., Edinburgh 



Turner, Thomas, Manchester 

Vaughan, Rey. Robert, D.D., President of the Laucaiihire 

Independent College 
Vitre, Edward Denis De, M.D., Lancaster 

Walker, John, Weaste, near Manchester 

Walker, Samuel, Prospect Hill, Pendleton 

Wanklyn, J. B., Halecat, near Milnthorpe 

Wanklyn, James H., Crescent, Salford 

Warbnrton, R. E. E., Arley Hall, near Northwlch 

Ware, Samuel Hibbert, M.D., F.R.SJB., Hale Bams, near 

Altrincham 
Wareing, Ralph, Manchester 
Westhead, Joshua P.. M.P., Manchester 
Westminster, The Marquis of 

Whitaker, Rey. Robert NoweU. M A., Vicar of Whalley 
Whitehead, James, Manchester 

Whitelegg, Rey. William, M.A., Hulme, near Manchester 
Whitmore, Edward, Jun., Leeds 
Whitmore, Henry, Manchester 
Wilkinson, Eason Matthew, M.D., Manchester 
Wilson, William James, Manchester 
Wilton, The Earl of, Beaton House 
Winter, Gilbert, Stocks, near Manchester 
Wood, William R, Singleton Brook, Manchester 
Worthington, Edward, Manchester 
Wray, Rey. Cecil Daniel, M.A., Canon of Manchester 
Wright, Rey. Henry, M.A., Mottram St Andrew's, near 

Macclesfield 
Wroe, Frederick, Cheetham Hill near Manchester 

Yates, Joseph B., West Dingle, Liyerpool 



WORKS PUBLISHED BY THE CHETHAM SOCIETY. 

For the Year 1843 — 1844. 

1 Brereton's Trayels. 

2 The CivU War Tracts of Lancashire. 

3 Chester^s Triamph, 1610. 



For the Year 1844 — 1846. 
4 The life of Adam Martindale. 
6 Lancashire Memorials of the Rebellion of 1715. 
6 Pott's DiscoYerie of Witches. 



For the Year 1845— 1846. 

7 Dr. James's Iter Lancastrense. 

8 Vol. I. Gastrell's Notitia. Cheshire, 

9 The Noriis Papers. 



Fob the Year 1846— 1847. 



jcoucher Book of Wliall^ Abbey, Vols. I. & II. 



12 Moore RentaL 



For the Year 1847— 1848. 

13 Diary and Correspondence of Dr. Worthington, Vol. I. 

14 Journal of Nicholas Assheton* 

15 The Holy Lyfe and History of Saynt Werbnrge. 



WORKS SELECTED FOR PUBLICATION. 

Concher Book of Whalley Abbey, Vols. 3 & 4. 

Dee's Ck»mp6ndioa9 Rehearsal. 

Cbstrell's Notitia Gestriensb. The Seeond Pari, 

Diary of Dr. John Worthington, Vol. 2. 

Volume of Early Lancashire and Cheshire Wills. 

A Memoir of the Chetham Family, from original documents. 

The Diaiy of the Roy. Henry Newcome, M.A., firom the original MS. in the possession of 
his descendant, the Rev. Thomas Newcome, M.A., Rector of Shenley, Herts. 

Remains (including some interesting letters addressed to him) of the late John Byiom, 
M.A., F.R.S., now first printed fit>m the original MSS. in the possession of his last lineal 
descendant. Miss Atherton of Kersall Cell. 



WORKS SUGGESTED FOR PUBLICATION. 

Selections from the Unpublished Correspondence of the Rev. John Whittaker, Author 
of the History of Manchester and other Works. 

More's (George) Discourse concerning the Possession and Dispossession of Seven Persons in 
one Family in Lancashire, from a Manuscript formerly belonging to Thoresby, and which gives 
a much fuller account of that Transaction than the Printed Tract of 1600 ; with a Biblio- 
graphical and Critical Review of the Tracts in the Darrell Controversy. 

A Selection of the most Curious Papers and Tracts relating to the Pretender's Stay in 
Manchester in 1745, in Print and Manuscript. 

Catalogue of the Alchemical Library of John Webster, of Clitheroe, from a Manuscript in 
the Rev. T. Corser*s possession ; with a fuller Life of him, and List of his Works, than has yet 
appeared. 

** Antiquities concerning Cheshire, " by Randall MinshuU, written a.d. 1591, finom a MS. in 
the Gough Collection. 

Register of the Lancaster Prioiy, from a MS. (No. 3764) in the Harleian Collection. 

Selections finom the Visitations of Lancashire in 1533, 1567, and 1613, in the Herald's Coll^^e, 
British Museum, Bodleian, and Caius College Libraries. 

Selections from Dodsworth's MSS. in the Bodleian Library, Randal Holmes's Collections for 
Lancashire and Cheshire (MSS. Harleian), and Warburton's Collections for Cheshire (MSS. 
Lansdown). 

The Letters and Correspondence of Sir William Brereton, finom the original MSS., in 5 vols, 
folio, in the British Museum. 

A Poem, by Lawrence Bostock, on the subject of the Saxon and Norman Earls of Chester. 

History of the Earldom of Chester, collected by Archbishop Parker, entitled De Succes- 
sione Comitum Cestrise a Hugone Lupo ad Johannem Scoticum, from the original MS. in Ben'et 
College Library, Cambridge. 

Volume of Funeral Certificates of Lancashire and Cheshire. 

Lucianus Monacus de laude Cestrie, a Latin MS. of the 13th century, descriptive of the 
walls, gates, &c., of the City of Chester, formerly belonging to Thomas Allen, DD., and now in 
the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

Richard Robinson's Golden Mirrour, Wi* Utt. 4to Lond., 1580. Containing Poems on the 
Etymology of the names of several Cheshire Families ; from the exceedingly rare copy formerly 
in the collection of Richard Heber, Esq., (see Cat. pt. iv. 2413,) and now in the British Museum. 

A volume of the early Ballad Poetry of Lancashire. 




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